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Vol. XXV. Geneva, Wednesday, Jan. 1, 1834. No. 31.
THE MORMONITES. -- There is no religion, or rather form of religion There is no religion or rather form of religion, no creed or system of politics, that will not find its advocates. A friend from the upper part of Oxford County informs us, that one Mormon preacher from Ohio, and another from New Hampshire, reinforced by a pair of preachers from Saco, have been making a great stir somewhere about Lake Umbagog. Nearly the whole of the Freewill Baptist Church, numbering thirty persons, with their pastor, have gone over to the Mormonites, and avowed their faith in the book of Mormon. -- The have all been re-baptized in the waters of the Lake. In Andover, the preachers have had some trouble with the citizens, and were rather unceremoniously dismissed. --
Vol. XXV. Geneva, Wednesday, Jan. 8, 1834. No. 32.
THE MORMON WAR. -- The Fayette (Miso.) Monitor gives the particulars of the late disturbances between the Mormonites and the citizens of Jackson county. It appears the Mormons, about 70 in number, killed two and wounded several others of a party of 17 citizens, who visited their settlement for the purpose of making arrangements in relation to their covenant to leave the county. After the first fire, which was ineffectual, Mr. Brazeale ascended an eminance, and proclaimed peace -- with these words in his mouth he was shot. The conflict then became general, and the citizens were driven off. Preparations were then made by both parties for an extermining conflict, which was prevented by an order from the governor, that induced the Mormons to ground their arms and leave the county.
Vol. XI. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, January 31, 1834. No. 20.
The Mormons. -- A letter from Kirtland, Ohio, to a gentleman of this village, dated the 7th inst. states that the Mormons at that place, with Jo. Smith at their head, are "arming themselves with guns, swords, dirks, large knives, and other implements of warefare," and that the neighborhood is thrown into a state of great alarm. A newspaper has been established there by them, entitled the "Evening and Morning Star" -- or rather it is a resuscitation of the concern formerly established at their quarters in Missouri, and demolished in the late affray at that place.
Vol. XXV. Geneva, Wednesday, Feb. 12, 1834. No. 37.
THE MORMONS. -- A letter from Kirtland, Ohio, to a gentleman of this village, dated the 7th inst. states that the Mormons at that place, with Jo. Smith at their head, are "arming themselves with guns, swords, dirks, large knives, and other implements of warefare," and that the neighborhood is thrown into a state of great alarm. A newspaper has been established there by them, entitled the "Evening and Morning Star" -- or rather it is a resuscitation of the concern formerly established at their quarters in Missouri, and demolished in the late affray at that place. --
Vol. XI. - No. 30. Palmyra, N. Y., Fri., Apr. 11, 1834. Whole 550.
MARTIN HARRIS. requests us to say, that on Sunday afternoon next, at 4 o'clock, at the stone school house in this village, he will explain the 12th chapter of Daniel.
N.S. No. 37. - Vol. II. Canandaigua, Weds., May 14, 1834. No. 342.
Mormonism in Court. We learn from the Spectator, a paper published at Chardon, Geauga county, Ohio, that a curious trial revently took place in that county, in which Joe Smith, the founder of mormonism and Dr. P. Hurlbut, were the parties. The complaint was made, before a justice of the peace to bind Hurlbut to keep the peace towards the prophet. The justice ordered Hurlbut to enter into bonds, and on monday the 8th inst. the cause was heard before the court. The court-house was filled almost to suffocation, with an eager and curious crowd of spectators, to hear the mormon trial, as it was called. A great number of witnesses attended, and were examined, chiefly members of the mormon society, among whom was the renowned orophet himself. It appeared that Hurlbut had been a disciple of mormonism, and was ordained an elder by Joe himself, but for misconduct, as the mormon witnesses alleged, was excommunicated. After this he discovered that Joe was a false prophet, and the book of Mormon a cheat: -- began lecturing against it, and examining and collecting proof that the story of the book of Mormon was taken from a manuscript romance, written by one Spalding, who formerly lived at Conneaut, and who died before publication. Many witnesses testified to threats of revenge from Hurlbut. One witness, who testified to the threats of Hurlbut, on cross-examination being asked the reason why she had not communicated these threats to Smith, answered that she did not believe Hurlbut, or any other human being, had the power to hurt the prophet; but Joe himself appears to have placed little reliance upon his divine invulnerability; for he testified that he became afraid of bodily injury from the defendant. The court finally ordered Hurlburt to find security in the sum of two hundred dollars, and to keep the peace for the period of six months.
Vol. IV. Lyons, N. Y., Wed., May 14, 1834. No. 33.
TRAGIC EVENT. -- The following tragical story of a Mormon preacher is given by the editor of the Independent Messenger on the authority of a gentleman from the western part of the state of New York.
Vol. XI. - No. 37. Palmyra, N. Y., Fri., May 30, 1834. Whole 557.
MORMONITES IN MOTION.
According to a late number of the Painesville Telegraph, General Joe Smith, the leader of the Mormonites, has, accompanied by about five hundred of his followers, set out for the purpose of re-conquering the "Holy Land," lately taken from them by the infidels of Missouri. Joe, it seems, had been stirring up his proselytes for some time, stating that it was the command of God that they should buckle on the armor of their faith, and enrol under the banners of Mormonism; that their church was in danger; and that they must, if necessary, die the death of martyrdom. Accordingly, the deluded fanatics obeyed his summons, a great rise took place in the market for warlike implements, as each provided himself with an abundant supply of pistols, dirks, swords, &c. The sword of Smith himself, it is said, is more than four feet long. The prophet professes the expectation of sharing the fate of a martyr at the coming contest. We trust that the good people of Missouri will take care of these fanatics, and see that they do not violate the laws with impunity. --
Vol. XI. - No. 39. Palmyra, N. Y., Fri., June 13, 1834. Whole 559.
Richmond, (Wayne Co. Indiana,) May 24.
Vol. XI. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, July 18, 1834. No. 44.
The Mormons. -- Western papers state that the worst apprehensions of their citizens, it is feared will be realized, by the determination of the Mormons to return to Jackson county, Missouri, from which place they were ejected about a year ago by the citizens of that county. The Mormonites have refused all overtures from the citizens, and have expressed their determination to "regain their Holy Land or die with the sword in hand; and the citizens of Jackson county, have resolved that they will "dispute every inch of ground, burn every blade of grass, and suffer their bones to bleach on their hills, rather than the Mormons should return to Jackson county."
Vol. IV. Lyons, N. Y., Wed., July 30, 1834. No. 44.
Joe Smith, the great prophet of the mormons, was wounded in the leg, in a battle between him and his followers, and a party of the citizens of Jackson county. The mormons were obliged to retreat and it is said, -- that Joe Smith's limb was amputated, but he died a few days after the operation.
Vol. XI. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, August 1, 1834. No. 46.
THE MORMONS -- A particular account of the last Mormon campaign in Missouri, is given in the Western papers. The belligerents seem to have been mutually exasperated, and to have approached very near to a general and bloody battle. The numbers engaged in the contest on both sides are much larger than we had supposed, before seeing these authentic details. The Mormons assembled late in June, in Clay county, (Mo.) and were reinforced by parties principally from Ohio, until they mustered from 800 to 1000 mean, armed with "guns, tomahawks, knives, and from one to four braces of pistols each." Their design was to pass the river and take possession of Jackson county -- the "Zion" as they term it, of their faith. Their leader, the prophet Jo Smith, promised them to "raise again" all who should be slain in fighting the battles for the possession of this Holy Land. The Jackson county people were equally determined to resist the passage of the river, at all hazards. -- A letter from a person on the spot, published in Maysville, Ky., says that Jackson County raised 900 and Lafayette 400, and that several hundred more were ready to come at a moment's warning. The feeling of the people may be conjectured from the expression of opinion in the letters quoted, that had the Mormons attempted to cross the river, not one of them would have been "left to tell the tale." "No quarter would have been given, and we could have killed most of them before they got across the river." -- There were some attempts at negotiation. The Jackson county people offered to buy all the lands of the Mormons at a double price, which was refused. The invaders professed reasonable intentions, and a desire only to take quiet possession of their own lands -- professions which appear to have got no credit. In the end, however, they desisted from the enterprise, and postponed the crusade for the possession of their "Zion" for fifty or a hundred years. They will take up their intermediate residence somewhere else; and thus the battle, which must have been obstinate and very bloody, was avoided. It is to be hoped, for the sake of ordinary justice, that means will be found for making compensation to these deluded men for the property they are forced to abandon, as well as for the damages they have sustained by being driven out.
Vol. XI. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, August 22, 1834. No. 49.
TO THE PUBLIC.
The undersigned has transferred his undivided half of this paper, and the printing establishment connected with it, to Mr. POMEROY TUCKER. This change he trusts and believes will be perfectly satisfactory to all his political friends. Mr. Tucker is a man of sound political principles, and of considerable experience as a writer; and is abundantly qualified for the station of editor of a public journal -- in which capicity he is already favorably known... T. R. STRONG.
Vol. XI. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, August 29, 1834. No. 50.
ONTARIO COUNTY --
At a meeting of the Citizens of the town of Manchester, favorable to the present National and State Administrations, held in pursuance of public notice, at the house of Jacob Vanderhoof, 2d, in Coonsville, on Saturday the 16th day of August, 1834, for the purpose of choosing three delegates to represent said town in County Convention, to be held in Canandaigua on the 18th day of August instant: John Latting was called to the Chair, and Elijah Cole appointed Secretary.
Vol. XII. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, August 16, 1835. No. 46.
Eastward the star of Mormon holds its way. -- a disciple of Joe Smith has announced his intention of giving lectures on Mormonism in Julian Hall, Boston.
Vol. XII. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, September 18, 1835. No. 51.
The Mormonites have made some small progress in Rhode Island. They have a preacher in Providence, and quite a respectable number of members in the northern part of the state.
Vol. XII. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, September 25, 1835. No. 52.
We last week got the impostor Matthias into an odd pickle -- preaching to the drunkards of Pennsylvania. It was a mistake of the printer. The Dunkers were the people meant -- a religious sect, resembling the Shakers somewhat in their tenets and customs. While alluding to the arch impostor, who has already received too much attention from the newspapers, we will mention the rumor that he is on his way to join the Mormons in Ohio. We don't believe he will suit them. Our opinion is that he is a greater knave than fool, and that they are vice versa.
Vol. XIII. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, April 1, 1836. No. 27.
WHAT NEXT? -- There has lately a new sect in religion sprung up, we believe they call themselves "The Kissers." They outstrip the much ado about nothing Mormonites easy. They deny any authority coming from heaven and build churches, or expend money in endowing clergymen, while on the other hand, the Mormons go altogether as the Lord sees fit to direct by special messages. When the Mormon book was first published, Jo Smith & Co. pretended that the Lord had given them positive commands not to sell a book for less than one dollar and seventy-five cents. It was very soon ascertained however, from the slow sale of the work, that the Lord had set too high a price upon this work, accordingly the prophets again received orders to lower the price to ten shillings. Shame and disgrace should always attend such fanatical creatures. But we have wandered far from our first subject, and will return as goodnatured as possible,
Vol. XIII. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, June 17, 1836. No. 38.
The Mormons. -- Three priests! belonging to this sect, passed through this village two days since. Who do you guess they were? You are familiar with the pedigree of two of them. -- They belong to old neighbor Smith, the money digger, father of JOE, the great Mormon prophet. We understand that the boys were on their way to Boston, to preach to the unenlightened! Bostonians. O tempora! O mores!
Vol. XIII. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, August 12, 1836. No. 46.
MORMON MOVEMENTS. -- Missouri papers state that information had been received from Kirtland, Ohio, the head quarters of the Prophet, of a new movement among the Mormons to regain possession of their 'promised land' in Jackson county, Missouri; from which they were formerly driven by the inhabitants. They are said to be arming to the number of 1,600 or 2,000, and making their way towards the disputed ground. It is also stated that the people of Jackson are taking effective measures for resistance, and are determined to convince Joe Smith that he has been misinformed respecting the location of the 'New Jerusalem;' and that he had better call for a new revelation, informing him where the true site of the 'holy city' may be found. A considerable number of the deluded followers of the Prophet, have left their homes in Canada and entered upon a pilgrimage to the 'promised land' in obedience to the command of their leader. --
Vol. XIII. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, September 2, 1836. No. 49.
THE MORMONITES . -- This fanatical sect is increasing so formidably in Missouri, as to alarm all the rest of the citizens of the state. Their great influx from Ohio and Illinois into Missouri has lately called forth several public meetings in the latter state, to arrest their influence, more particularly over the Indians on the frontier. -- Proclaiming themselves the friends of the red men, and teaching them both by argument and by prophecy, that they are destined by Heaven to inherit the land of their fathers in common with the white race, they are believed to have secured the zealous friendship of many powerful tribes. The committee of public meeting lately held at Liberty, Clay co., Missouri, stated that the Mormonites were popularly charged with keeping up a constant communication with the frontier tribes, which the settlers were apprehensive might lead to sanguinary Indian outrages in the south, or at least to a civil war between these bold fanatics and the old settlers.
Vol. VIII. Lyons, N. Y., Wed., October 11, 1837. No. 3.
From the New York Star.
The discoveries in Mexico, Central and South America, and indeed throughout the far west, are daily convincing the reflecting portion of our citizens, that what is called the new world, that continent which we have every reason to believe was first discovered a few hundred years ago, is in fact coeval with the old world, and has been peopled by a race of great and warlike men from the East, who built splendid cities, cherished the arts, and who, like those of Greece and Rome, had also their rise, progress and downfall. -- We have however, the history of the old world, authenticated from the earliest period. We have still in existence the monuments of art referred to by historians more than three thousand years ago. In America, however, we [have] [the] splendid works of antiquity -- the Pyramids and Temples -- the symbols of Egypt and Persia -- the broken columns -- hieroglyphs and Metopes -- the ancient military roads and military stations, [but] their history remains yet to be written -- [the] hands that reared them, the nations that inhabited them, and the period of their erection are yet to be discovered by our countrymen, and we cannot doubt in reference to the spirit and enterprise, the genius and perserverance of Americans, that we shall yet have amongst us our Bruces, Neiburs, Bukardts, Champollions &c.
Vol. XV. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, August 17, 1838. No. 47.
THE MORMONS. -- It is stated in the Canton, Ohio, Repository, that this people to the number of about 200, with 57 waggons filled with furniture, cattle, &c. have left Geauga, on their way to the "promised land" in Missouri. They pitch their tent in the open field at night after the manner of the ancient Israelites.
Vol. VIII. Lyons, N. Y., Wed., Sep. 26, 1838. No. 52.
MORMONITES. -- A number of the citizens of Missouri, not long ago, raised a considerable force for the purpose of driving the Mormonites out of the State. They marched with all the "pomp and circumstance of war" towards the Mormon settlement, but happened to learn on the way that their opponents, well armed with swords, pistols, guns and blunderbusses, were prepared to give them a hot reception, they wheeled to the right about and fled like sheep in a panic.
Vol. IX. Lyons, N. Y., Wed., Oct. 31, 1838. No. 5.
Mormon War Renewed -- Blood shed. -- In the Louisville Journal of October 16th, we have later news from the Mormons, and despatches to governor Boggs at St. Louis. Several hundred of these, armed, are encamped at a new rendezvous, called Dewitt, *Mo.,) a few miles above the mouth of Grand River. A body of armed citizens, with a field piece, were near them, and several skirmishes had taken place, in which two or three were wounded. The citizens, or rather mob, are under a Dr. Austin of Connecticut, and a Colonel Jones. They offered to pay the Mormons for their lands and ten percent interest, and transport their people out of the county. The Mormons said they would die first, and have since been so strengthened by a reinforcement from the main body at the "Far West," in Caldwell county, 70 miles distant, that the mob deferred making a general attack.
Vol. IX. Lyons, N. Y., Wed., Nov. 21, 1838. No. 8.
Correspondence of the New York Daily Express.
The simultaneous tolling of the bells aroused us from our pillows, last night to hear the rehersal of the most barbarous atrocities. -- The following letters which were read before the meeting, which speedily assembled in the court house, embody the principal facts, as succinctly, perhaps, as any language which we could substitute -- and we hence submit them without further comment than that the authors are gentlemen of the first respectability. The meeting last night adjourned to meet again at 9 this morning, for the purpose of organizing, and marching this evening or to-morrow.
Vol. XVI. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, November 23, 1838. No. 9.
The Mormons. -- These deluded people [have] embroiled themselves in new difficulties. They have attacked and cut to pieces Capt. Bogard's company of 50 men, except three or four who escaped. They are represented as three or four hundred strong -- and in their infatuated [state] they fear nothing. The whole of Daviess county, Missouri, is represented as being desolate and the inhabitants of adjoining counties [are in a state] of commotion. The whole [------- will] probably fall victims to their fanaticism, before peace can be restored.
Vol. XVI. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, November 30, 1838. No. 10.
THE MORMON WAR ENDED.
The St. Louis papers of the 8th inst. state that the Mormon War had [ended] in the surrender of the leaders of the Mormons. On the 27th ult., about 3000 men, commanded by Gen. Atchison, of Clay County, made [remainder of article illegible]
Vol. IX. Lyons, N. Y., Wed., Nov. 28, 1838. No. 9.
From the Missouri Daily Argus.
Extract from a letter to the editors, dated
NS. Vol. II. Bath, N. Y., Wed., Nov. 28, 1838. No. 15.
THE MORMON WAR ENDED.
The St. Louis papers of the 8th instant, state that the Mormon war had ended, by the surrender of the leaders of the Mormons. On the 28th ult. about three thousand men. commanded by Gen. Atchison, of Clay Co., made their appearance before the town of Far West, the county seat of Caldwell county, where the Mormons were entrenched. Upon their approach the Mormons hoisted a white flag, which was shot down by Capt. Bogard, but was immediately replaced. Gen. Atchinson then sent in a message, with a view to learn their wishes and intentions, when six of the leaders avowed their willingness to surrender, in the expectation that the Mormons should be unharmed. -- The surrender was accepted, and the individuals put under guard. Their names are Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, George Hinkle, Lyman Wight, Parley P. Pratt, and M. Knight. The Mormons assembled at Far West comprise 700 men under arms. Of this number, a small body of 150, retreated and pushed their way to the northern frontier.
Vol. IX. Lyons, N. Y., Wed., Dec. 5, 1838. No. 10.
From the St. Louis Republican.
The western mail, yesterday, brought us some additional particulars in regard to the disturbance in Caldwell County. The Far West, published at Liberty, states that Gen. Clark still remained at the town of Far West, having under his command 1300 men, who were employed in guarding the captured Mormons. The General had despatched an order to Gen. Lucas commanding him to return Jo and Hiram Smith, Rigdon, Wright, Robinson and Hunt, for trial in Richmond, Ray County. Gen. Lucas was on his way to Jackson county and refused to obey his orders. A great many of the Mormons had made their escape from Caldwell county, leaving their families.
Vol. XVI. Palmyra, N. Y., Friday, April 26, 1839. No. 30.
THE MORMON PRISONERS. -- A friend writing from Liberty, Mo., gives us the following information:
Vol. XVI. - No. 31. Palmyra, N. Y., May 3, 1839. Whole 813.
ORIGIN OF MORMONISM.
More than 30 years since, what now constitutes the historical part of the Mormon Bible, was written by one Solomon Spaulding. At a very early age, Spaulding obtained the appellation of a close student from his acquaintances in Ashford, Conn. his native town. After the completion of his collegian course at Hanover, N. H. he was engaged in the ministry. He abandoned this profession in three years, removed to Cherry Valley, N. Y., and commenced the mercantile business. Being unfortunate he again removed, and built a forge in the state of Ohio. He was soon reduced to great poverty and commenced writing a book, with the expectation, or hope that the sale of it might enable him to pay his debts. The work was called 'The Manuscript Found,' and contained the fictitious history of the Aborigines of America, whom he proved to be descendants of the Jews. This narrative commenced with Lehi, who lived during the reign of Zedekiah, 600 years before Christ. This Lehi was warned by God to escape the calamities that were to befall Jerusalem. He, therefore, left the doomed city with his family, and fled to the wilderness. In a short time they embarked on board a small vessel on the Red Sea, and floating to the ocean, after some length of time reached America, and landed on the shores of Darien. -- His descendants became in a high degree civilized, but were again reduced to barbarism by the numerous wars in which they were engaged. This accounted for the mounds and fortifications found in the western states, and for the condition of the Indians at the time our fore-fathers landed.
Vol. IX. Geneva, Tuesday, June 4, 1839. No. 440.
From the New York Star.
Vol. I. Seneca Falls, Tues., June 4, 1839. No. 1.
The Mormon Prisoners Escaped. -- The Columbia Patriot of the 27th, a paper printed in Boone county, has the following umportant paragraph:
Vol. IX. Geneva, Tuesday, July 16, 1839. No. 446.
Indian Mound. -- The St. Louis Bulletin states that a gentleman living about four miles from that city, removed a small mound immediately in front of his house, a few months ago, and found in it the skeletons of some two or three hundred Indians. The skeletons were close together, and from their broken bones and other attending circumstances, it seems probably that, at some remote period, a battle was fought there, and that these are the relics of those who fell in the fight. As an honor to their memories, the survivors threw over their bodies this immense heap of earth, and it is probable that nearly all of these mounds have originated in the same way. To our own knowledge bones of Ibdians have been found in several.
Vol. IX. Geneva, Tuesday, Aug. 6, 1839. No. 449.
We copy the following interesting article