Vol. X. Washington: Monday, July 9, 1810. No. 1328.
Public opinion, so often unjust towards cotemporary writers, has pronounced upon the Travels of Baron Humboldt in a manner so honorable and so nearly unanimous, that it has almost become useless to repeat the eulogies which the publication of each new book (or number) obliges us to bestow on this great work. The public no longer demands of us what we think but what we know of it; their only anxiety is to know whether a new part of this superb manument of science has been finished and delivered to the greedy eyes of those whom their good fortune has enabled to enjoy it. The Historic Narrative and the Pictoresque Atlas have been long expected with an impatience proportioned to the interest which these parts inspired in all classes of readers; but the editors, on their part, imposed a wise deliberation on the typography and engraving of the one part of the work, which, in order to speak by the senses to the imagination, requires the minutest care and most correct execution. It is now some weeks since the first book of the Pictoresque Atlas was published, under the title of Views of the Cordilleras and of the monuments of the people of America; by Alexander de Humboldt.
Vol. ? Washington: Friday, November 2, 1810. No. ?
Tableau Physique des Regions Equatorales, &c. Par Alexandre de Humboldt, 4to. Paris, 1807, et seqq.
Vol. ? Washington: Saturday, August 26, 1820. No. ?
THE DIVINING ROD.
Vol. ? Washington: Tuesday, August 29, 1820. No. ?
TO THE EDITORS.
Vol. ? Washington: Tuesday, July 24, 1821. No. ?
THE DIVINING ROD EXPOSED.
The public attention has lately been called to the subject of the Divining Rod. Facts have been stated which ought not to be wholly disregarded, and which, if substantiated, would go far to establish its virtues. Here are presented other facts, which persuade me it is a delusion -- a delusion so well confirmed to be laughed away and worthy of the pains necessary to destroy it.
Vol. ? Washington: Friday, June 28, 1822. No. ?
The following imposing article announces the revival of the School of Bleton. We give it to our readers as one of many proofs that empiricism is of no age, and has no respect to persons. Here we find "a gentleman of high respectability, well versed in chemistry and natural philosophy," professing himself an adept in the exploded art and mystery of Bletonism. An age of intermediate improvement in science has not been sufficient to eradicate the superstition which imputed magic virtues to broom-sticks and hazel switches. We shall mark the progress of the public experiments which are doubtless about to be made by this "pupil of the celebrated Accum," and announce the result:
Vol. 19. Washington: Wednesday, July 6, 1831. No. 5715.
THE MARCH OF MORMONISM.
The Lockport, (Niagara co. N. Y.) Balance of the 31st ult., giving a history of what it terms the "Golden Bible Imposition," speaks of it as follows:
Vol. ? Washington: Saturday, April 13, 1833. No. ?
MORMONISM. -- We perceive by a letter from Independence, Missouri, to the Editor of the Cincinnati Journal, that difficulties have already begun in the Mormon community, at Mount Zion, in that quarter; one of the members having sued the Bishop, in a court of justice, for fifty dollars, which has been sent by plaintiff to said Bishop from Ohio, "to purchase an inheritance for himself and the saints of God in Zion in these last days." This was certainly a most impious act, but "nevertheless and notwithstanding," the jury found for the plaintiff; it appearing that though the good bishop had indeed appropriated the money "to the purchase of an inheritance," yet he had, unthoughtedly no doubt, procured the deed to be drawn in his own name, to his heirs, &c., and no one else in Zion nor out of it. The writer states that on this decision several other members are ready to make similar demands on the good bishop. Wonder if this is one of the bishop's miracles? It appears by another letter from the same gentleman, (Mr. Pixley, a Baptist clergyman,) that since their settlement at Mount Zion -- or Jerusalem, as they sometimes term it -- four or five hundred of these deluded wretches, including men, women, and children, have arrived there. Several others are said to be preparing to start there, from Cincinnati, in the course of a few weeks. --
Vol. ? Washington: Saturday, June 22, 1833. No. ?
One of the Mormonites has become dissatisfied with his new faith and brethren, and has denounced them all in a Westfield, (N. Y.) paper, in the words following:
Vol. ? Washington: Wednesday, August 21, 1833. No. ?
MORMONITES IN MISSOURI.
... Some very extraordinary proceedings have recently taken place in Jackson county, in this state, against the sect of fanatics called Mormons. These proceedings may find some justification in the necessity of the case, but they are wholly at war with the genius of our institutions, and as subversive of good order as the conduct of the fanatics themselves. Perhaps, however, it was the only method which could have been effectually put in practice to get this odious description of population out of the way. Banished as they are from that frontier, it may well be asked to what place will they now remove; and will they enjoy any better security in the new abode which they may select? But to the proceedings:
Vol. ? Washington: Wednesday, October 30, 1833. No. ?
The reign of Mormonites has succeeded to that of Joanna Southcoteism and Jemima Wilkinism. There is no ism, either in religion or politics, however offensive to common sense, or degrading to human nature, that will not find its followers. The annexed paragraph, from the Bangor Courier, furnishes a melancholy proof of this truth:
Vol. ? Washington: Saturday, November 30, 1833. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Saturday, December 7, 1833. No. ?
The War against the Mormonites. -- We are glad to learn from the following, received by the last evening's Mail, that the affrays between the Mormonites and other inhabitants of the western part of Missouri have not been as sanguinary as at first represented, and are supposed to be now at an end.
Vol. ? Washington: Tuesday, December 24, 1833. No. ?
THE MORMON WAR. -- A letter from the Rev. B. Pixley, to the editor of the New York Observer, relative to the civil war in Missouri, between the inhabitants and the Mormons, gives a somewhat different version of the affair, from that published some time ago, in this paper, on the authority of Orson Hyde, one of the Elders. From Mr. P.'s account, it appears that the sect proclaimed that the spot they had selected was the Zion spoken of in Scripture -- that the present inhabitants would be driven off -- and that they, the Mormons, should inhabit the country. This arrogant pretence, coupled with an invitation to all the free negroes to come and join them, aroused a spirit of opposition, and induced the citizens, last summer, to pull down their printing office. They were proceeding to other extremities, when expostulation ensued, and a treaty was made in which it was agreed that the Mormons should move away before another summer, and in consideration thereof the other party were to make good the loss sustained by destroying their printing office.
Vol. ? Washington: Saturday, May 31, 1834. No. ?
RICHMOND, (WAYNE CO., INDIANA,) May 24.
Mormonites On Monday morning last, a caravan of about two hundred Mormonites, with a long train of wagons, passed through this place, on their way to the "far west." There were but few women among them, and the men were generally, if not all, supplied with firearms. A stout, hardy set of looking fellows they were too, and many of them quite intelligent. From their equipments, it has been suspected that they intend joining and defending their brethren in Jackson county, Missouri. They professed to be in search of new lands, whereon to form a settlement, either in Illinois or farther west. We understand they were from the States of Vermont, New York, and Pennsylvania, and had assembled at some point on their route hither. -- Palladium.
Vol. 22. Washington: Wednesday, July 2, 1834. No. 6675.
THE MORMON WAR.
We learn by the following article, and others in other papers corroborating it, that violence and bloodshed may be expected in Missouri between those fanatics the Mormonites and those, almost equally fanatic, who seek to put down their superstitions and delusions by force of arms:
Vol. 22. Washington: Friday, July 4, 1834. No. ?
Vol. 22. Washington: Wednesday, July 9, 1834. No. 6680.
THE MORMONS IN MISSOURI.
Current information from Missouri confirms the apprehensions entertained of the breaking out of a furious Civil War between the Mormons and the residents of Jackson county, in the State of Missouri. The Fayette Monitor, of the 21st, says "By our next number we anticipate something (on the Mormon controversy) in an authentic form. The people may look for the worst."
Vol. 22. Washington: Wednesday, July 16, 1834. No. ?
We have been looking out for some days past for news of bloodshed between the Mormons and their opponents in Jackson county, in Missouri. The subjoined is the first report of it, and being through a private channel, may not be very accurate. We shall hear more fully, no doubt, either to-day or to-morrow.
Vol. 22. Washington: Wednesday, July 23, 1834. No. 6692.
THE MORMON CONTROVERSY.
The Report which reached us some time ago, in the shape of a private letter published in an Ohio paper, of a battle between the Mormons and the inhabitants of Jackson county, in Missouri, turns out to be untrue. How near they have been to a Battle, and a very bloody one, will appear from the following information (which, as to the facts, may be relied upon) copied from a Kentucky paper:
Vol. ? Washington: Thursday, July 31, 1834. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Saturday, August 2, 1834. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Mondayday, August 4, 1834. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Wednesday, August 6, 1834. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Thursday, August 20, 1835. No. ?
MORMONISM IN NEW-ENGLAND.
Vol. ? Washington: Friday, August 21, 1835. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Tuesday, November 10, 1835. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Friday, May 20, 1836. No. ?
MARCH OF INTELLECT.
THE MORMONS. -- A gentleman living in Lorain county, Ohio, writes that a more extraordinary sect has not sprung up since the days of Mahomet. In the town of Kirtland they have erected a stone temple at an expense of $40,000. It is sixty by eighty feet broad; and fifty feet high. It has two rows of Gothic windows. The floor is the place of worship, with four rows of pulpits at each end, having three pulpits in a row. These twelve pulpits rise behind and above one another, and are designed, the uppermost row for the bishop and his counsellor[s], the second for the priest and his counsellors, the third for the teachers, and the fourth or lowest for the deacons. Over the division between each of the rows of pulpits, is a painted canvas, rolled up to the ceiling, and to be let down at pleasure, so as to conceal the dignitaries from the audience. The area can be divided into four apartments so as to carry on the objects of imposture. The second and attic stories are for a theological and literary seminary, which is expected to have the manual labor system attached to it. The Mormons are very eager to acquire an education, pursue their Hebrew till 12 o'clock at night, and attend nothing else. They pretend to have remarkable revelations, work miracles, heal the sick, &c. &c.
Vol. ? Washington: Tuesday, July 4, 1837. No. ?
MORMONIA -- MORMON TOWN.
Although I presume, Mr. Editor, that your readers have seen much, and heard much, concerning the Mormon sect, yet I am led to conclude that something more may not be destitute of interest. With their particular notions of religion, and their doctrine of Joe Smith's inspiration, I have nothing to do, nor yet am I, by any means, disposed to raise the finger of scorn, and ridicule a people because they have chosen to exercise the privilege of American citizens, secured to them by the American Constitution -- that of adopting theological [dogma] which differ from some systems more popular, though perhaps little less irrational and absurd. But inasmuch as they have at different times occupied some space in the public eye, and have been spoken for and against with all those false colorings, and perhaps falsehoods, that characterize every thing transacted under the influence of religious excitement and party zeal. we may now venture to address candid consideration without incurring the imputation of either malevolence or favoritism.
Vol. ? Washington: Friday, February 9, 1838. No. ?
TROUBLE AMONG THE MORMONS. -- The Cleveland Gazette of the 25th ult. says; "We learn from a source to be relied on, that the Mormon Society at Kirtland is breaking up. Smith and Rigdon, after prophesying the destruction of the town, left with their families in the night, and others of the faithful are following. The 'Reformers' are in possession of the Temple, and have excluded the Smith and Rigdon party. An exposure of the proceedings of the Society is in course of preparation by one Parish, the former confidential Secretary of the prophet Smith.
Vol. ? Washington: Tuesday, September 4, 1838. No. ?
New York, Sept. 2.
Vol. ? Washington: Thursday, October 4, 1838. No. ?
THE MORMONS. -- A desperate battle was anticipated between the Mormons and the inhabitants of Howard and Daviess counties, Missouri. The St. Louis papers received this morning state that the People of Saline, Lafayette, Ray, and Clay, had, in addition to Daviess and Livingston, sent out volunteers. Camden, in Ray, was deserted of all its able bodied men. The Mormons had fortified their town -- Far West -- and were 1,500 strong. They are well disciplined, and will fight well, as Jo Smith tells them if they are beaten they need not expect a resting place this side of Heaven. Some fears were entertained as to the result of the expected engagement. -- Balt. Tran.
Vol. ? Washington: Saturday, October 6, 1838. No. ?
THE MORMON DIFFICULTIES.
WE have nothing later from Davis county than the 14th. At that time the militia from Clay, Saline, Jackson and some other counties were collecting in Daviess and Carroll, but no decisive steps had been taken on either side. We copy below an article from the Western Star, (published at Liberty, in Clay county,) of the 14th, which shows the origin and progress of the difficulty. We have heard a number of verbal reports, but nothing that can be relied on, so wer prefer waiting for more positive intelligence. The remarks of the Star are as follows:
Vol. ? Washington: Tuesday, October 9, 1838. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Saturday, October 13, 1838. No. ?
THE MORMONS. -- By the following extract from the St. Louis Bulletin, we perceive that the Mormon troubles are ended, at least for the present.
Vol. ? Washington: Monday, October 22, 1838. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Wednesday, October 24, 1838. No. ?
The following intelligence is quite alarming. The letter which we give below was received yesterday by the Saint Peters, which left Glasgow about daylight on Monday morning, the 7th instant. The letter was written about the hour of the boat's leaving/ The writer is one of the most respectable citizens of the upper country; his statements may be relied upon.
Vol. ? Washington: Tuesday, October 30, 1838. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Wednesday, October 31, 1838. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Wednesday, November 14, 1838. No. ?
MORMON TROUBLES IN MISSOURI.
An arrival at St. Louis, from above, confirms the reports which were previously current, of the burning of Daviess court-house, post office, and a store by the Mormons. It is stated that the Governor had ordered out 4,000 militia; and that volunteer companies were rapidly being organized to march to the scene of action. The Mormons are said to be daily receiving accessions to their numbers by emigrants from Canada.
Vol. ? Washington: Friday, November 16, 1838. No. ?
We have fresh accounts of the Missouri Mormon war, that present a disastrous state of affairs. It would seem that the attempt of a large body of Mormons to settle far west in Missouri, in the counties of Davies and Livingston, has been resisted by the previous settlers of the vicinity, and the contest has come to the battle field.
Vol. ? Washington: Saturday, November 17, 1838. No. ?
Our community is again thrown into commotion in consequence of recent intelligence received from that portion of our State inhabited by the Mormons. It is only few weeks since we announced that the Mormon troubles were at an end, and we fondly hoped that peace and quietness would be preserved between the good citizens of Missouri and that infatuated community called Mormons. In these fond hopes, however, we have experienced a sad disappointment. The fanatical spirit which has been infused into these misguided people by a few artful and designing leaders has so perverted their reason as to destroy in their bosoms that sense of moral propriety which influences men in civilized society to act correctly, and like all men governed and guided by fanaticism they have recently given loose to their evil passions and prejudices, set at naught the laws of the land and the rules which regulate society, and put in terror the people of a whole county by acts of outrage heretofore unknown in any section of our country professing to be governed by laws. The several letters from the region near the scene of their outrages, which will be found in our paper to-day, exhibit a spirit of recklessness and disregard of law and humanity on the part of these people which could not have been anticipated. We have endeavored for some time past to collect the main facts connected with this unpleasant and unfortunate business from its commencement, and have not been able, but partially, to succeed. The information we give to-day will present a tolerably clear view of the matter as it now stands, but, of the rise and progress of it from its commencement, we are in some degree in the dark. Much has been said for and against the Mormons, some expressing the opinion that they have been more sinned against than sinning, that the citizens were more to blame than the Mormons; but recent events satisfy us that the peaceable citizens cannot live in harmony with them as neighbors, and that they must and will be driven out of the State before there can be any peace and quietness in that region where they are at present settled.
Vol. ? Washington: Monday, November 19, 1838. No. ?
Just as our paper was ready for the press yesterday, we received the following letter from Mr. Ryland. To those abroad who do not know Mr. R. we can say that he is the judge of the Circuit Court. The picture which he gives of the prevailing excitement may be relied upon as strictly accurate. We are glad to find that the account of Capt. Bogard's defeat is not as bad as was represented in former accounts. The letter is post marked the 30th, up to which time, we presume, nothing of importance had occurred.
Vol. ? Washington: Wednesday, November 21, 1838. No. ?
THE MORMON WAR AT AN END.
The steamboat Pirate arrived at our port last evening from the Missouri. We learn from her passengers that the war with the Mormons, about which so much anxiety has existed, has been brought to a termination, by the surrender of the whole Mormon force to the troops under the command of Major General Clark near Far West. No resistance was offered by them, and Jo. Smith, Rigdon, White, and three or four others of the leaders were detained by the commander of the forces, to await such proceedings as may hereafter be instituted against them. It is reported, but we think it will turn out to be as erroneous as the statements about Capt. Bogard's engagement and defeat, that some seventeen or twenty of the Mormons were killed after they had surrendered themselves prisoners, and that other acts of violence were committed. A few days must bring authentic information upon the subject, and also of the disposition which is to be made of the Mormon leaders. It is also stated that General Atchison, of Clay, had resigned his command, because of some disaffection which he felt towards the Governor's orders.
MORMON TROUBLES ENDED AGAIN. -- By the steamboat Pirate, which arrived yesterday afternoon from Westport, Missouri, we have the gratifying intelligence of the bloodless termination of these disturbances. The Mormons, seeing such a large body of men assembling together, all highly excited, and considering "discretion the better part of valor," surrendered themselves to General Atchison without even firing a gun. Jo. Smith, the prophet, and two or three more of the ringleaders, are to be taken to Jefferson City, and the rest (about 700) are to be marched without the bounds of the State. A number of the volunteer companies were disbanded, and had returned to their respective homes.
MORMONS. -- There are various rumors afloat concerning the surrender of the Mormons, and we are afraid that the disturbances have not terminated so amicably as was reported. We have conversed with a gentleman who arrived yesterday afternoon from Jefferson city, on board the St. Peter's, and he states that an express arrived there on Wednesday night, bringing intelligence that a party of Mormons, who had fortified themselves in a house, were attacked by the volunteers under the command of Gen. Lucas, and thirty-two of them were killed -- seven of the volunteers were wounded, and one killed. It is further stated that the Governor had issued orders to Gen. Clark to retain as many of the volunteer companies as was necessary to keep the Mormons prisoners until the meeting of the Legislature.
Vol. ? Washington: Saturday, November 24, 1838. No. ?
Vol. ? Washington: Wednesday, November 28, 1838. No. ?
MORE OF THE MORMONS.
Vol. ? Washington: Tuesday, April 30, 1839. No. ?
THE MORMONS, -- The Peoria (Illinois) Register says:
Vol. ? Washington: Friday, May 3, 1839. No. ?
THE MORMON BIBLE.
The Boston Recorder of last week contains the following singular development or the origin and history of the Mormon Bible. It accounts most satisfactorily for the existence of the book, a fact which heretofore it has been difficult to explain. It was difficult to imagine how a work containing so many indications of being the production of a cultivated mind should be connected with a knavery so impudent and a superstition so gross as that which must have characterized the founders of this pretended religious sect. The present narrative, which, independently of the attestations annexed, appears to be by no means improbable, was procured from the writer by the Rev. Mr. Stow [sic], of Holliston, who remarks that he has "had occasion to come in contact with Mormonism in its grossest forms." It was communicated by him for publication in the Recorder. -- Boston Daily Advertiser.
ORIGIN OF THE "BOOK OF MORMON,"
As this book has excited much attention and has been put by a certain new sect, in the place of the sacred Scriptures, I deem it a duty which I owe to the public, to state what I know touching its origin. That its claims to a divine origin are wholly unfounded, needs no proof to a mind unperverted by the grossest delusions. That any sane person should rank it higher than any other merely human composition, is a matter of the greatest astonishment; yet it is received as divine by some who dwell in enlightened New England, and even by those who have sustained the character of devoted Christians. Learning recently, that Mormonism had found its way into a church in Massachusetts, and has impregnated some of its members with its gross delusions, so that excommunication has become necessary, I am determined to delay no longer doing what I can to strip the mask from this monster of sin, and to lay open this pit of abominations.
Vol. ? Washington: Friday, May 31, 1839. No. ?
We have from time to time seen various and contradictory accounts of the conflicts between the MORMONS and other portions of the population of Missouri. in which other and worse cruelties than nere shedding of blood are known to have been prepetrated, and perhaps on both sides. During the late session of the Legislature of Missouri, testimony was taken on the subject, and some debates took place, of which enough was reported in the newspapers to satisfy us that the Mormons, though not guiltless of all offence against pyblic peace and private rights, were not "more sinned against than sinning." The people of this sect are now transferring themselves in considerable numbers into the State of Illinois. In reference to this fact we find the subjoined article in the Peoria Register of May 18.
FROM THE PEORIA REGISTER, MAY 18.
THE MORMONS. -- Our reader will have seen, by accounts we have published from time to time, that numbers of this much-wronged, deeply-injured people have sought Illinois as an asylum from the worse than savage barbarities of the Missourians. We hope their reception here will be such as American citizens owe to property pillaged and destroyed, and the survivors compelled to flee by the light of their own burning dwellings.
Vol. ? Washington: Thursday, September 26, 1839. No. ?
The Missouri papers say that Gov. Boggs is about to demand of the Governors of Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin, to which States they have fled, the persons of the Mormon leaders. A hard fate appears to attend these deluded people. After having been robbed and plundered, and many of them murdered in Missouri, for no other reason than that their oppressors might obtain possession of their improvements, those who could escape fled into the neighboring States and Territories for the preservation of their lives; and they are now to be demanded by the Missouri authorities, and tried for alleged offences against her dignity! The difnity of a mob! of a band of robbers and murderers! for those who were concerned in the Mormon riots deserve no milder name. They should be delivered up to the hands of justice, instead of the defenceless victims of their stupidity and oppression.