|WEST NY||BATAVIA||ROCHESTER||PALMYRA||EAST NY|
Vol. I Ithaca, New York, Thursday, June 30, 1870. No. ?
We have received from the National publishing Company of 20 South Seventh Street, Philadelphia, a copy of a work bearing the rather horrible title of "Mysteries and crimes of Mormonism." It is to be sold by subscription only, and agents for it are desired in every county. The title is surely a taking and a selling one. With a copy of the book under his arm, an agent having a glib tougue, and a smooth presence, aided by the "loud" designs which, poorly engraven, occupy a number of the pages of the book, should be able, as he wanders through the country, to sell a large quantity. The history of the Mormons is certainly a remarkable one. It has no parallel, at least in this century, where a people springing from such low and degraded origin, grew so quickly into such vast importance. This book gives a vivid idea of the means by which such a result has been achieved, though, of course, the gullibility of human nature has as much to do with the matter as ought else. One is taken through the whole Mormon history, from its rising under Joe Smith to the present moment, and many of the features heretofore hidden from public view are boldly displayed in all their vileness. If there are any in danger of becoming Mormons, surely this work would make them and their religion so hideous that the danger would pass away, and if it helps to drive out from our borders this disgrace to civilization, the book will be doing a good work.
Vol. ? Ogdensburg, New York, Tuesday, May 23, 1871. No. ?
Reminiscences of the Burg.
A few years after the discovery of the hidden plates, by Joe Smith, the first prophet of the latter day saints, and the organization of the Mormon church, an apostle of the new creed reached Ogdensburg in prosecution of his missionary labors, and succeeded in making several converts. Among them were a well-to-do farmer who resided about three miles from the village on the Canton road, on the Lovely hill, a portion of the grounds incorporated in J. H. Morgan's celebrated Ayrshire breeding farm, and Levi Chapin, who resided in that portion of Oswegatchie now known as New Zion, and which took its name from the fact of its becoming a hot bed for Mormonism. One of the peculiarities of the new religion, was the frequent descent of the "Holy" Spirit" upon the brethren while assembled in the service of the Lord, and under the influence of which they spake in "unknown tongues." Mr. Chapin was one upon whom the spirit delighted in finding a resting place, and in the very infancy of his conversion he spake, certainly, as man never spoke before. The news of this conversion and miracle, spread far and wide, and confirmed, in the minds of many, the truths of the new revelation as incorporated in the Mormon religion. Notice was circulated in the year 1834, or 35, that the people of Ogdensburg were to have an opportunity of hearing the truths and witnessing a genuine Mormon miracle. A meeting was appointed to be held in a barn which stood on the ground now occupied by A. A. Babcock's pump factory, on Montgomery street, one fine spring Sunday morning. The attendance was not exceedingly large, but that did not prevent the spirit from working forcibly and strikingly. The Elder preached a discourse of nearly an hour's duration. He had no sooner taken his seat than the "spirit" descended on Levi, who rose as if impelled by a superior force and passing rapidly over the tops of the seats spake most rapidly and in the most vehement manner, the following, or words to that effect:
Vol. V. Auburn, N. Y., Sat., January 20, 1872. No. 594.
A project is on foot, in Pittsburg, Penn., to erect a monument over the remains of Rev. Mr. Spaulding, in Amity churchyard, Washington county, Penn., who, as it is claimed, wrote for his own amusement and that of his friends, a romance, which afterwards became the "Book of Mormon." Mr. Spaulding is said to have placed his manuscript in the hands of Rev. Robert Patterson, father of one of the editors of the Presbyterian Banner, of Pittsburg. It was copied by Sidney Rigdon, then in his employ, by whom it was afterward conveyed to Joseph Smith, the Mormon prophet. It might be thought, however, that a sufficient manument to Rev. Mr. Spaulding and his eccentric production had already been erected in the city of Salt Lake.
Vol. XXXI. Palmyra, N. Y., Fri., May 10, 1872. No. 4.
Old Newspapers -- No. 23.
[continuing Harris account from previous issue] This famous trout lived to grow, and thrive under the liberal hand of Nathan who often spent the pleasant hours of mid-day, catching grasshoppers for his favorite fish, feeding them directly into its month with his own hand. Here he used to while away hours together, while Rhoda and the boys were planning where to plant the corn or prognosticating the map of the weather. He possessed, to a remarkable degree, a spirit of rest. He did not allow the onerous duties of the farm to weigh heavy on his mind and his zeal for letting things run, as the saying is, was so great that he let the [stile] of his barn rot away with the accumulation of barn yard material. If the necessities of the farm demanded the attention of Nathan, he would exhibit symptoms of a decline, but if a "huskin frolick" or a "logging bee" was [-- the -----], his youthful exhubrance was unbounded. On such occasions he was the centre figure of the group, and whatever in the way of joke that was aimed at "Uncle Nathan," was always received in the best of humor. He was a public man; ready for fun on public occasions but willing that others should accept of public duties as well as public honors.
Vol. XXXI. Palmyra, N. Y., Fri., May 24, 1872. No. 6.
Old Newspapers -- No. 24.
Martin Harris was born 1786, and came here with his parents when only eight years old. He inherited the longevity as well as the energy and activity of his mother, of whom it is said that she could spin a day's work at the age of eighty-seven, and as I have never as yet learned of his death, it is safe to mention his longevity, for he was an octogenarian several years ago, and if still living, has [recently] attained the age of his mother at her decease. Of those who formerly resided in this vicinity, perhaps there was no man who received so many rebuffs, and whose acts incited so many unfeeling comments as did those of Martin Harris. Until he had arrived at the age of thirty-five years, he was an industrious, hard-working farmer, shrewd in his business calculations, frugal in his habits, and what was termed a prosperous man in the world.
Vol. XXXI. Palmyra, N. Y., Fri., May 31, 1872. No. 7.
Old Newspapers -- No. 25.
Martin Harris continued for many years in ignorance of the fate of the manuscripts, and I believe that Joe Smith did not live long enough to learn the history of their destruction; that the later editions of the Book or Mormon also contain the same saving preface as given in my last article. This piece of mischief on the part of Aunt Dolly had no beneficial effect on Martin to wean him from the fate that awaited him, but rather impelled him onward. He vowed that he would not allow her in his room and she declared she would [never] trouble him on that score. So determined were they in occupying separate apartments, that both expressed themselves to the hired man, that if he ever knew of their occupying the same sleeping room, they would give him their best cow.
Vol. XXXI. Palmyra, N. Y., Fri., June 7, 1872. No. 8.
Old Newspapers -- No. 26.
At the time of the establishment of the Mormon church, which took place in 1830, Martin Harris was no doubt, the only real believer in the doctrines, if any there really were, of the new dispensation. By command of Smith, which he claimed to have received by revelation, Martin was not permitted to sell the Book for less than $1.25, while the father of Smith was, by the same revelation permitted to sell at less figures, or even barter it away for necessary household and table expenses. But we find among some old papers,a bill of goods left by Martin Harris with certain persons, among which is [---ed]  copies of the Book of Mormon, which these persons were to sell for $1.25 and receive 25c for their commission. As the revelator, Smith possessed no very extensive knowledge of the rules of business, the commission clause was left out of the revelation but adopted by Martin; who did not believe it a sin under the circumstance; though he had great regard for the revelation, and believed that if he sold the books for less than the stipulated amount he could be struck dead in an instant.
Vol. XIV. Rochester, N. Y., Monday, September 16, 1872. No. 211.
THE MOUNTAIN MEADOW MASSACRE.
The following is the published affidavit concerning the Mountain Meadow massacre by Mormons, a synopsis of which has already been given by telegraph. After the usual formal opening necessary in an affidavit, the deponent says:
EVENING COURIER & REPUBLIC.
Vol. XII. Buffalo, N. Y., Fri., Sept. 27, 1872. No. ?
The Mountain Meadow Massacre --
The correspondent of the Pioche Record endorses Phillip K. Smith, formerly bishop of the Mormon church, and says he is ready to return to Utah and give testimony in person relative to the Mountain Meadow atrocity.
Vol. XXXII. Syracuse, N. Y., Thur., Oct. 17, 1872. No. 42.
The Central New York and Northern New York Conferences met this week: the first in Palmyra, and the other in Rochester. We hoped to be able to give our readers the entire proceedings, with the appointments, in this paper, but shall not be, as the sessions are more prolonged than usual. The reports are given so far as could be, without delaying our issue unseasonably. Next week they will be completed....
Vol. XXV. Utica, N. Y., Thur., Dec 19, 1872. No. 201.
The Albany Times, commenting on the announcement that Mr. Sidney Rigdon, of Friendship, N. Y., has recently had a severe attack of paralysis, revives some interesting reminiscences concerning this remarkable man. He was one of the founders of the Campbellite or Christian faith. But he finally abandoned the Church, quit preaching, and devoted himself to journalism and the study of geology [sic]. While thus engaged he made the acquaintance of Joe Smith, the founder of Mormonism. Those who ought to know, assert that the "Golden Bible or the Book of Mormonism" is the product of Sidney Rigdon's mind and pen. He became an active Mormon, and went with Smith to Kirtland, Ohio, and afterwards to Nauvoo, Illinois, where he ranked in the Church, only second to Smith. He renounced Mormonism when the polygamy revelation was made. Mr. Rigdon is said to be a man of great intelligence, and of remarkably pure life. Before he dies he ought to tell the world what he knows about the Mormon Church.
SYRACUSE [ DAILY ] STANDARD.
Vol. XXVI. Syracuse, N.Y., Sat., Dec. 21, 1872. No. 202.
A Noted Character.
Sidney Rigdon, of Friendship, Alleghany county, recently had a severe attack of paralysis. In connection with the fact the Albany Times presents a statement regarding Mr. Rigdon that will be now to most people: "He was early a member of a Christian church, and became a minister of the denomination of which he was a member. He was really the foundor of what is now known in the Campbellite, or Christian faith. He was urging the non-sectarian idea of Christianity when Campbell first sought to give it a place in the world as an organised church. Mr. Rigdon finally lost faith in the religion of his adoption, abandonod the pulpit, and devoted himself to journalism and the study of geology. In the latter he was astonishingly proficient. While thus engaged, the pretended revelations of Joe Smith attracted the public attention. They were not long in finding a defender in Sidney Rigdon, and the Golden Bible, or the Book of Mormon, we have no doubt, is the product of his mind and pen. He became an active Mormon, and went with Smith to Kirkland, Ohio, and from thence to Nauvoo, Illinois, where he ranked in the church only second to Smith. When the polygamy revelation came, Rigdon promptly declined to accept it as a part of his faith, and left the Mormon city for his old home in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. His religion was not coupled with immorality. For many years past he has resided at Friendhip, Alleghany county, in this State, with his children who are settled there. He in man far advanced in years. In 1863 the editor of the Times endeavored to learn, in conversation, the religions views of Mr. Rigdon, and utterly failed; and he believes that the most intimate friends of Mr. Rigdon are no bettor informed on the subject.
EVENING COURIER & REPUBLIC.
Vol. XII. Buffalo, N. Y., Sat., Dec. 21, 1872. No. 299.
==> Sidney Rigdon, of Friendship, N. Y., has recently had a severe attack of paralysis. He was one of the founders of the Campbellite or Christian faith. But he finally abandoned the Church, quit preaching, and devoted himself to journalism and the study of geology [sic]. While thus engaged he made the acquaintance of Joe Smith, the founder of Mormonism. Those who ought to know, assert that the "Golden Bible or the Book of Mormon" is the product of Sidney Rigdon's mind and pen. He became an active Mormon, and went with Smith to Kirtland, Ohio, and afterwards to Nauvoo, Illinois, where he ranked in the Church, only second to Smith. He renounced Mormonism when the polygamy revelation was made. Mr. Rigdon is said to be a man of great intelligence, and of remarkably pure life.
EVENING COURIER & REPUBLIC.
Vol. XIV. Buffalo, N. Y., Thurs., Jan. 9, 1873. No. 7.
In anticipation of the death of Sydney Rigdon, which has since occurred, the Dubuque Times publishes the following reminiscences of his career:
Vol. IV. Adams, N. Y., Thurs., Feb. 6, 1873. No. 44.
At this day Port Gibson is hardly known out of its own county, but at the time of the boy's visit there, the place was making most solemn promises to grow up into a large thriving village at least, perhaps a small city, at no distant date....
Vol. IV. Adams, N. Y., Thurs., Feb. 13, 1873. No. 45.
People generally suppose that Mormonism is really the entire offspring of Joseph Smith, that he was the sole originator of the scheme. This is a great mistake; a Christian gentleman and two keen, unscrupulous rascals were the trinity that gave Mormonism to the world.
Vol. XVII. Lowville, N. Y., April 23, 1873. No. 36.
The story of Brigham Young's life is more marvelous than romance. His active career is drawing to a close. He is not "Spoiling for a fight" any more.... Brigham Young is neither more nor less than a shrewd, thoroughbred Yankee adventurer. Mormonism did [not?] make him, but he made Mormonism. He is entirely devoid of devotional sentiment, and what seems stranger in view of the place he fills, he seldom affects the sentiment. He was born in Whittington, Vermont, on the first of January, 1801. In 1830 Joseph Smith, a vagabond in Palmyra, in this state, declared that he had discovered the Book of Mormon graven on plates of stone [sic] by the hands of the angelic host. It was an absurd idea, but he found believers who, notwithstanding his notorious character, were ready to follow him. It is a suggestive fact that no draft ever drawn on the credulity of mankind failed to be honored by a respectable number of the human family. Smith acted in collusion with Sidney Rigdon, who wrote the Book of Mormon. Rigdon, who long ago deserted the faith, is still living, and if he were so inclined he could a tale unfold which would be entitled to a place in the world's history. It was in 1832 that Brigham Young joined the Mormons. He had everything to make and nothing to lose. He acquainted himself with the doctrines, which at that time were neither peculiarly absurd nor grotesque. The Book of Mormon was fairly written and inculcated good morals. We believe it promised that true believers should inherit the earth, or a good share thereof. It was on this point that Brigham Young dwelt. He was profuse in promises of temporal blessings, and the tempting bait was taken by scores of overworked farmers and hard-driven mechanics. When the Mormon settlement was made in Illinois Brigham Young had raised to a high rank in the church, and in 1844, on the death of Joseph Smith, he was chosen as president of the Mormon body. Before this, Smith's revelations had been so common that they excited no great interest among his followers. But shortly before his death he received his "revelation" justifying polygamy. This created a decided stir among the Latter Day Saints, and also among the Gentiles. Illinois became too hot to hold the Mormons. They journeyed to the farther west, and under the able management of Brigham Young they prospered after a fashion. In 1847 he led the emigration to the Great Salt Lake. He went far beyond the bounds of civilization into a region almost unknown to white men, and there he founded his colony. He sent his missionaries through all the countries of the old world and proselyted thousands of men, women and children. Among the ignorant, starving peasants of England, Germany and the Northern countries his agents found plenty of men and women who were captivated by the stories told of the New Land and New World, and they jumped at the chance to be transported gratuitously across the ocean to take up their abode with the faithful. They had been accustomed to tyranny in various forms, and they yielded without much murmuring to the despotic rule of Young....
Vol. ? Jamestown, N. Y., December 26, 1873. No. ?
Sidney Rigdon, the early Mormon preacher, may be seen daily in the streets of Friendship, where he has made his home mostly for forty [sic - thirty?] years. He was a fluent speaker and used often to be called out on public occasions. He now leans upon his staff, being over eighty years of age.
Auburn Morning News.
Vol. IV. Auburn, N. Y., Mon., Feb. 23, 1874. No. 511.
The Original Mormons.
Mr. Westcott, editor of the Dundee, Yates county, Record, gives the following reminiscences of the original Mormons:
Poughkeepsie Daily Eagle.
Vol. XVI. Poughkeepsie, N. Y., Mon., Nov. 2, 1874. No. 4252.
HISTORICAL SKETCHES, NO. 102.
"The saints shall in herit the earth," says God. Resolved, that we are "the Saints," therefore we "inherit the earth." By the logic of this curt syllogism the Mormons or "Latter-Day Saints," as they call themselves, claim the right of universal possession.
Vol. L. Rochester, N. Y., January 23, 1875. No. 19.
THE MORMON BIBLE -- ITS ORIGIN.
The somewhat accidental origin of the Mormon sect is a matter of history and pretty well known in this section of the country. Occasionally dome incident revives reminiscences of the event, and affords an opportunity to refer briefly to the old story for the benefit of the rising generation. A day or two since a notice appeared in an Elmira paper that Sidney Rigdon is the oldest man residing in Friendship, Alleghany county. The mere mention of his name calls up the subject referred to, and a contributor of the Elmira Advertiser presented a few facts which give, in a nutshell, the origin of the Mormon bible. He reminds the public that this somewhat remarkable production was written by a Presbyterian clergyman by the name of Spaulding residing in Ohio, as a kind of religious novelette founded upon the lost tribe of Israel which is reported as having wandered east. The manuscript (we quote from the version referred to) was taken by him to Cincinnati [sic] with a view to its publication and there he made the acquaintance of Sydney Rigdon, who had some connection with a printing office with whom it was left for perusal. Mr. Spaulding shortly after died and nothing was done with it until Mr. Rigdon fell in with Joe Smith, who borrowed the manuscript. He was a shrewd, credulous adventurer who needed everything and was as willing to impose upon others as he was to be imposed upon himself. He invented the story that the golden plates from which the book of Mormon were said to have been translated, were found in a bluff hill situated on the road between Shortsville and Palmyra, and that he was directed to dig for them in a certain place by revelation, and this is still pointed out where the excavation was made. His first material convert was a man by the name of Chamberlain, who lived near a place called Kingdom, between Seneca Falls and Waterloo. This man owned a good farm, and through his aid and others the Mormon bible was first published. Preaching now became easy. Any number of miracles were wrought, and when any particular want was felt, Joe Smith, like Mahomet, fell into a trance or dream and the command came from heaven. That the Book of Mormon is genuine is attested by a great number of signatures, whose writers testify that they have seen the golden plates from which it was translated from an unknown language by miraculous aid; but the plates, like the Ark of the Covenant, have been sedulously concealed from modern profane eyes. After this Joe Smith passed through his reported "trials and tribulations," and finally succeeded in forming a society in Ohio. After Joe Smith was killed Rigdon tried to become the head of the Church, but he was opposed by Brigham Young, then in the prime of life, who succeeded, and Mr. Rigdon left the community, either from disgust or fear of his life, and has since resided in Friendship with or near his son, who is a merchant there.
Vol. I. Mount Morris, New York, Thursday, March 4, 1875. No. 1.
Mrs. Ann Eliza Young.
This popular lecturer will appear before the citizens of Mt. Morris, at Livingston Hall, on Monday evening, March 8h. The Boston Daily Globe, of a recent date, thus comments on this charming woman:
Vol. XXV. Canandaigua, New York, Wednesday, June 17, 1875. No. 24.
For the Ontario County Times.
...Joseph Smith, the father of the prophet Joseph Smith, jr., was from the Merrimack river, N. H. He first settled in or near Palmyra village, but as early as 1819 was the occupant of some new land on "Stafford street," in the town of Manchester, near the line of Palmyra. * "Mormon Hill " is near the plank road about half-way between the villages of Palmyra and Manchester. The elder Smith had been a Universalist, and subsequently a Methodist; was a good deal of a smatterer in scriptural knowledge, but the seed of revelation was sown on weak ground; he was a great babbler, credulous, not especially industrious, a money-digger, prone to the marvellous; and, withal, a little given to difficulties with neighbors, and petty law-suits. Not a very propitious account of the father of a prophet -- the founder of a state; but there was a "woman in the case."
Vol. XXV. Canandaigua, New York, Wednesday, June 23, 1875. No. 25.
For the Ontario County Times.
As was stated in the preceding article, the Smith family were firm believers in the truth of various legends which designated Mormon Hill as the depository of large amounts of untold treasure. -- Night after night had the father and sons, Alvah and Joseph, delved and dug in different spots, but so far as the outer world knew their search was never rewarded with success. Occasionally they would tell of important discoveries, but these stories were always related to some person whose pecuniary or other substantial assistance they desired, and so their marvelous tales soon came to be received with many grains of allowance, and finally were greeted with the cold stare of unbelief. They claimed to have in their possession a miraculous stone which although it was densly opaque to ordinary eyes, was still luminous and transparent to the orbs of Joseph, Jr. This stone was one of the common horn blende variety, some of which may be picked up any day on the shores of lake Ontario. It was kept in a mysterious box, carefully wrapped in cotton. As an illustration of the ludicrous manner in which this stone was made to innure to the physical prosperity of its owners, the following well authenticated anecdote is related: It was claimed that Joseph, Jr., by placing it in a hat could discover by looking into the hat the precise spot where the hidden treasure was buried. Among the many dupes which were victimized by this story, was one William Stafford. They repeated the tale to him time and time again, with such solemn asseverations of its truth, that at last he began to believe that there might be something in it, and so consented to join them in one of their midnight expeditions. When the evening which had been agreed upon came around, he hied him to the Smith domicile, and there awaited developments. Soon Joseph joined the circle before the hearth, bearing with him the stone carefully concealed in a well worn and antiquated beaver. Seating himself, he placed his face where his pate ought to have been, and after peering intently into the recesses thereof, made the encouraging announcement that he saw a pot full to overflowing with glittering shiners, and that he could lead the assembled coterie to the precise spot, where by a little dilligent digging combined with a strict observation of all the conditions imposed, they could speedily exhume the same, and make a pro rata division of the contents thereof. -- No time was now lost in getting under way, and arming themselves with shovels, pick axes and implements of a like nature, they started forth with Joseph and the magic stone at the head of the column. "Tramp, tramp, tramp" they went "marching on," through the forests and across the fields, until after a long and weary march their leader commanded a halt. Joseph, Sr. now came to the front and produced a piece of twine with a sharp pointed stake attached to each of its ends. A solemn injunction to preserve the strictest silence was now laid upon every one of the party, as it was said that the Evil One was around listening, that if he heard them, he too would then know where the buried gold was, and before they could dig down to it, would spirit it away to some other locality, and thus deprive them of the fruits of their nocturnal travels and labors. Joseph now advanced on tip toe to the spot he had selected, and taking one of the stakes from his father, forced the same into the soil, while his worthy sire unwound the string, and firmly grasping the other stake in his hand proceeded to strike out, and "swing around," the magic circle within which the treasure was to be found. Work was now commenced in earnest. Silently and mysteriously the delvers delved. Not a word was uttered, not even a whisper disturbed the profound and unearthly silence; the laborers hardly dared to breathe, and the only sound which was heard was that which was made by the instruments of excavation as they went deeper and deeper into the bowels of the earth. Time rolled on, the minutes lengthened into hours, the pile of disturbed earth grew larger and larger, the hole grew deeper and deeper, the laborers grew wearier and wearier, until they began to be doubtful of success. The advent of the coming morn was near at hand when the
Vol. ? Syracuse, N.Y., Thurs., December 2, 1875. No. ?
Joseph Smith -- His Early Attempts at Imposture.
The earliest attempt of Joseph Smith to deceive the credulous and ignorant was by the aid of a stone, to which he professed to have been directed by a dream. It was an ordinary pebble of zone sandstone; and he concealed it by placing it in his hat and by then shading his face in the hat.
Vol. 50. Jamestown, N. Y., Friday, December 3, 1875. No. 31.
An Old Relic.
Mr. Stearns, who occupies the farm of John A. Hall, in pulling to pieces a part of the old residence of the late Sam Hall, found a Burdick's Arithmetic. It was printed in 1831, at Fredonia, by Hanry C. Frisbie... Soon after this work was issued, Burdick joined the Mormons who sent a missionary here who was quite successful in making Mormon converts. About 1833 or 4, Burdick with some others from this vicinity left Jamestown and joined the Mormons, first at Kirtland, O., and then at Nauvoo....
Vol. 54. Binghampton, N. Y., Wed., February 2, 1876. No. ?
About two miles south of the village of Palmyra, [on] the way [from] the direct road leading to Canandaigua, stands a [plain] [old-fashioned] farm house. To one side is a larg gate opening [upon] a lane which runs back over the farm to a piece of timber, or piece of woodland. Its eastern portion spreads over a broad level, covered with large trees, and here, beneath the thick-topped maples and beeches, the children of the Sabbath and other schools often congregate on summer afternoons, to feast on pic-nic pantry, play in games of childish fancy, or oscillate back and forth in the great swings suspended from the branches of the trees. The western portion of this wood reaches over a high hill or ridge running north and south, and the little voices are often heard calling attention to a mound of earth, overgrown with young trees, as the location of "The Prophet's Cave." I was present on one of these occasions, a few years ago, and visited the place to find only such remams as forty years of time could not obliterate. The entrance was wholly closed by the yielding earth, which year after year has been dropping into it and hiding its inner walls from the prying eye of the hunter of curious relics of the past. It was here that Joe Smith pretended to interpret the golden plates of Camorah. Here he sat behind the screen and announced to Oliver Cowdrey, the village schoolmaster and scribe of the prophet, the translated word which was to be the scriptural guide of the church of Latter Day Saints, This cave was said to have been large enough to contain thirty persons, that it was strongly guarded by a plank door, three inches thick and provided with [locks]and bars within. However, the story can hardly be true judging from the outward appearances as now seen. It was here that Joe used to slay the fat lambs of Calvin Stoddard's flock of sheep, and offer them to the Lord, as Calvin supposed, for he was one of the early converts to Joe's church and believed in the prophet to the letter, but somehow it always happened that Joe failed to get a communication with the Lord if any body was present, and when they were all gone, the father of the prophet would come down over the hill, shoulder be sheep, calf or pig -- It made but little difference which -- and carry it home, where it was offered up to the hungry mouths of the Smith family each day, as long as it lasted. This was one of the secret motives that compelled Joe to be a dutiful son to his parents, and at the same time demanded a corresponding amount of consideration from them.
Vol. XII. Auburn, N. Y., Wed., March 22, 1876. No. 1797.
Something about the Mormons.
However much most people hear about this religious sect, it comes mostly of vague reports which now and then appear in the newspapers, growing out of troubles which have been increased since the Pacific railroad opened up a highway into their hitberto almost inaccessible country, where the Institution of Mormonism has flourished for nearly 30 years. Of course all know that the followers of Joseph Smith, who, with Orson Pratt, and another, originated the thing, is based mainly on "Polygamy." That is to say, not only tolerating, but enjoining polygamous marriages, as a "divine revelation." It is a strange fact, that, in this enlightened State of New York, and not far from its centre, has originated, 1st, the impostor Jemima Wilkinson and her infatuated followors -- she pretending to be a prophetess and able to work a miracles, so as to be able to walk upon the water -- if her believers had faith; 2d, the sect called Spiritualists, or more properly spiritist -- beginning with the notorious Fox family, and spreading far and wide till numbering, it is said, millions; and 3d, the Mormons.
Vol. ? Friendship, New York, Tuesday July 18, 1876. No. ?
Death of Sidney Rigdon.
Sidney Rigdon, who died last Friday, came to our village about the year 1847, where he has resided without interruption ever since. He was born in Allegheny Co., Pa. in 1793, before he had reached the ripe age of 83 years, thirty of which he passed in comparative retirement in our village, and of course was a very familiar figure to our citizens and a person of interest to all who became acquainted with him only in the latest years of his life, when the disabilities of old age were strong upon him, and we judge that some of the intellectual fire of manhood had abated, but still he gave the impression as being no ordinary character. His temperament was that of a thoughtful, nervous man, communing much with himself, and when warmed up in controversy exhibited a fluency and discissiveness, which, had it been tempered with the exact knowledge of the schools, would have given him preeminence in any profession, but especially in that of teacher, minister, lawyer or public speaker. As it was, without any advantage of training and apparently without any ideas except such as were acquired by observation and not from books, he was always ready to discourse upon a variety of topics at any length, and never failed to obtain interested hearers.
Vol. VII. Friendship, New York, Thursday July 20, 1876. No. 29.
Death of Sidney Rigdon.
Sidney Rigdon died in this village on Friday last at the advanced age of eighty-three years. He was born in St. Clair township, Allegheny county, Pa.. in February, 1793. Your readers are familiar with the main features of his career, as they have been set forth by historians of the Mormon sect. Since his excision from the ruling body of the church, at Nauvoo, he has been living in our village, in the main very quiet, repelling rather than courting the curiosity which his prominence in one of the most extraordinary social phenomena of times, drew upon him. He has often been interviewed by those intent upon clearing up some of the mysteries and delusion, that attended the origin of Mormontaun, but invariably without success. On these occasions he would defend the Mormon account of the origin the Book of Monnonlsm and also the chief doctrine, ot the early Mormon church, and in many way. exhibit sympathetic interest in its prosperity. His mind had a natural religious bias; and ht. conclusions respecting Bible doctrines subject to diverse interpretations, were conservative. In his prime he took an active part in the theological controversies that raged so fiercely in this and western states, and was then and always familiar with the Bible, and had in him the material for a useful minister of any denomination, yet for many years past he held himself aloof from the church affairs in his vicinity, and his whole conduct held naturally to the inference that his religious ambitions were buried at the time he was superseded by Young, or perhaps at the time when the polygamous doctrines of Joseph Smith were promulgated. The reader will bear these statements in mind when the motives of Mr. Rigdon in connecting himself with Mormonism come under review. As a preacher, Sidney Rigdon must have exercised great power over pion-
Vol. 51. Jamestown, N. Y., Friday, July 21, 1876. No. 112.
Death of Hon. Sidney Rigdon.
On Friday last Hon. Sidney Rigdon died at his home in Friendship, Allegany Co., aged 86 years. Mr. Rigdon was connected with Joseph Smith in the foundation of the Mormon church in this country, and on his death aspired to the leadership of the Mormons, which was given to Brigham Young. He was not a polygamist, and never supported Young in his views on this question. He was buried on Saturday with Masonic honors.
Vol. ? Elmira, N. Y., Friday, July 21, 1876. No. ?
Vol. LI. Rochester, N. Y., July 28, 1876. No. 174.
Death of Founder of Mormonism.
The fact of the death of the venerable Sidney Rigdon, an event of no little interest in western New York, seems to have been overlooked hereabouts. This well-known character died in Friendship, Allegany County on the 14th inst., at the age of eighty-three. We reproduce the following sketch of his life and the nefarious work of founding a vile religious heresy in which he has the reputation of having played an important part, published in the Troy Times of yesterday:
Vol. V. Auburn, N. Y., Thurs., Aug. 8, 1876. No. 31.
==> Sidney Rigdon, the original founder of Mormonism, died at Friendship, Allegany county, a few days since, at the age of 83 years. He was ousted by Brigham Young, formerly of Port Byron, in this county, from the position of leader of the Mormons, and retired from the church, many years ago.
Vol. XXVI. Troy, New York, Saturday, March 31, 1877. No. 236.
Joe Smith's Bible.
According to an item which is taking the rounds of the press, one of the rarest books printed in the nineteenth century is the first edition of the "Book of Mormon," published at Palmyra, N. Y., in 1830, and it is stated that the historian Macaulay tried In vain for years to procure a copy of it. The Buffalo historical society possesses a copy of the original edition of the so-called Mormon Bible, presented to it several years ago by one of our citizens, and we presume it would not be very difficult to procure another, in the town where it was printed. The first Mormon prophet resided in or near Palmyra, and pretended that he transcribed the book of Mormon from inscriptions on metal plates which he found in a hill near the village, as revealed to him in a vision. But poor "Joe Smith," as be was then called, was regarded a careless, lazy, dissolute fellow, and it was a long time before he could persuade anybody to take enough stock in his "new departure" to pay for printing the book. At last, however, the work was undertaken, more to "fill up time" in the slack business of a country printing office than with any expectation that the proprietor would realise a fair profit on the job.
Vol. 55. Binghampton, N. Y., Wed., April 4, 1877. No. 40.
MORMON JOE SMITH.
Mrs. Doolittle, mother-in-law of Chief of Police Johnson, who has been stopping in this city for a few days, has some personal recollections of the early career of Joe Smith, the founder of Mormonism.
Vol. XIII. Auburn, N. Y., Thur., Apr. 12, 1877. No. 2123.
The Mormon Bible.
The Lyons (Wayne county) Democratic Press in its last issue gives some interesting reminiscences concerning the printing of Joe Smith's famous "Gold bible," or the Book of Mormon. The book was printed at the office of the Wayne Sentinel, in Palmyra, owned by Egbert B. Grandin, and was completed in March, 1830. The job of printing it was paid for by a deluded follower of Joe Smith, Martin Harris by name, who lived on a farm, about one mile north of the village, in the town of Palmyra, which he owned and which he mortgaged for the sum of $3,000 to Mr. Grandin, to defray the expense of printing an edition of 5,000 gold bibles.
Vol. 30. Norwich, N. Y., Thursday, April 12, 1877. No. 30.
EARLY DAYS OF MORMONISM.
The Binghamton Republican publishes some personal recollections of Mrs. Doolittle, a lady seventy-five years old, who is now visiting with her son-in-law, Chief of Police Johnson of that city. She was personally acquainted with the first wife of Joseph Smith, the Mormon prophet, Miss Emma Hale, whom he married near Susquehanna, Pa.
Vol. 30. Norwich, N. Y., Thursday, May 2 , 1877. No. 33.
Joseph Smith The Originator of Mormonism.
More than fifty years since, at the commencement of his professional career, the writer spent a year in the present village of Afton, in this County. It was then called South Bainbridge, and was in striking contrast with the present village at the same place. It was a mere hamlet, with one store and one tavern. The scenes and incidents of that early day are vividly engraven upon his memory, by reason of his having written them when they occurred, and by reason of his public and private rehearsals of them in later years. He will now present them as historical reminiscences of old Chenango, and as a precursor of the advent of that wonder of the age, Mormonism.
Vol. ? Bainbridge, New York, Thursday, August 23, 1877. No. ?
JOE SMITH'S YOUTHFUL DAYS.
Half a century ago there lived on a farm in Afton, Chenango County, then called South Bainbridge, a good settler named Isaiah [sic - Josiah?] Stowell. He was strait and strong in dogma, and filled the responsible position of Deacon in the Presbyterian Church to the edification of all people. By hard work and frugality Deacon Stowell accumulated a moderate competency, and his large family of broad-shouldered sons and rosy-cheeked daughters were the envy of the neighborhood. But like many other good men the Deacon had his little weakness, and would make haste to get rich. There was no Stock Exchange in those days or he might have "gone broke on Jersey Central." As it was he contented himself with the faith (and practice) that untold sums of gold had been hidden the earth by extinct tribes of Indians or highwaymen or something of the sort, that it was to be his especial good luck to find all this gold. Northern Pennsylvania, near Lanesboro and Susquehanna, was believed by him to be the gold-bearing region, and with assistants and proper tools he made frequent journeys to the wild country about Starrucca Creek and spent weeks in delving in the rocky mountain sides at the rise of the Blue Ridge range. During his searches Deacon Stowell and his party camped put in the woods, living upon the provisions he brought from home in the fertile Chenango Valley and the game that filled the region in abundance. The concealed wealth that occupied his sleeping and waking thoughts he never found, but his constant failure and fresh outlays of money did not dampen his ardor. His family and the members of his hurch remonstrated with him, to no purpose.
Vol. ? Albany, N.Y., Thursday, August 30, 1877. No. ?
The Death of Brigham Young.
De mortuis nil nisi bonum is not a rule to be universally a|pplied, and as the country reads to-day that Brigham Young died at Salt Lake yesterday afternoon, it will heave a sigh not of regret but of satisfaction. It will be the verdict of his countrymen from the Atlantic to the Pacific that ''nothing in his life became him like the leaving of it." They have long known him as the chief corner stone of that refuge of lies and uncleanliness, Mormonism, and will take heart at the thought that ruin will soon overtake that social and religious system now that Brigham Young is permanently eliminated from it.
AND DAILY GAZETTE.
Vol. ? Utica, New York, Friday, August 31, 1877. No. ?
THE DECAY OF MORMONISM.
The death of Brigham Young occurs at a time and under circumstances almost certain to precipitate a crisis among the Mormons, They are not naturally a harmonious or homogeneous body, and there is much in their peculiar faith and practices whose natural tendency is towards disintegration. Their whole history, up to the last fifteen years, was a remarkable and unbroken series of fraud, rapacity, internal and external dissension, defiance of civil and moral law, a perpetual scandal to the denomination itself, and to the communities which tolerated its presence. In its past we may read its immediate future. There is likely to be one marked distinction, however, between the past and the future of Mormonism. In its early days the State governments of Illinois and Missouri on the one hand, and the national government on the other, dealt with Mormon crimes and Mormon pretensions in a pusilanimous, temporizing and altogether disgraceful way. The sect flourished, spritually and temporally, upon the imbecility of a government which tolerated its crimes and left its leaders unpunished. It is not likely to have any more such nutriment.
Vol. ? Albany, N.Y., Saturday, Sept. 1, 1877. No. ?
THE MORMON BIBLE.
If the time for disciplining him had not long since expired we would move that Rev. Mr. Spaulding, late of Ohio, be deposed from the ministry. For it is clearer now than ever before, when it was tolerably clear all the while, that had it not been for Spaulding there would not have been any "revelation," on gold plates or otherwise, to Joe Smith. And had there not been any revelation to Joe Smith there would have been no Mormonism; and, in the absence of that sort of religion to tempt him to Ohio, Brigham Young would most likely have remained in Vermont and lived a cleanly life in that State of steady habits. And therefore were Spaulding still in the flesh it would be the proper thing to decorate his breast with the scarlet letter M.
Vol. XXXIII. Syracuse, N.Y., Mon., September 3, 1877. No. 20?
The Origin of Mormonism.
Remarkable local testimony has been discovered by the Republican sustaining the charge that the religion of Joe Smith and Brigham Young had its origin in a romance written by Rev. Solomon Spaulding of Ohio of half a century or more ago. the story is furnished by Mr. J. A. McKinstry of Longmeadow, a son of the late Dr. McKinstry of Monson, and grandson of Rev. Mr. Spaulding. Mr. McKinstry is employed in the Main street store of Newsdealer Brace. Rev. Mr. Spaulding's widow, who afterward became Mrs. Davison, came east from Ohio to live with her daughter at Monson many years ago, bringing the manuscript of his romance with her. She died some twenty-five years ago, but before her death a plausible young man from Boston came to Monson to see and get the Spaulding writing. It was a time of considerable excitement concerning the Mormons, and he claimed to represent some Christian people who wanted to expose Mormonism, He therefore begged the loan of the manuscript for publication. Much against the wishes of Mrs. Dr. McKinstry, Mrs. Davison consented to let her husband's unpublished romance go. Nothing was ever heard from it again, and the family have always considered that the bland young gentleman was an agent of Brigham Young's to destroy the convicting evidence that Joe Smith's Mormon Bible was of earthly origin.
Vol. ? Binghampton, N. Y., Wed., September 5, 1877. No. ?
DEATH OF BRIGHAM YOUNG.
This great disgrace to modern civilisation died on Wednesday afternoon at Salt Lake City. He was born at Whittingham, Vermont June 1st, 1801, and was, therefore, a trifle over 76 years of age. His early calling was that of a painter and glazier. In 1832 he went to Ohio and joined the Mormons at Kirtland, on the shore of Lake Erie, a few miles west of Cleveland.
Vol. 30. Norwich, N. Y., Thursday, Sept. 6, 1877. No. 51.
==> Sidney Rigdon, whom Brigham Young unceremoniously deposed from the Presidency of the Mormons at Nauvoo, after Jo Smith was killed in 1844, has since resided in a very unpretending manner at Friendship, Allegheny County, in this State. A tall, erect old gentleman, verging upon eighty, and very dignified, he could have been seen but a few years ago, on pleasant days slowly and thoughtfully moving about the streets of that village. When drawn into conversation he was found both intelligent and interesting. Those who have heard him in his younger days say that his natural gifts of oratory were of the first order. He established the society of Mormons at Kirtland, in Ohio, and stood next in power to Smith at the time of the latter's death. He died about two years ago.
Vol. XXXIII. Syracuse, N.Y., Wed., September 12, 1877. No. ?
The Springfield, Mass. Republican narrates a story concerning the origin of the "Book of Mormon," on which the huge imposture of Mormonism was founded. It professes to have found evidence that the "Book of Mormon" was founded on a romance written by the Rev. Mr. Spaulding, of Palmyra [sic], about ancient America, which he entitled "Manuscript Found." Joe Smith and Sidney Rigdon borrowed the manuscript story, and from it constructed the Mormon Scriptures, pretended to be found inscribed on plates of gold. The Cleveland Herald says the story told by the Springfield Republican was published at much greater length in a volume by Mr. Howe, issued at Painesville, O., forty years ago under the name of "Mormonism Unveiled," the evidence of the fraud perpetrated by Smith and Rigdon being conclusive.
Vol. ? Binghampton, New York, Wednesday, September 26, 1877. No. ?
THE MORMON BIBLE.
The Springfield "Republican" on the death of Brigham Young takes occasion to re-publish the old story of Solmon Spalding and his "Manuscript Found" as the source and origin of the Book of Mormon. The "new and startling evidence" produced by the "Republican" does not seem to add anything to what was already before the public. This story was first published by Mr. Spalding's widow in the Boston "Journal" in 1839, repeated by E. D. Howe in his History of Mormonism in 1840, and by Henry Howe in his history of Ohio in 1847. Since that it has appeared at different times and in various publications. It has been verified by the widow and brother of Spalding, by cizens of Conneaut, O., where Spalding once lived and by others who had seen and read both the "Manuscript Found" and the Book of Mormon. It has never been refuted, nor, so far as I we know, has any plausible attempt at refutation been made. Having been before the public in this manner for more than a generation, it seems to us that it is entitled to a place among the facts of history without any further, "new and startling evidence."
Journal and Courier.
Vol. XIV. Little Falls, New York, Tuesday, October 2, 1877. No. 40.
For the Journal & Courier.
Joseph Smith, the founder of the Mormon sect, began his public career in and near tbe village of Palmyra, Wayne county, in this State. He was born in Vermont. In 1820 [sic - 1816?], and with his parents, removed to this State at an early age, the family being in humble circumstances. He was occasionally employed in Palmyra, and bore the reputation of a lazy and ignorant young man. Smith and his father were persons of doubtful moral character, addicted to disreputable habits, and moreover extremely superstitious, believing in the existence of witchcraft. Such is the testimony of those who knew them. At one time they dug for money in various places, using a mineral rod in searching for it. He also placed a singular looking stone in his hat, and pretended by the light of it to make many wonderful discoveries of gold, silver, and other treasures deposited in the earth. About three miles from Palmyra, at a place now called Mormon Hlll, Smith said he dug from the earth the plates which contained the record, the original Mormon Bible. He commenced his career as the founder of the new sect when less than twenty years of age, and appointed a number of mentings in Palmyra for the purpose of announcing the revelations which he said were made to him. He failed to produce much excitement, as few could be found who had curiosity sufficient to listen to him. Being without means to print his revelations, he called upon Mr. Crane, of the Society of Friends, declaring that he was moved by the spirit to call upon him for assistance. The good Quaker bid him go to work, or the State prison would end his career. He then applied to Martin Harris, a thrifty farmer of Palmyra with whom he had better success, and who afterwards became one of his leading disciples. By Harris' assistance 5,000 copies of the Mormon Bible (so called,) were printed at an expense of about $3,000.
Vol. XXIII. Plattsburgh, New York, Frday, October 5, 1877. No. 18.
Arrest of a Mormon Murderer.
The Herald's Salt Lake despatch reports the indictment and arrest of Orin Porter Rockwell, the notorious Mormon murderer and chief the Danites, for participation in the Aiken Massacre in 1858. Rockwell was the ready tool of the Mormon leaders. He was accused in 1840 of tho attempted assassination of Gov. Lilburn W. Boggs, of Missouri. It is believed that Rockwell and associates murdered Secretary Almon W. Babbitt and companions on the plains in 1857. The massacre of a party of apostate Mormons is also laid to his charge. Several additional murders are imputed to him. He promises to make a confession.
Vol. XXII. Canton, New York, Thursday, November 8, 1877. No. 18.
The Book of Mormon.
THE ROMAN CITIZEN
Vol. XXXVIII. Rome, Oneida County, N.Y. Friday, May 3, 1878. No. 49.
Deacon Stowell's Gold.
Half a century ago there lived on a farm in Afton, Chenango county, then called South Bainbridge, a good settler named Isaiah [sic - Josiah?] Stowell. He was strait and strong in dogma, and filled the responsible position of Deacon in the Presbyterian Church to the edification of all people. By hard work and frugality Deacon Stowell accumulated a moderate competency, and his large family of broad-shouldered sons and rosy-cheeked daughters were the envy of the neighborhood. But like many other good men the Deacon had his little weakness, and would make haste to get rich. There was no Stock Exchange in those days or he might have "gone broke" on Jersey Central. As it was he contented himself with the faith (and practice) that untold sums of gold had been hidden the earth by extinct tribes of Indians or highwaymen or something of the sort, that it was to be his especial good luck to find all this gold. Northern Pennsylvania, near Lanesboro and Susquehanna, was believed by him to be the gold-bearing region, and with assistants and proper tools he made frequent journeys to the wild country about Starrucca Creek and spent weeks in delving in the rocky mountain sides at the rise of the Blue Ridge range. During his searches Deacon Stowell and his party camped put in the woods, living upon the provisions he brought from home in the fertile Chenango Valley and the game that filled the region in abundance. The concealed wealth that occupied his sleeping and waking thoughts he never found, but his constant failure and fresh outlays of money did not dampen his ardor. His family and the members of his church remonstrated with him, to no purpose.
Vol. XL. Albany, N.Y., Tues., Oct. 22, 1878. No. 14,733.
A DEFENSE OF THE MORMON BIBLE.
The Cleveland Herald lately took occasion to characterize the Book of Mormon as "a bogus supplement to the Bible," and in so doing aroused the lion that slumbered in the breast of one Samuel L. Barnett. Barnett replies to the Herald in a letter a column long, devoted to the vindication of the Mormon's sacred book, and what he says is interesting as showing the genius which he and those of his ilk have for being bamboozled, and because it gives the Mormon's theory of the origin of the work.
Vol. XXVIII. Syracuse, N.Y., December 13, 1877. No. 266.
BOOK OF MORMON.
Major J. H. Gilbert, of Palmyra, N. Y., is in the city on a visit to his son, Charles T. Gilbert, of Nevia & Mills. He is a printer; was formerly proprietor of the Wayne Sentinel, and is the man who set up the Mormon Bible from the original manuscript. It was the custom of the printers, as the sheets were run through iho press, to take one of each form for preservation. Major Gilbert did this, and now has with him in this city the unbound sheets of the Mormon Bible, as he then took them from the press. These he cheerfully exhibits to any person who has a curiosity to look at them. The book was a quarto of 580 pages. The coutents were subdivided into chapters, broken into frequent paragraphs, but the verses were not numbered as they are in later editions. Upon tho title page appears tho name of Joseph Smith as "Author and Proprietor." In all subsequent editions he appears simply us "Translator." This change was rendered necessary to carry out the theory arferward adopted that Smith dug up those writings and translated them from "reformed Egyptian" by means of a pair of supernatural spectacles. A reporter of the Post and Tribune met Maj. Gilbert on Saturday, and had a very pleasant chat with him about the early days of Mormondom in Wayne county, N. Y., in which the modern religion started. He found the veteran printer 75 years of age.
Vol. LIII. Rochester, New York, Wednesday, November 20, 1878. No. 276.
The Origin of Mormonism.
So much has been written on this subject that it is futile to endeavor to produce anyththing new, but there will be found something of interest to many in the following from the New York Star: "A great-niece of the Rev. Mr. Spaulding, who wrote the book called the Mormon Bible, resides in this city. Mr. Spaulding was a retired clergyman in ill health and to pass his time agreeably wrote a romance, which after his death was stolen in manuscript from his wife at Palmyra, in this State, by Joseph Smith, who pretended to have found it in a cave near that village. Mrs. Spaulding made a statement to this effect, which was published in the Tribune some years since, and to the day of her death it was an affliction to her to know of the evil resulting from, the innocent pastime of her deceased husband."
The Geneva Courier.
Vol. L. Geneva, N.Y., Wednesday, April 16, 1879. No. 16.
( From Sunday Afternoon. )
One Joseph Smiih, Jr., in 1820, had a revelation, as he was in a solitary place, that his sins were forgiven him. Two glorious messengers appeared and announced to him that all denominations of professing Christians were holding erroneous doctrines and that God had acknowledged none of them as His "Church and Kingdom." Smith was promised that the true doctrine should in due time be revealed to him. But Joseph "fell away" and not until 1823 did he have any further communication from heaven. In September of that year an angel Maroni by name, announced by authority that Joseph Smith, Jr., was chosen to introduce a new dispensation, that the American Indians were a remnant of the Israelites, who in early ages emigrated to this country and had their prophets and inspired writings, that such of these writings as had not been in various ways destroyed were deposited in a certain hill near Manchester, N. Y., that they contained revelations concerning the last days of the World, and that, faithful, he should have wisdom to bring forth to men these hidden and hitherto unknown truths. On a second visit the angel told Joseph where the writings were to be found and ordered him to go and look at them. He went to the hill called C umorah, near Palmyra and Manchester, N.Y., dug down, and found a water-tight stone box and certain engraved plates containing writings. But for some reason it seems that Joseph was not permitted then possess these buried treasures. It was four years after this and after several meetings with the angel that he came into possession of the plates. Orson Pratt, the greatest Mormon preacher, describes them thus: "The plates appeared to be gold. Each was 7 by 8 inches in size, and thick as common tin. They were fastened like the leaves of book and were filled on both sides with Egyptian characters. The volume was six inches thick. A part of it was sealed. A curious instrument was found with it, called by the ancients Urim and Thummim. It was two transparent stones set in the rims of a bow. By this he received revelation of things distant, both past and future." Mr. Pratt further says: "The news spread. Rumors also, false and slanderous, were repeated. Joseph left the region for Pennsylvania to save his life and the treasures. In a bag of beans he hid the plates and thus conveyed them in safety to the house of his father-in-law. Here he translated the records. He sat behind a screen with the two stones in his hat and read off the sentences which one Oliver Cowdrey wrote down, and thus we came to have our Golden Bible." Translation was a work of nearly three years....
Vol. XI. Port Jervis, N.Y., August 2, 1879. No. 49.
THE BIRTH OF MORMONISM.
MONTROSE, Pa., July 28. -- The name of Brigham Young has been so intimately associated with the history of the Mormons by the present generation that the first so-called prophet and founder of the sect is almost forgotten. Even here in Susquehanna county, where Mormonism had its birth, the story of Joe Smith is familiar to few of the present day, and it is referred to, when thought of at all, as one of the fading romances that linger among the traditions of the early settlers of the Northern wilderness. But the strange history of the origin of the Mormon delusion, that has since convulsed two states and finally created an empire of its; own in the heart of the far Western mountains, is well preserved in Susquehanna county, and little or nothing is left to conjecture as to the manner of the man who was its author.
Vol. VI. Mount Morris, New York, Saturday, March 25, 1880. No. 38.
UTAH AS SEEN BY A WOMAN.
Mrs. Jennie Froiseth, Vice-President of the Women's National Anti-Polygamy Society, and editor of the Anti-Polygamy Standard, is the wife of a civil engineer employed by the Territorial Government of Utah. She has been in Utah nine years, and writing of what she saw, she says: "Revolting as polygamy is among the opulent Mormons of Salt Lake City, the polygamy of the settlements throughout the Territory far worse. I accompanied my husband recently on a surveying expedition. At about sundown one afternoon, when we were on the outskirts of a small settlement, a part of the harness on one of our horses broke. My husband went to the nearest house to get a tool that he needed to repair the harness. When he returned to the carriage he said: "Great heavens, Jennie, if you want see Mormonism in its worst form, make some excuse for entering that house.' I did so, and, in a room about eighteen feet square, I saw a rough-looking man, three women, and a number of children, ranging from infants almost to young men and women. I found that the women were the man's wives and the mothers of the children. They bore the relations to each other of grandmother, mother and daughter. Recently a boy of sixteen, the leader of a band of highwaymen, after the perpetration of an atrocious murder, was caught and lynched. From his childhood the boy was conspicuous for cruelty. Every living thing that approached him, if it was weaker than he was, suffered. A well-known Mormon Bishop condoled with the mother, one of the wives of a leading Mormon. 'Do net insult me with your condolence,' the poor woman exclaimed. 'It was the boy's misfortune, not his fault. Mormonism is alone to blame. My husband came here to do business. As soon as he began to grow rich he was told that Mormon patronage would be withdrawn unless he became a Mormon and took a second wife. We had been very happy together, but my husband was tempted by the hope of becoming rich, and he agreed to take a second wife. She was 'sealed' to him in the Endowment House, and duly installed in our home. I was almost maddened, and, before my boy's birth, I had no other thought than the killing of the woman who had supplanted me.'
The Syracuse Daily Journal.
Vol. XXXVI. Syracuse, N.Y., Tues., July 20, 1880. No. 170.
THE BOOK OF MORMON.
Mrs. ELLEN E. DICKINSON, who is known to many readers of The Journal as having been the New York correspondent of this paper for some years, contributes a paper to Scribner's Monthly for August, on the Book of Mormon, in which she accounts for the origin of that work in a manuscript written by her great-uncle, Rev. SOLOMON SPAULDING, in the form of a novel, which, with a few slight changes, was appropriated by Joseph Smith and his associates. The narrative is interesting, and being well authenticated as to its principal details, will doubtless be accepted as accounting for that singular production, called the Mormon Bible, which was the accepted doctrine of those strange people, the Mormons, who after several unsuccessful attempts to establish a community in the United States, at last gained possession of the Territory of Utah and still hold it, largely in defiance of the laws of God and of the Government of the United States,
Vol. LXXIII. Binghamton, N. Y., Weds., July 28, 1880. No. 6.
THE EARLY MORMONS.
Scribner's Magazine for August contains an interesting reminisence of early Mormonism from the pen of Ellen E. Dickinson, the grand-niece of Rev. Solomon Spaulding who is believed to have prepared the manuscripts for the Mormon Bible while engaged in a very unsuccessful attempt to write a popular book of religious fiction. In this Miss Dickinson substantiates very well what has been often said of the origin of the Book of Mormon,
Vol. V. Syracuse, N. Y., Sat., Feb. 23, 1881. No. 1971.
The Mormon Bible.
A Pittsburg special says: The [proposed] celebration in Washington county in memory of the Rev. Solomon Spaulding, author of the "Book of Mormon," is [exciting] considerable comment in religious circles here. It has for many years been announced that the Rev. Mr. Spaulding was the original author of the "Mormon Bible," which is more commonly known as the "Book of Mormon," but now comes a Latter-Day Saint, or Mormon preacher, T. W. Smith by name, who for some time past has been preaching in a hall on Fourth avenue in this city. Mr. Smith says that the Rev. Mr. Spaulding was not the author of the "Book of Mormon," and adds: "Mrs. McKinstry, a daughter of the Rev. Mr. Spaulding, and wife of Dr. A. McKinstry of Monson, Mass., states that her father died in Amity, Pa. in 1816; that directly after, with her mother, she went to visit an uncle named Sabine in Onondaga county. N. Y.; that she saw a manuscript about an inch thick, closely written, tied with some [stories] my father had written for me: on the outside of the manuscript were written the words, "Manuscript Found;" that in 1834 a Mr. Hurlbert came to her mother who in  married a Mr. Davidson and from her, by an order of Jerome Clark, with whom she had placed the maanuscript, he obtained the same. This Hurlbert was an excommunicated Mormon, and, in retaliation for his expulsion, sought to destroy the Book of Mormon, thinking, from what he had heard, that the manuscript found was the basis of the Book of Mormon, the latter being the same work with slight alterations. Mr. Smith now claims that Hurlbert never returned the MS. to Mrs. Davidson; that he still possesses it and that it can be obtained by law.
Vol. VIII. Auburn, N. Y., Thurs., Apr. 7, 1881. No. 10.
The Founder of Mormonism.
Joe Smith was born in Rutland [sic], Vt. about the time that Wingate, the combined forger and religious charlatan, made such a sensation there. He removed, when a youth, to Palmyra, N. Y., and there Rigdon found him. Smith was full of magnetism, full of warm blood, a hearty, generous fellow -- from the description an original, untutored Jim Fisk. After proper training, Smith became the prophet and Rigdon the inspiration behind him, putting cunning words in the mouth of the boor. At last Smith, finding how pleasant it was to play prophet, and flattered by the devotion paid him, drew away from the cold Rigdon. For one of his sensual nature, it was but natural to conclude that if celestial plural marriages were good, it was a grevous waste of time to wait for death to sanctify them; that real women were greatly to be preferred to doubtful and unsubstantial ghosts, and that the right thing was to be sealed to those in the flesh. So he had a revelation; polygamy became a part of the Mormon religion, and Joe Smith a little Mohammed. Followers began to flock rapidly around Smith. Probably without being conscious of the fact, he had made animalism the key stone in the arch of his creed, and given to his church all the adhesiveness which cements Christian creeds, and in addition all the fascination which, to sensual nature, clings to Mohammedanism. Thenceforth the institution thrived until it became so much of a nuisance, and took on attributes of such menace to free government, that in a paroxysm of rage the mob killed Smith. Though his life had been full of irregularities, in the hearts of his followers his death made him a martyred prophet who had died for his people, and ever since he has been held by them, as one to be reverenced next to the Nazarene. -- North American Review.
Vol. IX. Sodus, N.Y., Wednesday, April 13, 1881. No. 33.
The Founder of Mormonism.
Joe Smith was born in Rutland Vt. [sic], about the time that Wingate, the combined forger and religious charlatan, made such a sensation there. He removed, when a youth, to Palmyra, N. Y., and Rigdon found him. Smith was full of magnetism, full of warm blood, a hearty, generous fellow -- from the description an original, untutored Jim Fisk. After proper training, Smith became the prophet and Rigdon the inspiration behind him, putting cunning words in the month of the boor. At last Smith, finding how pleasant it was to play prophet, and flattered by the devotion paid him, drew away from the cold Rigdon. For one of his sensual nature, it was but natural to conclude that if celestial plural marriages were good, it was a grievous waste of time to wait for death to sanctify them, that real women were greatly to be preferred to doubtful and unsubstantial ghosts, and that the right thing was to be sealed to those still in the flesh. So he had a revelation; polygamy became a part of the Mormon religion, and Joe Smith a little Mohammed. Followers began to flock rapidly around Smith. Probably without being conscious of the fact, he had made animalism the keystone in the arch of his creed, and given to his church all the adhesiveness which cements Christian creeds, and in addition all the fascination which, to sensual natures clings to Mohammedism. Henceforth the institution thrived until it became so much of a nuisance and took on attributes of such menace to free government, that in a paroxysm of rage the mob killed Smith. Though his life had been full of irregularities, in the hearts of his followers his death made him a martyred prophet who had died for has people, and ever since he has been to them as one to be reverenced next to the Nazarene. --
Vol. 46. Buffalo, N.Y., Saturday, May 28, 1881. No. 148.
Vol. XLI. Warsaw, N. Y., Thursday, June 9, 1881. No. 23.
The Mormon Plates.
It is well knows that Joseph Smith the founder of Mormonism, pretended to have translated the so-called Mormon Bible from certain golden pates taken by him from hill in the edge of Manchester, Ontario Co., N. Y. Those plates were once in the hands of the stalwart and honest late Henry Wells Esq., of Aurora, founder of the American Express system and of the College for Ladies which now bears his name at Aurora. Mr. Wells died abroad, in the last days of 1878. In the summer of the same year we were both detained, for a time, in making our railroad connections at the depot in Canandaigua, when I enjoyed a very pleasant interview, and, I think, my last with that distinguished gentleman. The hill said to have concealed the prophetic plates was in the county of which Canandaigua is the county seat, and in the town whose best known village is Clifton Springs. When the famous plates were discovered, Mr. Wells, then in early manhood, a firm believer in evangelical religion and a natural sceptic in respect to impostures, was residing in the vicinity. In that interview, a few months before his death, he gave me a racy account of his visit to the home of Joseph Smith at the time, and his own conjectures concerning the mysterious tablets.
Vol. XXIV. Auburn, N. Y., Thurs., Nov. 17, 1881. No. 3567.
The Book of Mormon.
Ridiculous as are the claims of the faithful regarding the origin of the "Book of Mormon," and worthless as are the contents of the volume, the people of Western New York have always felt considerable interest in the book and in the sect whose Bible it became, because both orginated in their midst. Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism, and Brigham Young, its greatest prophet, were born in Vermont, and both emigrated into this part of the Empire State, at an early age. The former spent the years of a disreputable youth and early manhood at Palmyra, Wayne county; and the latter engaged in the useful though not very exalted profession of glacier and painter -- some say cooper -- at Auburn, Cayuga county. About two miles from Palmyra the alleged golden tablets were found by Smith, and at that village they were translated and published in the winter of 1829-30; from Western New York came also that first converts to the new faith.
Vol. VII. Mount Morris, New York, Saturday, December 24, 1881. No. 43.
A STORY OF THE MORMONS.
"I was with Harney at the time of the Mountain Meadow massacre," says an old scout, "and I went to Salt Lake City with him when he went down there to interview Brigham Young. Now there was an incident connected with that trip that I do not think was then reported, or has ever been written up. It shows the kind of a man Harney was."
Lewis County Democrat.
Vol. XXVI. Lowville, New York, Wednesday, March 15, 1882. No. 34.
A Grand Discovery.
On Thursday last some laborers digging in a ditch near Provo came upon an old iron box with some unreadable inscription on the top. Deeming the find of some importance they shipped it to the church historian, who manufactures startling events in Mormon history, one door west of the Amelia Palace. The box, on being blown open with dynamite, revealed a number of vellum leaves, which were immediately recognized (by the smell) as the lost leaves of the Book of Mormon. Yesterday a Tribune reporter called on John Taylor and was kindly permitted to inspect the documents.
Vol. II. Geneva, N. Y., Tuesday, March 21, 1882. No. 12.
A St. Paul Resident Tells of Jemima Wilkinson, The
Vol. VIII. Mount Morris, New York, Saturday, March 25, 1882. No. 4.
A Voice from Salt Lake.
The Salt Lake City Tribune publishes the following from a Mormon woman well known in that city:
Vol. III. Syracuse, N. Y., Sun., July 9, 1882. No. 113.
"LAND OF HONEY-BEES.
Lieutenant Oscar F. Long, U. S. A., of General Miles's command, was recently in Salt Lake City en route to Fort Vancouver, Washington Territory. He has made a careful study of the Mormons and some of his views are reflected in the following letter, the first of a serial which we shall have the pleasure of giving to the readers of the Sunday Herald. Lieutenant Long dates his communication: "Deseret; the land of the honey bee":
Vol. XXVII. Canton, N. Y., Wed., May 23, 1883. No. 47.
Origin of the Mormon Bible.
The real author of the Book of Mormon was Rev. Solomon Spaulding, a graduate of Dartmouth College in 1785. His health failing, he engaged in business, and, in 1800 was living at Conneaut, Ohio, where there are numerous Indian mounds. He then wrote a romance, setting forth the not new theory that the North American Indians were representatives of the lost tribes of Israel. Mr. Spaulding took advantage of his surroundings, and connected his story with the relics which were found in the mounds. In a fictitious introduction to his novel which he entitled "The Manuscript Found," he speaks of the book as one of the exhumed relics of a past age. He makes use of the Scripture style of expression. He tells of the departure from Palestine of a Jewish father, Lehi, and his four sons, Laman, Samuel, Lemuel and Nephi, of the various journies and their voyage to this Western Continent. Dissension and division are frequent. The descendants of the brothers develop into hostile tribes. Then come quarrels and wars, and finally a decisive battle, and in short, the substance of all that is found in the "Golden Bible" of Joseph Smith. Indeed the Book of Mormon seems to be only a modified but mutilated edition of Rev. Mr. Spaulding's "Manuscript Found." There is abundant internal evidence that the later is a reproduction of the earlier work.
Vol. IX. Mount Morris, New York, Saturday, September 8, 1883. No. 28.
ROBBED OF THEIR PREY.
In the spring of 1854 a party was organised at Salt Lake City for the purpose of crossing the plains to California, a majority of its members being newly-enlisted recruits for the army, designated to fill up a number of depleted commands on the coast. So serious indeed had the situation become that on one occasion early in the spring the Mormons violently assauted a detached portion of the command and seriously wounded several members of the party, necessitating the commander, Colonel Steptoe, to place the men under arms and station double guards constantly about their barracks to prevent their being surpriseid and possibly massacred. In the midst of all bad feeling, a Mormon woman came to the camp, accompanied by her daughter, a young woman almost grown. She was admitted into the presence of General Ingalls, then a captain, and Colonel Steptoe, commander of the party, being absent for some reason, her conference was held with him. Her story was one calculated to inspire sympathy in the heart of almost any one, and Captain Ingalls, without any further questions of hesitancy, guaranteed her the desired protection. She had married a Mormon gentleman in the States, and had not long been a resident of Utah. Her husband was not a polygamist, however, and their married life had been a happy one. About a year previous he had died, and lately the leaders of the Church had been making persistent efforts to induce her to marry another man, one already posessed of a sufficient number of wives. Her daughter had also been importuned to marry, to which both had entered objection. The persistent efforts of the Mormons to force them to do as they dictated were akin to persecution, and the mother and daughter determined upon flight as their only means of immunity from further persecution.
Vol. ? Ogdensburg, New York, Thursday, February 21, 1884. No. ?
The Buffalo Express gives an interesting report of the meeting of the Buffalo historical society in that city on Friday evening last. Among the gifts to the society that are of general interest is a manuscript devoted to the early days of steam vesselson Lake Ontario. It was written by Capt. James Van Cleve, well known in his day as an able navigator and extensive vessel owner on the lakes. The volume in question gives an astonishing number of vessels built at Oak Orchard harbor, Sodus, etc., making a commercial record of these ports such as they will not be likely to regain in this day of monster enterprise and iron vessels....
Vol. LIX. Rochester, N. Y., Tuesday, March 11, 1884. No. 61.
JO SMITH THE MORMON.
In a droll, comfortable, conversational way. Prof. Brewer, of the Sheffield Scientific School, related in the mechanic's course of lectures, his personal experience with the founders of Mormonism and their disciples. Elder Strang, the apostate, was a near neighbor of the Professor, whose early childhood was spent in Western New York near where Jo. Smith started Mormonism. In 1853 Prof. Brewer was appointed to a point on the Gunnison expedition, of whom all except four were killed by the Mormons. He did not go, but stayed at home and taught in an academy in Western New York, where one teacher was related to a prominent Mormon.
Vol. XXVIII. Auburn, N. Y., Sat., March 22, 1884. No. 5676.
Authorship of the Book of Mormon.
The Presbyterian Observer throws some light on the authorship of the Book of Mormon. The book, it says, has commonly been credited to the Rev. Solomon Spalding, a Presbyterian minister -- a romance purporting to give the origin and history of the American Indians. He sought to find a publisher for his story in Pittsburg, but was unsuccessful. The author died a few years later. The manuscript of this story unaccountably disappeared, though it was generally believed that one Sidney Rigdon, a printer, afterward a Mormon Bishop, got possession of the same, altered and added to it, and, thus altered and amended, was sent forth to the world as the Mormon Bible. This point is explained by the following letter from Mr. James Jeffries of Harford county, Maryland, whose boyhood was spent a few miles from Pittsburg.
Vol. ? Shortsville, New York, Saturday, April 26, 1884. No. ?
MEANING OF MORMON.
As stated in a brief article, in a recent issue of the Ontario County Times, the word Mormon is pure Greek, and means "monster." In Webster's dictionary, unabriflged, the English definition following the Greek word is "monster," "bugbear." The question is sometimes asked, "What's in a name?" Considerable, in this instance. A name more appropriate to the sect that bears it could not well have been selected. But Joe Smith did not choose it, neither did the Mormon "deity." A Greek scholar chose it, took it bodily out of pure Greek, because it exactly answered his purpose; he understood its meaning.
Vol. 55. Syracuse, N. Y., Tues., July 22, 1884. No. ?
AS JOSEPH SMITH LEFT IT.
RICHMOND, Mo., July 18. -- Several prominent members of tho Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints are now in the city on a curious errand. David Whitmer, the only living witness of the alleged miracle by which the Book of Mormon was given to the world, is a resident of this town. He is a very old man, but he retains his vigor in a marvelous degree, and his memory is still good. He has a fine old home here, where he has lived for many years, respected by all. No man in the state stands higher in the estimation of his neighbors. He is eminently pious and loves his religion. Mr. Whitmer's posession of the original manuscript of the Book of Mormon has long been known to members of the church, but he has steadliy refused to part with it, though often solicited to do so. The polygamous Mormons have made several efforts to gain possession of the coveted papers, but Whitmer has declined to listen to any proposition they might make. The gentlemen here are the prominent officials of the organization in Missouri, Iowa, Ohio, and New York. Many errors have crept into the numorous editions of the book during the last twenty years, and it was thought desirable to compare the present version with the original next before the death of Mr. Whitmer, who holds most tenaciously to the manuscript. This examination is still in progress. Several verbal errors have been discovered, and in a few instances entire sentences have been found to have been perverted. The original contains no authorization of polygamy, as the version in use in Utah does, and these gentlemen denounce the Mormons of that Territory in the severest terms.
Vol. I. Ithaca, New York, Friday, August 1, 1884. No. 52.
A correspondent of the Rochester Union and Advertiser, writing from Manchester, N. Y., says: In view of the fact that the present "Book of Monnonism" is undergoing a rigid comparison with the original transcript owned by David Whitmer, of Richmond, Mo., but originally from this county, a review of the locality in which Mormonism had its birth would be of some interest to the readers of the Union and Advertiser. But a few miles a little northeast of the village of Manchester proper and on the old stage road between Canandaigua and Palmyra, lived a quiet and unpretentious farmer by the name of Joseph Smith. He was comparatively well educated for a humble farmer's son of those years of long ago, and assumed a respectable prominence among the inhabitants of his section. The Smiths -- there were several of the family -- labored under the illusion that there was gold in large quantities embedded in the huge hills that surrounded their farm, and were often seen by the neighbors digging for the precious metal on the mountain sides. On the 22d of September, 1827, delving for gold on what was called Cumorah hill, a high elevation situated a little northwest of the center of the town, the spade of Joseph Smith struck suddenly upon something hard. He removed the dirt from off its surface, and found to his surprise a stone casket buried in the earth. Supposing that he had discovered some hidden treasure, he lifted the weighty chest from its grave and took it to the house, where he proceeded to investigate the contents. The lid was pried open, and to his wonderment as well as non-comprehension, the gold tablets upon which were written in strange characters the history of a by-gone race, called the Nephites, were discovered. Soon after this remarkable discovery, a strange change came over the spirit of Joseph's dreams, and he became inspired, as he termed it, to translate the hieroglyphics. The result was the bringing to light of the "Book of Nephi," upon which the Mormon creed was founded, but at that time distinctly apart from anything bearing upon polygamy. The story of the pretended discovery of Joseph Smith spread like wildfire over a semi-parched prairie, and many of the more easily persuaded people abounding in this section were disposed to give it credence. A man by the name of Martin Harris, a convert to the new faith, mortgaged his farm for the purposes of having the translation printed, and the Wayne Sentinel, published at Palmyra, did the job. Others of Smith's followers contributed in aid of its circulation, and soon the new born ism was in most everybody's hands. A few months after the transaction was completed, a spiritual messenger from heaven came and bore away forever the tablets of gold, leaving nothing but the transaction as dictated by the inspired Joseph to his acting secretary, Oliver Crowdrey, who wrote it down. The story is told by old residents, that the supposed messenger from heaven was none other than one of Joseph Smith's confidants, who disguised as an angel, appeared to a certain few and demanded the tablets. Brigham Young, a young farmer residing at Cheshire -- a small settlement in the southern part of the town of Canandaigua -- fell in with the teachings of the self-styled prophet, Joseph Smith, and soon became a leader in the new faith, and shortly afterwards a chieftain. The first Mormon society was formed at Fayette, a small village in Seneca county in this state, and soon after the majority of public sentiment in this section being against them, they packed up and emigrated west. It was after they left this country that polygamy, or multiplicity of marriage, was grafted into their creed. The old town hall in Canandaigua was the scene of many a Morman gathering, where their profligate principles were extolled to the humble few. Some of the older residents in this section still retain vivid memories of the inspired Joseph and the muchly married Brigham, and a few still living had personal acquaintance with the notorious twain. A few believers in the divinity of the "Book of Mormon" still exist in this state, but all most emphatically dissent from the later day adoption of the teachings of polygamy. Clustered around the little inland village of Greenwood in Steuben county, in this state, can be found a few live specimens of the original school of Mormon.
Vol. ? Watertown, New York, Wednesday, August 27, 1884. No. ?
The Book of Mormon.
How many people know anything about the origin of the Mormon religion, or rather, of the Book of Mormon, which is its authority? I knew precious little about it until this week, when I accidentally fell in with Mr. Clark Braden, who has recently given the subject a most searching investigation. His story shows of what stuff a religion may be made. The Mormons number probably 300,000. They are divided into many sects, but the principal are the Polygamous Brighamites in Utah and the Non-Polygamous Josephites scattered in various places. The story may be given in a few words. The Book of Mormon was written by an old broken-down Presbyterian clergyman named Solomon Spaulding. Spaulding was born in 1781. He graduated at Dartmouth College and settled as minister for a Congregational church, He made a bad failure at preaching, and went into business with his brother in New York State, did not succeed, and started an iron foundry in a town in Northern Ohio. He soon failed in that venture, and became very much discouraged. His wife supported the family by taking boarders and he spent his time in writing, though what did not then appear. The family moved to Pittsburg, when he rewrote his book, adding a second part. He afterwards rewrote the entire book, adding a third part. This is the origin of the manuscript.
Vol. 64. Fredonia, N. Y., Sept. 24, 1884. No. 36.
Early History of Hanover.
We mentioned in a previous chapter that Mr. Jacob Bump had charge of the erection of the Store, and soon afterwards the Silver Creek House for Oliver Lee. He was a practical bricklayer, a first-class mechanic, who understood his business to perfection. He was an extremely rapid workman and when he was once placed in charge of a job of work, the owner could feel assured that it would be well and quickly done. But he, like many other first-class mechanics, had one pernicious habit. He would have his periodical spells of intoxication. During these sprees all business was neglected, and he gave his whole time to spreeing and debauching....
Vol. 4. No. 298. Wellsville, N.Y., Oct. 27, 1884. Single copy, 2 ¢
MRS. JOE SMITH.
Many people believe that the man in whose crafty mind the mighty system of Mormonism had its origin, was also the husband of at least three wives, and in consequence the possessor of a duplex mother-in-law. All the living members of Joseph Smith's family strenuously deny this statement; and the writer of this sketch had an opportunity to discover that it would have required some temerity to make such an assertion in the presence of the "original and only" Mrs. Joseph.
Vol. XXXVII. Utica, N. Y., Fri., Feb. 20, 1885. No. 248.
A Venerable Typo.
President Fairchild, of Oberlin College, recently visited Honolulu, in the Sandwich Islands, for the purpose of having an interview with Mr. Lewis L. Rice relative to a manuscript book in his possession, which has erroneously been supposed to be the origin of the Book of Mormon, the Bible of the Utah saints. Over sixty-four years ago Mr. Rice founded the Madison Observer at Cazenovia, afterwards removing to Madison. Subsequently he removed to Columbus, Ohio, where he was State Superintendent of Public Printing. He now, if living, must be nearly a centenarian.
SYRACUSE [ DAILY ] STANDARD.
Vol. 56. Syracuse, N. Y., Monday, July 6, 1885. No. ?
ITS END OUGHT TO COME.
Twenty-four years ago this year the slave power fired on the emblem of national authority at Charleston. Saturday, the Fourth of July, the national day, the Mormon power insulted the American flag at Salt Lake City. Tremendous indignation was created by the Fort Sumter Incident; but the indignation of patriotic citizens over the act of the Salt Lake officials ought to be nearly as great -- not moderated at all by the inferior physical power of the Utah rebels as compared with the strength of the interests that produced the acts of succession. The weakness of the Salt Lake traitors only emphasizes their audacity and their hatred of our institutions. The pretense that these men, bred in hate of the national authority by an unrepublican hierarchy, have any loyal feeling toward the United States government is dispelled by their own traitorous act. The indignities offered on Independence day to the stars and stripes should spur President Cleveland as it would spur President Lincoln, the XLIXth Congress as it would the XXXVIIth, the American people of to-day as the American people of twenty-four years ago, vigorously to respond to the challenge. There should be no yielding of purpose until the Mormon rebellion is utterly crushed and its fires are extinguished.
Vol. V. Geneva, N. Y., Tuesday, January 13, 1885. No. 2.
Geneva Historical Society. -- The meeting last night was quite interesting, not so much on account of the business brought before it, as because of a paper written by Mr. E. J. Burrall, which brought to light some interesting scraps concerning the early life of his father, Mr. Thos. D. Burrall, who is yet very well remembered. It related to his employment of Joe Smith, in assisting to clear the timber off the land now known as the Torrey Farm, north of the corporation line. This Joe Smith afterward became the renowned Mormon, Elder and Founder of Mormonism in this country. We shall print this paper in our next issue....
Vol. V. Geneva, N. Y., Tuesday, February 3, 1885. No. 5.
From an Old Genevan.
Vol. ? Geneva, N. Y., Tuesday, March 10, 1885. No. ?
Ontario County the Seat of Mormonism.
Mr. E. A. Sawyer spent very many weeks in Utah in 1884, and had opportunity for much investigation into the Mormon question, on which subject he addressed a large audience in Rochester last Sunday night, during which he gave a very interesting sketch of the origin of Mormonism. He says that about fifty years ago in Western New York, lived Solomon Spaulding. He was a Presbyterian clergyman, who, in with many then and common with many men and even now, believed that the aboriginal tribes that occupied the North American Continent, were descendants, of the lost tribes of Israel. This man wrote a novel taking this belief as a basis, and named it the "Book of Mormon," from one of the characters. Becoming financially involved, and wishing to save his book, he buried the stereotype plates in the ground between Palmyra and Manchester a few miles east of Rochester. Joseph Smith, a roving vagabond, found these plates, and proclaimed that it was a revelation from the Almighty. He founded a community which settled in Ohio, then in Missouri, then in Illinois and, being driven out, turned toward the great west, and finally settled in the Salt Lake valley. Here they determined to found a kingdom. The colony of seventy-four men which reached the Salt Lake valley thirty-seven years ago has now increased to 200,000 extending through Utah, Idaho, Colorado, Arizona and California.
Vol. XLIV. Binghampton, N. Y., Thurs., Sept. 3, 1885. No. 11.
MATTER OF FACT PEOPLE.
The dull and serious portion of the human family find the rest of the people in this world a very hard set to get along with, and their firm belief in the omnipresence of a personal devil is not to be wondered at. No yarn which is told in a semblance of serioueness is too ridiculous to be believed, by them, and their unaccountable credulity has been made a commodity of profitable merchandise by another class endowed with not a high order of ability but possessed of considerable cunning.
Vol. ? Buffalo, N. Y., Tuesday, September 22, 1885. No. ?
THE FOUNDER OF MORMONISM.
The New York Times of Sunday is furnished the following interesting narrative by a Cleveland correspondent:
Vol. IX. Syracuse, N. Y., Sun., Nov. 22, 1885. No. 2712.
"THE BOOK OF MORMON."
In a book recently published, entitled "New Light on Mormonism," by Mrs. Ellen E. Dickinson, are presented some facts of special interest in this part of the State. The aim of the author is to show the fraudulent character of the "Book of Mormon" and that it was furnished from a romance called, "The Romance [sic] Found," written by the Rev. Solomon Spaulding. Mr. Spaulding was the uncle, by marriage, of the author's mother and the romance was for a long time in the house of the author's grandfather, William H. Sabine, near Syracuse. The romance contained no suggestion of polygamy, and the story of how it was obtained and perverted to suit the purposes of the Mormon leaders is an interesting one.
Vol. XLIV. Binghampton, N. Y., Thurs., December 3, 1885. No. 23.
MINOR FACTS AND FANCIES.
In November, 1830, Joseph Smith, the founder of the Mormon church with his brother Hiram, and Oliver Coudry, passed through this town on a lecturing tour, giving an evening's discourse in the old Dickinson school house, which then stood at the North end of the creek bridge and is now a part of the tenement standing there. Mr. Dayton Peck, our townsman, is the only one living who heard the discourse of those early apostles of Mormonism, which did not make a very favorable impression on the audience of level-headed and intelligent early settlers of that neighborhood. Since then the enormous growth of this heresay has become a matter of serious political and moral import to our country. --
Vol. XIV. Sodus, N.Y., Wednesday, December 23, 1885. No. 18.
Reminiscence of Joe Smith.
MR. EDITOR: -- An incident of his recollections as a school-master in his younger years, is related, with some humor by Enos Coleman, once of Sodus, but now an octogenarian resident of Missouri. The incident should be recorded for the benefit of any who may be inclined to favor, or palliate the monstrous pretensions of Mormonism; or even bestow the boon of charity upon its deluded devotees.
Vol. VII. Olean, Cattaraugus Co., N.Y., Jan. 7, 1886. No. 6.
One of the Founders of Mormonism.
RICHMOND, Mo., Dec. 29. -- Your correspondent called at the house of David Whitmer and obtained the portrait sent herewith. Mr. Whitmer was the associate of Joseph Smith in bringing into existence the Book of Mormon, and retained the original manuscript from which the book was printed. The origin of the Mormon church is a matter of history, but it might be well to recall here a portion of it, in order to explain the part of Mr. Whitmer took in it. David Whitmer was born in Pennsylvania in 1805. While an infant he was carried to Ontario county, near Watkins Glen, N. Y. His father was a strict Presbyterian, and David was brought up rigidly, though he possessed a natural inclination to contemplation on religious affairs. In 1829 David [sic] Cowdery, the village schoolmaster, who was a brother-in-law of Whitmer, heard that a man named Joseph Smith had discovered a valuable golden treasure near Manchester.
Vol. 57. Syracuse, N. Y., Sat., Jan. 30, 1886. No. ?
The determined spirit of Mormonism glares out through the missionary labor it conducts even while it wages an unyielding fight with the Federal courts. Here and there in the darkest corners of the South, as well as in Northern Europe, Mormon missionaries are preaching their doctrine of delusion and immorality, strengthening the hideous system which they inherit from Joe Smith, Sidney Rigdon and Brigham Young with fresh converts. Their newest prize is fifty hoodwinked victims netted near Walhalla, South Carolina. If the Government wishes to crush Mormonism in the near future, it must take a bigger club in its fist and batter the concern in a vital spot.
THE CUBA PATRIOT.
Vol. XXV. Cuba, New York, Thursday, March 11, 1886. No. 10.
...Died, in Friendship, at 5 o'clock, a. m., Saturday, February 27th, Mrs. Rigdon, aged 86 years. Deceased was the widow of the late Sidney Rigdon, credited with being the author of John [sic] Smith's Mormon bible. At the time of her death she was stopping with her daughter.
Vol. ? Ithaca, New York, Monday, April 26, 1886. No. ?
Reminiscences of the Mormons .
"The Governor indiscreetly had Joseph and his brother taken round and formally presented to the soldiery. The latter were incensed that so much respect should be shown a criminal and suspected that he would be let off upon his submission, without any adequate punishment; whereas they had answered the Governor's call in the expectation of sterner dealing. --- On the morning of June 27th Governor Ford discharging all his forces except a cavalry company and the Carthage Greys, and leaving the Jail, with Smith and his friends in the Parlor chamber in charge of reliefs of guards from the Greys -- He went with the cavalry to Nauvoo to inspect the city -- to give good advice to the Mormons, and require a surrender of the State arms in their possession * * * Late in the afternoon, a large body of men was seen coming rapidly from the west -- -- Who about a mile from the town turned off north to a line of woods coming down back of the Jail -- soon they emerged from the woods and came up to the Jail upon the double quick. As they came round the front, the gaurd standing on the steps fired down from an elevation of three or four feet into the midst of them when not twenty feet distant. The writer saw six flashes streaming toward the crowd, but nobody fell. The assailants, having their faces blackened with powder, rushed forward and seized the guards and threw them upon the ground. Most of them were easy to handle; but one, who did not know that ball cartridges had been replaced \vith blanks in their guns, at the last relief -- who was not in the secret at all, but thought he had fired to kill, and was all in earnest throughout -- a tall, athletic, stammering boy of nineteen years made it rough for those who held him. He floundered and pounded, vociferating, "Y-y-y-y-you! -- Lie still, you fool, we're not going to hurt you!" 'D-d-d' -- continued Frank, kicking and struggling to break loose, and trying frantically to break the third commandment, though his impediment of speech saved him from the actual sin. -- As many as could, now rushed up the stairway, at the head of which was the room where the prisoner and his friends were. They tried in vain to burst in the door, for the Smiths and two "Bishops" -- all heavy men -- bore against it from the other side. Then, turning the muzzles of their guns against the thin paneled door, several of them fired, killing Hyrum, and wounding Joseph and Bishop Taylor, -- when all inside retreated, except Richards, who, shielded in a corner behind the now opened door, escaped unhurt. A window opposite the door was open, and Joseph sprang upon its broad sill as if to get out; but balls struck him from behind, and with a loud cry he pitched headlong to the ground. Balls from the outside met his falling body. It seemed to me -- twenty rods distant, but in full sight -- that he for a moment partly raised himself to a sitting posture against a well curb beside which he fell; but it is not true, as was sometimes reported, that his assailants leaned his body up against the curb, and made it a target. A panic spread, and within two hours the town was deserted, with the exception of the Hamilton Hotel, where the killed and wounded were taken, and a few gathered for service, and a harbor for safety in the expected storm. -- Men, women, and children fled in wagons, on horseback and afoot, while Delenda est Carthago seemed sounding in their ears."...
Vol. ? Ithaca, New York, Tuesday, May 4, 1886. No. ?
Reminiscences of the Mormons .
The next night [18 Sept. 18 1845] there was another panic in Carthage. About sunset two spies approached near town on the Nauvoo road, and, after reconnoitering a few minutes, hastily departed. At dark sentinels were placed out on that and the road toward the west, whence invasion was apprehended, with instructions to discharge pistols and both run in if danger threatened. At 11 o'clock the sentinel on the west road was approached by two horsemen, who, on being challenged, galloped back. Imagining that these might be scouts in advance of a large body, the sentinel fired and put spurs to his horse. The writer was doing military duty that night as sentinel on the north-west or Nauvoo road, with a rusry horse-pistol that had been loaded ever since dangers began to thicken, and mounted upon a powerful white charger, in comparison with which Zachery Taylor's "old whitey" (as I can testify) was but a common animal. Famous for intelligence, as well as powerful and swift, some said he knew about as much as his master, -- but that, of course, was only a strong form of compliment to the horse, without any sinister squint whatever. When he heard the sentinel's shot, Old Jim (for that was his name) raised his head high and stood all alert. Holding my rusty piece aloft and athwart the road, I let it belch, and it kicked itself off into the darkness, with a spiteful spring that would have been fatal to any near-by Mormon in that direction. That was the only time I ever pulled trigger for warlike purposes; and that resulted in filling the town with consternation. Instantly, scarcely waiting for the word, Old Jim darted homeward with a speed rarely surpassed, and a thunder of hoofs, never. The road was smooth and hard as iron; and in the stillness of the hour the reverberation of his foot-falls was like that of a troop upon a race. The citizens heard the pistol and were alarmed. They heard the sound as of many horses' feet on the Nauvoo road and thought the Mormons were upon them. On reaching the public square, I found a scene of indescribable terror. "What does this mean," I asked, "have they come in from the west?" "No, it is on the Nauvoo road!" "Not a Mormon there," said I. "We heard cavalry coming upon the full run!" "It was only Old Jim and I," I said, beginning to comprehend the situation, and hastening to allay the excitement as well as I could. No hostile force came. The horsemen seen by the sentinel belonged, as was afterwards ascertained, to a party out robbing farmers in that neighborhood.
Vol. ? Rome, New York, Friday, July 23, 1886. No. ?
THE FALSEST OF PROPHETS.
Perhaps the most extraordinary of all false prophets, and the most repulsive of all false religions, are Joseph Smith, and Mormonism, which he founded. He was born in 1805 at Sharon, Windsor County, Vermont, U.S.A., but his boyhood was chiefly spent at Palmyra, in the State of New York. His parents bore a very bad character, as was attested on oath in 1833 by sixty respectable neighbours. The Smiths were said to avoid honest labour, to be given to drink and to theft, and to employ their time in idle pursuits, such as digging for hidden treasure. Joseph was the worst of the family. He was not much above twenty years of age when he professed to have discovered a treasure, a continuation of the Bible, specially revealed by an angel to America. This "Golden Book" was written on plates of precious metal in the "reformed Egyptian" language not understood on earth. With them was a pair of wonderful spectacles, which would enable their wearer to decipher the hieroglyphics of this new and sacred writing.
Vol. ? Auburn, New York, Thursday, October 7, 1886. No. ?
VISIT TO MINER'S HILL.
On returning to the village of Palmyra we visited another hill which is celebrated in the annals of Mormon history. In order that the reader may understand the significance of this hill we must go back to Joe Smith and his bible. The book, which, by the way, no one ever saw, was said to consist of metal plates, pierced on one edge, and fastened together by rings which passed through the holes. With the book was also found, or so pretended, a huge pair of spectacles, too large for any mortal eyes, which had the remarkable quality of turning the hieroglyphics on the metal plates into plain English.
Vol. ? Pines Plains, New York, Friday, October 22, 1886. No. ?
Mormonism -- The Mormons
In 1831 the Mormons set out for Kirtland, Ohio. Up to this time there had been no whisper of polygamy. Indeed, among the first "revelations" was one to the purport, that each man should be the husband of one wife. In the year 1832 Smith professed to have had one hundred and seventy five revelations. In this same year Brigham Young, a native of Vermont, joined the Mormons at Kirtland. In 1837 a "wild cat" bank which Smith, and Rigdon, one of the early apostles of Mormonism, had originated at Kirtland, failed, causing much loss of money and suffering. Smith and Rigdon were tarred and feathered, and fled to Missouri and established themselves at Independence as a fit locality for the "New Jerusalem," and the Mormons were made to believe that such it would be to them. In 1838 the prophet organized a military command, a body guard, a fearful band, destroying angels, called Danites, who were sworn to put out of sight all persons obnoxious to the saints, and many peaceful citizens disappeared, "slipped their breath," to use a favorite expression of the band. The horrible deeds of this band, together with the boasted pretensions of Smith, led to the expulsion of the Mormons from Missouri. These pretensions of Smith and the [aim] and animus of Mormonism were made clear at this time by an affidavit of two Mormon apostles, Thomas B. [Marsh] and Orson [Hyde]. They say in this affidavit the mormons have a company among them calling themselves "Danites," who have taken an oath to support the head of the church in all things, whether right or wrong; that the design of Smith is to take this state, and he professes to his people his intention of taking the United States, and ultimately the whole world; that this is the belief the prophet inculcates, and every true Mormon believes Smith's prophecies superior to the law of the land. Such sentiments as these, together with their lawless deeds, could not be tolerated in Missouri, and they were forcibly expelled.
Vol. 36. Hornellsville, Steuben Co., New York, November 19, 1886. No. 7.
THE BOOK OF MORMON.
In the town of Richmond, Mo., is still living at the age of 83 years David Whitmer, the only living witness to the "divine authenticity of the Book of Mormon." He is also the possessor of the original manuscript of this book, or "Mormon Bible," as it is sometimes called. The truth of this Book of Mormon depends on its divine origin, and if the Mormons believe this book to be a divine revelation on which their religion is founded, then are they protected by the constitution in the "free exercise" of their religion. But there has long been a suspicion that their creed has been "doctored" to meet the desires of the "Latter Day Saints." This fact seems to be conclusively proved from a recent interview with Mr. Whitmer. The old gentleman still clings ferociously to his faith in the inspiration of the original Book of Mormon, though he will seldom speak on the subject to those who are possibly skeptics. To those who are intimate with him, he describes the circumstances of the "vision" in which the "gold plates, held together by three rings and inscribed with strange characters, were delivered by an angel to Joseph Smith in the presence of Oliver Cowdery, Martin Harris and myself." He also describes the transparent stone spectacles called "Urim" and "Thummim," through the aid of which the characters on the gold plates were deciphered and the transcript produced which he holds of the Book of Mormon. Mr. Whitmer, Cowdery, Martin Harris and others left the church, or, as they claim, the church left them in 1838. He retained the manuscript, which has been since much sought after by the church. The gold plates were lost or stolen, so that the only credentials the Mormon church possesses is this manuscript of their bible. They have tried in every way to get it out of Mr. Whitmer's hands.
Vol. L. Buffalo, New York, Saturday, December 19, 1886. No. 353.
DAVID WHITMER is dying -- if he is not already dead -- at Richmond, Mo., at the age of almost eighty-one. He was associated with Joseph Smith in founding the Mormon church. He was a native of Ontario county in this state. After the alleged discovery by Smith of the Book of Mormon, Whitmer and his brother-in-law, Oliver Cowdery, visited him and were permitted to see it. It was translated in Whitmer's house, Smith acting as "seer" and reading the book by means of the magic spectacles found with it, while his wife, Cowdery and Whitmer's brother were the amanuenses and took down the translation as Smith dictated it. This manuscript in their handwriting is still in the possession of Whitmer's family. Smith, Cowdery, Whitmer and Martin Harris, a neighboring farmer, were the four apostles first sent forth to preach religion according to the book of Mormon. This was in 1830, the year that the book was printed. The next year the disciples moved to Kirtland, O. Whitmer established a Mormon settlement in Jackson county, Mo., but being driven thence he settled in 1838 in his present home. He remained a Mormon and has always maintained that Joseph Smith was a righteous and God-fearing man. He has, however, bitterly opposed polygamy from the first. Besides the manuscripts already alluded to, he has in his possession an accurate copy of several plates from which it was printed and an exhaustive history of the church compiled by his brother. He is highly esteemed at Richmond and has been mayor of the place.
Vol. XXX. Syracuse, New York, Wednesday, April 17, 1887. No. 286.
Twenty-three miles east of the city of Cleveland and about seven miles south from the slope of Lake Erie, was driven, in the year 1831, the first stake of Zion. Fifty-six years ago it was not so evident as it now is where the large cities and towns of the lake region would be. It then seemed an assured fact that Kirtland would be larger than either Cleveland or Buffalo.
Vol. ? Oswego, N. Y., Thurs., April 21, 1887. No. ?
Twenty-three miles east of the city Of Cleveland and about seven miles south from the shore of Lake Erie was driven, in 1831, the first stake of Zion. Fifty-six years ago it was not so evident as it is now is, where the large cities and towns of the lake region would be. It then seemed an assured fact that Kirtland would be larger than either Cleveland or Buffalo.
Vol. XLV. Binghampton, N. Y., Thurs., Apr. 28, 1887. No. 43.
WHAT MORMONISM IS.
In a former letter I told you what Mormonism was not -- that it was not aggressive, not growing and not in conditiou to outlast fifty years, even if the government let it entirely alone. I will now vary the proceedings a little by telling you what it is. It is a moral mosaic, a composite concern made up socially of the odds and ends of humanity, and doctrinally of all the odd sophistries and worn out isms of 2,000 years. There is not a volume extant giving the church statement of faith, but it is flatly contradicted in some other volume or revelation of equal authority. For instance, the "Book of Mormon" says that David and Solomon "committed abomination" in having many wives and concubines: while the "Revelation on Celestial Marriage," first' published in 1852, but written out by Joe Smith's clerk in 1843, opens with these words: "Verily, thus saith the Lord , * * * that, whereas you have inquired wherein I, the Lord, justified my servants, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, as also David and Moses and Solomon my servants in the matter of their havjng many wives and concubines," etc. Here are Isaac and Moses classed with Solomon as having many wives and concubines, while, in fact they had none of the latter and but one at a time of the former; while the revelation says God "justified" David and Solomon in that which the booK calls an "abomination." I observe, by the way, that the sons of Joe Smith have lately had a little sputter at Kirtland, and the papers accept their statement that their father was not a polygamist. Well, if he wasn't there are some mighty clever liars among the old women of Utah; for several of them solemnly swear that they were "sealed to him" in Nauvoo. Mrs. Orson; Pratt was a life long witness that Joe Smith preached the doctrine to her, and no one who knew her would dispute her word.
Vol. 58. Syracuse, N.Y., Sun., May 29, 1887. No. ?
JOE SMITH'S REVELATION.
Vol. XXXVII. Auburn, N. Y., Thurs., June 9, 1887. No. 40.
THE MORMON TEMPLE.
The old Mormon temple at Kirtland, O., stands as a reminder of one of the queerest, if not the very queerest, episodes in American history. Now that the non-polygamous followers of the present Joseph Smith -- the "Young Joeites," as the Utah Mormons derisively call them -- have refitted the old temple and are trying to revive interest in that abandoned "stake of Zion," it may interest the public to learn a few of the facts connected with the temple, of which a cut is given. [graphic not reproduced]
Vol. 58. Syracuse, N.Y., Sun., Aug. 14, 1887. No. ?
SOME MORMON RELICS.
Carthage, Ill., contains a pet relic of Mormonism in the old jail where Joseph and Hiram Smith, Mormon prophets, were slain by a mob June 27, 1844. Many strangers still come to visit the old building which is in a good state of preservation. The cause of the Smiths' arrest, and the account of their assassination are of never falling interest. The Smiths, Joseph and Hiram, in company with two other dignitaries of the Mormon church had boon arrested at Nauvoo for the destruction of a newspaper called the Nauvoo Expositor, which was exposing them and their unlawful acts. They were brought to jail at Carthage and placed in in the debtor's room of that building, to await trial. The Mormons, by some of their acts, had aroused a bitter feeling against them in the breasts of many people in the county, and this feeling gave vent to open avowals of vengeance. Public meetings were held, companies were organized, and matters began to assume a warlike appearance. Governor Ford was called to Hancock County to keep the peace, if possible, and, on June 27, 1844, had gone to Nauvoo for the purpose of making some peace treaty with the Mormons. About four o'clock on that day a large body of armed men, disguised in many ways, emerged from a strip of timber neartown, and made a rush for the Jail. They quickly overpowered the guards and rushed up the stairway loading to the room where the prisoners were. Breaking open the door, they quickly began firing at Joseph and Hiram Smith, killing them instantly, and badly wounding Dr. [sic] Taylor, now a prominent member of the Mormon Church at Salt Lake City, Utah. The mob then dispersed, and the bodies of the two Smiths were cared for by a kind-hearted citizen. The next day he conveyed them to Nauvoo in his farm wagon, and delivered them to the sorrowing people of that city.
Vol. II. Syracuse, N. Y., Wednesday, February 1, 1888. No. ?
THE BOOK OF MORMON.
St. Louis. Jan. 31 -- The death of David Whitmer, "the only living witness of the divine authenticity of the book of Mormon," which took place at his home in Richmond, Mo., on Wednesday, has already been announced but some additional facts in connection with his history may be interesting. He was the possessor of the original manuscript of the Mormon Bible, to faith in the inspired origin of which the old gentleman persistently clung, although as long ago as 1838 he had cut loose from the Mormon church. He could not accept the interpolated doctrine of polygamy.
Vol. ? Bainbridge, N. Y., Thursday, August 16, 1888. No. ?
Impressions of the Work and Teachings of
From the station at Harpursville, on the A. & S. R. R., if you look southeast, your eyes will rest upon the beautiful valley of the Susquehanna river.... Around the lake and along this valley, is the locality of the early operations of the Mormons, under the leadership of Joseph Smith. Here, indeed, he first preached to a benighted people, and expounded the doctrines of his new revelations. The twelve apostles were ordained for their work, and the various miracles which were performed by the Arch-Mormon were here performed in the presence of witnessses, some of whom are still living. A short walk from the station vvill bring you into the little village of Nineveh, which in Smith's time was 14 miles south of Jericho.... Just opposite of Nineveh, on the east side of the river, on what is now known as the Scott, or Henry P. Bush farm, in a little, old gray, frame house lived a poor man named Knight who worked hard to sustain his little family. At the outlet of Pickerel Lake, on this farm, Knight had a carding mill, the dam trenches and raceways being still visible. In this mill Knight toiled from day to day to eke out the scanty supply for his little ones. Some distance west of the carding mill on a slight rise of ground, stands an old barn, in which Smith later preached to his disciples, giving forth his doctrines and revealing the new truth. One pleasant summer evening while the Knight family was enjoying the cool shade of their happy home, father and mother resting their weary limbs and watching the happy, gleeful children playing at their hearth stone, the curiosity of the family was aroused by a stranger on horseback turning in from the main highway toward their dwelling. He was tall, dark, imposing, and impudent. He had only to ask shelter and lodging of the family and the custom and hospitality of the times gave him a night's entertainment. After the horse was cared for and the family was all seated around the table to listen to the stories of the stranger, Smith commenced a tale of his life and revelations. He told Knight how he was born in Vermont in a small town called Sharon, in the year 1805, and lived with his father until he was 15 years of age That his father was a farmer in Ontario County, N. Y., and while he was on the farm he began to have visions. That one night in September, 1823, the Angel Moroni appeared to him three times, informing him that God had a work for him to do, and that a record written upon gold plates, hiving an account of the ancient inhabitants of America and the dealings of God with them, was deposited in a particular place in the earth in a hill in Manchester, Ontario Co., N.Y., andd with the record were two transparent stones in silver bows, like spectcles, which were anciently called Urim and Thummim. On looking through which the golden plates would become intelligible, and also gave him a prophetical vision whereby he could foretell events, determine the location of lost treasure, or find out rich mines of silver or gold. The last vvords fairly raised Knight's hair as visions of gold, splendor and riches passed across the poor man's imagination, while Smith cunningly observed their effect. The whole family were mesmerized by these ideals and delighted with curiosity when he drew the silver bows with the transparent srones, from the case he took from his pocket in which they were carefully kept.
Vol. II. Syracuse, N. Y., Wednesday, November 14, 1888. No. 89.
In excavating for the purpose of widening the yard of the Erie Railroad company at Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, a few days ago, it became necessary to disturb a grave containing the remains of Isaac Hale, the first settler in that region. His name has come down to history in connection with "Joe" Smith, the founder of the Mormon religion. The great leader of Nauvoo saints married the daughter of Hale, in an old farmhouse still standing near the grave where Isaac Hale has slept for half a century. In this house Smith laid his plans for becoming the head of the Mormon church and for the discovery of the Bible which he afterward dug out of a hill in Wayne county in this State. Whether his father-in-law embraced "Joe" Smith's peculiar views is not known, but as he remained on his farm at Susquehanna instead of migrating to the West with his saintly son-in-law, it is to be inferred that the old gentleman took no stock in tho Mormon doctrine -- perhaps because he was only too well enlightened as to its origin.
Vol. X. Elmira, N. Y., Sunday, April 7, 1889. No. 50.
MORMONISM IN THE SOUTH....
The elders spreading Mormonism in the south are met on every hand, of course, with questions about polygamy. What they tell converts is not easy to discover, but it is suspected that the question is evaded...
Vol. IV. Clyde, N. Y., Tues., June 4, 1889. No. 50.
THE BOOK OF MORMON.
The argument that the "Book of Mormon" was derived from a story written by Rev. Solomon Spalding, called the "Manuscript Found," you can obtain by referring to the American Cyclopedia, vol. xi, article "Mormons." The Josephite Mormons at Lamoni, Iowa, claim to have obtained the original manuscript of Spalding's story, which they have published in pamphlet form. Whether it is Spalding's or not, we do not know. To our view, the "Bible of Mormon" was probably written by Smith, aided probably by Sidney Rigdon and others. It bears internal evidence of being a fabrication. It is a clumsy piece of work, modeled on the Biblical style, written by one who had no knowledge of languages. Its pretended history is clearly false, for a people as numerous and as civilized as the race whose history it purports to give, would have left traces of their habitations, their implements, etc. The claim of the book that the Indians are descended from them will not stand for an instant against the simple fact that the traditions of the Indians show no trace of such descent, nor does their rude religion show descent from Christianity, as it assuredly would. Religious traditions are remarkable for preserving their form for ages, even among the rudest savages; and as the Book of Mormon brings its pretended history down A. D. 384, the time would be short to bridge over by tradition. The fire-worshipers of Persia have a religion that has come down for at least four thousand years. At the time Smith produced the Book of Mormon the West was full of religious discussion and ferment, and the topics then debated among the people are conspicuous in the Book of Mormon, showing its modern origin conclusively. No man of any learning has ever examined the book but pronounces it an impudent forgery. Smith once gave a paper, purporting to be an exact copy of the inscriptions on one of the golden plates he pretended to have found (but which nobody ever saw), to a friend, who took it to Prof. Anthon, of New York, one of the best linguistic scholars of the time, who, under date of February 17, 1834, said the characters "consisted of all kinds of crooked characters, disposed in columns and had evidently been prepared by some person who had before him at the time a book containing various alphabets. Greek and Hebrew letters, crosses and flourishes, Roman letters inverted and placed sideways, were arranged in perpendicular columns." The authenticity of the Book of Mormon is disproved by itself, and the Spalding manuscript matter is of little consequence, in reality. It is certain the Book of Mormon is a fraud, and it matters little how the fraud was perpetrated. -- Toledo Blade.
Vol. III. Newark, NY, Wednesday, September 25, 1889. No. 26.
Newark and Vicinity.
Henry G. Tinsley of Pomona, Cal., and Miss Helen Griswold were married last evening at the residence of the bride's grandmother, Mrs. Daniel Jenison, Lock Berlin. Rev. L. A. Ostrander performed the ceremony in the presence of about sixty guests. Heman D. Rogers and Albert Leach were the ushers and Miss Emma Tinsley, the ten year old sister of the groom, acted as maid of honor. They left at once for California.
AND GAZETTE AND COURIER.
Vol. XLIII. Utica, N. Y., Tues., Jan. 28, 1890. No. 22.
The speaker of the evening, James Kennedy, author of "Early Days of Mormonism," (Charles Scribner, 1888.) and editor of the Magazine of Western History, was then introduced. His subject was "The Three Witnesses of the Book of Mormon. He began as follows:
Vol. XI. Elmira, N.Y., Sunday, January 19, 1890. No. 39.
FROM MR. AUSBURN TOWNER.
Washington, D. C., Jan. 18. -- The striking and truth-bearing letters of your correspondent who is telling of the deviltries of Mormondom, must be read with great interest by every one of the half-million readers of the Telegram. It is not too much to say that they are the first clear, determined expose of the malicious doings of that misguided folk that has ever reached down to the great mass of the people. The story has been told and repeated heretofore, but never so graphically and succinctly and above all never in a publication like the Telegram, that reaches everybody and everywhere. But did you know how close to home the Telegram comes when it deals with these Mormons? That is, how near to Elmira was the place of origin of Mormonism? And I mean nearer than Palmyra, where Joe Smith came from, or Cattaraugus county, where Sidney Rigdon passed his youth and young manhood. For many years there have been spasmodic attacks on Mormonism, and the public attention has been drawn toward them. In one of these fits of inquiry and investigation ten or fifteen years ago, Peter Van Vradenburgh, the city editor at the time, of the Binghampton Republican, ascertained that Joe Smith, in the early of his career had been an inhabitant of the Susquehanna valley. There had always been a tradition to that effect, but it had never been looked into. Peter, with a "nose for news," started out to investigate, and unearthed a quantity of facts from persons living, who had known Joe Smith, that deserves to be, but has never been incorporated in any history of Mormonism and its founders, that I ever heard of. It becomes interesting and valuable, in connection
Vol. LXI. Albany, N.Y., Mon., May 12, 1890. No. 18,578.
HISTORY OF UTAH
History of Utah by Hubert Howe Bancroft; San Francisco: The History Company.
Vol. XLI. Auburn, N. Y., Fri., Oct. 17, 1890. No. 6497.
"Dost think because thou art virtuous there will be no more cakes and ale?" was the emphatic question put by one of Shakespeare's characters. The inference was, No! For thirty-eight years, to wit, since the autumn conference of 1852, the "Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints," as the Mormons call themselves, have been taunting the United States in the same way. They have all the time insisted that no monogamic people could be virtuous; that in "celestial marriage" only could humanity do its prettiest.
Vol. XLVII. Syracuse, N.Y., Tues., Feb. 17, 1891. No. 41.
BELCHER'S LUCKY STONE
It is a fact, of which we are not particularlu proud, that the germ of Mormonism originated in this city, although it was some years later before the evil developments began to accrue. About the year 1818 a teamster in the salt works by the name of Joseph Belcher found a peculiar stone, or a stone that, the owners claimed, contained great powers. Soon after the discovery of this "find," Belcher and family removed to Susquehanna county, Pa., where Joe Smith was at the time engaged in a variety of crazy freaks, such as a gold hunter, prophet, and treasure-hunter. Belcher called his find "a seeing stone." It was green, with brown irregular spots on it, and about the same shape and size as a goose egg. In those days the country was very wild and the people very superstitious, and strange stories were told of lost animals and children that were found by the aid of this stone. The modus operandi was to conceal the stone in a dark place, and Belcher's little boy could then see from its unnatural powers the exact location of any object he desired to find. Joe Smith heard of this miniature information bureau and soon sought out Belcher, secured the stone and renewed his researches.
BELMONT WEEKLY DISPATCH
Vol. III. Belmont, N.Y., Tuesday, March 17, 1891. No. 2.
Mormons Going to Mexico.
A regular exodus of Mormons from Utah to Mexico is taking place, and within the next three months a large number of saints will have left. They have a tract of land in Chihuahua, 125 miles long and 15 mils wide, which they are settling on. A colony of 60 will leave Provo in April. All over the territory the saints are preparing to go south, "to live their religion." The majority of those mentioned are offenders against the law, who would not submit to the rule of government established by the Unite States and abandon their plural wives.
Vol. ? Elmira, N.Y., Sunday, April 19, 1891. No. ?
JOE SMITH THE PROPHET.
A quiet, unassuming farmer of Wayne County, N. Y., died a few days ago, and among his effects were found three golden plates engraved with some undecipherable hieroglyphics which were to the ordinary man meaningless. The plates were thin and not smoothly finished, while the engraving was coarsely done. They were about 7 x 12 inches, and showed at the edges the baser metal on which the plating had been laid. For these, plates representatives of the Mormon church made the owner an offer of $5,000 a few years ago, but he would not sell, and the disappointed agents returned to Salt Lake City. The plates were a part of the famous book of Mormon tablets, the veritable basis upon which Joseph Smith founded his new religion. They were, it is thought, the only portions of the pretended dispensation existing outside the vaults of the majestic Mormon temple on the shore of Salt lake. Their history is that of the origin of the strange sect of which so much has been said and written, and yet with whose starting point few are conversant. The prophet of the Mormon church, Joseph Smith,
THE CUBA PATRIOT.
Vol. XXXI. Cuba, New York, Thursday, August 18, 1892. No. 33.
C o m m u n i c a t i o n.
Editor Patriot:-- I noticed in your last issue the Rev. John S. Parrish of the Latter day Saints is exasperated over a statement found in your papers among the observations that Jo Smith's Bible was one of Spaulding's novels modeled over, and he like any other pugnacious fellow challenges your correspondent, in fact all of the ministers in Allegany county to a discussion of questions concerning his faith. While the reverend gentleman may stand six feet in his stockings yet in my opinion he is far below the ordinary ministers in this county in mental caliber, and it is quite likely that none of them will care to discuss questions so self evidently false. Mr. Parrish says, "l am preaching Christ and Him crucified" and then asks "Is that reprehensible?" I answer, to be a preacher of Christ and a teacher of the glorious truths found in the gospel is indeed a grand work, a noble calling but to teach error and substitute the book of Mormon for the gospel of Christ is reprehensible and deserves the contempt of every person who desires the best good of society. Can it be possible, in view of existing facts, that any honest man with a thimble full of brains, can believe and teach that Joseph Smith was a prophet of God and that the book of Mormans was of divine origin. In view of existing facts, in view of the many evils which have been brought upon the American people by the teaching of Joseph Smith. To me it is one of the wonders of the world that any well disposed person, any person with any philanthropic principles, should give these men a hearing much less to accept their pernicious anti-Christian devotions. When the Latter Day Saints first came to this community they came with only words, they then could preach something like gospel sermons but they advanced their pernicious doctrines (as I believe) little by little, until now, Mr. Parrish comes out boldly and declares that Joseph Smith was a prophet of God, and that the book of Mormon is of divine origin. I will not accept Mr. Parrish's challenge. I will not stoop to the level of any man who will accept Joseph Smith as a prophet of God, but if I could say one helpful word to any person who would be likely to be influenced by the sophistry of these teachers of errors, I would gladly do it.
Vol. ? Shortsville, New York, Saturday, September 3, 1892. No. ?
Ought the people of the town of Manchester to be proud of the fact that the Gold Bible Hill lies within its borders? Perhaps not; perhaps rather ashamed. Be that as it may, this fact has immortalized, has made famous, notorious, the name of our township. Intelligent, educated men the world over, know where "Manchester, Ontario County, New York," lies. Men in Paris, Berlin, and Calcutta, who have never heard of Rochester, who don't if Albany is on the Hudson or Mississippi or Amazon, will know at once where you came from if you tell them "Manchester, New York," for they know where Mormonism had its origin. It was Joseph Smith who founded Mormonism, who made that little hill on Alonzo Saunders' farm a famous hill, a sacred mountain to hundreds of thousands of believers, and the facts remain, to Manchester eternal renown or eternal disgrace, that Joe Smith was one of her citizens, that she gave to the world its newest, strangest, falsest religion.
Vol. XIII. Olean, Cattaraugus Co., N.Y., Jan. 13, 1893. No. ?
Major John H. Gilbert, compositor and pressman of the Mormon Bible in is still living in good health at Palmyra. He kept; a pressman's copy of the book which was recently sold for [$ ----] The press on which it was printed was recently found at Rose, Wayne county.
Vol. XIII. Olean, Cattaraugus Co., N.Y., Feb. 21, 1893. No. 102.
Helped Print the First Gold Bible.
ADRIAN, Mich., Feb. 21. -- Rolin Robinson died here yesterday aged 83. When a boy he worked in the Wayne Sentinel office at Palmyra, N. Y., and assisted in printing the first edition of the Book of Mormon or Gold Bible for Prophet Joseph Smith, who was one of the original "Three Apostles." At one time Robinson owned a line of boats on the Erie canal. He had served in the state legislature.
Vol. ? Buffalo, N. Y., Sunday, March 19, 1893. No. ?
THE MORMON TRIUMPH.
In a few days, it is announced, the great Mormon temple in Salt Lake City is to be dedicated. It is a high, many-towered pile of grayish-white granite, which was begun in 1858, and on which nearly $10,000,000 have been spent, its ground dimensions are only 100 by 200 feet. An accompanying illustration, from a photograph, shows it well, and also the oval dome-covered Tabernacle, looking like a great turtle, which seats 8,000 people, and has the second largest organ in America. To the left of the picture appears Assembly Hall, another famous Mormon building.
Johnstown Daily Republican.
Vol. III. Johnstown, N. Y., Wednesday, April 19, 1893. No. 242.
A ONCE FAMOUS CITY.
Nauvoo, Ills., April 10. -- Scattered over vine-clad hills that rise from the shores of the Mississippi river is the historic city of Nauvoo. It would be unkind to history, as well as to the kindly, thrifty folk who now inhabit the place, to call their well beloved habitation aught else but a city, for Nauvoo was once a city teeming with thousands of busy people, while the music of their forges and workshops filled the air. Joseph Smith could hardly have selected a more beautiful location. The city is situated on the river's bank in the north-western portion of Hancock county, Ills. On a clear day glimpses of the cities of Burlington and Keokuk, equally distant, about 20 miles can be had from the steeple of a church.
Vol. ? Syracuse, N. Y., Wed., May 10, 1893. No. ?
OUR LITERARY WOMEN.
Mrs. Ellen E. Dickinson, who has attained wide reputation as a newspaper writer, was born in Onondaga Valley, being the daughter of the late Royal Stewart, a former merchant of that place. Through her mother Mrs. Dickinson was connected with the families of William and Joseph Sablne, men who were prominent in the earlier history of this county. Mrs. Dickinson showed a tendency for literary work at an early age and her contributions have found place in journals like The Boston Herald and Transcript, the New York Tribune, Churchman, Evangelist, Wide Awake, Youth's Companion, Magazine of American History and Scribner's. Upon her marriage to William Dickinson, a prominent New York lawyer, Mrs. Dickinson made her home in the metropolis where her literary work found fuller scope. In 1885 at the suggestion of the late Dr. J. Q. Holland, then editor of Scribner's Magazine, Mrs. Dickinson undertook the compiling of a history of Mormonlsm, for which she spent two years collecting the materials, working for weeks in the Astor and Boston libraries, besides travelling extensively in the West for the same purpose. Mrs. Dickinson was particularly well fitted for this work, being familiar through family traditions with much valuable material that came down direct from a great uncle, the Rev. Solomon Spauiding, who was the author of the manuscript that formed the basis of the Mormon religion. So thoroughly and efficiently did Mrs. Dickinson perform her task that her book is considered a standard work of great importance. Soon after its publication the author visited England where she received much attention owing to the interest aroused by her book and the subject treated of. In 1888 "The King's Daughters," a dainty volume in purple and gold was brought out by Mrs. Dickinson, with the special view of calling the attention of wealthy women of leisure to the opportunities for Christian work that were lying all around them. The book which was a success from its publication, was first issued by the Hubbard Brothers of Philadelphia, and afterward brought out as a Christmas book by the Lovell Company of New York. In addition to the work already mentioned, Mrs. Dickinson has done much in the way of newspaper correspondence, and has written many poems which in rare bindings and delicate booklets are treasured as choice bits of literature. Mrs. Dickinson's acquaintance has brought her in contact with many interesting and distinguished people and her mind is stored with remlniscences that furnish rich material for her conversation. Unassuming in manner, she is very cordial and friendly to her less fortunate sisters, and what is more, is keenly interested in the success of other women who are striving to make names in literature.
Vol. LXII. Rochester, New York, Wednesday, February 21, 1894. No. 52.
... the Chronicler started out to say something about slang phrases... Their roots lie deep and must be painfully dug for. Some, of them have grown old in obscurity before some accident has brought them into vogue. Among such is the phrase which describes a man whose statements are not to be implicitly accepted, as "talking through his hat," if the Chronicler's theory as to its origin is correct. He dates it back to the second decade of the present century and fixes its birthplace at Palmyra, in Wayne county, N. Y. It owes its origin to the founder of Mormonism who was the first of mortal men to "talk through his hat," if history is to be trusted. Joseph Smith was, in his youth, the possessor of a peculiarly shaped stone that resembled in its outlines a child's foot. It came to be famous as the "peek stone" and the "Palmyra seer stone." With it the embryo prophet fooled the credulous residents of that then sparsely-settled region. Placing the "peeker" in his white "stove-pipe hat" in which he buried his face, he was able to see very remarkable things, buried treasured, subterranean waters, property stolen and hidden, cattle lost and strayed, which, in accents muffled by his interposed head-gear, he revealed, as they appeared to him, to his awe-stricken listeners. He talked through his hat. The fame of his powers spread abroad. He who wanted a well located, he whose property had been stolen, or whose cattle had strayed, went to Joe Smith and besought him to "talk through his hat." Later, when the revelations proved misleading and credulity waned, the phrase came to be used satirically, in its present sense. But Joe Smith had gone from Palmyra, and was at the head of the growing Mormon hierarchy, still dealing in "revelations," still "talking through his hat." So there are whole volumes of commentary on the origin, progress and claims to respect of Mormonism in one brief slang saying, for him who searches out its origin. Who shall say that equally interesting results will not reward him who diligently traces the history of others like it?
Vol. VII. Newark, NY, Wednesday, July 26, 1893. No. 26.
There is being so much said at present in the press throughout the state and country in regard to Mormonism and its origin in Palmyra, that we asked an old resident of the town a few months ago to prepare us a story of the early days of the Mormons as he remembered them, and we take pleasure in printing his story below. He differs materially from some published accounts, but other stories have been written by men who are strangers [to us], while this man we know and know him to be truthful and reliable, and therefore feel sure this story, as far as it goes, is correct. It is well written and we shall be glad if the same writer will favor us with more of the same... He says:
Vol. XXIX. Union Springs, N. Y., Thurs., Sept. 13, 1894. No. 19.
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
... The old Cherry Valley academy, which was recently destroyed by fire, was nearly a hundred years old, and it was there that many of the most famous men and women in New York state received their early education. Dr. Eliphalet Nott, later president of Union college, was at one time principal of this academy, and its first head was Rev. Solomon Spaulding, afterwards the alleged author of the Book of Mormon. The building was a remarkably fine specimen of colonial architecture.
Vol. ? Rochester, N. Y., Sunday, January 27, 1895. No. ?
MAJOR JOHN H. GILBERT.
[Initial postmark and greeting to editor missing from clipping]
Vol. LXIII. Rochester, New York, Sunday, January 27, 1895. No. 27.
THE OLDEST PRINTER.
Palmyra, N. Y., Jan. 26. -- Major John Hulburt Gilbert, the oldest printer in Western New York and the only connecting link with "Joe" Smith and the origin of Mormonism, died this afternoon at 5:45 o'clock. He suffered a stroke of paralysis some time ago and ever since had been slowly but surely failing. He was born April 13, 1802, in the town of Richmond, near the foot of Honeoye lake. He was left an orphan when he was 12 years of age. His little schooling was gained in Canandaigua. He learned the printing trade in that village and was employed in Albany and Lewiston.
Vol. LV. Auburn, N. Y., Wed., Mar. 13, 1895. No. 7,788.
THE BOOK OF MORMON.
President Henry M. Booth of the Theological seminary read a very interesting paper before ihe Cayuga County Historical society last evening, on "The Book of Mormon."
Vol. LXIII. Rochester, New York, Sunday, October 6, 1895. No. 279
GREAT MORMON LEADER.
Canandaigua, N. Y., Oct. 6th. -- Captain George Hickox is the oldest man in Canandaigua township. He has lived his four score years and ten and more -- he will celebrate his ninety-third birthday on the twenty-ninth of December next. Mr. Hickox is a man of remarkable vigor, mentally and physically. He is the sole survivor of a large family; he has seen children born, grow, and die in old age; he delights in telling of the Indians; of Red Jacket, the famous Indian orator, who frequently called at his father's house; he recalls the time when Rochester was a small settlement; when Mendon was a thriving village and when Canandaigua was larger than Rochester.
Vol. ? Binghampton, New York, Wednesday, December 18, 1895. No. ?
Joseph Smith the Mormon prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, was born in Sharon, Windsor county, Vermont, December 23, 1805. His parents and he removed to Manchester, Wayne [sic] county, N. Y., and there, at the age of 15, Joseph conceived . the idea that he was to found a church, and, as he claimed, met the damning emissary of God face to face. He soon after received a vision in which he claims to have been directed to delve in a hill for plates of the divine law, and at various times did so delve. This vision was in 1823, and for four years thereafter he was [on] probation. He claimed to have found the plates soon after the vision, and to have raised them with an iron bar, but to have been commanded to let them lay four years while the Lord prepared him to do his chosen work. The hill Cumorah, where the plates are alleged to have been found, was and is on the road from Palmyra to Rochester, 25 miles southwest of the larger city and four miles from Palmyra. It is even to this day known as the "Mormon Hill." Here in 1823 as stated he saw the plates in a stone box but it was not until 1827 that he was permitted to remove and make use of them. In January of this year he had married a wife, Miss Emma Hale by name, at South Bainbridge, Chenango county, N.Y., and it was in September of this year that he was permitted to remove the plates and commence translating them. The Angel Moroni, who had been, as Joseph claims, sent to superintend the job of discovery, removal, etc., here disappeared, and Joseph was thenceforth free to write and preach. Assisted by his wife and living on his father-in-law, he worked diligently at what we now believe to have been a literary fake, but which he declared scriptural inspiration and finally prevailed on a Mr. Joseph Knight of Colesville, Broome county, to furnish him $3,000 with which to print the first edition of the Mormon bible or Book of Mormon. The copyright was procured June 11, 1829, and early in 1830 Mr. Egbert B. Grandin produced 5,000 copies of the work.
Vol. ? Buffalo, New York, Sunday, March 22, 1896. No. ?
In December, 1842, Attica was visited by a fire that swept the entire business portion of Market Street, 11 stores, besides a large flowering mill, built in 1809 It was about three hours burning itself out...
Vol. XVII. Olean, Cattaraugus Co., N.Y., Apr. 24, 1896. No. 40.
LATTER DAY SAINTS.
At this quaint little hamlet of Kirtland, O., was recently held a gathering of a queer religious sect. It was the annual conference of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, and it was presided over by Joseph Smith, a son of the Joseph Smith who founded the original Church of Latter Day Saints and who was murdered by a mob at Carthage, Ills., in 1844.
Vol. ? Utica, N. Y., Sunday, June 7, 1896. No. ?
THE LATTER DAY SAINTS
At the quaint little hamlet of Kirtland, O., was recently held a gathering of a [----] religious sect. It was the annual conference of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, and it was presided over by Joseph Smith, a son of the Joseph Smith who founded the original Church of Latter Day Saints and who was murdered by a mob at Carthage, Ills., in 1844.
Vol. XXVII. Syracuse, N. Y., Sunday, Sept. 20, 1896. No. 850.
Another "oldest Mason" has appeared as claimant of that title, in the person of M. C. Waite of St. Louis. He was born on December 18th, 1808, in Ontario county of this State. Mr. Waite was made a Mason In 1830, in Western New York, during the aggressive times of anti-Masonry. He was made a master Mason in the same year, and it was he who took out the charter for the Harlboo lodge, No. 34, of Wisconsin in 1851. He is also a member of the Grand lodge of Wisconsin. His first visit to St. Louis was in the yenr 1838. He stayed there but a short time, returning to his native State of New York that year. In October of 1891 he went to St. Louis to live permanently, as his daughter was married and living there.
Vol. III. Palmyra, New York, Wednesday, November 4, 1896. No. 18.
A Mormon elder from Salt Lake City, Utah, has been visiting Mormon Hill, three miles south of this village, and claims that if the land can be purchased adjoining where it is alleged that Joseph Smith dug the golden plates from which the Mormon Bible was printed, the Mormons of that city will erect a chapel there on to the memory of the late lamented Joseph. It is becoming quite the proper thing for the Mormons of Utah to make a journey to Palmyra, to pay proper respect and tribute to the memory of the expounder and originator of their faith.
Vol. ? Auburn, N. Y., Monday, Jan. 18, 1897. No. ?
WATERLOO. Jan. 18. -- Two Mormon Elders from Salt Lake City held services in the Methodist Protestant church of Waterloo Saturday Afternoon. They were Elders Brim and Burton, who presented the claims of the Church of Latter Day Saints in eloquent terms. These men have been in Fayette for some days past, where Joseph Smith and his little band of followers first rested after their departure from Bainbridge. Chenango county, many years ago. From a point near Kendig's creek the Mormon brethren of an early day sought to familiarize the people of this vicinity with their peculiar religious views. They labored to increase their number and Joseph Smith himself visited Waterloo and Seneca Falls and held repeated interviews with Gideon Skaats and Garry V. Sackett and other citizens of the two villages, with a view of interesting them religiously and financially in the church of which he was then and for many years thereafter its controlling mind. Some converts were made in Fayette, but none in Waterloo or Seneca Falls. After a sojourn of several months Smith and his followers proceeded to Palmyra where they remained until the Mormon bible was printed, the manuscript of which, it is claimed, was found in a hill between Shortsville and Palmyra, and to which the Lord directed the head of the church. In time the Mormon colony left for Nauvoo, Ill. These people then moved to Salt Lake City where they founded a great church organization. The elders who appeared in Waterloo yesterday were sent to this vicinity to learn something of the early history of the church.
Vol. LXV. Rochester, New York, Sunday, March 7, 1897. No. 66.
MORMONISM AND HOW
(SAN JACINTO, CAL. February 2) -- Daniel Hendrix, one of the two persons now living who were associated with the members of the earliest Mormon Church at Palmyra, N. Y., lives at the home of his son in this vicinity. He is 87 years of age, and retains his full mental faculties. Although a disbeliever in any part of the Mormon faith, he is often visited by descendants of Joseph Smith and of Sidney Rigdon, the founders of Mormonism, for reminiscences of the early days of the Latter Day Saints in Wayne County, N. Y. Edgar Smith, a grandson of Joseph Smith, told the writer less than a year ago that he found Daniel Hendrix, the last man living who had the closest personal acquaintance with his famous grandparent at the time of the finding of the golden Bible.
BELMONT WEEKLY DISPATCH
Vol. IX. Belmont, N.Y., Wednesday, April 28, 1897. No. ?
THE MORMON BIBLE.
Vol. XLIX. Utica, N. Y., Tues., July 27, 1897. No. No. 77.
The people of Utah, more particularly the Mormons, last week celebrated the semi-centennial anniversary of the arrival of Brigham Young and his pioneer party in the valley of the great Salt lake. They reached the valley on July 24, 1847, exactly fifty years ago Saturday.
Vol. IV. Palmyra, New York, Wednesday, December 8, 1897. No. 23.
HISTORY OF THE MORMONS.
Every religious sect almost is founded on the belief or visions of some one person. This is the case in the Mormon doctrine The faith of the Mormons is founded on the fact that Joseph Smith claimed to have dug from the earth certain golden plates on which was graven the Mormon creed.
Vol. LIV. Syracuse, N.Y., Mon., February 7, 1898. No. 32.
The remains of Mrs. Ellen E Dickinson, a former resident of this city, who died in Brooklyn Friday night, were received by Undertaker Hoyt this morning. The cause of death was pneumonia, although Mrs. Dickinson has been an invalid for several years. She was 67 years of age and is survived by one son Henry, who resides in New York. Interment was at Onondaga Valley, where brief services were held at the grave. Under the initials "E.E.D." Mrs. Dickinson for many years was the New York correspondent of the Journal."
Vol. ? Syracuse, N.Y., Tues., February 8, 1898. No. ?
The remains of Mrs. Ellen E. Dickinson were laid at rest yesterday afternoon in the Onondaga valley cemetary, near where she was born in . It was in this vicinity and to a great extent from her relatives that she gained the material for the book, "New Light on Mormonism." which gave her a reputation as an author and made her generally known.
Vol. ? Palmyra, N. Y., Wednesday, July 27, 1898. No. ?
A stranger came into our office the other night. He refused to give us his name, but said he was a Mormon... He seemed quite aggrieved that none of his friends were here to meet him and after saying good night, started to take his departure, when he turned and asked us if we would not take a walk with him to Mormon Hill, where he would show us some wonderful things if we would swear to secrecy. The night was beautiful and although very late, we decided to take the four mile walk. We started toward Canandaigua, as we thought, but our guide turned toward Prospect Hill, saying that would be our nearest way. We were surprised, but followed at his side. We climbed the west side and descended on the east side, where, after nearly reaching the bottom, the stranger insisted that we must be blinded. After some demur we consented, when we heard the crunching and sliding of a great stone and then felt an icy cold atmosphere. After closing the entrance, the bandage was removed, and we found ourselves enveloped in a dark, crooked passage, which we could not penetrate at first, but after some minutes there seemed to be a glow of light surrounding us which came from something our companion had ignited. The passage was quite filled with pools and seemed to be of limestone formation. We hurried along as fast as possible in the feeble glow of light. The path seemed quite smooth, the walls and covering were sparkling with satelites, showing that the water penetrated through to a large extent. After traveling what seemed many miles, the ground seemed to rise suddenly, and our Mormon friend opened a huge oaken door, when our eyes were almost dazzled by the magnificence we beheld. There suspended from the side of the wall by massive golden cords were the original gold plates, from which Joseph Smith compiled the first Mormon bible. There were many other curious and beautiful things there, and on a huge divan sat a very old man. He seemed to be as old as Smith would be himself at the present time. We were asked many questions about the early [struggle] and origin of Mormonism, which we answered as best we could from what we had heard and read; after this the old patriarch waved us out of the cave and my [guide] and myself returned as we had come. At the entrance we were not blindfolded as before, as he wanted our [------] to close [----], and he also said they did not fear discovery as it was so [peculiar], and had been used by the brethren of his sect in the [district] for years. The passage for the most was natural, although it had been [blasted] in a few spots. Had we room we would give more particulars incident to the strange [underground] trip to the Hill of Mormon.
Vol. ? Syracuse, N. Y., Sunday, December 11, 1898. No. ?
ANOINTING BOWL FOUND.
Watertown. Dec. 10. -- The recent discovery of a curiously wrought piece of pottery lying half embedded in earth at the foot of the rocky cliffs which overhang the Indian river at the village of Theresa, and the growing belief that instead of an Indian relic the vessel is nothing more or less than the historic bowl used by certain Mormon apostles for anointing the converts to their faith after their baptism in the murky waters of the sunken gorge at Indian landing, recalls one of the strangest and at the same time least known chapters in the post history of this section, that of the attempted establishment of a branch of the Mormon church at Theresa.
Vol. LXIX. Syracuse, N. Y., Fri., Dec. 30, 1898. No. ?
The defense offered by Congressman Roberts for the practice ot polygamy is a curious effort. The essential and moving part of it is that in which he pleads for recognition as a Christian, white declaring that Joseph Smith received a commandment from the Lord to introduce plural marriage into the church. Is it necessary to say that Christians do not acknowledge Joseph Smith as a prophet, any more than they acknowledge Mahomet; and the Book of Mormon has no standing with Christians, as an inspired work. The incongruity of the appeal to the Holy Scriptures and to the romance of Solomon Spalding in the same breath is manifest to all but a Latter Day Saint. The familiar and rather ingenious reference to Abraham does not mend Roberts' position. The Christian world is not under the Abrahamic dispensation, and polygamy, which was suffered, in the patriarchs, is as little tolerated by Christianity as it is by the laws of the United States.
Vol. ? Shortsville, New York, Saturday, February 4, 1899. No. ?
TWO STRANGE MEN.
In Sharon, Vermont, on December 23, 1805, a son was born to a thriftless and not too honest couple named Smith They called the boy Joseph. When he was about ten years old they removed Palmyra, N. Y. Four years later they removed to the village of Manchester, six miles away, and the next year Joseph, so he said, began having visions.
Vol. ? Shortsville, New York, Saturday, February 11, 1899. No. ?
I have read with much interest, as doubtless many of your readers have, the excellent article on Mormonism contained in The Enterprise of last week. It is concise, right to the point, and is worth preserving by the residents of this town as a well told bit of Mormon history. Few persons now living remember much about Mormonism in its early days. I am more particularly interested in this matter because I was in my boyhood somewhat familiar with the rise and early history of this celebrated sect in the town of Manchester.
Vol. ? Clyde, N. Y., Wednesday, May 24, 1899. No. ?
A Sermon on Mormonism.
The following interesting article is an extract from a sermon recently delivered in St. Louis by Rev. Wm. H. Bates, formrly pastor of ihe Clyde Presbyterian Church.
Vol. 64. Buffalo, New York, Sunday, August 6, 1899. No. 218.
THE BEGINNING OF MORMONISM.
The last man who personally knew Joseph Smith during the days that the foundations of the great Mormon hierarchy wer