Jacksonville, September 16, 1831.
Number 8. J. G. Edwards, Proprietor -- A. P. Ralph, Editor. Volume. 1.
The Mormonites. -- A Preacher of this sect visited us last Saturday. We heard a part of his lecture, which occupied more than two hours. From account, this sect came into existence a little more than a year since in the following manner, -- A young man about 23 years of age, somewhere in Ontario county, N. Y., was visited by an angel! (here the preacher looked around him apparently to see if the credulity of the people in this enlightened age could be thus imposed on,) who informed him three times in one night that by visiting a certain place in that town he would have revealed to him something of importance. The young man was disturbed, but did not obey the summons until the following day, when the angel again visited him. At the place appointed he found in the earth a box which contained a set of thin plates resembling gold, with Arabic characters inscribed on them. The plates were minutely described as being connected with rings in the shape of the letter D, which facilitated the opening and shutting of the book. The preacher said he found in the same place two stones, with which he was enabled, by placing them over his eyes and putting his head in a dark corner, to decypher the hieroglyphics on the plates! -- This we were told was performed to admiration, and now, as the result, we have a book which the speaker informed us was the Mormon Bible -- a book second to no other -- without which the holy bible, he seemed to think, would be of little use.
Vol. IV. No. ? Rock Spring, Illinois, May ?, 1832. Whole No. ?
Some days since several Mormonite preachers, in their peregrinations, passed through this and the adjoining counties. In St. Clair not much impression was made. One preached in Lebanon, 4 miles from us. In Madison County, on the Ridge Prairie, a few miles south of Edwardsville, they were more successful in making "Impressions." Several families, Methodist, Baptists, and others, were 'almost persuaded.' We believe all have been cured of this singular fanaticism but one family. A Mr. McMahan, a pious and respectable man, & a Methodist local preacher, was so bewildered with their new bible, and their power to work miracles, as to follow them to Shoal creek where he got baptized into the Mormon faith, and received from them a commission to preach and work miracles in turn. After one or two ineffectual attempts with his neighbors, he became entirely deranged in which exercise his wife soon joined. Under the notion that they were fighting evil spirits, they commenced a frenzied attack on their house and furniture. They soon demolished a valuable time piece, a new high post bedstead, bureau, chairs, &c. and tore off the weather boarding, and broke the windows of the house. The next project was to "sacrifice" one of their children, but were interrupted by one of their neighbors interfering, who was obliged to confine this promising disciple of Mormonism in irons till he became more peaceable. He is now suffered to go at large, though still laboring under mental alienation. His wife is some better.
Vol. 2 No. 2. Tuesday, May 7, 1833. Whole No. 54.
Mormonism. -- This sect is rapidly gaining strength. About 1000 are now settled in jackson county, Mo., which they call Mount Zion, given by God to Abraham for his posterity.
Jacksonville, June 8, 1833.
Number ? J. G. Edwards, Proprietor -- A. P. Ralph, Editor. Volume. II.
THE STORM. -- Last Saturday night many parts of this country were visited by a tremendous storm... One circumstance which has some connection with this relation, should not in our humble opinion, be passed by. A company of Mormons -- between 80 and 100 -- arrived at the east bank of the Illinois, on their way to New Jerusalem, in Missouri, the same evening in which the storm commenced with the intention of crossing and encamping in the timber on the other side. The place for their encampment had been judiciously selected -- every necessary preparation made for their removal -- but, by some apparently accidental cause, they did not procure a conveyance across the river that night, and were obliged to stay where they then were. It was fortunate that they did so -- almost every tree on the opposite bank had been prostrated by the storm. Looking across the river and seeing the desolation that had been wrought in a single night, one of them exclaimed, "what an awful death we have all escaped."
and Illinois Intelligencer.
Vol. II. No. 2. Wednesday, Aug. 28, 1833. Whole No. 54.
REGULATING THE MORMONITES.
and State Register.
Vol. III. Saturday, September 21, 1833. No. 24.
MORMONISM. -- We learn from the Missouri papers that the Mormon settlement in the western parts of that State, has been violently broken up by their christian neighbors. Persecution judiciously and violently administered may give them consequences hereafter.
and Illinois Bounty Land Advertiser.
Vol. I. Beardstown, Saturday, October 12, 1833. No. 17.
INTOLETANCE vs. FANATICISM.
Mormonism has ever been looked upon as one of those delusions which seize upon the best-informed minds. A society of this sect were for a long time peaceably settled in Jackson county, Missouri, where they had established a paper entitled "The Star," and were pursuing their course in usefulness and comfort. It seems that the other citizens of this place, were either envious of their prosperity, or were resolved that none should abide among them but such as chose to subscribe to their especial creed. -- They accordingly held a meeting, at which it was resolved, by the mere force of might, to drive these "obnoxious" people from the country, and raze the printing office to the ground. Their resolutions were prevented from being carried into execution by a subsequent agreement, in which the Mormonites stipulated for the removal of their society, and the discontinuance of the "Star."
Jacksonville, November 16, 1833.
Number 50. J. G. Edwards, Proprietor -- A. P. Ralph, Editor. Volume. II.
CIVIL WAR IN JACKSON COUNTY.
Vol. II. No. 26. Friday, Nov. 22, 1833. Whole No. 80.
Most horrid! -- The Missouri Republican of the 12th inst. contains the shocking intelligence of a number of skirmishes between the citizens of Jackson County, Mo. and the Mormons, in which between twenty and thirty citizens, and several Mormons were killed, and many wounded. It appears that the Mormons acted defensively, and that the excitement continued to rage at the last advices.
and State Register.
Vol. III. Saturday, November 23, 1833. No. 33.
A SPECK OF WAR -- in Missouri. -- We learn from St. Louis, that a little war is raging in the county of Jackson, Mo., between the people of that county and the Mormons settled there -- and that several outrages had been committed and battles fought, in which from thirty to fifty of the citizens had been killed, and six or eight of the Mormons; and many wounded on both sides. Report says, that the citizens complain that the Mormons have enticed away their negroes, &c. &c., and on the other hand, the Mormons charge the Presbyterians with persecutions and of being the authors of the whole disturbance. The Governor of Missouri will undoubtedly take immediate steps to put a stop to such outrages and to punish the aggressors.
and State Register.
Vol. III. Saturday, November 30, 1833. No. 34.
The difficulties between the Mormons and other inhabitants of Jackson county, Missouri, are said to have been settled, or rather the Mormons have ceased resistance, and are withdrawing from that part of the country. It also fortunately turns out that only one or two lives have been lost in their different conflicts.
Vol. ? Fanville, Ill., February ? 1834. No. ?
THE MORMONITES AGAIN.
Governor Dunklin, of Missouri, has issued an executive letter, directed to several leading men of the Mormon persuasion, directing them to appeal to the courts of law, which are bound to render them satisfaction for late outrageous assaults upon their rights and liberties as peaceable citizens. The governor says, "in the event that the laws cannot be executed, and that is officially made known to me, my duty will require me to take such steps as will enforce a faithful execution of them."
Vol. II. No. 39. Friday, Feb. 7, 1834. Whole No. 91.
The Mormon mystery developed. -- Dr. P. Hurlbert, of Kirkland [sic], Ohio, who has been engaged for some time in different parts of this state, but chiefly in this neighborhood, on behalf of his fellow-townsmen, in the pursuit of facts and information concerning the origin and design of the Book of Mormon, which, to the surprise of all in this region who know the character of the leaders in the bungling imposition, seems already to have gained multitudes of believers in various parts of the country, requests us to say, that he has succeeded in accomplishing the object of his mission, and that an authentic history of the whole affair will shortly be given to the public. The original manuscript of the Book was written some thirty years since, by a respectable clergyman, now deceased, whose name we are not permitted to give. It was designed to be published as a romance, but the author died soon after it was written; and hence the plan failed. The pretended religious character of the work has been superadded by some more modern hand -- believed to be the notorious Rigdon. These particulars have been derived by Dr. Hurlbert from the widow of the author of the original manuscript. -- Palmyra Sentinel.
Vol. IV. Richmond, Ind., Sat., May 24, 1834. No. ?
Mormonites. -- On Monday morning last, a caravan of about two hundred Mormonites, with a long train of wagons, passed through this place, on their way to the "far west." There were but few women among them, and the men were generally, if not all, supplied with fire arms. A stout, hardy set of looking fellows they were too, and many of them quite intelligent. From their equipment, it has been suspected that they intend joining and defending their brethren in Jackson county, Missouri. They professed to be in search of new lands, whereon to form a settlement, either in Illinois or farther west. We understand they were from the States of Vermont, New York, and Pennsylvania, and had assembled at some point on their route hither.
Jacksonville, Ill., June 7, 1834.
Number ? J. G. Edwards, Proprietor -- A. P. Ralph, Editor. Volume ?
This looks rebellion. -- A large company of emigrants, consisting of about two hundred and fifty men and four women, encamped near the Mauvaiseterre -- about one mile from this town -- on Saturday evening last. A number of our citizens visited their encampment on the Sabbath. They had preaching and other religious services, conducted by men of theor own party. Many conjectures were afloat in regard to the object and future plans of these individuals. From all that could be gathered, it was ascertained that the bulk of them came from the western part of New-York, and that they were on their way to the "Far West." Curiosity was the more excited on account of the backwardness displayed by every individual in the company, in communicating their inention in coming to this country, &c.
and Illinois Intelligencer.
Vol. II. No. 52. Thursday, June 12, 1834. Whole No. 104.
The St. Louis Republican of June 2d says: --
Vol. III. No. 6. Monday, June 16, 1834. Whole No. 109.
The St. Louis Republican of June 2d. says. --
Vol. III. No. 10. Monday, July 14, 1834. Whole No. 113.
On Monday last, a committee on the part of the citizens of Jackson county, and one in behalf of the Mormon people, met in this place, to take into consideration the subject of compromising the difficulties which occurred in Jackson county last fall. At the suggestion of the Hon. Judge Ryland, the parties met at the court house, and were addressed by him in an impressive and forcible manner, relative to the importance and urgent necessity of bringing their difficulties to an honorable adjustment. He portrayed to them, in lively colors, the destructive and inevitable consequences which would result from an onstinate refusal to bring this disagreeable and truly deplorable state of things to an amicable end. He informed the commitees of the respective parties, that it was not his province as a high judicial officer, to dictate to them the terms upon which they should settle this subject; nevertheless, as a man who felt deeply interested for his country and its laws, and the happiness and well being of his fellow men, he advised them to ponder well what they were about to do; and after enjoining upon them the necessity of regarding the laws of the land, -- he addressed the Mormons, warning them against the danger of suffering themselves to be led by pretenders to the high preogatives of the Prophets of God, to certain destruction. With all the candor of a man who felt the importance of the crisis, he informed them of the real state of feeling that now pervades the greater part of the upper country he supposed that the Mormons might cross the river and defeat the citizens of Jackson in battle -- that it would only be the means of involving them in greater difficulties -- that hundreds would rush from the adjoining counties to revenge the blood of their neighbors, and that they must be expelled in turn -- that the arm of the civil law could do nothing amid the din of arms and the rage of war -- and he hoped they would reflect seriously, before our rich soil should be deluged with the blood of our countrymen.
Vol. IV. Richmond, Ind., Sat., July 26?, 1834. No. ?
Mormons. -- A number of Mormons whose passage westward through this place we noticed in May last, have returned this week, and look indeed like the remnant of a scattered army. They say they are returning to the east for their families, some to settle business, &c. -- They were not communicative, but they speak of a battle having taken place between some of their people and the citizens of Jackson county, Missouri. They say the Governor ordered them to give up their arms, which they did peaceably. Their persons and equipage denote hard service, and make a contrast to their outward bound appearance.
Vol. ? Connersville, Indiana, August ? 1834. No. ?
THE MORMON WAR,
It will be recollected by some that about September last, a disturbance took place between the Mormons and the citizens of Jackson county, Missouri. The former numbering about 1200, had selected that place as the land of Zion, and each successive spring and autumn poured forth its swarms of them, with a gradual falling off in the character of the people, was too manifest. The citizens had been old they were to be cut off, and their lands appropriated to the Mormons for inheritances; but whether this was to be done by the destroying angel -- by the judgement of God, or the arm of power, was not disclosed to them. They however plainly saw, that if this population continued to increase, they would soon have all the offices in their hands; and the lives and property of the citizens be insecure.
Vol. ? Indianapolis, Indiana, Sept. 5, 1834. No. ?
The poor Mormons are beginning to discover the imposture -- have pierced through the veil that has covered the deformities of their Mokarra. A number of them residing in Bowling Green, Mo., have determined to renounce the doctrine of Mormonism for the [present], or, in other words, to remain silent or neutral, until something shall have been revealed to them from heaven.
Vol. VII. No. ? Rock Spring, Illinois, March ?, 1835. Whole No. ?
This imposture had its origins in Ontario county, N. York, in 1830. The ostensible projector was an idle, worthless fellow by the name of Joe Smith -- the real inventors of the delusion have had adroitness enough to "keep dark" as yet. Smith pretended that he had found some golden or brass plates, like the leaves of a book, hid in a box in the earth, to which he was directed by an Angel, in 1827, -- that the writing on them was in the "Reformed Egyptian Language," -- that he was inspired to interpret the writings, or engravings, by putting a plate in his hat, putting two smooth flat stones, which he found in the box, in the hat, and putting his face therein -- that he could not write, but as he translated, one Oliver Cowdery wrote it down. The next step was to operate upon a superstitious and credulous farmer, by the name of Martin Harris, and induce him to sell his farm, worth, it is said three thousand dollars, to raise funds to print the Book!
Vol. I. Rockville, Indiana, July 18, 1835. No. 2.
CAPTURE OF A MORMON ANGEL. -- A western paper has a curious accunt of a new adventure with the Mormons. Jo Smith, the high priest and prophet of those fanatic vagabonds, was not long since upon his proselyting expedition in Ohio, and to give more solemnity a eclat to the administration of his baptism, he gave notice that angel would appear on the opposite side of the river in which the ceremony was performed, as often as the rite should be repeated. Accordingly, whenever the baptism took place, a figure in white sure enough appeared upon the bank of the Grand River, and continued there as long as the ceremony lasted. Some of the unbelievers, however, secreted themselves near the spot, and the next time it showed itself, his ghostship, after several unghostlike attempts to escape, and after ducking in the river to which it was driven, was taken bodily possession of, when it was found, upon examination, to be nothing more nor less than the prophet himself. --
Vol. ? Bloomington, Indiana, December 27, 1835. No. ?
Whereas my wife Mary has voluntarily abandoned my house against my will and contrary to my consent, without any just cause given by me; whereas, in my absence, she has stipped and robbed my house of all the goods I left in it, say to the amount of at least $150 worth of valuable property; and placed the same in possession of her dishonest neighbor (the greatest enemy I ever had on earth) for her children, and whereas, under the influence and vile directions of her ungodly connexions she has, in her second childhood and old age, become an enemy and traitor to her husband (having loved her children and especially her beloved Daniel Esq. much more than her husband), all persons, therefore, are hereby forewarned not to harbour, trust, or trade with her on my account; in any manner whatever -- as I am determined not to pay any of her debts, nor abide by any of her dealings.
and Jacksonville News.
Vol. II. Saturday, November 21, 1836. No. 13.
MORMONS. -- A correspondent of the 'Miami of the Lake' gives a short description of the Temple of Mormon, or, as it is called, the 'Temple of the Lord,' in Kirtland, eleven miles south east of Painesville, Geauga county. It is a stone ediface, 58 feet 8 inches by 78 feet 8 inches, two full stories high, with dormer windows in the roof, which give it a singular appearance. For the size and peculiar construction of the 'Temple,' and the addition of the extra eight inches each way, the leaders of this infatuated people give no other reason, but, as they tell their following, that the Lord gave his direction. The house is rather an expensive one, the writer adds, built by the labor of the poor people, who in their delusion, follow Joe Smith and Rigdon.
and Jacksonville News.
Vol. III. Wednesday, May 24, 1837. No. 6.
From the Missouri Republican.
All day I continued my journey... a young man was reclining upon the bank... I soon discovered, what I had suspected... that he belonged to that singular sect, to which I have before alluded, styling themselves Mormonites, and was even then [July, 1836. near Shelbyville, Mo.] on his way to Mt. Zion, Jackson County, Missouri. By contriving to throw into my observations a few of those tenets of the sect which, during my wanderings, I had gathered up, the worthy Mormonite was soon persuaded... that he had stumbled upon a veritable brother; and without reserve of mental reservation laid open to my cognizance as we journeyed along, "the reasons of the faith that was in him," and the ultimate, proximate, and intermediate designs of the party... The most which could be gathered of any possible account from this confused, disconnected, mass of rubbish, was the following -- that Joe Smith, or Joe Smith's father, or the devil, or some other great personage, had somewhere dug up the golden plates, upon which was graven the 'Book of Mormon.' That this all mysterious and much to be admired book, embraced the chronicles of the lost kings of Israel. That it derived its cognomen from one Mormon, its principal hero, son of Lot's daughter, king of the Moabites. That Christ was crucified on the spot where Adam was interred -- that the descendants of Cain were all now under the curse, and that no one could possibly designate who they were -- that the Saviour was about to descend in Jackson Co., Mo. -- that the millenium was dawning and that all who were not baptized by Joe Smith, or by his compeers, and forthwith repaired to Mt. Zion, Missouri, aforesaid, would assuredly be cut off, and that without remedy. These may, perhaps, serve as a specimen of a host of wild absurdities which fell from the lips of my Mormonite; but the instant [an] argument upon any point was pressed, away was he a thousand miles into the fields of mysticism, or he laid an immediate embargo upon farther proceedings, by a bare-faced petitic principii on the faith of the golden plates; or, by asserting that the stranger knew more upon the matter than he! At length, coming to the conclusion that the [stranger] could at least boast as much Mormonism as he, I spurred up, and left him still jogging onward to Mt. Zion. And yet... my Mormonite was by no means an ignorant man... taking to himself a brace of wives, and two or three braces of children, by way of stock in trade for the community at Mt. Zion... he [was] all agog for the promised land...
and Jacksonville News.
Vol. III. Thursday, June 15, 1837. No. 9.
SKETCHES OF A TRAVELLER. -- No. 23.
Vol. II. Saturday, July 1, 1837. No. 18.
A Prophet in Limbo! -- The Cleveland Gazette, of June 2, says, that the Mormon Prophet. JO SMITH, has lately been arrested in Geauga county, as an accessory to attempt to murder an unbeliever in his golden humbug. It seems that Jo had a revelation that a certain sceptic in the neighborhood of the "Holy Land" deserved martyrdom, and soon found a couple of his followers stupid and wicked enough to obey his ministrations. They were foiled in their attempt to shoot the individual, quarreled with the prophet, and are now exhibiting this fiend in the garb of a "Latter day Saint," in his true character. So say reports.
N.S. Vol. I. No. ? Upper Alton, Ill., July 21 1837. Whole No. 246.
THE MISSING TRIBES.
Curiosity, which has been on tip-toe to hear the lecture of Mr. Noah, on the missing tribes, was gratified at length on Tuesday, the 14th ult., when he delivered it before a very crowded audience, at Clinton Hall.
Vol. III. Friday, September 14, 1838. No. 28.
MORE MORMON DIFFICULTY IN MISSOURI.
By referring to another column in this paper, our readers will perceive that great excitement prevails in some of the upper counties of Missouri, in consequence of an attempt by the leaders of the Mormona to force some of the citizens of those counties, whom they supposed to be unfriendly to their religious system, to sign an instrument of writing dictated by themselves. It appears that the Mormons have at present an armed force of from 80 to 100 men; and also, that the ringleaders have already resisted the regular process and execution of the laws of Missouri. Where this matter will end it is hard to conjecture.
Vol. III. Friday, September 21, 1838. No. 29.
A committee appointed by the meeting held in this place on Saturday last, and instructed to "Repair to the scene of recent difficulties and aggressions," with the Mormons, have just returned from their mission, and we learn from Mr. P. M. Jackson, one of the committee, that things do not present a scene so very alarming as has been represented by various reports from that quarter. Some of the leading Mormons have intimated their willingness to submit themselves to the legal authorities; hence we may infer that no serious difficulties will arise. --
N.S. Vol. II. No. 48. Upper Alton, Ill., Oct. 5, 1838. Whole No. 296.
THE MORMON WAR.
Late intelligence from the western frontier of Mo. renders it highly probable that civil war has, by this time, broken out.
About fifty waggons, loaded with these people, amounting to between 4 and 500, passed through this place, on Friday last, on their way to Caldwell county, Missouri. Joe Smith is certainly recruiting his troops very rapidly, and will be able to give his brother Loco Focos of the neighborhood a hard fight, should they think proper to make an effort for their expulsion from Caldwell county. At the last dates from the seat of anticipated distirbance, however, it was said that Smith and his adjuncts, had concluded not to set up the Standard of the Prophet at present, which has had the effect to tranquilize the appregensions of the citizens of the beighboring counties. From what we have seen, we are inclined to believe that a considerable portion of the emigration from Canada belongs to this Mormon concern -- If so, we are quite willing it should pass by to Missouri.
Vol. III. Friday, October 19, 1838. No. 33.
MORMON TROUBLES NEEDED. -- A gentleman who arrived yesterday direct from Columbia, informs us that on Tuesday last all the volunteer companies were disbanded by the Governor, and had returned to their respective homes. Peace and quietness reigned amongst the Mormons -- and the general impression in that section of the country thro' which our informant travelled was, that the Mormons had been greatly slandered. -- "more sinned against than sinning." Bulletin.
N.S. Vol. II. No. 49. Upper Alton, Ill., Nov. 5, 1838. Whole No. 297.
BATTLE WITH THE MORMONS.
==> By a passenger on board the Ashley, this evening, from Missouri tiver, we learn that a conflict had taken place between the Mormons and their enemies; that the former had four killed, the latter two wounded; and the Mormons had retreated from Dewitt. -- St. Louis Gaz.
It appears that the Missouri troubles are not yet over. A letter from a gentleman on board the steam-boat Astoria, dated below Jefferson City, Oct. 28, to his friend in St. Louis, published in the Missouri Republican of yesterday, states that the Mormons have devastated Daviess county, burning the seat of justice, and most of the houses, and were then marching on Richmond, with the intention of destroying it also. Two letters from military gentlemen, inserted in the Fayette Missourian of the 27th ult. confirm the above, with the addition that a company of 50 men, under Capt. Bogard, ordered out not long since for the protection of Ray county, had been cut to pieces by a Mormon detachment, nearly 100 strong, three or four only succeeding in making their escape. A mounted force of 3000 men had been called out by Gov. Boggs, with orders to rendezvous at Fayette with all practicable expedition, in order to proceed forthwith to the seat of war; and present appearances would seem to indicate that the controversy will not be brought to a close without a bloody struggle. We are unable to throw any satisfactory light, either on the origin of the difficulties, or on the causes which have led to their renewal, after having been apparently adjusted on two several occasions.
Vol. III. Friday, November 30, 1838. No. 39.
Light begins to break in upon the dark mobocratic spirit which recently threatened the extermination of the Mormons in Missouri. It is already well understood that the most unworthy motives actuated the prosecution of that fanatical sect. Under pretence of promoting morality and defending religion, the mobites wished to possess themselves of the rich lands the Mormons occupied, and which they had honestly purchased and paid for. A writer in the St. Louis Republican urging a legislative investigation of the conduct of the parties, remarks:
N.S. Vol. II. No. 50. Upper Alton, Ill., Dec. 13, 1838. Whole No. 298.
THE MORMON WAR.
A terrible fracas took place between the Mormons and other citizens of Daviess, Carrol and other counties in Missouri. Who were the first aggressors, and who are the most to blame are questions beyond our comprehension from all that has yet appeared in the papers of Missouri. It seems howeverm that during the summer the Mormons were repeatedly ordered to leave Carrol and Daviess counties, and threats of violent expulsion were held out. Both parties began to arm themselves and assume a fighting attitude. The Governor ordered out the militia, and a truce was effected without bloodshed. The Mormons agreed to leave Carrol county and confine themselves to certain limits. The truce continued but a short period. The people of Daviess county began to make the same demands, which the Mormons determinately resisted, and prepared to defend their rights. The next we heard was that the Mormons were embodying themselves at Far West, a town of their own, to drive the mob from Daviess county. This was about the 15th of October. It seems that Joe Smith, their leader and inspired prophet, got a commission from heaven authorizing and requiring the Mormons to resist and in defence of their rights, drive off their enemies. -- A portion of the Mormons had some scruples, it would seem, against such summary and lawless measures, byt Joe Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Parley Pratt, Hinkle, and divers others were for warlike measures. They attacked the county seat of Daviess, burned the Court-house, Jail, a store and several dwellings, seized the property of the people, drove to their strong hold at Far West, cattle, hogs, horses, &c. and committed various depredations. The people fled to other counties and across the Missouri river. Some skirmishing followed, and several were killed and wounded on both sides.
and Galena Advertiser.
Vol. V. Galena, Thursday, February 28, 1839. No. 2.
The Missouri Republican of the 16th says: -- "We learn from Liberty that Sidney Rigdon and Jo Smith were recently taken from the prison and brought before a Justice of the County Court, under a writ of habeas corpus. Thestimony in the case was heard, Smith was re-committed and Rigdon admitted to bail. He has since left the state. Rigdon, it is said, made a most able defence before the court.