ns. Vol. VI. Ravenna, Ohio, Wednesday, February 15, 1860. No. 47.
(Communicated for the Portage County Democrat.)
Is Town 5, in Range 7. The original proprietors of the township were Col. David [sic - Daniel] Tilden, Daniel Grees, Joseph Metcalf, Levi Case, John Fitch and Joseph Burnham, of Lebanon, Windham County, Connecticut; and William Perkins, of Ashford, in the same County. They were all Freemasons, and while at the Lodge, one evening, Col. Tilden proposed to call their township 'Hiram,' in commemoration of the King of Tyre, which was unanimously agreed to....
Vol. XXVI. Cleveland, Ohio, Sat., March 24, 1860. No. 71.
JUDGE CRADLEBAUGH ON MORMONISM.
One of the Judges of the Territory of Utah is the Hon. John Cradlebaugh of Circleville. He was sent out by Mr. Buvhanan at the time Gov. Cumming went out. The Governor turned Mormon, opposed the Judges in their efforts to ferret out Mormon crimes, and the Judiciary were powerless. The Administration sides with Governor Cumming.
Vol. XXVI. Cleveland, Ohio, Saturday, April 14, 1860. No. 89.
The Reformed Mormon Church -- The Saints Looking Back to
We noticed a few days since the fact that a son of "Joe Smith, the notorious Mormon Prophet," had been formally installed at Amboy, Lee County, Illinois, as "Prophet, Seer, and Revelator in Zion," of the Reformed Mormon Church.The new association, of which young Smith is now the head, comprises all those believers in Mormonism who hold the doctrines taught in the infancy of the church, and who repudiate polygamy and most of the other doctrines and practices at present characterizing the Mormons of Utah. The movement once more turns attention to Kirtland, Lake Co., in this State, the site of the original "Land of Zion," and where the "Temple of the Lord"still exists.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Monday, April 16, 1860. No. ?
Vol. VI. Columbus, Wednesday, April 18, 1860. No. 274.
Mormons in Ohio --
It is well known that shortly after Joe Smith discovered the "gold plates" near Palmyra, N. Y., and organized the now extensive and powerful sect known as the Mormons, he and his followers removed to Kirtland, Lake Co., Ohio, which had been designated as the "Land of Zion," and erected a "Temple of the Latter day Saints," which was completed and dedicated in the autumn of 1834. Here it was that the "Prophet" Smith assumed temporal as well as spiritual power, and as he felt his power increasing he continued introducing new doctrines and practices, until 1836 the doctrine of Polygamy was breached by one Sydney Rigdon, a pettyfogging lawyer, who had become connected with the Society. This was violently opposed by numerous members of the Society, headed by one Elder Rich. The church refused to sanction Polygamy, but, it is said, both Smith and Rigdon practiced it in a quiet way. The land speculations of the Mormons in that vicinity resulted in numerous law suits and quarrels, and these, together with an attempted murder by the Mormons of one Grandison Newell, still a resident of Lake county, created such a hostile feeling between the Mormons and the people of the surrounding country that the "Prophet" Smith and the disciples removed in 1839 to Illinois.
AND HOCKING VALLEY GAZETTE.
Vol. XVII. Athens, Ohio, Friday, April 20, 1860. No. 15.
A New Prophet.
Young Joe Smith, son of the late Mormon prophet, has concluded to take the place of his father in the Mormon Church. A conference was held at Amboy, Ill., a few days since and a new organization was started. The preachers on the occasion denounced the apostasy of the Church in Utah, and the evils promulgated by Brigham Young and his satellites. Polygamy was especially adverted to as the great evil, and as presenting evidence of the falling away of the Saints. Joe offered himself to the Conference, as the prophet of the new organization on the 6th inst., and was accepted; after which the Church was given over into his hands. Twelve apostles were appointed and ordained to be members of the Council of the Church. Whether the new organization of the Latter Day Saints will take measures to depose Brigham Young and his "false prophets" and "fallen saints" time will determine. -- Journal.
AND HOCKING VALLEY GAZETTE.
Vol. XVII. Athens, Ohio, Friday, May 4, 1860. No. 17.
One of the Twins Strangled.
The House of Representatives has decided to abolish polygamy in Utah by a vote of 194 to 60. It has thus set the example not only of legislating in the territories, but of legislating in regard to a domestic institution. Douglas's doctrine, that the people of the territories should be free to establish whatever special relations may please them, is by this vote hit directly in the forehead. -- Popular sovereignty becomes nonsense, and the supremacy of Congress is establishced beyond a doubt.
The Coshocton County Democrat.
Vol. XVI. Coshocton, Wednesday, May 23, 1860. No. 34.
MORMON WIVES. -- Brother Kimball, in one of his famous Mormon sermons, served the following timely notice on a number of missionaries who were about starting out on a proselyting tour:
CLEVELAND DAILY PLAIN DEALER.
Vol. XVI. Cleveland, Wednesday, June 13, 1860. No. 140.
(For the Plain Dealer.)
MR. EDITOR: Having occasion to pass through your beautiful city and country a few days since, I called al Kirtland to see the Temple that was erected a few years since by thst truly singular people, generally called Mormons, and then by them deserted when they removed to Missouri. While there I found an organization of believers in the Book of Mormon, that are advocating principles differet (so far as my knowledge extends) from those entertained by any branch of this people noticed by the public papers. Hence I took pains to elicit from them what I could concerning their religious views, their relation to the institution in Utah, or with the Latter Day Saints now headed by Joseph Smith, Jr. as the successor of his father. And I here forward to you for your valuable paper, some of the statements by them made to me on this subject.
Vol. XXVI. Cleveland, Ohio, Wednesday, June 20, 1860. No. 146.
Another Letter from "Quails."
Vol. XXVI. Cleveland, Ohio, Saturday, June 23, 1860. No. 149.
Another Letter from "Quails."
Vol XLIV. Warren, Ohio, Wednesday, July 4, 1860. No. 47.
THE NEW MORMON REFORMATION
A correspondent of the Burlington (Iowa) Hawkeye writes from Council Bluffs:
CLEVELAND DAILY PLAIN DEALER.
Vol. XVI. Cleveland, Friday, August 31, 1860. No. 207.
The Temple at Kirtland.
The few Mormons at Kirtland under the lead of Elder Rich are repairing the Temple -- putting on a new roof, painting the outside, &c. The Temple is three stories high, built of stone and cost $20,000. The Mormons who want to restore it to its pristine spendor are those who refused to follow Jo. Smith to Nauvoo, and who scout at the wife theory of the Mormons in Utah.
Vol. IX. Elyria, Ohio, Wednesday September 5, 1860. No. 7.
New Mormon Excitement.
The report that Joe Smith Jr., had summoned the faithful to return to Nauvoo, has raised a great excitement among the people of Hancock County. The people are called upon to hold meetings through the county, and to take immediate and decided measures to counteract the Mormon movement, and the excitement among the people in that region is represented as increasing daily, the public peace being threatened, and another Mormon War, like that of several years ago in the same locality, being almost certain, if the proposed movement of young Joe Smith is carried out.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, July 15?, 1861. No. ?
Brigham Young is a greater tyrant than Nicholas of Russia. I am satisfied that his downfall is at hand, for the division has already commenced. In Weber county, near Ogden City, there is a new prophet arisen by the name of Joseph Morris. He has written many books, and says there is a revelation of God against this people. He says that the judgments of God are to come upon this people, Brigham and the authorities of this church, within the year 1861, and that God is going to destroy the wicked leaders of this people. The people around him, almost all, believe in him as a true prophet of God. He lives about 80 miles from this place * * * I am of the opinion that he is the man to bring forth that bloody conflict which the prophet Joseph foresaw, for the Brighamites are already threatening him and his followers with extermination. I believe all the branches of the church where he lives have joined him * * * There is much rumor about the troops leaving Utah. They expect to be ordered to leave every day. Letters came here by the Pony Express, May 29th, that an order was issued in Washington, May 21st, to call the troops into the States from this place, and ever since the Quartermaster has been making preparations to start when the order comes, but it has not arrived. There are thousands of poor people here who wish for the troops to remain until they can obtain teams to take them away, and if the troops leave they will not know what to do. There are many, yes, very many poor families who wish they were out of Utah. No man who knows how poor people suffer in this Territory, but those who experience it... [text of a Morrisite revelation follows]
The Marysville Tribune.
Vol. XII. Marysville, Ohio, Wednesday, August 14, 1861. No. 49.
The Mormons and the War.
The Mormons are neutral in the war, but profess loyalty to the Union. At the celebration of the 4th of July at Salt Lake City, one of the leading speakers declared:
Vol. XXX. Cincinnati, Ohio, Thursday, June 26, 1862. No. 204.
PHIN. HOMAN AND THE
Phin. Homan, the correspondent of the New York Herald, lately drowned near Hilton Head, and well known in Detroit, was at one time a printer, working at Palmyra, and one of the few engaged in printing the first Mormon Bible from the manuscript furnished by Jo Smith. From his connection with the publication, and his intimacy with the Prophet and Harris, the moneyed man of the enterprise, bringing to bear the large amount of shrewdness and intelligence of which he was possessed, he had an inside view of the first start of Mormonism, such as probably no other man ever enjoyed. He ever maintained that the Bible was a work of Smith's own creation, and gave him credit for a good deal more sagacity, and so far as he was concerned, honesty than the outside world was ever disposed to accord to the ill-fated Prophet.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Thursday, March 24, 1864. No. ?
A VISIT TO NAUVOO.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Thursday, December 22, 1864. No. ?
The Mormons and their Position.
There are indications that serious trouble may yet grow out of the condition of affairs among the Mormons in Utah. It will be remembered that a law of Congress, approved July 1, 1862, forbids and punishes polygamy by a fine of $500 and imprisonment for five years. Recent letters represent that the Mormon leaders, and as many of their followers as are able, are in rebellion against this law. The same statute forbids any religious or charitable corporation to hold real estate in value above $50,000. The whole church is in deadly rebellion against this law. Of course no Federal officer, military or civil, can hold friendly relations with them while they thus continue in open defiance of his Government, without being guilty of complicity with traitors; but so far from regarding himself a criminal, Brigham Young carries himself with the utmost haughtiness, insisting that the Federal commander in Utah shall recognise him as his superior. The position and pretensions of the Mormon leader thus bring them in direct antagonism with the United States, and one party or the other must submit. General Connor, the present commander of the Federal forces, in that region, maintains that the only possible peaceable solution of the difficulty will be found in encouraging and protecting by force, the free utterance of thought and opinion among the people, which will weaken their spirtual despotism by a multiplicity of sects, and take from the leaders their political supremacy, and in opening the rich mines in the neighboring mountains, and thus out-numbering them at the polls by a mining population. Meanwhile, as we learn from a letter in the Chicago Tribune, the increase of the Mormons by emigration goes steadily forward. Trains numbering as many as 5,000 people, have recently crossed the wide desert which divides them from. the States. When once there, they are as effectually walled in as if in prison, and read nothing and hear nothing but from Mormon sources. They are set back in the scale of civilization more than a century, and their preachers give them little besides a gospel of work. In Utah, which claims a population of 100,000 people, with a metropolis (Salt Lake) containing some 20,000 people, there is not a single book-store, and scarcely a book is ever sold, while newspaper literature, except such as the Mormon organ supplies, is equally meager.
DAILY OHIO STATE JOURNAL.
Vol. XXVII. Columbus, Ohio, Saturday, March 4, 1865. No. 197.
Mormon and Mormonism in
We learn from the Carthage Republican that rumors are current that five or six hundred Mormon families are expected to arrive in the vicinity of Nauvoo during the coming spring and summer. It is alleged that they are wholly adherents to the young Jo. Smith, now residing at Nauvoo. There are already in that county some three or four hundred persons who adhere to the Mormon doctrine, most of them reside near Nauvoo and attend the preaching of the young prophet. Their meetings are held a two story brick building near the river, which was formerly known as the Lord's store house. Thus far the Republican has heard no complaints of these people whatever. What may transpire upon the coming of the large body expected, time will determine.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Monday, November 13, 1865. No. ?
INTERESTING FROM UTAH.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Thursday, December 28, 1865. No. ?
Brigham Young is said to be about sending Mormon missionaries to Turkey, Syria, and Egypt; a trouble which he need not take, considering that polygamy is far, from being as common in the East as generally supposed. The great majority of Mohammedans have only one wife, and none but great pashas or nabobs are able to keep extensive harems. The Mormons, however, seem determined to out-Turk the Turks, and Brigham Young is reported to have 185 wives, Silas Roeder 129, Jeremiah Stern 111, Job Billisen, 93, Julius Hoffman, 92, Habacuc Oroatzy 81, and Gideon Ruffian 84. These gentlemen, we suppose, are the notabilities of Salt Lake, particularly the last named. Brigham's oldest wife is not over forty-nine, and his youngest not above fourteen, while he is the survivor of no fewer than twenty-eight spouses. Silas Roeder, the next in authority among the Saints, as might be supposed, is so apt to forget the names of his wives that he has to call them by numbers. The masses in the Mormon country have only one wife, and the average does not exceed two or three apiece. Brigham Young is the reputed father of 245 children, of whom thirty-two are dead. The surviving balance of 213 consists of eighty-five boys and 128 girls. Silas Roeder is thrice and Jeremiah Stern nine times Brigham's brother-in-law, these worthies having respectively married three and nine sisters of their chief's wives. The preponderating nationality among the male inhabitants is that of Sweden, and the Danes come next. The Scotch, noted for their metaphysical propensities, surviving all the whisky of the land of Burns, outnumber the Norwegians. Next to them are the Swiss, Germans and Americans. As for the French, there are only two in all the vast Mormon domains, and there are not more than three Italians, and only one Spaniard, an isolated representative of Don Quixote, in Salt Lake. As far as the female population is concerned, it is noteworthy that there is not a single French-woman, while there are eight Italians and two Spanish women, and even one representative of classic Greece. A French lady would be looked upon as the most precious of acquisitions, and other Latin females are also in great demand in proportion to their greater scarcity. The majority of the women come from the United States, Scandinavia. Switzerland, Germany and Mexico. Not a few of the. settlers have been tailors, shoemakers, &c., in the old country. The Mormon agents with a keen appreciation of the influence of occupation on the mind, ransack the tailor and cobbler shops of Scandinavia and Scotland with peculiar zest, the singular posture and meditative opportunities of tailors, and to some extent also of cobblers, during the exercise of their craft, being deemed by these agents as especially productive of a susceptibility for visionary reflections.
The Cleveland Daily Plain Dealer.
Vol. XXII. Cleveland, Tuesday, May 22, 1866. No. 112.
The Widow of Joe Smith, the Mormon
A paragraph has been circulating for some time past, and lately appeared in one or more of the city papers, which represented the widow of Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism, as residing at Nauvoo, Illinois, "stubbornly taciturn, and a devout believer in the Mormon faith." We have testimony that we regard as wholly reliable to show that this statement does her gross injustice, and it doubtless is a malicious invention. Mr. Thomas Calvert, of this city, in the employ of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railway Company, gives us a written report of a visit he made to Mrs. Smith -- that was on the 23d and 24th of February last. He states that she is married and possessed of large property. She keeps a good hotel at Nauvoo Landing, on the Mississippi; is a kind, amiable lady, and is not a believer in Mormonism at all. She talks freely with all, and is the reverse of what the newspaper paragraph makes her. She has two sons with her, while Joseph, the eldest, is absent. The hotel of Mrs. Smith is the only good one in Nauvoo. She owns extensive vineyards said to be valued at $1,000 per acre. She is enterprising and is respected by her neighbors.
Vol. XXXI. Cincinnati, Ohio, Friday, November 27, 1867. No. 324.
(From the New York World, 27th)
An authentic history of the "Origin, Rise and Progress of Mormonism, with a Biography of its Founders and History of its Church, including Personal Reminiscences and Historical Collections hitherto unwritten," has been prepared by Pomeroy Tucker, of Palmyra, New York, and published by D. Appleton & Co. The statements and revelations made by the author are vouched for as substantially true by gentlemen -- such as Thurlow Weed -- who were conversant with the early circumstances, and by others who have been in a position to watch the later development of this remarkable sect. The book itself bears internal evidence of careful and conscientious writing, and is the most interesting expose of a stupendous imposture that has yet been made.
Vol. III. Cincinnati, Ohio, Saturday, ???, 1868. No. ?
MORMONS AND MORMONISM.
Vol. XXIV. Defiance, Ohio, Saturday, April 18, 1868. No. 36.
A History of the Organization and Progress of the
There being many newspaper items afloat purporting to set forth the present condition of the Mormon Church, the various secessions, offshoots and outgrowths of the same, together with some of the tenets or dogmas of faith to which they severally hold, I thought with your permission, through the medium of the Journal to make some statements which may serve in a measure to correct the ideas which must inevitably have been gathered from the items lately and extensively published. The organization of the church was effected April 6, 1830. At this organization here were six persons, comprising nearly the whole number then in the faith. From this organization in its subsequent spread, has come every party, faction, and organization bearing the commonly received appellation of "Mormon." Propagation of [tenets] began by the laboring of Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery, who [boldly] advocated the new theories of religion, preaching from the common version of the Bible, and presenting with it, as of divine origin, the Book of Mormon, which is purported to be a history of the early settlers of the country, who came at different periods of time from the far East, one party coming over soon after the dispersion upon the plains of Shinar, and two others from Jerusalem about 600 years before Christ. These ultimately fell into unbelief, creating war among themselves, eventuating in extinction. This history was kept as a national archive, according to their custom. on plates of brass, which plates were confided from generation to generation to persons properly chosen, whose duty it was to inscribe the common history of their people upon them. These plates were so handed down to one [Moroni] the last surviving prophet, who seeing the utter extinction of his people, records the fact and hides the plates, confident of their being found and published abroad among a people who should inhabit this land. The preaching of Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery was followed by that of others, who united with them from time to time, until quite a large number of communicants were added to the faith, when a gathering was effected at Kirtland, Ohio. From this place the work of proselyting went on. The building of a temple was completed about the year 1835 [sic - 1836?], at the same time that a settlement was being made in Missouri.
Published by Hapgood & Pease -- Warren, Trumbull County, Ohio.
Vol. ? Warren, Ohio, Wednesday, May 27, 1868. No. ?
The Painesville Telegraph says:
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Friday, June 19, 1868. No. ?
(From the Painesville Ohio Telegraph)
The Old Mormon Temple at Kirtland, Ohio, so famous in the history of Mormonism, is now the property of a wealthy Mormon residing in Chicago, and was sold, with the land on which it stands, at Sheriff's sale, for the nominal price of $150. Fifteen hundred dollars has been expended in repairs so that the building, although despoiled of its original elegance, may be made to endure, a monument of mistaken zeal of its founders, for many years to come. The houses once owned and occcupied by Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon are still standing in the neighborhood, as are, also, some other buildings, whose associations are more or less memorable.
Vol. XIX. Chardon, Ohio, December 9, 1868. No. 50.
(For the Geauga Democrat.)
A sketch of the early history of the town of Auburn, in the County of Geauca, and State of Ohio, Written by Wm. Crafts, giving a sketch of his journey here from the State of New York, his purchase, his return home in October, 1815; also of his journey and arrival here, with his family, the following spring, of the year 1816; also something of his pioneer life after arriving here, which is as follows:
Vol. XIX. Chardon, Ohio, December 16, 1868. No. 51.
(For the Geauga Democrat.)
About this time, ('18 or '19,) Ephraim Wright came in from Farmington, Ontario County, N. Y., and bought out John Cutler at the Center, who moved away West; moved back into Newbury, lost his wife, married acyain, settled, and lived there till he died, a few years ago. Wright moved in with his family about the time, as above stated; lived there at the Center, till about the year 1835, and sold out to Captain Gilbert Hinkley, brother to Charles Hinkley, and father to Charles D. Hinkley and Jerome Hinkley, both now living in Auburn. Captain Hinkley moved into Auburn with his family, which was quite numerous, lived there till 1844, and died. His wife is still living with her son Charles, an old lady of about 80 years of age. Wright moved to Michigan, bought, and lived there until a few years ago. He lost his wife, married again, and still lives there; has reached the great age of nearly or quite 80 years. He was a wonderfully smart man with an axe. Jonathan P. Bartholomew, I think, came in from the State of New York, in the year 1819. He was a young man, and a blacksmith by trade. He bought a small place, I think on the Root Tract; went back, married and moved in. He worked in his shop and on his place. As he was an early settler, and the first blacksmith in town, and the inhabitants were very few and scattering, he had not constant employment in his shop. His intention was, as soon as convenient, to buy land enough for a farm, so as to make farming his principal business for a livelihood; accordingly, when the Atwater Tract came for sale, he sold where he was, and bought a lot of a hundred acres; moved on to it, cleared all that was necessary, built a large two story house, frame barn, and all other necessary buildings; worked very hard on his farm and in his shop; raised a large family. Three of his sons, I think, were in the army during the late war. He was taken sick and died about the close of the war. One of his sons lives on the farm with his mother, the widow; two others live in this town, and the rest have gone West. Roswell Rice was also a blacksmith by trade, and son-in-law to Amaziah Keyes. He moved into town in June, 1819; bouaht four acres on one of the corners now called Auburn Corners; built a house and shop, worked there a few years, sold and moved to Mantua, as that was as old settled town, and a better place for his business. He worked at his trade, and remained there a considerable number of years, till his father and mother Keyes died; then he bought out the heirs of the estate, and moved back to Auburn; settled on the old farm, gave up working at his trade, and carried on dairying till he died, the 11th day of February, 1861. His wife also died the 31st of December, 1863.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Tuesday, February 23, 1869. No. ?
SALT LAKE CITY LETTER.
Salt Lake City, U. T., January 29, 1869. Just four weeks, to-day, have elapsed since my last communication, but the events of that period have not been such as to admit of cool philosophizing on the "Mormon question;" in fact, that "question" threatened for a time to become a little more personal to myself than was at all pleasant. On the afternoon of the 7th instant, I was seated in my sanctum, busily preparing mental aliment for the readers of the Daily Reporter, when an official-looking personage entered and read a subpoena for "J. H. B[eadle], Editor Reporter" to appear before the grand jury "to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock, there to give evidence." Great was the wonderment among my friends and the Gentile public generally, as to what this new move meant, and I confess I was at first a little nervous myself. True, I was only summoned "to give evidence" but there was no telling what new scheme against the Gentile paper this might be the beginning of, and it would be exceedingly easy for a Mormon grand jury to ask me questions as to my sources of information, which I would not be at liberty to answer, and might consequently find myself "committed for contempt" and engaged in "playing checkers with my nose" from which there would be no remedy but by habeas corpus from the United States Courts.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Saturday, April 24, 1869. No. ?
The Milk in a Mormon Coconunt.
Toward the end of the Fortieth Congress a bill was introduced into the House for a division of the Territory of Utah among the adjoining States and Territories. It being reported by telegraph as a proposition of Mr. Ashley, of Nevada, and its object being set forth as the restriction of the growth of polygamy, by taking away the unoccupied parts of Brigham Young's domains, and so stopping the latter's "empire-founding" project, it was discussed on its merits in many quarters. But, when the telegraphic error was corrected, and we were told that the originator of this bill was Mr. Ashley, of Ohio, the tone of comment wonderfully changed. It was taken for granted that there was a cat under the Mormon meal, and the question was, what "cat?" A correspondent of the Times, in this public perplexity as to "what Ashley was after" made this suggestion: "The real, though disguised, intent" he said, "is to secure the early admission of Montana as a State of the Union, and a couple of seats in the Senate of the United States to eager aspirants -- and herein lies the motive of this remarkable proposition." --
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Thursday, April 29, 1869. No. ?
SALT LAKE CITY.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Monday, May 10, 1869. No. ?
LETTER FROM UTAH.
Vol. XXXIII. Cincinnati, Ohio, Wednesday, August 4, 1869. No. 214.
THE SON OF THE PROPHET.
Vol. XXXV. Cleveland, Ohio, Thursday, August 5, 1869. No. 188.
THE SON OF THE PROPHET.
Vol. XXXV. Cleveland, Ohio, Wednesday, August 11, 1869. No. 193.
The Mormon Schism -- Brigham Young
The Salt Lake correspondent of the Chicago Tribune says:
Vol. 83. Cincinnati, Wednesday, August 18, 1869. No. 39.
THE MORMON SCHISM.
The Corinne (Utah) Reporter, has further accounts of the difficulty in the Mormon camp. A meeting was held in Salt Lake City on August the 8th. We give a portion of the account of the meeting:
Vol. XXXIII. Cincinnati, Ohio, Saturday, November 27, 1869. No. 330.
AMONG THE MORMONS.
Vol. 84. Cincinnati, Thursday, March 3, 1870. No. 53.
C O R R E S P O N D E N C E.
URBANA [ ] UNION.
Vol. IX. Urbana, Ohio, Wednesday, April 6, 1870. No. 3.
Life in Utah. -- The National Publishing Company have in press, a work written by J. H. BeadIe, Editor of the Salt Lake Reporter. From the advance sheets which we have received, we judge that it will be a very interesting addition to every family library. Being an expose of the secret rites and ceremonies of the "Latter-Day Saints," with a full and authentic history of the Mormon sect from its origin to the present time. We make the following extract, in relation to the origin of this sect:
Vol. XXXIV. Cincinnati, Ohio, Tuesday, April 19, 1870. No. 109.
UTAH AND ITS INSTITUTIONS.
The so-called revelation commanding polygamy was procured in Nauvoo to justify Joseph Smith's licentious habits to the people, Brigham Young may not know it, and Orson Pratt may have forgotten it, but Mrs. Orson Pratt the First has not. There are many people still living who know her story. Let me tell it as briefly as possible, premising that it may be relied on, whatever the Mormons have to say against her.
CLEVELAND DAILY PLAIN DEALER.
Vol. XXVI. Cleveland, Saturday, August 6, 1870. No. 185.
FROM LITTLE MOUNTAIN.
Vol. 85. Cincinnati, Monday, September 5, 1870. No. 57.
The Des Moines (Iowa) Register has had a call from Martin Harris, who was on his way from Ohio to Salt Lake City, to spend the remainder of his days with "the chosen people." Mr. Harris is now in his 88th year, though still quite vigorous and sprightly, and he is Mormon, soul and body. He, as he claims; and as Mormons claim together with two others, Oliver Cowdry, deceased, and David Whitmore, now an apostate, living in Missouri, were the divinely appointed witnesses to the Book of Mormon. The old gentleman evidently loves to relate the incidents with which he was personally connected, and he does it with wonderful enthusiasm. In September, 1828, as the story goes, Joseph Smith, directed by an angel proceeded to a spot about four miles from Palmyra., N. Y., and upon the point of a hill, extending northward, dug up a very solid Stone chest, within which were the tablets of gold inscribed with characters which no man could read. Joseph Smith was the first man to handle the tables, and Martin Harris, one of the appointed witnesses, the second, Mr. Harris describes the plates as being thin leaves of gold, measuring seven by eight inches, and weighing altogether from forty to sixty pounds. There was also found in the chest the urim and thummim, by means of which the writing upon the plates was translated, but not until after the most learned men had exhausted their knowledge of letters in the vain effort to dicipher the characters. Soon after the finding of these plates of gold, Mr. Harris sold his farm, of which he owned a large one, and consecrated himself to the new religion, to which he has adhered tenaciously throughout a long life, and still adheres to its tenets, and advocates its genuineness with all the earnestness of an enthusiast. He believed in the visitations of angels in bodily form, for he has seen and conversed with them, as he thinks and is satisfied.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Wednesday, September 14, 1870. No. ?
AN ORIGINAL SAINT.
Vol. V. Cincinnati, Ohio, Saturday, October 1, 1870. No. ?
LIFE AND CHARACTER OF
And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age. Gen. xv: 15.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Sunday, October 24, 1870. No. ?
THE BIRTHPLACE OF MORMONISM.
Vol. LV. Warren, Ohio, Wednesday, December 21, 1870. No. 21.
Written for the Chronicle.
In 1813, the Rev. Harvey Coe was installed as pastor of the church, at the residence of Dr. Wilcox, in Vernon, the school house, the usual place of holding meetings, not being large enough to accommodate those in attendance....
Vol. LIII. Cincinnati, Tuesday, September 26, 1871. No. 12,014
Brigham Young returned to Salt Lake City on Friday. The Mormons deny indignantly that he has sought to evade the process of the Court or Grand Jury. They say he will obey the summons as a witness or submit even to a warrant of arrest, but will not yield to imprisonment.
Vol. 40. Cambridge, Ohio, Thursday, January 4, 1872. No. 33.
THE PROPHET'S HAREM.
Vol. XXXVIII. Cleveland, Ohio, Friday, February 16, 1872. No. 41.
Reminiscences of Joseph Smith.
"Gris," who is scattering his "Injun meal" around the State of New York, writes from Palmyra to the Cincinnati Times thusly:
Vol. XXXVIII. Cleveland, Ohio, Monday, September 9, 1872. No. 217
Sauntering about in the southern portions of our town, it has been my fortune frequently to meet with the old residents who came here when an ax and a strong arm were the most useful implements and their only fortune. 'Tis their delight to tell us of bear hunts and all that, but the most interesting of their themes, to us, is Mormonism. They point us to the house where Joe Smith lived one winter; where they held their meetings; the two Mormon graves out on the hill. Then, two, they tell us of their going to Smith's house one night and giving him a nice coat and feathers -- and how high the excitement ran. When they became thus enthusiastic telling their tales of earlier days, we almost wish that we, too, had lived to see and know the deeds of which we hear so much, but doubtless the young of forty years hence will feel the same desires to realize the scenes we now behold, and we know that each age must be satisfied with its own experience... N.
Vol. 34. New Philadelphia, Ohio, January 3, 1873. No. 4.
END OF A CELEBRATED CHARACTER.
The Albany Evening Times of December 21st, contains an interesting summary of the life and labor of a Pittsburgher 'eccentric' Sidney Rigdon, who, it appears is dying at Friendship, Allegheny county, New York. The Times says:
Vol. 90. Cincinnati, Monday, January 6, 1873. No. 5.
In anticipation of the death of Sydney Rigdon, which has since occurred, the Dubuque Times publishes the following reminiscences of his career:
Vol. X. Massillon, Ohio, January 29, 1873. No. 30.
DEATH OF SIDNEY RIGDON.
The death of Sidney Rigdon, one of Joe Smith's associates in the establishment of Mormonism, is announced. He was born in St. Clair township, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, February 19, 1793. "The Book of Mormon," which Joe Smith pretends to have discovered through a Divine revelation, was claimed immediately after its publication as a work of Rev. Solomon Spalding, written by him during a residence in Ohio in 1810-11-12. Mr. Spalding's widow, in a statement published in Boston in 1839, declared that in 1812 the manuscript was placed in a printing office in Pittsburgh with which Sidney Rigdon was connected. Rigdon, she charged, copied the manuscript, and the fact of his having made such a copy was known to many persons in the office. Subsequently the original manuscript was returned to Mr. Spaulding, who died in 1816, leaving it in the possession of his widow, by whom it was preserved until after the publication of "The Book of Mormon," when she sent it to Conneaut, where it was publicly compared with Joe Smith's pretended revelation. Soon after getting possession of his copy, Rigdon quitted the printing office and began preaching certain new doctrines peculiar to himself, and very similar to those afterward incorporated in "The Book of Mormon." He did not make much progress, however, until 1829, when he became acquainted with Joe Smith. It is asserted that Smith obtained a copy of Spalding's manuscript through Rigdon's agency, and that he read it from behind the blanket to his amanuensis, Oliver Cowdery, making such additions and alterations as suited the purposes of Rigdon and himself. Immediately after the publication of The Book of Mormon, the fraud was detected, and the true nature of the work made known by Mr. Spalding's widow and many of his relatives and friends. In spite of this disclosure, however, Smith and Rigdon had the impudence to stick to the story of the revelation, and succeeded in getting converts to the new religion. At first they had rather hazy ideas as to the nature and design of the church they were about to establish, and were rather inclined to teach that the millennium was close at hand; that the Indians were to be speedily converted; and that America was to be the final gathering place of the Saints, who were to assemble at New Zion or New Jerusalem, somewhere in the interior of the continent. They soon managed to surround themselves with enough converts to constitute the Mormon Church, which was first regularly organized at Manchester, N. Y., April 6, 1830. Smith, directed by a revelation, led the whole body of believers to Kirtland, Ohio, in January, 1831. Here converts were rapidly made, and a wider field being necessary, Smith and Rigdon went out in search of a suitable locality upon which to establish themselves. They fixed upon Independence, Jackson, Mo., and Smith dedicated a site for a new temple. Rigdon continued to act with Smith, and to follow all the fortunes and misfortunes of the Mormon Church until the death of the prophet, when he aspired to be his successor. Upon Brigham Young, however, descended the mantle of Joe Smith and Rigdon becoming contumacious, was cut off from the communion of the faithful, was cursed, and was solemnly delivered over to the devil, "to be buffeted in the flesh for a thousand years." This ended Rigdon's connection with Mormonism; and after being thus driven out of the church which he did so much to found, he fell out of public notice and was heard of no more.
THE DEFIANCE DEMOCRAT.
Vol. XXIX. Defiance, Ohio, Saturday, February 15, 1873. No. 28.
Death of Sidney Rigdon.
The death of Sidney Rigdon, one of Joseph Smith's associates in the establishment of Mormonism is announced. He was born in St. Clair township, Alleghany county, Pennsylvania, February 19, 1793. "The Book of Mormon" which Smith pretends to have discovered through a divine revelation, was claimed immediately after its publication as the work of Rev. Solomon Spalding, written by him during a residence in Ohio in 1810-11-12. Mr. Spalding's widow, in a statement published in Boston in 1839, declared that in 1812 the manuscript was placed in a printing office in Pittsburgh with which Sidney Rigdon was connected. Rigdon, she charged, copied the manuscript, and the fact of his having made such a copy was known to many persons in the office. Subsequently the original manuscript was returned to Mr. Spaulding, who died in 1816, leaving it in the possession of his widow, by whom it was preserved until after the publication of "The Book of Mormon," when she sent it to Conneaut, where it was publicly compared with Joe Smith's pretended revelation. Soon after getting possession of his copy, Rigdon quitted the printing office and began to preach certain new doctrines peculiar to himself, and very similar to those afterward incorporated in "The Book of Mormon." He did not make much progress, however, until 1829, when he became acquainted with Joe Smith. It is asserted that Smith obtained a copy of Spaulding's manuscript through Rigdon's agency, and that he read it from behind the blanket to his amanuensis, Oliver Cowdery, making such additions and alterations as suited the purpose of Rigdon and himself. Immediately after the publication of "The Book of Mormon," the fraud was detected, and the true nature of the work made known by Mr. Spaulding's widow and many of his relatives and friends. In spite of this disclosure, however, Smith and Rigdon had the impudence to stick to the story of the revelation, and succeeded in getting converts to the new religion. At first they had rather hazy ideas as to the nature and design of the Church they were about to establish, and were rather inclined to teach that the millennium was close at hand; that the Indians were to be speedily converted; and that America was to be the final gathering place of the Saints, who were to assemble at New Zion or New Jerusalem, somewhere in the interior of the continent. They soon managed to surround themselves with enough converts to constitute the Mormon Church, which was first regularly organized at Manchester, N. Y., April 6, 1830. Smith, directed by a revelation, led the whole body of believers to Kirtland, Ohio, in January, 1831. Here converts were rapidly made, and a wider field being necessary, Smith and Rigdon went out in search of a suitable locality upon which to establish themselves. They fixed upon Independence, Jackson county, Mo., and Smith dedicated a site for a new temple. Rigdon continued to act with Smith, and to follow all the fortunes and misfortunes of the Mormon Church until the death of the prophet, when he aspired to be his successor. Upon Brigham Young, however, descended the mantle of Joe Smith and Rigdon becoming contumacious, was cut off from the communion of the faithful, was cursed, and was solemnly delivered over to the devil, "to be buffeted in the flesh for a thousand years." Thus ended Rigdon's connection with Mormonism; and after being thus driven out of the Church which he did so much to found, he fell out of public notice and was heard of no more.
James Reed & Son Pub. Independent in all things. $2 in Advance.
Vol. XXIV. Ashtabula, Ohio, Saturday, February 22, 1873. No. 8.
For the Telegraph.
James Reed & Son Pub. Independent in all things. $2 in Advance.
Vol. XXIV. Ashtabula, Ohio, Saturday, March 8, 1873. No. 10.
The Book of Mormon.
A correspondent of the Ashtabula Telegraph, writing from Greencastle, Indiana says in support of the belief that one Solomon Spalding who once lived in Conneaut was the author of the Book of Mormon, that the late Col. Robert Harper, when a young man was frequently at the said Spalding's, in Conneaut; that Harper told him (the correspondent) that he, Harper, had seen a page of manuscript, admitted by Spalding's wife to have been written by him, remarking farther that her husband was engaged upon a novel, the subject of which was the first inhabitants of this continent, &c. The correspondent seeks farther information upon this subject.
CLEVELAND DAILY PLAIN DEALER.
Vol. XXIX. Cleveland, Saturday, March 22, 1873. No. 69.
The Painesville Advertiser says that a few days ago, the old Mormon temple in Kirtland, near Painesville, was sold to Joe Smith, the leader of the anti-polygamy Mormons. The sale of the old building has made considerable excitement in Kirtland, as it is generally supposed that the branch of the Mormon people who are now settled in Illinois mean to return to their early settlement. There has been much of late to assure one in the expectation, and we think we can safely predict that the walls of the curious old temple will soon echo the words of Mormon priests, and that the quiet people of Kirtland will again have a topic of universal interest, not only to themselves, but to the world at large. Joe Smith, who purchased the temple, is the son of one of the leading Mormons, Joe Smith, the prophet, or the author of the pretended revelation.
Vol. XXXIII. Cincinnati, Friday, April 11, 1873. No. 221.
The Abdication of Brigham Young.
When, forty-three years ago, Joseph Smith began to preach a new doctrine to the people of western new York, he predicted that the millennium was near at hand, and that the final gathering of the Saints would be somewhere in the interior of the continent, in the city of New Zion or the New Jerusalem. Directed, as he pretended, by revelation, in the spring of 1831 he led the whole body of believers to Kirtland, Ohio, where a temple was built and a community formed. The Divine finger had pointed the prophet to this spot as that on which the city of the New Jerusalem was to be founded and the redeemed assembled.
Vol. XXXIX. Cleveland, Ohio, Thursday, December 4, 1873. No. 289.
NEW NORTHERN OHIO NOVEL.
At last we have the advance sheets of Mr. Riddle's second Northern Ohio novel, and are able to speak understandingly of its character and merits.
Vol. XL. Cleveland, Ohio, Wednesday, June 10, 1874. No. 138.
The quiet beautiful town of Hiram, with its grand sloping hills, green valleys and sparkling waters, was surveyed into lots by one named Bissel, from Connecticut, about the year 1800. The plan of the survey was to divide it into fifty lots as nearly equal as possible, five East and West, and ten north and South. He commenced his work by running the lines North and South, and put down his stakes at ten equal distances across the township, but when he came to run his East and West lines, he could not hit his stakes. In some places he varied his lines to the stakes, and in others he moved his stakes to the line. His compass being much out of order, many of the lines were very crooked, especially those running East and West, varying in some places four or five rods from a straight line. This, with the loss of some of his field notes, prevented him from giving an accurate report to his employers. To remedy this difficulty he made a plat with all the lines of equal length, and again reported to his employers, (but one of them being a surveyor, in looking over his report saw that every line was so exact, said that no one in a survey of a township could make every line meet.) But they rejected his report and refused to pay him for his services. Bissel made another survey with what field notes he had, and also from what he could remember of the old survey, and finally made a report that they accepted, although the work was very imperfectly done. The privilege of naming the town was given to Colonel Daniel Tilden, who was one of the proprietors, and also a Royal Arch Free Mason. He called the town Hiram, after Hiram Abiff, King of Tyre. This name was given in an early day, at a spring on the south side of the road, a few rods west of the center, now owned by Thuel Norton. A small crowd of settlers gathered there, and after partaking quite freely of whisky, loud talk ensued, as also some display of pugilistic skill -- a thing very common in those early times. After the naming of the town the party separated. Before it received its present name it was called No. Five, as being in the seventh range of townships in the Connecticut Western Reserve.
Vol. XXXV. Cincinnati, Thursday, October 8, 1874. No. 26.
THE ROYAL FAMILY IN ZION.
Vol. 50. Cincinnati, Ohio, Tuesday, December 29, 1874. No. 14,816.
A reporter of the Times, when a boy, was an attentive listener to his mother's Bible stories about the patriarchs. He always wanted to see a patriarch, or see some person who had seen one, and no words can tell his vexation on learning that the day had gone by, that Daniel and his lions were all dead; and that even old John Robinson, who had been in the lion business for nearly two score years and ten, could give no satisfactory information in regard to old lions or patriarchs. This desire, which hungered so in boyhood, has not altogether left him, and on learning something of the Mohammed of Palmyra, he felt a desire to find Joe Smith, or some person who had acquired the grandeur of his acquaintance.
CLEVELAND DAILY PLAIN DEALER.
Vol. XXXI. Cleveland, Tuesday, June 1, 1875. No. 129.
A Sunday In the Country -- Mentor --
To avoid, for once in many years, the monotonous inanities of a desolate and dreary Sunday incident to the life of the undomesticated Clevelander, I made on Saturday a pilgrimage to the richest and loveliest farming town in Northern Ohio. Taking the Lake Shore train East about half past four In the afternoon, without any very definite idea of where I should go, or where I should get off, I gave the go-by to such well-known and pleasant stations as Glenville, Colamer, Euclid and Willoughby, and might have gone on to the old Giddings District had not the genial conductor, about three miles this side of Painesville, opened the door and shouted "Helsley!" at which every brakeman on the train echoed the same Shilboleth, and indicated to me, by a very significant Iook and gesture, that it was his intention to let me off, which he did at a cosy little station bearing the name of a well-known citizen of Cleveland and one ot the most well-to-do and horny-handed farmers in the peaceful and beautiful town of Mentor. Finding myself standing on a platform without any political planks in it, being built by the joint labors of the gentleman whose name the station bears and his neighbors, having no hand book to instruct me which was the best hotel, I sought shelter at the hospitable home of the sturdy farmer whose name was, as I supposed, the only one I knew in the town which I had then entered for the first time in my life. I found the latch string on the outside and the master of a substantial brick mansion, embowered among stately pines, sycamores and locusts, and the lord of a hundred and twenty-five acres unsurpassed for quality of soil and unmatched for the beauty of its undulations, clear streams, scattered trees of elm, butternut and walnut, extensive orchards and a twenty acre park of primeval forest trees -- welcomed us with the spirit of a Rhoderick Dhu.
Vol. XXVIII. Cleveland, Friday, July 23, 1875. No. 172.
It was my privilege, recently, to have an interview with the venerable Obed W. Call, of Painsville. Mr. Call was one of the earliest settlers of Kirtland and although he has reached the advanced age of four score years his memory is still fresh in regard to his early manhood. I will try to recall some of the interesting things he told me.
Vol. 52. Cincinnati, Ohio, Wednesday, August 17, 1875. No. 15,013.
The Latter-Day Saints.
To the Editor of the Cincinnati Times:
Vol. XXXV. Cincinnati, Ohio, Monday August 30, 1875. No. 851.
Death of One of the Authors of
Martin Harris, of the "Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints," has just departed life, at Clarkson, Utah, at the advanced age of ninty two years. Mr. Harris first appeared in print in the year 1830, at which time, in company with Oliver Coudery and David Whitmer, he subscribed to the solemn affirmation which appears on the title-page of the Mormon Bible.
Vol. 33. Cincinnati, Ohio, Sunday, November 7, 1875. No. 311.
Ann Eliza vs. Brigham.
Mrs. Ann Eliza Young, familiarly spoken of as Ann Eliza, ex-consort of Brigham Young, will lecture tomorrow night in Thoms' Hall, under the direction of the Boston Lecture Bureau. As Mrs. Young's divorce and alimony case before the Utah courts has long been a matter of legal vexation, and is now put to the consideration of the Cabinet solons, a brief notice to the aforesaid may not be inappropriate.
Vol. ? Cleveland, Monday, February 28, 1876. No. ?
Since the publication, in these sketches, of an interview with the venerable Obed W. Call of Painesville, in which were set forth many facts in regard to the early history of Mormonism, the writer has received many letters of inquiry, etc., showing that there is great interest felt by the public in regard to any thing touching that great delusion. It is thought proper, therefore, to publish this week some evidence documentary and otherwise, which goes to show very conclusively the true origin of the book of Mormon, and which shows, moreover, that the origin was very different from that generally supposed. Some of our older readers will, perhaps, find but little new here but our younger ones will read with interest and profit.
Vol. XI. Cincinnati, Ohio, Saturday, March 25, 1876. No. ?
Rumpus in the Camp of Israel.
Vol. XI. Cincinnati, Ohio, Saturday, May 6, 1876. No. 19.
ISAAC ERRETT -- Dear Sir: In the STANDARD of March 25th is quite a lengthy article headed "Rumpus in the Camp of Israel," in which the writer (whoever he is) makes many statements void of truth...
Vol. XI. Cincinnati, Ohio, Saturday, May 27, 1876. No. 21.
In reply to a correspondent who desires to be informed as to the history of the Mormons, we give the following references, to direct inquirers along the line of authors whose works are most frequently referred to us. Books will be mentioned in order of the dates of publication; those marked * are rare or scarce. The names of those from whom the principal Mormon works may be obtained will also be given.
Vol. V. Chardon, Ohio, July 19, 1876. No. 20.
America Discovered by the Welsh.
There is a curious interest in the various evidences brought forward in behalf of the discovery of America before Columbus, and the present volume furnishes interesting food for thought in its industrious presentation of the claims of the Welsh, whose connection with this continent is placed as early as 1170. In his introduction, the author, Rev. Benjamin F. Bowen, tells a story which illustrates the confusion of ideas in regard to the early settlers of this country. A clergyman learning that Mr. Sabin, the antiquarian, would give a large price for an Indian Bible, brought him a Welsh one, which, in his ignorance, he supposed to be the real thing. It appears that the two languages bear a marked resemblance to each other. The origin of the Welsh is traced to the banks of the Euphrates and Tigris, and the evidence of their occupancy of various parts of the earth is set forth. Being a migratory race, dwelling in the British Islands in the time of Homer, and with strong seafaring propensities, their voyaging to America with the facilities afforded by the ocean currents is regarded as not unreasonable. The voyages of Prince Madoc are then recounted with other evidence illustrating his claims to the discovery. Narratives by the Rev. Morgan Jones and the Rev. Charles Beatty, who traveled in this country in the middle of the last century, are given to show that some tribes of Indians spoke Welsh. The western mounds are then traced to the Welsh, whose migrations to that region are dwelt upon; the dispersion of these Welsh Indians is narrated, and the names connected with them are cited in support of the author's theory. The experiences of various prominent persons are brought forward in this behalf; the Welsh blood and characteristics being traced among various tribes and peoples on this continent, while claims of the Welsh in connection with the revolution and as associated with eminent public characters of the latter days, are set forth. The book will be read with interest by persons desirous of ubvestigating the subject, whatever may be their conclusion as to the strength of the evidence contained in it. --
Vol. 99. Cincinnati, Wednesday, July 19, 1876. No. ?
Death of Joe Smith's Successor.
On Friday last there died at Friendship, Allegheny County, N. Y., Sidney Rigdon, in the eighty-fourth year of his age. He was a person who had a peculiar history, and one not without interest to Pittsburgers. He was born near Piney Fork, this county, and reached maturity near the place of his birth. When about twenty-five years old he entered the ministry in the Baptist Church, and was for some time pastor at the First Baptist Church, corner of Third and Grant streets. Becoming dissatisfied with the faith, he, with Alexander Campbell and a Mr. Church of this city formed the "Campbellite" or "Christian" Church, which at one time had a considerable number of adherents in this section of the country. Some time after he went to Ohio and organized a congregation according to the new faith. While there he met Elder Parley Pratt, of the Mormon Church, in debate, and becoming worsted, joined the Mormons, and took his congregation with him. They went to Courtland [sic - Kirtland?], Ohio, where a Mormon congregation was organized. Then they were forced to go to Western Missouri, and, finally, by persecutions, were driven to Nauvoo. There Mr. Rigdon stayed until within six or seven months of Joe Smith's death, when, becoming dissatisfied with polygamy, he returned to Pittsburg. Hearing of Smith's death, and that he was appointed his successor, Mr. Rigdon returned to Nauvoo. On the day appointed for choosing Smith's successor, Mr. Rigdon told the congregation that if he was elected he would not only prohibit polygamy, but expel every one who practiced it. He then asked the audience if they desired to have him for President that each man hold up his right hand. Not a hand was raised. Brigham Young then told the audience that he was Smith's successor, and if elected he would carry out his ideas. He was unanimously elected. Mr. Rigdon again returned to Pittsburg, and tried to establish a church. Not succeeding, he moved to the Genesee Valley, N. Y., and has there remained up to the time of his death, a period of about thirty years. After abandoning his religious ventures, he devoted himself to the study of geology, and supported himself, in a great measure, by lecturing upon that science. He is said to have been much respected in his community as a law-abiding, conscientious citizen.
Vol. XI. Cincinnati, Ohio, Saturday, July 29, 1876. No. 31.
DEATH OF SIDNEY RIGDON.
This somewhat notorious man died recently, at Friendship, Allegany county, N. Y., in the eighty-fourth year of his age. He was a native of Western Pennsylvania; entered the ministry of the Baptist church when a young man, and, in Pittsburgh, gained considerable reputation as a pulpit orator. Leaving the Baptists, he came among the Disciples when they were a feeble folk, and was for a time the associate of Alexander Campbell and Walter Scott. Mr. Campbell, however, never fully gave him his confidence, but looked upon him as a man of restless ambition who sought to conceal his motives under an affected zeal for reformation. Mr. C. several times told us that he never would feel that Mr. Rigdon was frank and candid with him, as a co-worker ought to be. We had it, long ago, from the oldest members of the church in Pittsburgh, that Rigdon, while with them, did his best to convert them to communism and to the doctrines that miracles and new revelations ought to be found in the church. It is thus evident that, at that time, he was concocting the Mormon scheme, and this, in connection with what was afterwards ascertained of the existence of Mr. Spalding's manuscript in a Pittsburgh printing office where Rigdon could have access to it, early satisfied us that he had much to do in the creation of the Mormon imposture. In Ohio, he was somewhat known among our churches, but his success in leading away the disciples when he went over publicly to Mormonism, was not what he anticipated. He afterwards figured largely among the Mormons at Kirtland, O., in Missouri, and at Nauvoo, Ill. Failing to obtain the leadership after the death of Joseph Smith, he next attempted, we believe, the organization of a separate church; but failing in this, went into retirement, spending the rest of his days mostly in the Genesee valley, N. Y. From his neighbors we have several times learned that he was a quiet citizen, much esteemed for his social virtues, and altogether reticent concerning his Mormon adventures. It is said he devoted himself mainly to the study of Geology and to lecturing on that science. Whether he has left anything behind him, revealing to the inside history of Mormonism; we do not know; but presume from his persistent reticence during life, that he has carried his secret knowledge with him to the grave. He was wrecked through an insane ambition. Let all self-seekers take notice.
Vol. 34. Cincinnati, Ohio, Sunday, July 30, 1876. No. 212.
Death of Sidney Rigdon, the Founder of Mormonism.
This notable religionist, once the champion of the Faith as delivered to the Saints by Palmyra Joseph, died at the residence of his son-in-law, Earl Wingate, July 14th, in the eighty-fourth year of his age, and was buried in the village grave-yard, Friendship, Allegany County, New York. The funeral ceremonies were conducted by the Masonic Order, Allegany Lodge, Master Wm. H. King, assisted by Don McClure, Rev. H. M. Rigley, and others.
Vol. XI. Cincinnati, Ohio, Saturday, Aug. 5, 1876. No. 32.
PIONEER MORMON DEAD.
We gave last week a brief notice of the death of Sidney Rigdon. His connection with Mormonism was such that it is of historical importance to preserve a record of his life and character, and we are able to give, from trustworthy sources, a fuller statement of the main facts in his career than will probably appear in any other paper, and such as will furnish desired information to the public.
Vol. 29. Cleveland, Monday, August 7, 1876. No. 186.
The death of Sidney Rigdon, the real founder of Mormonism, which took place at Friendhip, Allegheny county, New York, on the 14th of July, was duly noticed in these columns. A few months ago an article appeared in the LEADER giving all that is known concerning the relation of this singular man to the production of the Book of Mormon. The Christian Standard of Cincinatti furnishes some very interesting additional facts in regard to Mr. Rigdon's life.
Vol. 29. Cleveland, Saturday, September 9, 1876. No. 212.
...The Christian Standard (Cincinnati) continues its account of the life of Sidney Rigdon, one of the projectors of the Mormon imposture. In 1822 Rigdon had charge of a Baptist church in Pittsburgh, but subsequently became an associate of Alexander Campbell, the founder of the Church of the Disciples. The Book of Mormon was first published through Rigdon's agency, in 1830. In building up this great system of fraud, according to the Standard, "Smith had no plot nor plan; Rigdon furnished the brains, Pratt the eloquence, and Harris the money." After the prophet's death, Young and Rigdon both competed for the succession to his place; the latter was defeated and retired from the Church in disgust. Of his later life, the Standard says: "Patriarchal in appearance and kindly in address, he was often approached by citizens and strangers with a view of obtaining something of the unworded mysteries of life; but citizen, stranger and persistent reporter, all alike failed in eliciting any information as to his knowledge of the Mormon imposture, the motives of his early life, or the religious faith, fears and hopes of his declining years."
Vol. XXIX. Cleveland, Ohio, Friday, September 15, 1876. No. 217.
To the Editor of the Leader:
CLEVELAND DAILY PLAIN DEALER.
Vol. ? Cleveland, Ohio, Friday, September 15, 1876. No. ?
J. H. BEADLE'S ARTICLE ON THE SILVER MOUNTAINS --
...Mr. Beadle, our readers will be interested to know, is the Columbus correspondent of the Gazette, who writes over the signature of "Hanson." We quote:
DAILY OHIO STATE JOURNAL.
Vol. ? Columbus, Ohio, Tuesday, September 26, 1876. No. ?
The Scene of the Mountain Meadows Massacre.
Nineteen years ago an emigrant train of one hundred and thirtyseven persons, while on their way to California, were massacred in this territory at a place called Mountain Meadows, and, beyond a doubt, it was done by the Mormons, at the instigation of their prophet, Brigham Young. John D. Lee, an adopted son of Brigham, figured most conspicuously in the awful tragedy.
Vol. 29. Cleveland, Saturday, October 21, 1876. No. ?
To The Editor of the Leader:
Vol. 30. Cleveland, Monday, February 12, 1877. No. 37.
ns. Vol. XVII. St. Clairsville, Ohio, Thursday, March 29, 1877. No. 11.
Origin of the Mormon Bible.
After twenty years of delay and about eighteen years of immunity from prosecution, John D. Lee, on Friday, was shot to death for active participation in the Mountain Meadows massacre in Utah. It was a singular part of the history of the case that he should meet his death on the ground where the horrible deed was committed: Mountain Meadows, the scene of the massacre in 1857, in a long narrow vale lying just west of what is known as the "rim of the basin," or the natural water-shed between the Salt Lake valley and the Colorado river. Here, about four hundred mites south from Salt Lite City a train of emigrants from Missouri were surrounded and murdered by a party consisting principally of Indians and Mormons disguised as Indians, so it is alleged, in revenge, as has been asserted, for the death of the prophet, Joe Smith. The Mormons however, have always held that those emigrants poisoned some Indians near Corn creek, and that the Utes only retaliated. But Lee's confession fixes the hideous crime upon the Mormon Church, which could more easily defend polygamy than shoulder the Mountain Meadows massacre.
Vol. XIII. Newark, Ohio, Friday, April 20, 1877. No. 16.
Joe Smith’s Bible.
According to an item which is taking the rounds of the press one of the rarest books printed in the nineteenth century is the first edition of the "Book of Mormon," published at Palmyra, N. Y., in 1830, and it is stated that the historian Macaulay tried in vain for years to procure a copy of it. The Buffalo Historical Society possesses a copy of the so-called Mormon Bible, presented to it several years ago by one of our citizens, and we presume it would not be very difficult to procure another in the town where it was printed. The first Mormon prophet resided in or near Palmyra, and pretended that he transcribed the Book of Mormon from inscriptions on metal plates which he found on a hill near the village, as revealed to him in a vision. But poor "Joe Smith," as he was then called, was regarded as a careless, lazy, dissolute fellow, and it was a long time before he could persuade anybody to take enough stock in his "new departure" to pay for printing the book. At last, however, the work was undertaken, more to "fill up time" in the slack business of a country printing office than with any expectation that the proprietor would realize a fair profit on the job. The printer who did all the press work on the book, we believe, is still living at Palmyra, and he undoubtedly preserved a specimen of his handiwork, according to the custom of those days. A note of inquiry addressed to the postmaster at Palmyram N. Y., would probably result in putting the writer in communication with a person who could supply an authentic copy of the very first sheets of the original "Book of Mormon."
Vol. XXX. Cleveland, Ohio, Friday, July 13, 1877. No. ?
FURTHER EVIDENCE OF HIS GUILT.
Springfield, Ill., July 12. -- Captain John Tobin, formerly a resident of California, later of St. Louis and still later of Springfield, will be one of District Attorney Howard's principal witnesses to prove Brigham Young's personal connection with the massacre of the Gentiles. His name is mentioned in Lee's confession.
Vol. 100. Cincinnati, Tuesday, July 17, 1877. No. 14.
GARFIELD AT HOME.
Special Correspondence to the Cincinnati Gazette.
Vol. ? Cleveland, Ohio, Friday, August 31, 1877. No. ?
On the 29th of August, the great head of the Mormon Church passed from the stage of life, on which he had so long played a wonderful part. Born at Whitingham, Vermont, in 1801, he joined the Mormon Church in 1832, coming to Kirtland, Ohio, for that purpose. While Joseph Smith remaind at Kirtland engaged in the work of "making money" by swindling the people through the agency of a store a mill, and a wild-cat bank, Young became one of the twelve apostles, and went about the Eastern Staes making converts. Through all the vicissitudes of the Church in Missouri and Illinois, he adhered to its wavering fortunes, biding his time. When Joseph and Hyrum Smith were killed by the Missouri mob at Carthage, Illinois, Young was chosen first President, to the disappointment of Sidney Rigdon, who had long been the prophet's accomplice, and who expected the succession.
CLEVELAND DAILY PLAIN DEALER.
Vol. 33. Cleveland, Saturday, September 1, 1877. No. 208.
We publish to-day a recent sermon delivered by Brigham Young, in which he refers to an incident in the life of Oliver Cowdery, who he says went with Joe Smith to the "hill Cumorac," [sic] "when it opened and they walked into a cave, in which there was a large and spacious room," where they found the "sword of Laban" unsheathed, and on it was written these words: "This sword will never be sheathed again until the kingdoms of this world become the kingdom of our God and Christ." This man Cowdery was the most intelligent of all the men connected with the Mormon imposture, and it is now generally believed was the real author of the Mormon Bible. After the Nauvoo affair he left the Mormons and came back to Ohio. He located at Tiffin and practiced law there for several years, when he removed to Wisconsin. Subsequently we heard that he rejoined the Mormons and we do not know whether he is alive or dead, While a resident of Seneca county he was very secluded and retiring in his habits, and it was then said that he was fearful of the "Avenging Angels" of the Mormons, as they threatened his life for deserting them. It was alleged while residing in Tiffin, with his family, that he never would go on the streets after dark and changed his place of sleeping from one room to another every night. He was very moody and it was asserted he deeply regretted his connection with the Mormon Church, and confidentially said he possessed too many of the secrets of the Mormon leaders to make his life safe. He was considered a good lawyer, but had no gift for public speaking. We have not observed his name mentioned for many years, in the papers until we noticed it in this report of of Young's Conference discussions at Farmington.
Vol. XXXVII. Cincinnati, Ohio, Wednesday Sept. 5, 1877. No. 357.
The Springfield Republican publishes some facts concerning the origin of the Mormon Bible that are interesting but not new. There never was any doubt that it was a modification of the MS. story written by the Rev. Solomon Spaulding, in Bible phraseology, and purporting to be an account of the lost tribes of Israel, some fo which settled in America. Spaulding, we believe, was a Presbyterian minister, and settled over a congregation in Ashtabula County. The story was written for his own amusement and the entertainment of his neighbors. Whether Joe Smith or Sidney Rigdon copied it we do not know, but the revision and adaptation of it to the uses which it was finally put were the work of Rigdon, who was intellectually and by education much the superior of Smith. Rigdon took the MS. to Pittsburg where it was printed. There are people yet living in Ashtabula, we presume, who are familiar with the circumstances attending the origin of the Book of Mormon, and who listened to the reading of its original by the author himself.
Vol. XI. Elyria, Ohio, Thurs., September 6, 1877. No. 50.
Brigham Young, who died on the 29th ult. of inflammation of the bowels, was born in Vermont, June 1, 1801. His father was a small farmer, and Brigham enjoyed very few advantages in the way of education. While yet quite a biy he was apprenticed and learned the trade of a painter and glazier. During his early youth he developed strong religious proclivities and united with the Baptist Church, and it is even said occasionally preached about the country as he traveled working at his trade.
UNION COUNTY JOURNAL.
Vol. IV. Marysville, Ohio, Tuesday, December 25, 1877. No. 29.
The Founder of Mormonism.
The recent Baptist Minister's Conference of New York, investigated the Mormon Bible, and the Rev. Dr. P. B. Spear, of Madison University, told stories about the boyhood of Joe Smith. He was personally acquainted with the twelve apostles of Joe Smith. The entire gang of apostles had been expelled from Christian churches. On general training days in Palmyra, N. Y., Joe Smith's father sold cakes and cider to the crowd. Joe was a white-headed, tall gawky, who never said a thing as anyone else would. The old man was a fortune-teller, in a rough way. He used the palm and lines in the hand to read character. From him Joe acquired the fortune-telling habit. When a mere boy Joe got hold of a stone that one of the neighbor's children had found. It was shaped like a small child's foot and had veins running through it. Putting this stone into his hat and thrusting his face into the hat so as to exclude all light, Joe declared that he saw visions. The price Joe usually received for his exercise of the gift of second sight was ten or fifteen cents. Joe learned to read without a teacher, and was delighted with the history of Mohammedanism.
Vol. ? Elyria, Ohio, Thursday, February 14, 1878. No. ?
THE TWIN RELIC.
In commenting upon the singular spectacle of two women suffragists defending polygamy in Utah, aimply because the Mormons allow their wives to vote, the correspondent of the Cincinnati Gazette says:
Vol. ? Cleveland, Ohio, Tuesday, July 18, 1878. No. ?
THE GREAT SALT LAKE.
Vol. ? Cincinnati, Ohio, Monday, September 23, 1878. No. ?
Finding the Original of
About ten days ago Elders Orson Pratt and J. F. Smith of the Mormon Church arrived in the town of Richmond, Mo., and sought out the residence of one David Whitmer, who is said to be the only living witness of the translation of the Book of Mormon, and the custodian of the original manuscript as taken down by Oliver Cowdery. The object of the elders' visit was to secure the manuscript for deposit in the archives of the Mormon Church, but Whitmer declined to surrender it. It has been in his custody nearly fifty years, and he declared his intention of holding it until the proper time arrives for its surrender to those entitled to receive it. The Richmond Conservator says that while refusing to surrender the manuscript he willingly produced and exhibted it to his visitors. They unhesitatingly pronounced it the original copy of the Book of Mormon, Elder Pratt being familiar with the handwriting of Oliver Cowdry, the writer. They offered Whitmer any price he might ask for the volume, but, finding him resolute, left him with the request that he continue to take good care of it, so that the Church might receive it at the proper time. The Conservator states that "the book is in a splendid state of preservation, the ink as bright as if wrilten yesterday, and it is inscribed on large paper, unruled, in a small hand, clearly written close to the edges, top and bottom, making over 500 pages."
Vol. 34. Cleveland, Wednesday, October 23, 1878. No. 252.
The Original Book of Mormon.
Elders Orson Pratt and J. F. Smith, two high dignitaries in the Mormon Church, arrived in Richmond, on Saturday inquired for David Whitmer, "the only living witness of the translation of the Book of Mormon, and the custodian of the original manuscript as taken down by Oliver Cowdry." The visitors were directed to Mr. Whitmer's residence, and on meeting him, announced the object of their visit, which was to secure the manuscript for keeping in the archives of the church at Salt Lake City. Mr. Whitmer declined to give up the book on any terms. He has had it for nearly half a century, and regarded himself as the proper custodian of it. He intended to hold it until the proper time shall arrive for its surrender to those entitled to receive it, while he will give it up. While refusing to give up the volume, he readily brought it forth and exhibited it to his visitors. They promptly pronounced it the original copy of the Book of Mormon. Elder Pratt being familiar with the handwriting of Oliver Cowdry, the writer. They offered Whitmer any price he might ask for the volume, but finding him resolute, left him after a pleasant visit of one hour with the request that he continue to take good care of it, so that the church might receive it at the proper time. The book is in a splendid state of preservation; the ink as bright as if written yesterday, and it is inscribed on large paper, unruled, in a small hand, clearly written close to the edges, top and bottom, making over 500 pages. It is the original Book of Mormon taken down from the lips of the Prophet.
The Belmont Chronicle.
ns. Vol. XIX. St. Clairsville, Ohio, Thursday, April 3, 1879. No. 12.
Origin of the Mormon Bible.
The real author of this book of Mormon was Rev. Solomon Spaulding, a graduate of Dartmouth College in 1785. His health failing he engaged in business, and in 1809 was living at Conneaut, O., where there are numerous Indian mounds. He then wrote a romance, setting forth the not new theory that the North American Indians were representatives of the lost tribes of Israel. Mr. Spaulding took advantage of his surroundings and connected his story with the relics which were found in the mounds. In a fictitious introduction to his novel which he entitled "The Manuscript Found," he speaks of the book as one of the exhumed relics of a past age, he makes use of the Scripture style of expression. He tells of the departure from Palestine of a Jewish father, Lehi, and his four sons, Laman, Samuel, Lemuel and Nephi, of the various journeys and of their voyage to this Western Continent. Dissension and division are frequent. The decendants of the brothers develop into hostile tribes. Then came quarrels and wars and finally a decisive battle, and in short the substance of all that is found in the "Golden Bible" of Joseph Smith. Indeed the Book of Mormon seems to be only a modified but mutilated edition of Rev. Mr. Spaulding's "Manuscript Found." There is abundant internal evidence that the later is a reproduction of the earlier work. Spaulding used to read the chapters of his story to his neighbors, who were deeply interested in its progress and were greatly entertained by the ingenuity of the author. He worked upon it three years or until 1812, when he moved to Pittsburg, Pa. There he put his manuscript into the hands of a printer by the name of Patterson. He expected to publish the book and it was announced in the papers in 1813 as forthcoming. It never was published, however, probably because Spaulding had not the money to pay the bills. Spaulding died in 1816. The original copy was returned to his widow who kept it until the Book of Mormon was published, and then she produced it in proof of the assertion that Joseph's pretended revelation was a fraud. In the Boston Journal of May 18, 1838, she told the story of the Manucript. The evidence is complete that Smith discovered only what he and some associate had hidden in a box of their own making in a hole of their own digging. Smith came into possession of a copy of the work of Spaulding made by Sidney Rigdon, a workman in Patterson's printing ortice. Rigdon confessed the fact afterward when he was cut off from the Mormon Church by Brigham Young. The three witnesses also quarreled with Joseph and Rigdon and confessed to having sworn falsely. Rigdon on leaving the work of printer became a preacher of peculiar doctrines. Smith had quite a large following in certain views peculiarly his, and these two religious Ishmaelites coming togetner set to work to give the world a new Bible. Smith, adding what was suited to his purpose, dictated Spaulding's story to Oliver Cowdrey from behind a screen and the work was done, and palmed off upon a company of poor deluded fanatics as divine."
Vol. 103. Cincinnati, Ohio, Saturday, June 21, 1879. No. 147.
A New Origin for Mormonism
The origin of Mormonism has generally been traced to Solomon Spalulding's biblical romance, which purported to throw light on the first settlement of the American continent, and to its use as a "revelation" by Sidney Rigdon, who found the work at Pittsburg. A correspondent of the Boston Advertiser, Mr. Daniel Dorchester, of Natick, Mass., thinks that the germs of the delusion date further back. He says that his uncle, the late Laban Clark, D.D., of Middletown, Ct., while traveling as a Methodist itinerant in Rutland County, Vt., in 1801, found a current belief that certain persons in that vicinity were doing wondrous things with a divining or St. John's rod, as it was called. Women had been enabled by its influence to walk with ease in the night over ledges almost impassable even by day. Gold deposits had been discovered by their use, and it was expected that, according to Isaiah, God would cause his people, in the latter days, "to pass under the rod," when the latter day glory should be ushered in; that this was soon to take place; that their rods were the seals with which the 144,000 were to be sealed by the servants of God; that the lost tribes of Israel were to be gathered by them from their scattered condition, and that vast numbers of the present inhabitants of this country were Israelites, but had lost their pedigree, and knew not that they were of the house of Jacob. By these rods they would be designated and brought into the New Jerusalem, soon to be built in this country.
Vol. XIV. Cincinnati, Ohio, Saturday, July 26, 1879. No. ?
"ST. JOHN'S ROD."
I have long intended to give to the publications some well attested facts in regard to the origin of Mormonism, antedating its usually recognized beginnings, but have hitherto neglected it. These facts exist in a thoroughly reliable form, and came into my possession directly from an eye and ear witness -- a man of superior intelligence, caution and discrimination. My uncle, the Rev. Laban Clark, D. D., founder of the Wesleyan University, in whose family it was my privilege to spend nearly four years, entered the Methodist ministry in the autumn of 1800, and for a number of years traveled large circuits in Vermont. Mr. Clark was a very acute observer, of superior practical judgment, and possessed a very accurate memory. The following statement has been compiled from data several times repeated to me in personal conversations, and from a manuscript sketch prepared by him about twenty years before his death, and is believed by those who knew Mr. Clark well to be worthy of the fullest confidence.
Vol. 103. Cincinnati, Saturday, August 16, 1879. No. ?
THE ORIGIN OF MORMONISM.
It is a strange idea, that to which allusion is made in an editorial of the Gazette of June 25, entitled "A New Origin for Mormonism." Joseph Smith might have found the golden plates from which the "book" was translated -- as Dousterswivel, in Sir Walter Scott's Antiquary, found water -- by the use of the divining rod; but, if such was the fact, it was because Joseph know beforehand where to try for the plates, as Dousterswivel knew where to try for the water.