Vol. XVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, January 4, 1880. No. 72.
Among the false teachings of the Mormon press and pulpit to their deluded followers is the oppression visited upon them by the American Government. The object of this is to set them against republican institutions and to keep them under the heel of the priesthood...
Vol. XVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Tuesday, January 20, 1880. No. 85.
The fountain of Mormonism was Joseph Smith. The character of the prophet is well known. The neighbors of the Smith family when the Smiths lived in Palmyra, Manchester and Fayette, New York, testify to the loose, immoral habits of the Smiths and especially of Joseph Smith, Jr. To the testimony of the neighbors is added the testimony of Mr. Hale, Joseph Smith's father-in-law. Brigham Young himself said "the prophet was of mean birth, and that he was wild, intemperate, even dishonest and tricky is nothing against his religion. I care not if he gamble, lie, swear, and run horses every day, for I embrace no man in my faith."
Vol. XVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Saturday, January 24, 1880. No. 89.
It is not known to the great body of Mormons in Utah that the Mormon church has been during, its history of half a century several times re-organized. Yet the books show such to be the fact...
Vol. XVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, January 25, 1880. No. 90.
"The New England fathers," says the historian Motley, "had no notion of establishing a democracy. The virtues of the Puritans were many and colosal, their vices were few but formidable, for they were intolerance, cruelty, tyranny and bigotry. They came here to establish, not liberty of conscience, but the true church. They people, as such, had no rights at all. * * * A true picture of those early times would present this quaint, solemn, arbitrary government keeping the people as tight as a drum, prying about and thrusting its primitive and patriarchal nose into everybody's business and meddling with the most minute and trifling matters."
Vol. XVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Friday, March 12, 1880. No. ?
THE DANITE BAND.
Mr. Mark H. Forscutt, an Elder of the Reorganized Mormon Church, who holds services every Sunday at No. 213 West Madison street, discoursed yesterday morning upon the Danites. He had no doubt, he said, that the subject would be surprising to many of his audience, and might to some of them seem hardly a fit subject for a religious discourse, yet it would be seen that it was really of great importance. It had been said that the Latter-day Saints had bands of men connected with them called "Danites," and during the past week there had been produced in one of the theatres of this city a play purporting to give an insight of the workings of that body. The speaker had heard a great deal of it, and when he went to see it last week the play bill informed him that the piece was the best lecture on Mormonism that could be heard, a statement with which he could not by any means agree. He had been connected with the Church since boyhood, and had been where, it was said, the Danites ruled. While there he knew something of what the world charged against them, -- knew enough to be able to say that their misdeeds, of whose existence he was fully satisfied, were not chargeable to the Church of Latter-day Saints.
Vol. XVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Tuesday, March 16, 1880. No. 133.
It is a cardinal point in Mormon, as in other theologies, that without repentance, there is no remission of sin. In the Book of Mormon, the argument is that if mercy were not [sic - were?] allowed to rob justice, and to pardon a sinner without repentance, "God would cease to be God." This doctrine is plainly stated in the Book of Mormon, page 322.
Vol. XVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Thursday, March 18, 1880. No. 135.
We find in the Saints' Herald (Josephite organ) of the 15th inst., the findings of the Court of Common Pleas, of Lake County, Ohio; Hon. L. J. Sherman, judge, in the suit of the Reorganized Church for the quieting of the title to the Kirtland temple, the substance of which has already reacehd us by telegraph. The parties to the suit were the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, plantiff, against the Church in Utah, John Taylor, president of said Church, and others, defendants. The findings rehearse in some detail the organization of a religious society by Joseph Smith at Palmyra, New York, on April 6th, 1830, under the name of "the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints." The same year this society moved in a body and located at Kirtland. This Church held and believed and was founded upon certain well defined doctrines, which were set forth in the Bible, Book of Mormon and the book of Doctrine and Covenants. On the 11th of February, 1841, William Marks and his wife Rosannah, conveyed by deed to Joseph Smith, as trustee-in-trust for this Church, the lands and tenements described in the petition, upon which lands the Church had erected a temple, and remained in possession and occupancy of the same, until the disorganization of the Church, which event occurred about 1844. The main body of this Church society removed from Kirtland, and in 1844 were located in Nauvoo, Illinois, when Joseph Smith died, and the membership, estimated at 100.000, scattered and located in different States and places, each fragment claiming to be the original and true Church above named. One of these fragments, estimated as 10,000, emoved to Utah Territory, under the leadership of Brigham Young, where it located, and , with accessions since, now constitutes the Church in Utah, under the presidency of John Taylor. After the departure of this Utah contingent, a large number of the officials and members of the original Church, reorganized under the name of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, and on Feb. 5th, 1873, became incorporated under the laws of Illinois, and since that time all other fragments of the original Church (except the Church in Utah) have dissolved, and become largely unincorporated with the Reorganized Church, the plantiff in this action. Then the Court launches into theological jurisprudence, in words and figures to the following effect:
Vol. XVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Saturday, March 20, 1880. No. 137.
It is time both parties, Brighamite and Josephite, squarely faced the facts -- time the true character of Joseph Smith, the so-called prophet of the Lord, was known, and if it be really true that he was accustomed to teach and practice one sort of morality publically and privately another, high time it was seen that, for the first decade of Mormonism he was not the real head centre of the concern, but that Sidney Rigdon was, time that the real author of the revelations accredited to the Lord through the instrumentality of His prophet, was known and nailed. For until this is done nothing of a substantial and enduring character in the way of re-organizing and purifying the Latter-day dispensation can be accomplished, and no real program can be made. There is no class of fiction so damaging as pious fiction. Truth asks no concession and makes none, makes no apology and needs none. It disdains to stoop to finesse, which is the essential element of falsehood. It is fully to blind our eyes to the fact that in and through Mormonism there has been an awful betrayal of human confidence. It is not fair, is not just, to place the whole responsibility of this betrayal upon Brigham Young. Let all the doors and windows of the Mormon 'House of the Lord' be thrown open, and let in the fresh air of truth to ventilate it; let all the secrets be told, or it will soon be deserted of the upright in heart and given over to the unclean and those who love deceit. What is wanted is more of Christ and less of any man or book whatever.
Vol. XIX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Friday, April 23, 1880. No. 8.
Vol. XI. Salt Lake City, Utah, Saturday, May 1, 1881. No. 18.
In corroboration of the statement published in yesterday's issue of The Tribune, taken from a late number of the Susquehanna (Pa.) Journal, is the following from the History of Joseph Smith...
Vol. XIX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, July 11, 1880. No. ?
Christ and his apostles expressed a deep solicitude for the safety and salvation pf coming generations, and left on record warnings of false Christs and false prophets, which would arise and deceive many....
Vol. XIX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Thursday, August 5, 1880. No. 98.
In the last Scribner there is an interesting paper on "The Book of Mormon," from the pen of Ellen E. Dickensen, a grandneice of Solomon Spaulding, the author of "Manuscript Found," from which the Mormon Bible was copied by that errant rogue and scamp, Jo Smith. In her article Mrs. Dickensen recapilulates the history of the work, as she remembers hearing it from her relatives, and advances one thing which is new, and only one, the affidavit of Mrs. McKinstry, the daughter of Spaulding. The affidavit is given below, and was copied four times before she would subscribe to it, such was her desire that it should be true to a word.
Vol. XX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Thursday, October 28, 1880. No. 14.
The Mormons are a people. That is the main secret. They are not a political body of people; they are not exclusively, a religious body of people. They are a people.
Vol. XX. Salt Lake City, Utah, FRiday, October 29, 1880. No. 15.
It is not generally known among the Latter-day Saints that the name first given to their organization was "The Church of Christ." This name was continued about four years when, on May 3, 1834, at the instance of Sidney Rigdon, the name was changed to the "Church of Latter-day Saints." The history of Joseph Smith (Mill. Star, vol. xi, p. 65) says at this time the style was changed to "Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints," but this cannot be true, since the "Doctrine and Covenants," published in 1835, has for title page, "Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of [the Latter Day Saints] carefully selected from the revelations of God and compiled by Joseph Smith, jr., Oliver Cowdery, Sidney Rifdon, Frederick G. Williams, presiding elders of said Church, proprietors," etc. No compilation of "Joseph Smith, President," was ever submitted to the Saints, and in 1835 when the Book of Doctrine and Covenants was submitted, it was done by Rigdon and Cowdery, Joseph Smith not being present. "The Prophet" was in Kirtland just before and after this event, but happened not to be "on hand" when the revelations which the Lord had given him were submitted, with much ado, to the Saints for their acceptance.
Vol. XX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Wednesday, November 17, 1880. No. 31.
Our evening contemporary, editorially comments on the so called new discoveries in Central America, points to the Rev. Spaulding's stupid romance (worked over into the Book of Mormon by Joseph Smith) as containing the true history of this continent, prior to Columbus, and claims that the ruins of Central America, explored and to be explored, confirm it as such. It is humiliating to have to treat seriously such a claim, made, we must hold, only to impose on the ignorant constituency of the News, and, of course, with no foundation in fact. We never have read the Book of Mormon -- God forbid we ever should. There are too many good and true books, and life is too short to be filled, even in part, with the work of charlatans and mountebanks. But we understand it derives the peoples of this continent from the "Lost Tribes." Such an idea was quite prevalent half a century ago, and books to establish it were written by others than Mr. Spaulding. He only took what, with some, was a hobby and wove it into his romance. All of the great men who have explored that country, or who have made the whole subject a study, are agreed that the aborigines of America, North and South, so-called, entered it from Asia before mankind had domesticated any animals or grains or fruits, and probably before man had acquired language. This removes the event back beyond the earliest dawn of written history, and leaves it to be certified to by that history preserved in the crust of the earth itself, in the remains of man and of animals and of man's workmanship found in the caves and river gravels; in the distribution of the races of man and the fauna and flora; in the relations of oceans and continents, and the relative levels of the sea and shore. This kind of history does, in the opinion of all learned investigators, certify first, that the Americans entered the New from the Old World freom the northwest, secondly, that they are a branch of the Yellow Race, thirdly, that their origin was one, as proved by the construction of their languages nd dialects and by many other things; fourthly, that their civilizations, such as they were, were one in kind, and different from Old World civilizations in toto, showing that the latter was acquired after the migration, and differing brtween the Iroquois, the Aztec, the Peruvians, the Assiniboine, and the Eskimo, only in degree, and that owing to differences in climate, habitat, situation and surroundings, and fifthly, that, consequently, there was never any other civilization on this continent save that of the Indians whom Cortez conquered and the Spaniards all but destroyed. It was indigenous, entirely so. What has M. Charnay discovered, now? Simply a pueblo, a house with rooms and pottery in it, such as may be seen in New Mexico with the Indians living in it who built it. There isn't the slightest probability that anything will ever be discovered on this continent to change the well settled opinion of scientific men, travelers, investigators and explorers, as to the origin and nature of the New World civilization.
Vol. XX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Friday, December 17, 1880. No. 57.
The Deseret News (semi weekly) Dec. 11, contains a "discourse by Elder Wilford Woodruff, delivered July 4, 1880." The discourse was not a very long one, for Elder Woodruff, occupying only two columns and a half... This discourse of Woodruff's was delivered at a priesthood meeting of the elders of Israel and those bearing the priesthood.
Vol. XX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Friday, March 4, 1881. No. 120.
Whenever the organs of Mormonism refer to the Spalulding story in connection with the Book of Mormon, their reluctance to ventilate the subject is very evident. They deign to refer to the unsavory topic only by particular request, the doubters and curious [about?] this exploded Spaulding story, even in the Mormon fold, are not yet all dead, or quite converted, it would seem. "Our apology to our readers for alluding at any length to this dead and almost forgotten issue." "All the absurd accusations and remarks which have emanated from our enemies, from the pulpit and the press, in regard to this ridiculous Spaulding matter." "No foundation except in the bowels of hell, for this stupid Spaulding story," etc. Such is the unvarrying temper in which this much too [delicate] and difficult and not dangerous subject is handled by them. It is sought to be instilled into the minds of young Utah that tehre is nothing in it and very little to it, that the whole absurd and wicked story was promptly met and fully refuted many years ago at the time of its invention.
Vol. XX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Thursday, April 7, 1881. No. 149.
"We did not receive any doctrine which we believe in, nor ordinance that has ever been taught, nor any principle pertaining to the salvation or exaltation of the human family, from men, nor from any system of divinity or theology. For everything we know we are indebted to the revelations of Jesus Christ made unto us. Now is this the Church of man? I do not think it is."
Vol. XXI. Salt Lake City, Utah, Tuesday, July 12, 1881. No. 74.
Eds. Tribune. The Mormons have two spurs to prick the sides of their intent -- a Mission and a Grievance. Fortunate Mormons. They believe God gave them the first and the United States the last. Wofully deceived Mormons. As their mission was given to Mormons by Sidney Rigdon, so, likewise, indirectly and directly too, is the whole sum of their grievence to be fairly traced to him. He commanded "Latter day Israel" to gather out from the four quarters of the earth; and they gathered, and are still gathering. He commanded temples to be erected. It was done, and is yet doing. ("Some one has evidently got Sidney Rigdon on their brain -- badly." Some one? Some thousands have S. R. dreadfully on the brain, if they but knew it.)
Vol. XXI. Salt Lake City, Utah, Thursday, August 4, 1881. No. 94.
News has reached Pioche, says the Record, that bishop Philip Klingensmith, at one time a man of high standing and great influence in the Mormon Church, and the exposer of the Mountain Meadows massacre, and the names of the men who participated in the bloody deed, is dead. His body was found in a prospect hole, in the State of Sonora, Mexico, and a letter from there, which was received in the vicinity of Pioche, states that the mystery surrounding the body indicates that Klingensmith had been murdered. Klingensmith died just as he expected, for on his return from Beaver in 1875, after testifying in the trial of John D. Lee, we met Klingensmith in town, in a sort of secluded spot, and during the conversation Klingensmith remarked: "I know that the Church will kill me, sooner or later, and I am as confident of that fact as I am that I am sitting on this rock. It is only a question of time; but I am going to live as long as I can." Immediately after Klingensmith's return from Lee's trial, as his wife at Panaca refused to have anything to do with him, being so ordered by the Church, he started southward and lived in Arizona for a while following prospecting. During his residence in the mountains of that Territory two attempts were made upon his life, but by whom he never was able to discover. Klingensmith made the exposure of the butchery at Mountain Meadows more for self protection than anything else. In early days, when Hiko was the county seat of Lincoln and the flourishing and only prominent mining camp in this southern country, the Mormons used to haul all the freight from Salt Lake to Hiko. Klingensmith was engaged in freighting, and his son, Bud Klingensmith, was assisting him. During one of these trips father and son had [a] quarrel and Bud went to Hiko and obtained employment. It was during the winter of 1867-68, when Klingensmith arrived in Hiko with a load of freight, his son pointed him out to the people, and told them that just after the massacre he pointed out a young girl to him and ordered him to kill her, saying that if he (Bud) did not kill her he (his father) would kill him." Then Bishop Klingensmith turned upon the poor girl himself and knocked her brains out with a club. This was the first inkling to anything authentic in connection with the massacre, and caused considerable excitement among the settlers of Hiko. Wandell, one of the county officials at that time informed Bishop Klingensmith what his son exposed, and hurried him out of town. After that, while engaged in handling freight, upon his arrival at Panaca, Klingensmith would always hire some one to drive his team over to Hiko. In 1871 Bishop Klingensmith made affidavits before the Clerk of Lincoln county, making the exposure of the massacre, and the names of those connected therewith, which was published in the Record and made public for the first time. Mrs. Klingensmith is now living at Bullionville, and is married to a man named Dolf Laundrich. Mrs. Klingensmith is an intelligent old lady, and is the mother of seventeen children by Klingensmith, the last two being girls, who are now about sixteen years of age. Most of the Klingensmith family reside in Lincoln county.
Vol. XXI. Salt Lake City, Utah, Friday, August 12, 1881. No. 101.
The Deseret News of this city, and the True Latter-day Saints' Herald, of Plano, Ill., have lately republished the Kansas City Journal's account of an interview held this summer with old David Whitmer, of Richmond, Mo., over David's fifty years' connection with Mormonism. But neither the News nor Herald gave the report in full, both papers (by a happy conscientious impulse of propriety, and out of tender regard for the susceptabilities of all Saints) suppressing the same portion of the interview.
Vol. XII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Saturday, October 8, 1881. No. 39.
EDS. TRIBUNE: The Deseret News has another long article last evening on what it persists in calling "the oft-refuted fable known as the Spaulding story." It amounted to little beyond giving still further evidence how the true Mormon genius delights to befog and bamboozle.
Vol. XXII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Friday, January 13, 1882. No. 74.
In union is strength. But one person conscious that he is on the side of right, and qualified and equipped to demonstrate it, though standing alone, is stronger than a host proclaiming this consciousness of right, yet lacking the power to make good their claim....
Vol. XXII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Saturday, June 3, 1882. No. 192.
If a pack of rogues were to combine together to palm off a great fraud upon the world, if they were of low character and were ignorant persons; if their imposture succeeded beyond their dreams, so that the profit and credit of the origin were worth contending for, we should naturally expect that these rogues would fall by the ears and denounce each other for all that is vile, expose each other in their robberies and other crimes and struggle like brutes each to oust the other and save to himself the profit of the swindle. We should expect, moreover, that in general all through their quarrels and strife none would absolutely denounce and expose the original swindle as long as there was any hope that he himself might yet succeed in reaping a harvest from it. Nothing could be more natural than that all should come about in just that way. If to an ordinary swindle the element of religious feeling and zeal were added, we should naturally expect all these contentions to assume added bitterness, and the divisions to be intensified by sectarian bigotry. Let us see how closely the [genesis] of Mormonism corresponds to this general outline.
Vol. XXIV. Salt Lake City, Utah, Thursday, March 15, 1883. No. 27.
The controversy between the two branches of the Mormon church as to the origin of polygamy is becoming interesting. On the one hand, we have Joseph Smith, oldest son and heir of the Prophet...
Vol. XXV. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, June 24, 1883. No. 62.
A writer in the Quincy Herald, who has recently visited Nauvoo, says:
Vol. XXV. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, July 1, 1883. No. 71.
The telegraph says the Pope is ill and is much worried over affairs in France and Ireland. Every day almost there are reports of difficulties between the Vatican and Germany. The secret of all this, is, the Catholic authorities persist in interfering in the affairs of State throughout Europe. It is the old trouble which Europe has been fighting for 150 years, in the old days it cost the sacrifice of thousands and tens of thousands of men; it remains yet a source of infinite trouble even in countries where almost the entire population are Catholics. It was to avoid all this in this Republic that the founders fixed things so that church and state here should never conflict; so that the state should be free to control the business of the country, and the several churches should, in their sphere, attend to the country's religious wants. The need of such a regulation was most manifest. The penalty for having so much stipulation in Europe was written all over that region in blood and sorrow. Men are fond of power, and no religion has yet been powerful enough to neutralize that fondness in their hearts. Men are avaricious for money, and the natural tendency is to prey upon their fellow men to obtain it. No religion can [kill] this instinct. The best way to obtain unearned tribute from the people is through their superstitious fears, and by fixing things so that their whole time shall be occupied in paying that tribute and in providing poor clothes and food for those they love. So it was the policy of Mother Church through many centuries to keep the masses of her followers ignorant and poor. It continued so until poverty and ignorance was the rule, and a period of such wretchedness descended upon Europe that ever since it has been called "the dark ages." So dreadful was the eclipse that there was no rallying from it except through revolt and violence. Our fathers knew that history well and determined to provide against a repetition of it on our soil. Their plan was never seriously interfered with until Jo Smith and Sidney Rigdon appeared. Then something was founded outside the laws which was to be a law to itself, then a plan was devised through which men should be advanced through regular promotions, the advance to be not according to merit, but to obedience; then a plan was formed whereby the free laws of the land, and the rights of the people were to be ignored; it was a bold stroke to gain and keep power and money through the rule over men's superstitions, and through the incentives supplied by lust. It was the crudest and wickedest device ever coined in depraved brains, but it drew to it a certain character of people, men and women, and through its varying fortunes it has grown until it has become a menace to our country. When it is rightfully understood by the masses of the people it will be wiped out, unless its leaders are shrewd enough to remove the cause which will precipitate a crisis; but it shows how prone the old Adam is in men to rule and rob, and dupes can be obtained as easily now as when there were no school houses, newspapers or books in the world. It shows that notwithstanding the examples of the past and all the bitter experiences which the world has felt from the same cause, men are still credulous, still haunted by superstitious fears, and still incapable of realizing how mighty is the boon of free government. This fungus in Utah will by and by pass away, but it will be strange if it does not pass of as such things generally do, in fire and from under a battle canopy.
Vol. XXVI. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, December 16, 1883. No. 51.
... Mormonism is in part a conglomerate of illy cemented creeds from other religions, and in part founded upon the eccentric production of one Spaulding, who having failed as a preacher and shopkeeper, undertook to write a historical novel. He had a smattering of biblical knowledge, and chose for his subject "the history of the lost tribes of Israel." The whole was supposed to be communicated by the Indians, and the last of the scribes was named Mormon, representing that he had buried the book. It was a dull, tedious, interminable volume, marked by ignorance and folly. The work was so flat, stupid and insipid, that no publisher could be induced to bring it before the world. Poor Spaulding at length went to his grave, and the and the manuscript remained a neglected roll in the possession of his widow.
Vol. XV. Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, March 20, 1884. No. 12.
Stenographical report of Bishop West's harangue in the Juab school-house, Sunday, March 9th, 1884. Reported by Tobias Tobey for The Salt Lake Tribune:
Vol. XV. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, March 23, 1884. No. 15.
During the week the Mormon press had much to say about the bogus Bishop West address, which was imposed upon us last Sunday. In editorial reference to that faction, we said it had the old ring. That it had is unquestionable, although experts on closer examination admit that it is not quite put the usual Mormon way. We admit this criticism to be just, yet as the sentiments are old and of well-known Mormon origin, it was possible that a country elder would not have the skill, at this late day, to quite catch the spirit of "the authorities" of old. We supposed when the alleged report of this address was sent us that it was imply the breaking out of some hot-head in the old vein, and certainly had no purpose or thought of doing injustice to anybody. And, as far as the spirit of the address was concerned, we do not think even now that it does the sectaries any injustice. That the sentiments in general ate thoroughly rooted Mormon sentiments is certain; that they are not now openly promulgated is true, but that they are abandoned, nobody believes. As the compiler of the West address writes us, he said no more than is to be found in the undoubted utterances of the spokesmen of the sect; his offense was in putting them forth now when Mum is the word, and attributing them to Bishop West at Juab, March 9th, 1884. Identical sentiments uttered by Brigham Young fifteen years ago, cannot be challenged. To say, then, that this spurious report of an address that was never delivered, is a libel, is nonsense; it libels nobody. If the Mormons have outgrown those sentiments, they have never made it known. On the contrary, it is the universal belief of all who know their leaders, that they would resort to the old bluster and the old methods at any time when they might feel safe in so doing. If they want to avoid the odium of such utterances, let them come out publicly and repudiate them; say they were the talk of rough men in unsettled times, when reason and decency were lost sight of, and there was no patriotism reckoned except fealty to the church, which last, indeed, is about as true now as ever it was. Until they do this, let them claim no misrepresentation, when what is said is simply a reproduction of a number of "discourses," boiled down, with much of the ribaldry and indecency eliminated.
Vol. XV. Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, March 27, 1884. No. 13.
During the week the Mormon press has had much to say about the bogus Bishop West address, which was imposed upon us last Sunday. In editorial reference to that faction, we said it had the old ring. That it had is unquestionable, although experts on closer examination admit that it is not quite put the usual Mormon way. We admit this criticism to be just, yet as the sentiments are old and of well-known Mormon origin, it was possible that a country elder would not have the skill, at this late day, to quite catch the spirit of "the authorities" of old. We supposed when the alleged report of this address was sent us that it was imply the breaking out of some hot-head in the old vein, and certainly had no purpose or thought of doing injustice to anybody. And, as far as the spirit of the address was concerned, we do not think even now that it does the sectaries any injustice. That the sentiments in general ate thoroughly rooted Mormon sentiments is certain; that they are not now openly promulgated is true, but that they are abandoned, nobody believes. As the compiler of the West address writes us, he said no more than is to be found in the undoubted utterances of the spokesmen of the sect; his offense was in putting them forth now when Mum is the word, and attributing them to Bishop West at Juab, March 9th, 1884. Identical sentiments uttered by Brigham Young fifteen years ago, cannot be challenged. To say, then, that this spurious report of an address that was never delivered, is a libel, is nonsense; it libels nobody. If the Mormons have outgrown those sentiments, they have never made it known. On the contrary, it is the universal belief of all who know their leaders, that they would resort to the old bluster and the old methods at any time when they might feel safe in so doing. If they want to avoid the odium of such utterances, let them come out publicly and repudiate them; say they were the talk of rough men in unsettled times, when reason and decency were lost sight of, and there was no patriotism reckoned except fealty to the church, which last, indeed, is about as true now as ever it was. Until they do this, let them claim no misrepresentation, when what is said is somply a reproduction of a number of "discourses," boiled down, with much of the ribaldry and indecency eliminated....
Vol. XXVII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, April 27, 1884. No. 12.
In the May number of The Century Magazine is an article on "The Women of the Beehive," by Helen Jackson, the famous "H. H." of literary renown. In this article on the Mormon women, she keeps up her literary repute, but the title is a little misleading, in that it does not especially treat of the women of what is known here as the Beehive, but of the general Mormon question...
Vol. XXVII. Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, July 4, 1884. No. ?
Apropos of the present position of the News touching the Mountain Meadow Massacre, to it may not be out of place to recall some bits of history, and to repeat some statements of fact. First, there is no question that there never has been an organization under better discipline than the Mormon organization was under Brigham Young in 1857. His command made every Mormon the friend of every man whom he liked; it made every Mormon hostile to any man whoml he disliked. It is a well known fact that John D. Lee was a warm friend of Brigham Young's, a bishop in the church, and Young's brother-in-law and second adopted son. It is known, too, that when the doomed company left this city, word was sent ahead of them to withdraw all supplies from them, so that their march of over three hundred miles from this city was through an enemy's country. One man that met an old friend in the company and sold him or gave him some fresh milk for his little children, was cut off from the Mormon Church for the act. Finally they were all, save a few little children, foully murdered, their murderers being Mormons and Indians under the immediate direction of Lee, Haight, Higby and others. Very much of the rich plunder of their camp was sent to this city and appropriated by the saints here. When, many years afterwards, Lee and others were arrested for the crime, the Deseret News inveighed against the arrests, declaring it was but another attempt to "persecute some out best citizens." On the second trial, however, in order to make a scapegoat, Lee was given up, convicted by Mormon witnesses, and the stolid brute was executed, declaring to the last that he had been betrayed. It is known that prior to the massacre, some hearts fainted in contemplation of the tremendous contemplated horror, and sent a letter to Brigham Young asking for instructions. An answer was sent, but before it reached Cedar City the tragedy had been consumated. That letter, if innocent, could years ago have cleared the heads of the Church here from suspicion. A copy of it is on file in this city, and has been all the time. Now after all these years the News creeps from its hiding place and produces what purports to be the testimony of a man in Iowa who says the letter read as follows:
Vol. XXVII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Saturday, September 20, 1884. No. 133.
Rev. Alexander Smith of the Reorganized Church of Latter day Saints, spoke to a full house at the chapel of his sect last evening. He took his text from the 12th chapter of Nephi in the Book of Mormon, which he compared with the latter portion of the 6th chapter of St. Luke in the New Testament, and said that he would have something to say as to the causes which had led a large portion of the people astray.
Vol. XXVII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, October 12, 1884. No. ?
Many people believe that the man in whose crafty mind the mighty system of Mormonism had its origin was also the husband of at least two wives, and in consequence the possesser of a duplex mother in law. All the living members of Joseph Smith's family strenuously deny this statement, and the writer of this sketch had an opportunity to discover that it would have required some temerity to make such an assertion in the presence of the "original and only" Mrs. Joseph.
Vol. XXVIII. Salt Lake City, U. T., November 9, 1884. No. 22.
Elder C. W. Penrose, on Sunday last, the 25th of October, again put himself forward before the public in the Twelfth Bishop's Ward of this city as a self appointed of the Mormon Church, to apologize for the Mountain Meadows Massacre, and to palliate, if not approve, that horrible crime; but all the waters of the Jordan, applied with all the authority of their unholy priesthood will never, in time nor eternity, was away the indelible stain from that church. He began by declaring that the report of the horrid murder had spread throughout the civilized world, and wherever the elders had gone to preach their gospel, they were confronted with it, and the church led by Brigham Young was charged with the crime, especially by ministers of Christian churches. Yes, and well it may. In fulfillment of Jesus's words that which was done in secret is declared openly: that which the elders of the Church swore never to divulge, and the Deseret News, the organ of the murderous priesthood, would not publish, is told to the whole world, from press, pulpit and platform. It is an eternal principle and law of nature and morals, that that which men sow they shall reap; they may cover it over with dirt and rubbish but the very covering finally strengthens the growth. That church sowed the wind and it is reaping the whirlwind. It must be so to the very nature of things, and the more the elders, by their apologies and explanations, stir the filthy matter, the more the foul stench arises, and pure, sensitive natures are disgusted.
Vol. XXVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, January 11, 1885. No. 73.
Vol. XXVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, February 15, 1885. No. 103.
Eds. Tribune: It is a sad and serious charge to make against any persons, or body of persons, who claim to be religious, that to shield their doctrines, members and name from fair and honest trial before the world, they will, in open court, under the most solemn oaths, swear falsely, prevaricate, and not only keep back the truth of the facts, but swear absolutely the opposite to them. We charge the Mormon Church, the Mormon priesthood, and faithful believers of the Mormon creed, generally, with false swearing...
Vol. XXVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Thursday, February 26, 1885. No. 114.
THE MORMON CONSPIRACY.
There is one view of Mormonism which those who do not like it do not often press. And yet, it is important. Stripped of all disguises and petty details, Mormonism is a conspiracy against all free governments and especially against the Government of the United States...
Vol. XXVIII. Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, March 7, 1885. No. 122.
JO. SMITH'S POLYGAMY.
The Expositor, published at Oakland, takes the Tribune to task on a quibble. We said that polygamy must have been practiced in the early days of the Mormon Church, because when John Taylor denied in France that there was any such thing permitted, he had, at the time, four wives in Nauvoo. The Expositor quibbles on the word Nauvoo, because at the time the Mormon colony had left Nauvoo. We wrote from memory, and easily blundered about the date. But that was on the 11th of last month. On the 15th, however, we published a full statement, prepared by "One of the Priesthood," which shows that at the time Brown (referred to by the Expositor) was cut off from the church for preaching polygamy in February, 1844, John Taylor had other wives, and that he took his fourth wife in 1847 or 1848, giving their maiden names. Bennett exposed the "secret marriage" system in 1841 [sic 1842?]. June 7th, 1844, the Nauvoo Expositor produced the certificates of the same thing; in 1878 Orson Pratt declared that "Joseph Smith, the prophet, had not only commended the practice of that principle himself, and taught it to others before President Young and the Twelve had returned from their missions in Europe in 1841, but that Joseph actually received revelation upon that principle in 1831." Further, he cited several instances of Joseph's having had wives sealed to him as early as April 5th, 1841. Eliza Smith Snow Young states in her family history that she was so married to Smith, though she signed the Bennett card denying it. "One of the Priesthood" gives plenty more of the same testimony in the article, and the Expositor should answer that article if it would convince the world that Joseph Smith never practiced polygamy.
Vol. XXVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Friday, March 29, 1885. No. 141.
ANOTHER PRATT'S PROPHECY.
There is, perhaps, no class of persons in the world, calling themselves religious, that are so void of discrimination, so illogical and so unreasoning as the defenders of Mormonism, both as publishers and preachers. They seem to be lost to all sense of propriety, and blinded as to the results of their course and the narrowness of their ways. They have become so infatuated by their vain and pompous presumptions, so obstinate in their dogmas and pretentions that they are dupes of folly and marked by obtruseness. They have for years accepted the ravings fanaticism for prophecy, the speculations of unlearned and half-read men for doctrines; their want of common discernment and wisdom is so apparent in their publishing, preaching and argument, that we are led to the conclusion that they have received more credit for smartness and ability than they have deserved. The thousands of false prophecies uttered by their pseudo-prophets and apostles that are afloat, unfulfilled, and seeking some nook, creek or harbor to hide in, have not shamed them nor taught them any wisdom, and they still unblushingly, as occasion serves, obtrude
Vol. XXVIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, May 24, 1885. No. 33.
This book seems to have been written by a sincere and capable author. It begins with a life of Solomon Spaulding, and his authorship of "The Manuscript Found;" the fate of the book from 1816 to 1834 is followed; a sketch of the life of Joseph Smith, and of the printing of the Book of Mormon is given, and a sketch of Sidney Rigdon. There are reminiscences of Solomon Spaulding, with Hurlburt and Howe; a description of the Kirtland Temple; the history of the Mormons in Missouri and Nauvoo, and a description of the Nauvoo Temple; the election of Brigham Young as President, and the expulsion of the Mormons from Illinois. The early political history of the Mormons in Utah follows; the influences of the Mormons over the Indians; and an account of the massacre at Mountain Meadows. There is a sketch of Brigham Young; a dissertation on polygamy; the trial of Rudger Clawson; a description of Salt Lake City, and an account of the Mormon organization. The closing chapter is devoted to the Josephites. There is not much in the book which is new to residents here, but it is well-written and interesting.
Vol. XXIX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Wednesday, May 27, 1885. No. 35.
ORSON PRATT'S PLURALITY.
In Sunday's Tribune we copied some circulars Elder William Jarman is circulating in England to make [interesting] the labors there of Elders Wells and Penrose. In one of those circulars Mr. Jarman makes a reference to the late Apostle Orson Pratt, which is thus corrected by Mrs. Pratt of this city:
Vol. XXIX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Wednesday, June 19, 1885. No. 53.
PRESIDENT JOSEPH SMITH.
JOSEPH SMITH, the president of the real Mormon Church, is in this city, and he will stay long enough, we understand, to look the ground over thoroughly, and will, if the work proves encouraging, visit the various settlements in the Territory and speak to the people. The time is propitious. The self-assumed leaders of the church here are in hiding to escape the consequences of their false teaching and their rebeliousness. It must needs be that many of the people will see that true teaching could never have reduced their leaders to such extremities, and that following the truth could never harass a people as the Mormon people are now being harrased in consequence of their own headless and reckless misdeeds. Such as have awakened to this truth (and there are many who have) will welcome the coming of Joseph Smith, and without doubt, more and more of them will from time to time welcome him as their true leader. As a question of faith, the Mormons must see that the chief dividing line is drawn on the belief in the revelation commanding polygamy, and right here is where they are in the sorest straits; once give that up (and the proof that they ought to give it up is abundant), and the clouds clear away at once for the masses of the people. They will soon see that in accordance with the general tenor of their faith the polygamy revelation must necessarily be false; it places them at swords point with the law, just where they have a right to expect to be at peace; it was kept hid for many years, and only given out at the convealence of certain unscrupulous men, which is a very bad feature about it. We trust that Mr Smith may be able to convince them altogether that it ought to be dropped at once.
Vol. XXIX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Wednesday, August 5, 1885. No. 91.
THE PAGANISTIC REVIVAL.
Editor Tribune: It is not without some diffidence that I venture a few remarks in regard to this vexata quaratro, since I realize how inadequate are mere words to combat successfully a superstition so deeply rooted that it has defied, and still continues to defy, the combined influences of modern science and civilization.
Vol. XXX. Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, January 9, 1886. No. 71.
THE "PETRIFIED" HEAD.
Editor Tribune: Cannot we get the fact circulated, and obtain the witness -- "three" or "eight" -- to bear testimony to the same, that the "petrified head" is another evidence of the truth of the Book of Mormon? It was found buried below the surface, laid up to come forth in "due time of the Lord," and certainly more reasonable than plates to "speak from the dust" in "fulfillment of prophecy." hether or not it can be thus shown to be authentic to the public, it has just as good a claim upon the credence of reasonable men as that of the Book of Mormon.
Vol. XXX. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, April 11, 1886. No. 140.
Other engagements prevented my hearing President Fairchild's lecture last evening upon the Book of Mormon and its relation to the Spalding manuscript. It has been the popular belief among the older citizens of the Reserve, and especially among those who had [personal] observations and contact with early Mormonism, that the Book of Mormon was compiled or rewritten or at least made up in part from the Spaulding document, and yet there was no direct or positive evidence to prove it. From some facts and incidents connected with the career of Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon when they were in Geauga and Portage counties preaching their alleged new gospel, I came to the conclusion some years ago that the Book of Mormon was the work of Sidney Rigdon, with perhaps some chanegs or additions by Smith or others. So far as I know these facts and circumstances have never been published. The truth or falsity of the Spalding matter in no way affects them, and they came to me in a way that leaves no doubt on my mind that the Book of Mormon, or a large part thereof, was written by Rigdon within two miles of the spot where I am now writing.
Vol. XXXI. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, August 22, 1886. No. 95.
THE NEW LIFE OF JOSEPH.
EDITOR TRIBUNE. It is indeed enough to bedew the cheeks of the Sphinx with briny tears, or even to cause the granite walls of the Salt Lake temple to sweat profusely for very grief and fear, the wicked carryings on of the Gentile world of late, and the terrible way it is going with the Kingdom... as if the Latter day cup did not yet contain wormwood enough, one Dr. Wyl comes along and opens his batteries... in the shape of a book...
Vol. XXXI. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, October 17, 1886. No. 3.
DAVID WHITMER TALKS.
RICHMOND, Mo., Oct, 9. -- David Whitmer, the only living witness to “the divine authenticity of the Book of Mormon” is nearly 82 years of age. One would scarcely infer from his erect carriage and wonderful nerve power any more than from the exceedingly fine control he exercises over a retentive and well-stored memory, which responds readily to his call with accurate details. Newspaper reporters are not admitted to his presence, and it is no wonder when one recalls the shameful misrepresentations which have been sent out as "interviews." Your correspondent has just finished the last of a series of interesting conversations with the old gentleman, in which, after considerable coaching, he expressed himself without reserve by reason of our personal friendship. David Whitmer is one of those three "special witnesses" who in 1829 sent out to the world the following quaint proclamation:
Vol. XXXII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, January 2, 1887. No. 67.
Editor Tribune: -- Mormonism itself, being a most fearful and wonderful system of faith and practice, a religion without a peer or parallel, and its prophet "author and proprietor" ranking with the noblest, wisest and purest minds the ages have produced, and both it and he being the choicest output of the grandest century and mightiest nation the sun ever shown upon, a very bonanza of blessings to humanity, we need not be surprised if at their humble birth, by their ignoble cradle, and all along through their surely tempest-tost youth and early manhood, stunning phenomenon should dance attendance and perennial outbursts of the supernatural should appear...
Vol. XXXIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, April 17, 1887. No. ?
FROM STRIFE TO PEACE.
Editor Tribune: -- From the Great Salt Lake Basin to the Buckeye State, from the scene of the fierce and irrepressible conflict to a region where men dwell together in relations peaceful and fraternal, how sudden and complete the transition! And yet, four days and three nights sufficed to make the change... I took up immediately a two-months' campaign to talk upon Mormon matters. The programme embraces the entire northern portion of Ohio. Arrangements are made by others, and notices are given in every prominent city and village for one, two or three addresses each day. The evident interest is cheering and inspiring to notice. The public
Vol. XXXIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Tuesday, July 3, 1887. No. 68.
THE MORMONS AT NAUVOO.
EDITOR TRIBUNE: -- Dr. Wyl, author of "Mormon Portraits," has made a study of Mormonism in its past and present; has so penetrated its secret machinations and wicked workings, and presented such an array of facts, that his book is the most valuable on the subject that has ever been published. If there are any errors they are only in dates, names and minor details, and of no importance to the history and the facts -- mistakes only of memory and small matters that affect nothing. It is to be remembered, however, that Dr. Wyl has not willfully misrepresented anything, but has good foundation even for incidents in which he cannot relate minutest particulars correctly. Considering the time that has elapsed since the history of this "peculiar people" began, the distant or obscure places where the acts were committed, the lying spirit of the fraud, and the character of the people, and the willful perversion of facts recorded by themselves in their own history of the "church," he has produced a wonderful work.
Vol. XXXIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Tuesday, July 31, 1887. No. ?
THE LAW INTERVIEW.
Elsewhere in this impression will be seen an interview between Wm. Law and Dr. Wyl. Of course THE TRIBUNE cannot vouch for the truth of the statements of Mr. Law; but he was for a long time First Counselor to JOSEPH SMITH; he was better loved than almost any other man by the Mormons; it seems he is now reverenced by his neighbors as one of the most loveable of men. He broke with the SMITHS when he found what a measureless and wicked fraud he had become involved in; he started a newspaper in Nauvoo to expose that fraud, but it, with the office, was destroyed by a mob shortly after the first edition was printed. Men here whose honesty no one doubts, vouch for the perfect truthfulness and superior abilities of the man. The career of JOSEPH SMITH, as portrayed in this interview, is something fearful when we consider that he pretended to be an oracle of God; but it was practically repeated in this valley. How a delusion so awful can continue to hold in thralldom the minds of men in other ways sensible, is one of the marvels of the age. A creed founded on fraud and enforced by assassination, here in this free country is most strange. That any pure woman was ever persuaded to accept its cruelties is only accountable on the theory that some women delight in sacrifice, if thereby they imagine that they are serving God. How any Government with all the accumulating proof can sill regard this as a religion and entrust with political power the men who entertained it, is beyond all comprehension. To Gentiles of Utah this story of JOSEPH SMITH'S life and ways in Nauvoo; the patching of one revelation to make it in accord with another; the preying upon women; the financial dishonor; the treachery in politics; the means resorted to to silence enemies; they have seen all this paralleled right here, and yet have seen the chief instrument in all the filth and wickedness worshipped as a god. If it was possible here why was it not in Nauvoo? It seems to us there is no remedy for the hallucination except to strike all power from this creed, and all men who believe in it, and then compel the children to attend school and to study mathematics and the other exact sciences, until their eyes shall be opened. The reference to the wife of JOSEPH SMITH clears up much which has always been obscure. Had she been all that the Saints here pictured her to be, her course could only be explained on the theory of woman's devotion. If she and her husband were working in accord to delude the rabble, then the whole thing is plain, because a vicious woman is more vicious than a vicious man. If she knew that another man had to make good the sums belonging to others that her husband had spent, and felt neither sorrow nor remorse, then she was bad clear through. If all SMITH'S property was in her name, then she was bad clear through. A man may secure his wife a homestead; if, when rich, he puts all his property in her name, it means he has acquired his means dishonestly, or is meditating a steal.
DR. WYL AND WM. LAW.
Political Chicanery, Trickery, Deceit and Murder -- Licentiousness and Fraud -- Drunkeness and Avariciousness -- Robbing Men of Their Money to Make Them Submissive -- An Unprecedented Interview.
WORKED AND DECEIVED
Both political parties to their selfish end. Joe's nefarious ending of the presumption and double dealing is a study of itself that all those who sympathize with Mormon politics under the mask of "rights" would do well to consider. It is no better now, and would be no better hereafter -- Mormonism never learns or improves. It is well-known that the heads and feet of the Mormon Church pose and pretend that they are Democrats, but if both houses of Congress were largely Republican the Mormons would be Republican too, to gain an end, especially Statehood. This is proved beyond contradiction to be true by the fact that both "apostle" Geo. A. Smith and "apostle" Geo. Q. Cannon, representing the "church" by Brigham's revelation were sent to and presented themselves as Republicans delegates at the great Republican convention held a few years ago in Philadelphia -- they were rejected, however, and the American gentleman and patriot, Judge McKean with another were accepted; and from the other fact that Geo. Q. Cannon, as Delegate from Utah appeared upon the Records of Congress as Democrat and as Republican in two different terms. Legislators, Americans, be not deceived by the apostles or prophets of Mormonism either in politics or religion.
Interview with Wm. Law. Mch. 30, 1887
Dr. William Law lives with his son, Judge "Tommy" Law. The house is a fine cottage, large, well-kept grounds surround it. We entered a cheerful looking room and there sat William Law, dressed in black, a most venerable looking figure. The head has a striking expression of intelligence, the large clear eyes are of a remarkably deep steel blue; the general impression is that of a thinker, of a benevolent and just man. He greeted me in a fatherly way. I expressed my joy at seeing at last so important a witness of a history, to whose study I had devoted two years.
Vol. XXXIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, August 7, 1887. No. ?
THE PUZZLING MORMONS.
Editor Tribune: I confess to you and your readers that of late, in common with thousands all about me, I have been in a state of mind, in a quandry [in regard to Mormon polygamy, etc.]...
Vol. XXXIIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, December 11, 1887. No. 42.
Editor Tribune: -- Hip, hip, hurrah! Glory Halleujah!... I simply feel the full effects of D. Whitmer's book of which hath lately been spoken in your columns...
Vol. XXXIIII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, April 15, 1888. No. 155.
THE "GOLDEN BIBLE."
EDITOR TRIBUNE: -- In the intervals of my literary labors here I have many talks with men who were in Utah at a very early day, and occasionally with original Mormons or their sons, which would be interesting had I the time to detail them. But my chance talks with one of these are so agreeable that I report him briefly for you. Mr. Walter Sidney Rigdon is a citizen of Carrolton, Cattaraugus County, N. Y., and a grandson of Sidney Rigdon, the partner of Joe Smith. He talked with old Sidney hundreds of times about the "scheme of the Golden Bible," and his father still has many of the old Sidney's documents.
Vol. XXXVI. Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, December 26, 1888. No. 62.
DEATH OF MRS. SARAH M. PRATT.
Sarah M. Pratt, first and only wife of the late Mormon Apostle Orson Pratt, aged 72, died suddenly yesterday at 12:26 p. m., at the residence of her son, Arthur Pratt, 105 B street. She has for some years been afflicted with rheumatism, which, three weeks ago, reached the vicinity of her heart, and terminated with suddenness yesterday noon.
Vol. XXXVII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, June 15, 1889. No. 51.
A CHALLENGE TO ALL MORMONS.
Vol. XXXVII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, June 23, 1889. No. 58.
HOW IT ALL HAPPENED.
Editor Tribune: -- The fact at length is fairly well established that in this world nothing happens, nothing occurs by mere accident. We live instead under the reign of law. Fore every event and adequate cause exists. Apply this principle to the origin and growth of Mormonism, and we are compelled to ascribe it to the natural result of conditions existing in the generation and the region which gave it birth.... It is but a crude conglomeration of hobbies which just then, like the exiant dogs, were having their day of freaks and fancies fresh from the mint, of the new-born notions of which the Western World at that date was over full. Smith was simply the most ignorant and conceited and reckless and impudent and conscienceless representative the alive, of the class which was madly rushing in where angels fear to tread....
Vol. XXXVII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Saturday, September 14, 1889. No. 128.
AN OLD-TIME EX-MORMON.
There arrived in this city yesterday from Council Bluffs, Iowa, a prominent representative of the Mormon Church in the early days of Mormonism in the person of Benjamin Winchester. Mr. Winchester, who is now 72 years of age, joined the Mormons at Kirtland, Ohio, in 1833, and remained with the church until 1844, when he withdrew from it and has ever since stood entirely aloof from the concern. At Nauvoo [sic - Kirtland?] he lived in the family of Joseph Smith for a long period; was associated in the publication of the Mormon Church organ there, and was the author of several church publications which are in use among the Josephites at this time. He was associated in missionary work in behalf of the church, and was himself a missionary to some of the Eastern States, and at one time he was stake president in Philadelphia.
Vol. XXXVII. Salt Lake City, Utah, Sunday, September 22, 1889. No. 135.
Personal Narrative of It by Mr. Benjamin Winchester.
AN EARLY CONVERT AND CHURCH ELDER.
How he repudiated Polygamy -- Joseph Smith and His Capacity for Deceit, Lewdness and Confidence Games -- The Contradicting Revelations -- An Absorbing Narrative.
It was in the month of February, 1833, when I a boy, not quite sixteen years of age, living with my parents in Elk Creek township, Erie county Pennsylvania, that two Mormon Elders came into our neighborhood. Their names were John Boyington and E[v]en Green. Like many other sensational proselyters they created a great deal of interest upon the subject of religion and succeeded in making a considerable number of converts there, among whom were my parents and myself and several relatives. In November of the same year I left my parents and went to Kirtland, Ohio, which place at that time had been designated as the rendezvous of the Saints. Soon after my arrival there I made my home with Sidney Rigdon. Following that time and prior to the beginning of May, 1834, the Mormons organized what they termed "Zion's camp." This organization was effected with the understanding that they were to fight their way, if deemed necessary to redeem Zion. More than 200 left, then, I among them, on that expedition to Missouri, During that trip, Joseph Smith who was of course at the head, had a number of revelations, all beginning with his stereotyped formula, "thus saith the Lord," and the belief he imparted to the company was that the Lord would protect us all, and if necessary to gain a crossing of the Missouri River, it would open its waters and let us over, even as the Red Sea was reputed to have opened in ancient times. When we reached Clay county, Missouri, Joseph stated to me that he had received another revelation that this Zion's camp programme was simply a matter of the Lord's will
BECAME BEASTLY INTOXICATED
And his father and brother, Hyrum, begged that the wine should be taken away, so that the carousal might be stopped as soon as possible. I did not know Joseph to be what is termed a "common sot," but that was not the last time I saw him intoxicated.
NO RIGHT TO CALL INTO QUESTION
Anything he did, or to censure him, for the reason that he was responsible to God Almighty only. This promulgation created a great sensation -- a schism occurred and a large portion of the first membership, including the best talent of the Church, at once withdrew from it. This was during the summer of 1836.
SMOOTH, URBANE CASHIER,
For the purpose of making deposits, seemingly with the belief that there was a big thing in it. Joseph was president, and Rigdon was cashier of the concern. This went on until the bank had absorbed a large proportion of the money in that section of the country, and a considerable number of people began to find out that they had some need of some of their deposits. When the demands for redemption began to accumulate the deposits were paid in the paper of an almost defunct bank at Monroe, Michigan, which the schemers had bought. Of course the depositors soon became uneasy after finding that their checks were paid in worthless bank notes of the bank of Monroe, and when the prospect of mob violence became apparent, Smith, Rigdon, and a man named Boyd of New York, connected with the first two in the swindle, decamped between sunset and sunrise. The trio had the money and the people had their experience. Soon afterwards came the collapse of Kirtland.
A SHIP CANAL
From Lake Erie at the mouth of a small river some five miles away. It is almost needless to say that Joseph's name was first and foremost in this proposed enterprise.
FLED FROM THE OFFICIALS
That were after them, acting for the State of Ohio, on the charge of criminal practice at Kirtland, and they came to Philadelphia where I was stationed and where I was stake president. There they remained with me in the best degree of secrecy that could be maintained. Smith and I slept in the same bed and Porter Rockwell occupied a bed near the foot of our couch in the capacity of a body guard for the "prophet." It was there and at that time that I had a good opportunity to study the character of the "prophet." It then began to be apparent to me that he was tyrannical by nature, a libertine, in short a gross, sensual, corrupt man, but I was then still young and hopeful and it remained for events in a few brief years thereafter to fully open my eyes to the gigantic delusion I had been drawn into.
A GOOD DEAL OF SCANDAL
And caused me some trouble, finally became enamored with Mrs. Smith and induced her and two girls to leave there and go to Nauvoo. I subsequently met Mrs. Smith at Nauvoo, when she told me that she had lent Joseph all of her money and he had gotten her married to a man by the name of Debble -- that through the "prophet" she had lost her all and was reduced to a condition of abject poverty. But to repeat all I heard at Nauvoo in the way of complaints of poor people who had been
"TAKEN IN AND DONE FOR"
In the same way by the prophet would take a great deal of your time and mine.
BY MAKING EUNUCHS
Of surplus men who should be "hewers of wood and drawers of water," and that the church dignitaries and the more worthy brethren would be left the choice of plenty of women. Subsequently Joseph Smith sent for me and explained it in as plausible a manner as he could and requested me to take a mission and go to Southern cities saying that it was the command of the Lord. At this time Joseph, Hyrum and Sidney Rigdon and some other officials of the Church imparted to me their theory of just what they intended to do and that was to get out from under the authority of the Government of the United States so that they might be able to establish a kingdom and government of their own where they could have the power and privileges of practicing the doctrine of polygamy with no authority to interfere or molest them.
THE ILLICIT RELATIONS
With married women by Joseph Smith, Bennett and others I forbear to speak, for those women have, I believe passed away and some of their descendants now live in this city and Territory.
THE "LITERARY WORK"
In regard to Joseph's literary work -- his "translations" -- I well remember some of it at Kirtland. They had there in the temple some Egyptian mummies, four of them I am positive. From one of them Joseph had taken a scroll lettered over with what purported to be Egyptian characters. It was kept on exhibition in a glass case. To this scroll Joseph applied his peep-stone or "Urim-Thummim" and made out a translation purporting to be a vision of Abraham in which the modern theory that the world is round and that it revolves was sustained against the ancient theory prior to the time of Galileo. It also purported to enlarge upon the Biblical account of the creation of the world and to make clear the solar system. I am not sure whether this work was ever published or not.