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Springfield, Sangamon Co.

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Vol. XIV.                         Springfield, Illinois, March 27, 1845.                         No. 27.


Our chapter of Mormon doings this week is not as rich as usual. The last Warsaw Signal gives the particulars of the rescue of a Mormon in Nauvoo from an officer, who had taken him prisoner under the charge of perjury. The Signal also publishes the following article:

MORMON TOLERANCE. -- There is no people who talk louder about religious intolerance, and persecution for opinion's sake, than the Saintly brotherhood at Nauvoo. Their righteous indignation seems to boil over at the mere mention of the word persecution. In short, every charge made against them, however notorious or well substantiated its origin, according to them is the villainous persecution of the Gentiles.

Sidney Rigdon, one of their Presidents, having dared express opinions contrary to those of the Twelve, who arbitrarily assumed the reins of the government after the death of the prophet, the maledictions of the dominant power were hurled against him with such fury, and threats made so publicly against his person, that he was compelled to leave for safety. But not content with this treatment of Rigdon, all his followers who remained in the city, have been literally stripped of their property and have lived in constant fear of their lives. One of these, Elder Marks, a man of wealth, fled from the city last week, in the night. Others are anxious to go, but are afraid to avow it. A printer, by the name of Peck, a few weeks since, was knocked down while walking in the streets of Nauvoo after night, and after being variously abused, a bucket of filth was poured over him. His offence was, in having said that he wished it were in his power to prick the veins of the Twelve. A few Gentiles have presumed to keep merchandize in the city, but being obstinately opposed to the arbitrary doings of the Twelve, a bull was recently issued against them, and the saints prohibited from dealing at their stores. These are a few of the prominent cases of Saintly intolerance; yet the very authors of these lawless acts of persecution are the loud declaimers in favor of law and order, and the anathematizers of religious intolerance.

Note: Parts of this report were also reprinted in the Mar. 28, 1845 issue of the Missouri Reporter.


Vol. XIV.                         Springfield, Illinois, April 10, 1845.                         No. 29.


It is rumored that the Mormons are soon to have another prophet. He is not to be selected after the manner of the Grand Lama, while an infant, by the Priests, but is to be a full grown man, in the person of Orson Hyde.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XIV.                         Springfield, Illinois, April 17, 1845.                         No. 30.


WM. SMITH, late Mormon Representative from Hancock county, has been held to bail in Philadelphia, for a libel on Benjamin Winchester.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XIV.                         Springfield, Illinois, May 8, 1845.                         No. 33.


A correspondent of the Nauvoo Neighbor writing from Pittsburgh, immediately after the great fire with which that unfortunate city has lately been visited, says:

There is one thing connected with this fire, that I wish to hint at. Sidney Rigdon, came here last fall, after being rejected by your people and professed great friendship, and feelings for this city. He declared that he was the actual "head" of the Mormons, and had been ordained a prophet and seer, but I must say my confidence in his communication with the powers of the other world, has been crippled by the event of the late fire. Is it possible that God would order his [man] spokesman on earth to locate himself and his followers in a city; to hold a convention for the purpose of carrying salvation to the whole world; and burn up the city in a week afterwards, and not tell his servant of it? If Rigdon knew the city was to be burnt, why not inform the people? Before Sodom was burnt the angels came and took Lot and his family and warned the people.

This seems to be the last office assigned to the prophets of the Latter Day Saints. If those only are to be considered as belonging to the "inner sanctuary," the "upper temple" of this sect of knaves and idiots, who foretell the calamities that are likely to befall the places in which they dwell, we fear that of all the fools now congregated at Nauvoo, few will be willing to be tried by the test of godliness that this nincompoop sets up -- for as little as we are tinctured by their folly -- little as we believe in the pretensions of the vagabonds and thieves, who hold sway in that city, black and portentous in their aspect, that shall by and by burst upon the heads of the deluded victims and deluders with a tremendous fury -- a fact that these long-eared rulers in their most holy church of Polygamists seem not at all to be aware of.

We think "Brother Rigdon" should be defended, for though he is as black-hearted a hypocrite as ever taught the "spiritual wife" doctrine to the frail sisterhood of Mormondom -- he has made a confession of some of those peccadilloes -- a few of the monstrous abominations taught and enforced by those idolaters of "horned oxen," and just so far as that confession goes, so far is he better than the holy twelve, who under the garb and mien of godliness, outrage every law, decency and civilization, in that worse than Sodom -- Nauvoo.


The Missouri Reporter contained a paragraph stating that Sidney Rigdon, residing in Pittsburgh, claimed to be the true head of the Mormon Church. The "Elder Taylor's Nauvoo Neighbor," in commenting upon that paragraph thus rejoices over the misfortunes of the City of Pittsburgh:

"But hearken to wisdom. May God, who never errs, sprinkle upon every man and city, that belies the saints, AS UPON PITTSBURGH, NOW AND THEN, A HOT DROP!"

Such a sentiment would well become a DEMON INCARNATE; and the creature who would utter it, would not be slow in touching the match to his neighbor's dwelling.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XIV.                             Springfield, Illinois, May 15, 1845.                            No. 34.


There has been a case of lynching in Hancock county, on account of a Mormon having carried the spiritual wife doctrine so far as to seduce his two daughters. The Mormon elder received thirty lashes, well laid on, accompanied with a downy coat.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XIV.                             Springfield, Illinois, June 26, 1845.                            No. 40.


We see it stated in some of the public prints, that Wm. Smith, brother of the late Joseph and Hyrum Smith, who has recently returned to Nauvoo, will introduce some reforms into the polity of the Mormons, which will render them less obnoxious to the "Gentiles" and improve their own condition. Wm. Smith has been acknowledged to possess some good qualities, and as he is now thrown into a position of great responsibility by the death of his brothers, it is hoped he will improve it for the benefit of all concerned. And we take the liberty of saying that this must be done, or the name of Mormon will be a stench in the land. Whatever may be said by the mormons themselves, the mass of the people have become thoroughly impressed with the belief of the profligacy of many mormons, who, unfortunately it may be, give character to the whole of that people. Let a stop be put to this, if the mormons really wish to live in peace with other sects around them, and this, we apprehend, must be done, or the disgraceful scenes we have witnessed within the last two years in Hancock county, will be likely to be repeated. The mormons must recollect that the ruling party of this State say they have no further use for them, and they may not, therefore, expect any unusual protection or favor from Gov. Ford.

Wm. Smith can do much in the way of improving the condition of the mormons, if he will make the effort. But he must break up the hierarchy which now controls Nauvoo. This it is believed he will do, having the influence and power to effect it. In a short time "we shall see what we shall see," in Nauvoo.

"Warning to the Saints -- Destruction of Nauvoo foretold -- nevessity of the true Saints leaving for California -- interesting prophecies," &c.

It may not be generally known, -- but we are quite sure it ought to be, -- that there is a branch of the Mormon church in this city, which has seceded from the old stock, and which has a prophet and all the other incipient organization for a new church. James Collin Brewster, is the prophet. He is a remarkable young man -- has had revelations without number -- and among them one which must be highly prized. He has had it revealed to him, so that he has put down the words in black and white, many of the lost books of the Old Testament. Seventy are said to be forth coming. To a publisher of enterprise the chance of making a fortune is great -- the prophet being willing to furnish the copy at a very remarkable low price. Among other revelations, is one of especial warning to the Saints -- informing them that Nauvoo is to be destroyed, and that the true church should place themselves under the direction of the young Prophet, and repair at once to California. We are of opinion that those most interested ought to attend to this matter.

We do not pretend to understand much of these mysteries. We apprehend there would be more difficulty in fathoming them than that other great mystery of the day -- the payment of our government of the Mexican indemnity. But this much we are ready to say, that the Brewsters, are poor perhaps in this world's goods, but rich in the belief, that they have a prophet among them who can "look further back into futurity," than any man of his day. Persons anxious to obtain copies of his revelations can get them by sending for them by letter, inclosing money and paying the postage.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XIV.                             Springfield, Illinois, July 3, 1845.                            No. 41.


The two brothers, William and Stephen Hodges, have had their trial at Burlington, and have been convicted of the murder of Leisi and Miller under aggravated circumstances, in Iowa Territory -- an account of which we published some since. Some females volunteered as evidences from Nauvoo, to prove an alibi; but their evidence was so contradictory that it had no influence on the Jury. The culprits are to be hung on the 15th of this month.


On Monday night, Erwin Hodges, brother of the murderers, came to Nauvoo, from Burlington, as is said, for the avowed purpose of raising a mob to rescue his brothers. Various reports are afloat, to the effect, that his mormon associates refused to join him, whereupon he made threats that he would turn State's evidence and expose the gang of thieves, robbers, &c., at Nauvoo. On the same night he was found weltering in his blood, and dying, -- having been wounded in the head, by a club, and cut badly in the body by his own bowie knife. When asked who did the deed, he merely replied, "a friend from who he expected better things." As it may be supposed, this murder created great excitement in the region around Nauvoo, and it is regarded as evidence of the character of a gang who exist and are sustained in that city.


James Collin Brewester, the Prophet of whom with due reverence we ventured to speak in our last number, is about putting to press one of the lost books of Esdras, which has been disclosed to him by special revelation. We have had the great privilege of reading a portion of this revelation, and in our humble opinion, if there be no mistake in the genuineness of the revelation, it very plainly foretells the destruction of Nauvoo. The prophet, as is understood, foretold the deaths of Joseph and Hyram Smith: which fact is calculated to produce a deep solitude in regard to the fulfillment of the present revelation. The strange events which are now being crowded together in Nauvoo and its neighborhood, -- to wit, the murder of Leisi and Miller, by the Mormons of the name of Hodges -- their trial and conviction, -- the violent death of another brother at Nauvoo, killed, it is supposed, because he threatened to expose the outrages of a gang to which he belonged -- the imprisonment of yet another brother at Carthage for stealing -- the killing of Dr. Marshal, of Warsaw, by the Jack-Mormon sheriff, Deming -- the number of Mormons in Adams county and other jails in the State, for alleged crimes, -- all these facts are pointed out by the followers of the Prophet Brewster, to show, that there is a storm of indignation gathering among the people, which will soon sweep Nauvoo, and its inhabitants, "with the besom of destruction!" Nor is the calamity to end here. The people who are to [be] used as instruments in the destruction of Nauvoo, are also to be destroyed, unless they repent, and gather themselves together, and depart for California, where, it is foretold, that there will be an immense gathering together of the true Saints, under the lead of the aforesaid Prophet, James Collin Brewster.

The Book of Esdras, here noticed, ought to have a great run.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XIV.                             Springfield, Illinois, August 7, 1845.                             No. 46.


There is, as yet, nothing ascertained by the public in relation to the murder of Irvine Hodges; but a portion of the Brethren pretend to say that the matter will soon be developed.

We learn that last week the widow of the murdered man visited Nauvoo, and was there informed that the murderer was known and had left; but was expected to return as soon as the excitement had passed away. Before visiting Nauvoo she was reported to be very hostile; but on returning appeared perfectly satisfied that the saints were not to blame for the transaction. It appears from this that the leaders have manufactured a very plausible story and have palmed it off on her, with complete success. It was expected after they said on the gallows that the brethren found means to keep them still by threatening that if they did confess their whole family would be murdered. In addition to this, it appears that Amos Hodges who was under arrest in Nauvoo was permitted to escape or held as a hostage, for he has not been publicly heard of since the murder of his brothers.   Warsaw Signal.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, November 6, 1845.                         No. 7.

Troubles in Hancock County.


MR. EDITOR: -- Feeling it a duty I owe to an honest public, as well as to thousands of Mormon Saints, so called, scattered throughout the world, kind friends too, to whom I have preached the pure principles of truth as contained in the Gospel of Jesus Christ, whereby they have been introduced into the kingdom of God on Earth -- in view of happiness, the salvation of souls, the enjoyment of the unalloyed glories of heaven, virtue and morality -- feeling it to be my duty to warn all such, as far as my voice can be heard throughout the American land and Europe, that during the religious career of my two brothers, who were murdered in Carthage jail, none of the impurities [that existed have crept] into the Church since their deaths: I wish to beg a place in your columns for the insertion of this article, as I am deprived of the privilege of speaking through the Mormon oracles (papers.) I do this, to correct the evils that now exist among that people denominated Saints in Nauvoo -- a place that for the last six months has been a resort for rogues and scoundrels, and a covert for thieves and murderers.

Jack Redding, the supposed murderer of Arvine Hodge, is one of Brigham Young's strikers, and has been under the protection of Young during the past summer, in Nauvoo, and is now hid there unless he has recently fled or been taken into custody. It is well known that there is a gang of murderers and thieves, whose members are scattered up and down the Mississippi river. The death of Davenport, of Arvine Hodge, and of one or two others in Iowa, has called, and justly, for an investigation of these matters. It is further well known that, since the proclamation of Brigham Young upon the stand before hundreds of people -- "that the murderer of Arvine Hodge had done a charitable deed, that he hoped all such men as Hodge would run against just such snags, and that the man who would follow the assassin to the Mississippi was a fool" -- that since that proclamation, Jack Redding has been running at large in Nauvoo and been left unrestrained to continue his works of destruction and ravages upon his fellow men. It is to show you, my brethren, the secret plans and devices of those who have assumed the leadership of the Church in that place, that I now write. They have formed themselves into a combination, called a city police, with other private councils, &c., &c., by which to suppress the liberty of speech and endanger the lives of any who dare oppose their unhallowed purposes, or oppose their deep-laid plans to fleece the unwary and more faithful of the Mormon Church, who through hope of heaven are willing to make any sacrifice that duty might seem to require.

At this important crisis of Mormon interests, when every exertion is being made by those eleven wolves in sheep's clothing, to continue the distress of their poor brethren, by decoying them into the wilderness, thereby the better enabling these ambitious tyrants to carry out their plans of robbery and murder, to increase their own wealth and make the poor poorer -- at this crisis, I take the liberty to warn you, dear brethren, in due time, that you may flee the awful vortex, and not be led by such men, or such false hopes as are held out in the circular of the so-called "Mormon Twelve," who, since the death of Joseph and Hiram, have contemplated the removal to the west, but not by the prophecy of Joseph or his counsel. The name of Joseph is made use of, to carry out their plans, without the least authority; for Joseph taught no such doctrine. You must be cautious and believe no such things, and thus escape the devices of Satan! Save yourselves and property! You have only to look back a few short years or months, to see the sufferings of the Saints, many of whom during the past summer in Nauvoo have lived on potato tops and salt, and been constantly called upon by those men, until the last cent is gone. When all is gone, they will tell you it is the Lord's -- you must sacrifice -- that this is the only way to exalted glory. If you call for the return of money loaned, you are treated as dissenters, whittled and driven from their midst as unworthy members of their society, disgraced and poor, although once worth your thousands.

And will you, brethren and sisters, still be gulled and flattered by them into further troubles and ruin? What credulity! My God, I would ask you, can it be possible that the experience of the past is not enough to show you the bad counsel and the impolitic course of such a move as is now advised? Look at the distressed, the aged and the infirm -- again to settle in so large a body! I should think the folly of such wild and imaginary schemes had been too plainly told in the history of the past. Again, it is evident that the designs of those men will ruin all who follow them. This manifest in the self-righteous and so very christian epistle which they have addressed of late to the Churches. "Israel," they say, "must be the head and not the tail." To translate this into its true meaning, it should read "Mormons must be the head," which plainly shows the reason why there are so many broils and evils attending them, and why those assumed heads wish to leave a land of government and go to some more infant and weakened power, in order to hide themselves from their crimes and defy the authority of every land, wherever they settle -- that they may be the head and have the sole control and under their own assumption of power, shield themselves from the penalty of their brutal acts, by their tyranny and absolute rule. So let me warn you again, my dear brethren, against these uncalled-for moves, and speculating plans to rob you of your gold, your house, your wives and children, and to make you slaves. And what, again I say, can you expect by following such men? Their struggle for power -- to rule and govern, will bring down upon their heads the same evils that have more recently distressed that people, or the Latter Day Saints. No savage nation under Heaven, would suffer or endure it. However much civilized the Spaniards, the Mexicans or the Indians may be, they would rush against them with one general consent, and an indiscriminate slaughter would be the result.

Then, brethren and sisters, fathers and mothers, and all, take warning! Be advised by one who is your friend! What, I ask, prevents the [dissemination] of our holy religion at home, in different parts of these United States, in towns, cities and villages. The industrious mechanic, the farmer and the soldier, as well as the humble minister of the Gospel, can find sufficient employment within our own civilized borders, in the land that our fathers have bought, and on the soil so richly wrought as to afford us all the comforts of life and the society of friends and of home. Our children could be educated here, and we could become a delightful people, beloved and respected by all; our society and schools could flourish, a delight to the nations. If our religion is good, it will benefit our neighbors; and if it be of God, it will be a light not hid under a bushel, but put on a candle-stick to give light unto all. I know of no better way of doing good unto my fellow-men, than to search them out, intermingling with all their common interests, and share equally with our common countrymen in the toils of life; seek to alleviate their burthens -- do good unto all men and love our neighbors as ourselves. To do this, we must settle where, in different bodies and parcels, we can teach them our doctrine, and like our neighbors and brethren according to the flesh, build comfortable houses for worship, and study the course of economy and the art to please by works of righteousness. Thus our neighbors will bless us, and we become a glorious people in the midst of the earth, filled with joy and peace, and Josephites, in deed and in truth; for it is thus the voice of the martyred Joseph speaks to all that respect his name or hold his memory sacred and dear; but not in favor of the wild and wicked plans of these apostate eleven, for their plans Joseph does not approve, nor do they have his approval.

Ever and anon, you will hear from me again, dear brethren!

With sentiments of esteem, I once more subscribe myself,

    Your friend and brother, and fellow-laborer in the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and Patriarch of the Church,         WILLIAM SMITH.

Two of the Reddings apprehended at Devil's Creek, Iowa, have been indicted at Rock Island. The father, as an accomplice in the murder of Col. Davenport, before the fact. The son for robbing the office of the Knox & Drury, at Rock Island, about the time of the murder of Col. D. -- There was another of the Reddings concerned in this robbery -- a son -- he is yet at large -- and it is said to be the one that murdered Irvine Hodges in Nauvoo, to prevent a revelation of the crime of the gang to which he belonged. -- Quincy Whig.

From the Quincy Whig.

L A T E R.

From the information we have received from Hancock, within the last day or two, we have to inform our readers that the Mormon difficulties are assuming a shape, which must bring the difficulties to a close at once. The Mormons have defied the power of the State, and declare that no more arrests shall be made in Nauvoo. Our information runs thus:

On Saturday last, Col. Warren, Judge Purple, and Mr. Brayman, Attorney for the State, visited Nauvoo -- near the environs of the City, they saw assembled a force of about 200 armed men -- Mormons -- this being contrary to the order of General Hardin, in relation to armed men assembling in the county, Col. Warren felt it his duty, as an officer, to enquire into the matter. For that purpose he invited Brigham Young and others of the leading authorities to a conference. He informed them that the armed men on the Prairie was contrary to orders -- and wanted to know what it meant. To this Young gave an unsatisfactory reply -- he stated, however, that it was their intention to submit to no further arrests -- and ridiculed the court, the Judge, the Attorney of the State, who were present, and in substance, defied the power of the State. After him, Elder Taylor, another of the Twelve, got up, and abused the Governor, State officers, &c., and made himself quite ridiculous. Brigham Young again got up, and said he was not very good at an apology -- but that they must not mind what Elder Taylor said -- that he was always making trouble, &c. -- offered to treat -- and called in a couple of gallons of wine. But Col. Warren refused to drink with them -- he got up and told them in a plain talk what he thought of their conduct, and that, as an officer, he should do his duty and carry out the law.

While this was going on, an U. S. officer arrived with a detachment of the Quincy Rifles, with a writ for Brigham Young, charged with counterfeiting the coin of the U. States. This becoming known in the city, the excitement was tremendous -- the Mormons assembled in large crowds -- and a disposition was manifested by them to resist all attempts to arrest any person in Nauvoo. After a consultation with the officer, by Judge Purple and others, it was deemed advisable to postpone the execution of the writ at the time -- for the personal safety of all concerned. Thus the villain escapes, and with his followers, defies the power of the State and the U. States. Will such conduct longer be borne by the people? We shall see.

On Monday last, an officer from Rock Island, with a gentleman by the name of Bradley from Burlington, and a Mr. Johnson of Keokuk, went up on the Sarah Ann, for the purpose of arresting an outlaw by the name of Redding, against whom an indictment had been found at the Rock Island court, as one of the accomplices in the murder of Col. Davenport. When the boat landed at Nauvoo, Redding was standing on the shore, and the officers immediately arrested him. The Mormons soon collected around and began to show hostile demonstrations -- pistols were fired -- stones were thrown, and the murderer, Redding was finally rescued from the officers, by the Mormons, and is now skulking in Nauvoo. The officers were somewhat injured by the assault. Mr. Bradley was wounded on the temple very severely by a stone, and Mr. Johnson was also hurt. The boat was stoned, and was obliged to leave to escape destruction.

The above are facts that we have received from a gentleman just down from above, and may be relied on. All peace is out of the question -- Jack Mormons, and sympathizers abroad may croak and groan over the poor Mormons to their heart's content, but their sympathies will not shield the scoundrels collected at Nauvoo from the just indignation of the people of Illinois.

The officer being foiled in his attempt to take the murderer, immediately despatched a messenger to Col. Warren, with information of the fact Col. Warren was to have marched into Nauvoo on Tuesday with all his force for the purpose of making arrests. We are assured that he is an officer that will do his duty at the hazard of his life -- and if the Mormons resist, there will be blood shed. The indiscretion of the Mormons, incited by their leaders, is entailing consequences upon them of a deplorable character. But let it come soon, if come it must.

We have heard it stated that the recent change of conduct in the Mormons, may be ascribed to a certain humbug personage, who gives himself the high sounding title of "Gen. James Arlington Bennett, of the Arlington House, New York." He has recently been among them and in his bombastic manner, told the Mormons what he could do with 20 pieces of cannon and 12 or 15,000 men. If the Mormons have been taken in by his vaunting professions of bravery, and what he would do for them, they will find too late, perhaps, that evil councils have again led them astray. If "Gen. James Arlington Bennett," is the brave and skillful officer he boasts, why does he not stay with his valiant friends, the Mormons, and control their actions? His Generalship is all displayed on paper.

Note: William Smith's letter first appeared in the Oct. 25, 1845 issue of the St. Louis Missouri Reporter, prefaced with editorial remarks which were deleted in the above reprint. Also deleted in the reprint were the final words of William's letter: "P. S. Will all the humane editors copy the above and give it a wide circulation through the world, thereby obliging their obedient and humble servant?     W. S."


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, November 27, 1845.                         No. 10.


The Nauvoo Times and Seasons of November 1, gives the Mormon account of the troubles in Hancock County. Of course the Mormons have been much persecuted, according to their own account, in which they have suffered like lambs. President Brigham Young calls upon the faithful to furnish the means for the completion of the Temple. so as to enable the church to emigrate in the Spring. The Mormons are advised to sell their property for money, wagons, oxen, mules, and a few good horses adapted to journeying and scanty feed, also for durable fabrics for apparel and tents, and come other necessary articles of merchandize. He advises that all waggons hereafter to be built for the emigration, be constructed to the track of five feet width from centre to centre, and that families may properly go to Nauvoo this winter in waggons. He adds, 'There are said to be many good locations for settlements on the Pacific, especially at Vancouver's Island, near the mouth of the Columbia.' -- The same paper contains the following:

NOTICE. -- Elder William Smith having been cut off from the Quorem of the Twelve for Apostacy, on the Sunday following, several letters and a pamphlet having been read, showing that he had turned away from the truth -- on motion, it was unanimously resolved by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, that the said William Smith be cut off from the Church, and left in the hands of God. W. Richards, Clk.

William Smith has left Nauvoo, fearful the late-day saints would take his life. Smith intimates that murders have been committed by the saints. Bad as Smith is, he is the best of them.

The St. Joseph's (Missouri) paper says that measures should be taken to prevent the Mormons from emigrating to Oregon.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, December 11, 1845.                         No. 12.


Are in a fair way of being discussed. William Smith, brother of the late "prophet," -- O. Olney, "an elder of the Church of Latter Day Saints," and G. J. Adams, another ex-Elder, are now disclosing by pamphlet publications and lectures the damnable corruptions and abominations of Mormonism.

We could not, if we desired to do so, copy these expositions. Every line of them reveals scenes and acts of infamy. Olney says:

"The twelve by their unbounded influence over their subjects, and by teaching that the people round about them are gentiles and that the saints are to 'suck the nilk of the gentiles," have created such a state of feeling in the breasts of their followers that they think it no sin for them to 'suck a little,' just now and then, and in fact I have heard prominent men such as high Priests and Presiding Officers say that if a gentile comes in their way the best way to do is to put him 'out of the way,' as quick as possible. Such sentiments thrown out by the people at Nauvoo have not failed to create a response on the part of the settlers.

Another evidence of their purity and holiness, may be gathered from the fact that at the houses of some of the twelve, I have seen from three to five young females, whose prolific appearance indicates a great increase of posterity in the temporal kingdom, to say nothing of a great number of married women who are sealed to different ones in high standing in the church, and (as I have been taught from their own mouths,) believe it to be their privilege before God to raise up as many children here in the flesh as they can, that they may have a greater kingdom to rule over in eternity; and on being asked how many women it is one's privilege to beget children with, the answer was, "As many as he can maintain." Thus making it an object among themselves, (except the twelve, the bishops, the Temple committee and some other privileged characters,) who help themselves out of the Temple funds, to enter into speculating engagements, that thereby upon their income they may support (if they have no husbands to support them) those unhallowed and polluted vestiges of humanity, with whom they practise such abominations under the garb of righteousness; must make the heavens weep, and the earth mourn, to witness the fallen and degraded light of those who are to be 'a light unto the world and also the saviors of men.' And whose privilege it was to bring everlasting righteousness to make the earth bloom as Eden and to gather Israel from the dispersions, preparatory to the coming of the Messiah and establishing of the celestial kingdom of God, when the earth and the fulness thereof shall be given into the hands of the Most High.

Another heart-rending fact in the present history of Nauvoo is that hundreds of honest hearted females are there, who have no means with which to get away, and scarce any means of subsistence there, except at the expense of virtue, and who are continually subject to the importunities of those fiends in human shape who, after having gratified their passions for lust, will, straightaway, upon the public stand declare before God and the Angels, that no system of spiritual wifery is practised or tolerated by them, when perhaps some of their victims are at the very time upon their knees in secret beeseaching God to forgive them for yielding in an ungarded moment to their seducers, and to open a way for their escape from the folds of their destroyers, that, perchance, by a life of morality, virtue and piety, they may atone for the weakness of a moment, and at least gain an inheritance with the saints of God."

Wm. Smith, "patriarch of the Church," says of the men who control the Mormons at Nauvoo:

I have not the least cause to regret the course I am now pursuing. It is for the cause of virtue and the result of calm reflection, influenced by a heart struggling for life and liberty, and revolting against the murder, stratagem and treason so carefully matured and rocked in that cradle of crime, Nauvoo. If you think that I am so lost, to every principle of honor that I would surrender one particle of the right which you know legally belongs to me, you are egregiously in error. I have a spirit which will breathe upon your organized band of assassins, murderers and robbers, a lava which will soon extinguish the flame of ingratitude now burning against me. This is the first eruption, and be careful that the volcano of truth does not open with terrible effect upon your guilty heads; can it be possible that any person possessing the ordinary capacity of a liberal being can imagine for one moment, that B. Young, or any of the Twelve who are rebels to the original principles and practices of Mormonism, are in possession of the keys of any kingdom, except those of the blackest regions of darkness.

You remark that you know what my influence is in the Eastern States, and what I have written. This does not in the slightest degree surprise me, and for your information, I will say, that I am perfectly well aware of the secret manner in which you, Brigham Young, Parley P. Pratt, and the rest of the Twelve, and many others of my (brethren and) pretended friends, have for some months labored to weaken and destroy the confidence reposed in me by my brethren at the East. The bite of the adder is poisonous, and it seeks its prey upon the highway; just so have you and your hypocritical brethren endeavored to ensnare me into difficulty and crime; but I prefer being the bitten stranger and injured victim, rather than to dwell (in a den of snakes) among a set of people who are daily outraging every principle of morality, and that, too under the most solemn pretended authority from God. I desire no honors from such a band of pharisees and robbers, as I know many of these apostolic scoundrels are. Time will fully establish the truth of every charge I make against them. I am now prepared openly and boldly, to expose every secret evil which is practised by Brigham Young and his brother leaders at Nauvoo, and elsewhere. I'm not now surrounded by an armed body of men, employed by the leaders of a Church to destroy the persons and property of those who honestly differ with them in religious opinion, and are bound by oaths to murder indiscriminately whoever may oppose the secret and wicked plans and practices of the immaculate Brigham Young. As a specimen of the moral degradation existing among you, I will mention Parley P. Pratt as a fit subject to introduce. You are well aware that this 'unassuming' and righteous apostle came from the East, a few days since, in company with a female whose appearance and conduct bear sufficient evidence of his utter disregard of virtue or religion. This is not the only crime he is guilty of. His iniquitous conduct is well known in the East and speaks for itself. It is needless for me to enlighten you further upon the character of B. Young, John Taylor, W. Richards, and many others who are continually preaching the doctrine, and openly practising adultery; for this you know too well. Let these dreadful monsters dare to go to the Eastern States, and I think it would not be long before they would find out that in some instances 'corn cobs have not been shelled for nothing.'"

Elder Adams thus announces his Lecture in a St. Louis paper:

"TRUTH IS STRANGER THAN FICTION. A Lecture Extraordinary. -- At the new and splendid Lyceum Hall, northwest corner of Third and Pine streets, on Thursday evening November 28, at 7 o'clock.

Mr. G. J. ADAMS (formerly a Mormon) will deliver a lecture as above upon the Wickedness, Corruptions and Abominations, of the present organization of Mormons, and proposes a plan by which Nauvoo may be overthrown, with honor and credit to the country.

The following subjects will be treated upon, viz: -- The deceptions practised by their present leaders -- their designs against the Government of the United States -- also the State of Missouri -- their league with the Indians -- the plurality of wives, or Spiritual wife doctrine -- their object in gathering the people together -- their abominable and wicked practices -- their humbug expedition to California, &c.

Admittance -- 25 cents.

N. B. -- Ladies will not be admitted.

Adams is well known here as having delivered a loco foco sermon in front of the State House, some two years ago, a great scamp, but probably now disposed to tell the truth.

Oregon and California, we believe are destined to become a part of the United States. And here we have a word to say: the emigrants to those countries from the United States are from amongst our best citizens. Those who have gone there, desire to establish pure republican governments, based on the virtues and intelligence of the people. What will be their fate if these Mormons, with all their abominations, overflow those countries as with a deluge? Will the choice spirits who have gone there, permit it? -- Will not their appearance there be a signal for further difficulties? Perhaps our citizens there, who the western people are now so anxious to protect, and to whom they desire to extend the protecting aegis of our government, may become victims of the foul wretches headed by Brigham Young. We say they may: but is it not probable that sea of blood will first flow before such a catastrophe?

Where shall these Mormons go? The decent and vurtuous portion of the American people do not want them to remain in this country -- that is certain. Let them go to some unoccupied island of the Pacific, and there enjoy, if they wish to do so, their loathing abominations. The public will not object to the island of Vancouver as their future residence; but they will be likely to object to their filling up California or Oregon, with the foul and polluting principles and practices of the modern Sodomites of Nauvoo.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, February 26, 1846.                         No. 23.


A man by the name of James J. Strang residing near Burlington, Iowa, claims to be the successor of Joe Smith, having been appointed by said Joe Smith as President of the Church of Latter Day Saints, and he also claims that his appointment has been endorsed by revelation. This Strang says it was revealed to him that certain engraved plates had been deposited, time out of mind, at a certain place, and that in these latter days they would be found by him on digging at the place indicated. Strang and his friends dug and found the plates. So strong an influence have Strang's claims exerted on the Mormons, that a large number have enlisted under his flag, and have located themselves at a new city of refuge called "Voree," situated near Burlington, -- from whence is issued the "Voree Herald," the second number of which now lies before us.

Strang, of course, repudiates the present Mormon Organization at Nauvoo. He says that the President is the presiding and controlling executive of the Church, and that he having the commission of President, Brigham Young, and his counsellors, who interfere with his authority, are usurpers. Strang imputes all the difficulties of the Church to the acts of these usurping authorities. He shows up some of the false preaching and lying of Brigham Young. Also speaks of H. C. Kimball, another pretended prophet. Strang says -- "H. C. Kimball's cane was a regular shooting iron. In my travels I have met elders who carried pistols and six shooters and showing them, boasted that they were shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace." He also refers to the calls made upon Mormons for means to build the temple at Nauvoo, and the fact that Young & Co., are now in negotiations to sell it to the Catholics. The Herald is decidedly rich. The following paragraph closes one of its articles. Exchange? Oh, we will exchange with you, Mr. Voree Herald, with great [pleasure].

"When the brethren at Nauvoo began to acknowledge the twelve as the head of the church James J. Strang predicted that persecution would come upon them from time to time until they either acknowledged the Presidency or were robbed, plundered and driven from their home and city, and that while they remained in that rebellion. the Earth should afford them no refuge. A year had not passed around when they purchased a temporary respite to their persecutions by agreeing to abandon the city of God to the Gentiles and they are now laboring in preparation to go into exile. Surely the way of the transgressor is hard."

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, March 26, 1846.                         No. 27.


Several families will leave Sangamon County, this spring, for Oregon and California. Among them are some of our best citizens. A disposition to emigrate to the shores of the Pacific, will enable persons who wish to purchase well improved farms, to invest their money here to great advantage. The farm offered by Mr. David Newsome, can be had at a great bargain.

The last advices from Brigham Young’s Company of Mormons, left them encamped on the Chariton river. It is said they will wait there to be joined by another company from Nauvoo.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, April 9, 1846.                         No. 29.


The Mormon Patriarch, Wm. Smith, is now in Nauvoo. His appearance there has caused Brigham Young to suspend his march and encamp, with his followers, some fifty miles from the Holy City. Young is apprehensive that Smith will steal the balance of the flock left in charge of Backenstos.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, April 16, 1846.                         No. 30.


WM. SMITH is at Nauvoo. He says his object is to gather his family together, and with such Mormons as will go with him, to remove immediately out of the State. He intends, if possible, to secure to the church all the real estate which justly belongs to them.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, April 23, 1846.                         No. 31.


The company which left here last week, for California, embraced 15 men, [8] women, and 16 children. They had nine waggons. They were in good spirits, and we trust, will safely reach their anticipated home.

A company have left Putnam county, consisting of 16 males and 7 females, for Oregon. John Robinson, one of the first settlers of Madison County, was one of their number.

A Chicago paper states that some forty persons will leave Rockford this spring for the same destination.

GREAT NEWS. -- Wm. Smith, the Mormon Patriarch, "has gone over, bag and baggage, to the Strang dynasty."

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                             Springfield, Illinois, April 30, 1846.                            No. 32.


We are favored with the following extract of a letter, says the Union of the 16th, received at Washington, from 'Jalapa,' March 27, 1846 --

Letters from Mazatlan of the 4th inst. State that Captain Freemont, with his corps of observation, arrived at Sutter’s settlement on the Sacramento, early in January; he is said to have discovered a good waggon road to Oregon, which is much shorter than any heretofore traveled. -- He had gone to Monterey, in Upper California, leaving his corps on the Sacramento.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, May 28, 1846.                         No. 36.


We learn that there is a military expedition in contemplation for California. We should now run no risk of losing that valuable territory. -- By the new route discovered by Capt. Fremont, it can be reached in sixty or seventy days. The co-operation of our navy in the Pacific with a force of a thousand men from this side of the mountains, together with the Americans now in California, would make all sure. We have heard General Hardin, of this State, spoken of to command the expedition, -- a cool, deliberate, energetic officer --true as steel. Who’ll go?

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                             Springfield, Illinois, June 4, 1846.                            No. 37.


We have heard from the California emigrants as late as the 19th of May. They were progressing slowly, at the rate of about 15 miles a day, and had reached a point four miles west of Kanzas River. They were visited daily by Indians— nothing had been stolen, and the Indians were not regarded with the slightest apprehension. "The party, without a single exception, ladies and gentlemen, continued to enjoy most robust health -- which is evinced by appetites that would do justice to the subjects of a menagerie. If we come across buffaloes [says a letter] the poor slaughtered animals will have just cause to regret our invasion of their far distant pasture grounds." But one accident had taken place -- the birth of a pair of twins.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, June 11, 1846.                         No. 38.


Extracts from a letter from Captain Fremont, U. S. Army, dated

Bay of St. Francisco,      
Yerba Buena, U. California, Jan. 24, 18[46].      
Now, as rapidly as possible, I will tell you where I have been, and where I am going. I crossed the Rocky Mountains on the main Arkansas, passing out at its very head-waters; explored the southern shore of the great Salt Lake, and visited one of its islands. You know that on every recent map, manuscript or printed, the whole of the great basin is represented as a sandy plain, barren, without water, and without grass.

Tell your father that with a volunteer party of fifteen men, I crossed it between the parallels of 38 degrees and [39] degrees. Instead of a plain, I found it, throughout the whole extent, traversed by parallel ranges of lofty mountains, their summits white with snow, (October) while below, the valleys had none. Instead of a barren country, the mountains were covered with grasses of the best quality, wooded with several varieties of trees, and containing more deer and mountains sheep that we had seen in any previous part of our voyage. So utterly at variance with every description, from authentic sources, or from rumor or report, it is fair to consider this country as hitherto wholly unexplored, and never before visited by a white man. I met my party at the rendezvous, a lake southeast of the Pyramid Lake, and again separated, sending them along the eastern side of the great sierra, three or four hundred miles in a southerly direction, where they were to cross into the valley of the St. Joaquin, near its head.

The eleventh day after leaving them I reached Captains Sutter’s, crossing the sierra on the 4th of December, before the snow had fallen there. Now the sierra is absolutely impassable, and the place of our passage two years ago is luminous with masses of snow. By the route I have explored I can ride in thirty five days from the Fontaine [qui quille] river to Captain Sutter’s, and for wagons the road is decidedly far better. I shall make a short journey up the eastern branch of the Sacramento, and go from the Tlamath lake into the Wahlahmath valley, through a pass alluded to in my report; in this way making the road into Oregon far shorter, and a good road in place of the present very bad one down the Columbia. When I shall have make this short exploration, I shall have explored from beginning to end this road to Oregon.

I have just returned, with my party of sixteen, from an exploring journey in the Sierra Nevada, from the neighborhood of Sutter’s to the heads of the Lake Fork. We got among heavy snows on the mountains summits, there more rugged that I had elsewhere met them: suffered again as in our first passage: got among the "horse thieves," (Indians who lay waste the California frontier,) fought several, and fought our way down into the plain again, and back to Sutter’s.

I am going now on business to see some gentlemen on the coast, and will then join my people, and complete my survey in this party of the world as rapidly as possible. The season is now just arriving when vegetation is coming out in all the beauty I have often described to you; and in that part of my labors I shall gratify all my hopes. I find the theory of our great basin fully confirmed in having for its southern boundary, ranges of lofty mountains. Sierra, too, is broader where this chain leaves it, than in any other part that I have seen. So soon as the proper season comes, and my animals are rested, we turn our faces homeward, and be sure that grass will not grow under our feet. All our people are well, and we have had no sickness of any kind among us: so that I hope to be able to bring back with me all that I carried out. Many months of hardships, close trials and anxieties, have tried me severely, and my head is turning grey before its time. -- National Intelligencer.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                             Springfield, Illinois, June 18, 1846.                            No. 39.


We learn that the two Redings, who have been for some time at Rock Island, charged with being concerned in the Davenport murder, had their trial last week. The old man was acquitted; -- the son was convicted as being accessary to the fact, and sentenced to confinement in the penitentiary for one year. -- Galena Gaz.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, July 23, 1846.                         No. 44.


The Hancock Eagle, of Friday last, notices the arrival there of Mr. S. Chamberlain, who left the most distant camp of the Mormons at Council Bluffs on the 26th, and on his route passed the whole line of Mormon emigrants. He says that the advance company of the Mormons, with whom were the Twelve, had a train of one thousand wagons, and were en-camped on the east bank of the Missouri River, in the neighborhood of the Council Bluffs. They were employed in the construction of boats, for the purpose of crossing the river.

The second company had encamped temporarily at station No. 2, which has been christened Mount Pisgah. They mustered about three thousand strong, and were recruiting their cattle preparatory to a fresh start. A third company had halted for a similar purpose at Garden Grove, on the head waters of Grand river, where they have put in about 2000 acres of corn for the benefit of the people in general. Between Garden Grove and the Mississippi River, Mr. Chamberlain counted over one thousand wagons en route to join the main bodies in advance.

The whole number of teams attached to the Mormon expedition, is about three thousand seven hundred, and it is estimated that each team will average at least three persons, and perhaps four. The whole number of souls now on the road may be set down in round numbers at twelve thousand. From two to three thousand have disappeared from Nauvoo in various directions. Many have left for Council Bluffs by the way of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers -- others have dispersed to parts unknown; and about eight hundred or less still remain in Illinois. This comprises the entire Mormon population that once flourished in Hancock. In their palmy days they probably numbered between fifteen and sixteen thousand souls, most of whom are now scattered upon the prairies, bound for the Pacific slope of the American continent.

Mr. Chamberlain reports that previously to his leaving, four United States military officers had arrived at the Mount Pisgah camp, for the purpose of enlisting five hundred Mormons for the Sante Fe campaign. They were referred to Head-quarters at Council Bluffs, for which place they immediately set out. It was supposed that the force would be enrolled without delay. If so, it will furnish Col. Kearney with a regiment of well disciplined soldiers who are already prepared to march.

Mr. Chamberlain represents the health of the traveling Mormons as good, considering the exposure to which they have been subjected. They are carrying on a small trade in provisions with the settlers in the country, with whom they mingle on friendly terms.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, August 13, 1846.                         No. 47.


The Mormon volunteers who have gone with Gen. Kearney, besides their pay, are to retain their arms and equipments, when discharged in California.

The advance party of the emigrating Mormons have located on Grand Island in the Platte river, where they will raise a crop and most of them winter. In the spring they design to move on to the waters of the Laramie, on which another farm will be opened and a crop raised. Those at the Council Bluffs will move to the Island in the spring; and those east of them, on the head waters of the Chariton, will move to the Bluffs or some other point on the Missouri. At this rate, it will require a long time for all the Mormon Church to reach California.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XV.                         Springfield, Illinois, September 17, 1846.                         No. 52.


Solomon Sublette, with a very small party, recently arrived at St. Louis from California. He left "Pueblo de los Angels," about the last of May, -- driving 80 mules. He met a company of emigrants on the 8th July, 20 miles beyond Green River, numbering 18 waggons, who were progressing without difficulty. Col. Russell had given up his command on the Platte, beyond the reach of danger or trouble. It appears that nearly all his company, including Gov. Boggs, had changed their course for Oregon. Col. Russell, with 11 men, procured mules at Fort Laramie, and were proceeding for California. Mr. Sublet met other companies of emigrants. The Indians had attempted to rob him of his mules, but failed. Mr. Sublet was nearly out of provisions at Fort Laramie, and proceeded from thence to Bent’s Fort, where he arrived on the 17th August. With the exception of the sick, the troops had left for Santa Fe. He met the Mormons and some companies of Col. Price’s regiment on the way to Fort Leavenworth. Mr. Sublette says that the Governor of California seemed disposed to encourage American emigrants; but Gen. Castro was very hostile to them. He also states that the usual quantity of rain had fallen in California the past season -- contradicting, in this respect, the reports of other travelers.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. XVI.                        Springfield, Illinois, Thursday, November 5, 1846.                        No. 13.


The following letter from Wm. Smith will explain a good many things connected with Mormonism and Democracy at Nauvoo, not, perhaps, greatly understood. Of course it will be read.

Mr. Smith informs us that he is now with the true Mormon Church under direction of Strang. This church have renounced and denounced those iniquitous doctrines -- such as the spiritual wife system, sealing up, trading their votes, milking the gentiles, &c. &c.

                                                 Perkins Grove, Sept. 24, 1846.
To the Editor of the Sangamo Journal:

     It is proper that the citizens of Hancock County should know the real causes of their present troubles. A few words on this subject, I think, will unriddle the whole matter to the understandings of the people, and pull the cloak off the monster that does all the mischief. The fact is, Mr. Editor, the Twelve, that were former Mormons, are at the bottom of all the difficulties. These Twelve men have chosen three men of their own stamp as their secret agents -- spiritual wife believers, law of Moses believers, consecration believers, and believers in the doctrine of secret murder to save the souls of men; as for instance, the death of Irvin and Amos Hodge, a Mr. Daniels and a Mr. Wilcox. Irvin Hodge was murdered within twelve feet of Brigham Young's door. Amos Hodge was murdered, it is said, between Montrose and Nashway by Brigham Young's guard, who pretended at the time to escort him out of Nauvoo, for his safety, under cover of women's clothes, who then pretended that he had run away. Mr. Wilcox, a peaceable, quiet citizen of Illinois -- not a Mormon -- was taken by this same guard in Nauvoo, under suspicion that he was an Anti-Mormon, and that he was in the affray of June 27th, 1844, at Carthage -- into the Masonic Hall, and was never heard of more. Mr. Daniels was the man that gave evidence at Carthage Court and published a pamphlet containing an account of what he saw at the jail. He returned to Nauvoo after the Court was over; some of Brigham Young's guard was heard to say that it was best to save Daniel's soul while was in the faith. The next day nothing was seen of Daniels, and thus he was rewarded for his services to the saints, (as they are called:) It is reported by them that he was cut in pieces, put into a bag or sack and sunk in the Mississippi, 'where he can tell no lies, or recall his former statement.'

Messrs. Babbitt, Fulmer and Haywood, agents, have been doing all they could to prevent the Brigharnite Mormons leaving Nauvoo. I said the twelve were the foundation of the trouble. Their public agents act in Nauvoo affairs, under the immediate counsel and direction of the Twelve, who, it is said, have gone West; but who, to the contrary, some one or two of them are secreted in Nauvoo, the most of the time and dictating and controlling its affairs. The nearest Camp not being over 100 miles, they can go and come under the security of night and by the assistance of their agents in Nauvoo, -- who stand ready to secrete them and obey their mandates. Such are the facts of the case. And it is the intention of these men, through their agents at Nauvoo, to keep up a Brighamite organization and thereby keep possession of the temple, in despite of all the Anti's can do. To accomplish this some one bearing the name of a gentile, professing to be no Mormon, is nested upon a Brighamite goose nest, in the shape of the Hancock Eagle Printing Press. 'Hurra, hurra, won't we have lots of fun, and how we will pull the wool over their eyes in this way -- raise the cry, why, he is a gentile; he is no mormon; put on the democracy a little. This will make the new citizens friends and friends in the democratic ranks through the State; -- in hopes of the Mormon vote again, they will help us retain about 3,000 of these miserable remnants, to keep up our Danite bands in Nauvoo.

Mr. Editor, I must say a few words more on this subject before I close this letter. Mr. Babbitt is now figuring at the head of all these matters in Nauvoo. He was once elected to the legislature. You heard of him in Springfield not long since. He is a Mormon High Priest under the Brighamite reign. He it was who received a handsome fee -- said to be 1000 dollars -- to defend Turley, another Mormon preacher of the same Brighamite stamp, when it was known at the time that the said Turley was as notorious a counterfeiter as ever walked the earth. The only difficulty was that his leader, Mr. Brigham, was known as the colleague of Turley in the counterfeiting business, and he might well suppose that a full trial in Turley's case, would reveal secrets affecting the character of the "holy apostle Brigham." Both Young and Turley have been indicated for making counterfeit money.

Once more: The cry raised by these men about the poor in Nauvoo, is all a sham. to my certain knowledge thousands of dollars have been put into the hands of agents, an no one dollar has been appropriated to help the poor. It has been put into the pockets of the agents. One circumstance I will relate. At the time some gentlemen from St. Louis were in Nauvoo, negociating a purchase of the Temple, Mr. Babbit sent a messenger post haste to the Twelve to get the lowest price. After some pretended lamentations and deliberations, a letter was returned, signed by the twelve, and published in the Hancock Eagle, setting forth, the great love they had for the saints, and especially those that had worked on the temple. So, any they, we have concluded at last to let the Temple be sold, to help the poor brethren and sisters to go to California. But notice the deceit of these men. At the same time the Twelve took silent precaution and sent John Taylor, one of their gang, under cover of night to Nauvoo, to receive the money for the Temple as soon as it was paid over, and carry it to the camp, and slip it into the pockets of the Twelve. None but the poor Twelve would have received a single dollar of this money, had the Temple been sold. Such is the love for these men have for the poor.
      Respectfully,          WM. SMITH.

P. S. -- If Mr. Amos Hodge, the father of the young Hodges, will call and see me, I can tell him the names of persons that will put him on the track of the men who murdered his sons.

Note: William Smith's final words should have been addressed to "Curtis Hodges," the venerable patriarch of the family who had lost so many sons in the West, and not to "Amos," who was one of the old Mormon's sons, and whom William acknowledges as dead earlier in his letter. This mistake in names on William's part is hard to understand, as he had known Curtis Hodges since the very early 1830s, when he served a mission near the Hodges' residence in Erie Co., Pennsylvania, and even married one of Curtis' near neighbors.


Vol. XVI.                         Springfield, Illinois, February 25, 1847.                         No. 29.


The Warsaw Signal says that these Mormons do have a hard time. It would seem by [Zion's-Reveille], that schism and apostacy, and anathemas and wrangling, are the order of the day there; and that President Strang, and J. C. Babbett [sic. - Bennett?], and John Greenhorn [sic. - Greenhow?], and Daniel Avery, have their hands full in keeoing the brethren within the ranks. The prophet raves -- the Doctor puffs and blows -- and John writes muddled editorials, all to no purpose -- the mulish Saints will run after other prophets and leaders, in spite of all their efforts. It seems that David Whitmer, one of the original five who swore to Joe's plates, has now set up for a prophet at Kirtland, and is drawing off some of the elect -- among others, [Wm.] E. M.Lellin, of Hinkle Church, in Iowa. One Collins Pemberton of Chicago, comes out in a hand bill, denouncing Strang and his [associates]; and Strang returns the compliment in the usual Saintly style. They succeed [ably] in proving each other villains. One half of the trouble would fully effect the purpose. The people of Wisconsin cannot do better than give full credence to all parties, in this particular.

Notes: (forthcoming)



Vol. XVII.                               Springfield, Ill., Thursday, October 7, 1847.                               No. 842.


==> William Smith, the Mormon, has fallen out with Strang, the new leader at Voree, and has separated from him. He declares that, by "revelation" the new stake of the true church, is to be temporarily located at Palestine, Lee County, Illinois. The Ottawa Free Trader gives the following account of the "flare up" between these "Saints":

"In reference to the oil and phosphorus imposition of the prophet Strang, we have obtained the following particulars, affording a delectable illustration of how miracles may be wrought in these latter days. It appears the prophet Strang needed a new house, and he determined his followers should build it for him. So he called them together, and told them in consideration that they should erect the house, the Lord had authorised him to promise them an extraordinary endowment. The building was soon completed, and now they apply for their reward. All the Saints were gathered together in the church, the prophet takes them thro' a variety of ceremonies, such as head washing, feet washing, etc. and concludes by anointing the heads of all with a composition "that had a queer smell." They are then directed to adjourn to another room that was totally dark where they were to receive the endowment, which was to be in the shape of an extraordinary and visible manifestation of the spirit, rendering them at once impregnable thenceforth to all the shafts of Satan. Arrived in the dark room, sure enough, the heads of all shone as if lit up by the brightness of the sun, and great was the rejoicing of the Saints thereat. But the prophet William, who was present, staggered a little in his faith; -- he mistrusted that all was not right, and took some of the ointment and submitted it to an examination, -- and lo! the discovery! He found that it was a mixture of oil and phosphorus! and that hence the whole illuminating operation was a gross cheat! He took the first opportunity to accuse the prophet Strang, publicly, and before the whole congregation, of the imposition, who, so far from denying it, coolly acknowledged the fact, and then preached a sermon, justifying the act and maintaining that all the miracles of Christ, Moses, &c., were wrought in the same way -- that is, by natural means. Of course, William could not longer hold fellowship with such a man."

William Smith's pronunciamento against Strang, and his proclamation to his brethren, appear in the Ottawa Free Trader. Smith says that the company which has gone west, are not Mormons, but Brighamites -- that he represents the true Mormon church himself -- of which there can be little doubt.

Note 1: For "Prophet" Strang's response to this report, see his Gosepl Herald of Dec. 23, 1847.

Note 2: The Brighamite Millennial Star of Nov. 15, 1847 reprinted this report, but excised any mention of William Smith's role in the events. The Star's editor remarked: "We have proof of the substantial accuracy of the above short article about Strang. His impositions, though scandalous and gross, are in keeping with apostacy. Modern priests, called Christians after Christ, get their endowment from seminaries instead of the Holy Ghost. Strang gives it with oil and phosphorus. Query, which shines the brightest? Strang is called a Mormon from the same cause that the Turks call all persons Christians who happen to live in the social compact of Christendom. If he is a Turk who supposes that every person is a follower of Christ because he prefers Christianity to Mahometanism, that is a gross and double Turk who can suppose the apostate Strang to be a Mormon, because he even prefers refuse Mormonism more than modern Christianity."



Vol. XVII.                         Springfield, Illinois, June 1, 1848.                         No. 42.


OLIVER COWDERY, who forsook the type and took to Mormonism in New York, -- there testified to the genuineness of Joe Smith's golden plates -- has abandoned Mormonism, and identified himself with Locofocoism and is now a candidate for office in Wisconsin.

Note 1: In September of 1847 the Sangamo Journal changed its masthead, to read: "Illinois Journal."

Note 2: The Journal editor's remark, about Oliver Cowdery having forsaken the type case in New York, prior to his embracing Mormonism, probably refers to Oliver having been "occasionally a journeyman printer." At least that is the description of him, given in 1831 by Orsamus Turner, himself a printer and a friend (or associate) of Oliver's master printer cousin, B. Franklin Cowdery. One scrap of information connecting Oliver with the printing trade appears in his Dec. 28, 1829 letter to Joseph Smith, where he writes from Manchester saying " may... look rather strange to you to find that I have so soon become a printer and you may cast in your mind what I shall become next" (transcribed copy in "Kirtland Letter Book" pp. 4-5). Richard L. Bushman, in his Joseph Smith and the Beginnings of Mormonism (1984), says on page 108: "Grandin's typesetter said that Oliver set ten or twelve pages in all of the first edition." In his footnote for that information Bushman also mentions an 1830 article in the Cleveland Herald, by the Editor, John St. John, apparently in support of Oliver's professional ability as a typesetter. In that news item, St. John describes the pre-1830 Oliver as "a dabbler in the art of Printing, and principally occupied in writing and printing pamphlets." In those days, a young man could enter the printing trade as an apprentice, working in the print shop as a "printer's devil," "typo," or pressman, and gradually learning enough of the occupation to be certified as a "journeyman" printer by his employer or master. Oliver may not have have quite reached that level of experience, when he "forsook the type and took to Mormonism." Thus, when Pomeroy Tucker and John Gilbert allowed Oliver to set some type for the Book of Mormon, he effectively graduated something like an apprentice status to that of an actual printer, albeit only as an "occasional" journeyman.

Note 3: In later years, John Gilbert (the chief printer for the Book of Mormon) recalled that, "Oliver Cowdery was not engaged as compositor on the work -- was not a printer. He was a frequent visitor to the office, and did several times take up a 'stick' and set a part of a page -- he may have set 10 or 12 pages, all told" (John H. Gilbert to James T. Cobb, letter dated Feb. 10, 1879, in Vogel's EMDII pp. 522-24). Since Gilbert did not consider Oliver Cowdery to be a printer, and yet allowed him to set several pages of type, it is reasonable to assume that Oliver's experience at that point in time was something more than that of an apprentice, but not yet that of a full fledged journeyman printer. Such a hazy status might have arisen from his probable early association with a clandestine press -- the sort of business that reprinted popular pamphlets without the copyright holder's permission, or, even worse, secretly turned out counterfeit documents and banknotes. Among the various charges brought against Oliver by the LDS Church in 1838, was that of counterfeiting money.

Note 4: Whether or not Oliver Cowdery "abandoned" his profession of Mormonism during the 1840s, is a matter entailing considerable controversy; there is no doubt, however, that he ran for public office in Wisconsin, in 1848.



Vol. III.                         Springfield, Illinois, Wednesday, July 24, 1850.                         No. 38.


ARREST OF A PROPHET. -- Yesterday Wm. Smith, the Mormon Prophet (brother of Joseph,) was arraigned before Esq. Snellbaker at the instance of Isaac Sheen, who alleged that the Prophet was a dangerous man, and it was feared that complainant's life would be taken, ere long, by said Prophet! An anonymous letter, supposed to have been written by Smith, was presented by Sheen and read; the letter warned Sheen that he should "die with the cholera, or some other loathsome disease," and further stated that if said Sheen interfered again with the writer's family affairs, he, the writer, would shoot said Sheen and no mistake! The lawyer for complainant made a speech, after which the Prophet rose to reply but the weather being hot, the Court cut the matter short by informing Mr. Smith that there was no need of his saying a single word, as the complainant had not adduced evidence that could by any possibly justify binding over to keep the peace; so the prophet walked forth again free as air. -- [Cin. Com.

Note 1: By July of 1850 the personal relationship previously shared by elders William Smith and Isaac Sheen had obviously deteriorated beyond repair. Six months earlier these two noted Mormons had issued an ambitious political communication entitled Remonstrance of William Smith et al., of Covington, Kentucky Against the Admission of Deseret into the Union. In early May, Elder Sheen had withdrawn his support for that joint effort and began to openly oppose William in the public press.

Note 2: In December of 1850 a member of Lyman Wight's Texas Mormons showed up among William Smith's followers in Covington, Kentucky and at that time Elder Sheen received a firm confirmation that both William Smith and Lyman Wight were practical polygamists. This revealed secret knowledge helped clarify the nature of some suspicious advances William had made among female members in the Covington-Cincinnati area -- evidently including an attempted seduction of Sheen's own wife. John K. Sheen (the couple's son) later related his father's reaction: "Through the visit and death of Otis Hobart it was learned that the 'devil' was in Texas and that William was not above suspicion. Father laid a plan to entrap him, and succeeded in getting a polygamous letter from William, who was then in Illinois. He immediately exposed 'the Elijah of the last dispensation,' withdrew his name from the petition against the 'State of Deseret' and pulled up the 'Stake of Zion'in Covington... William flourished the scalping knife and even 'little Johnnie' got a slash." John did not specify the details of William Smith's "scalping" counter-attack, but the above newspaper clipping shows that William had returned to the Cincinnati area by mid-July and was threatening Isaac Sheen, over interference "with the writer's family affairs" (perhaps hinting at William's various "spiritual wifery" activities).

Note 3: See Orson Hyde's Kanesville Frontier Guardian of June 26 for the Brighamite response to William's having "invaded" Sheen's "domestic circle" -- likely an oblique reference to the attempted assault on Mrs. Sheen's feminine virtue.


Illinois  Daily  Journal.

Vol. VI.                         Springfield, Illinois, May 11, 1854.                         No. 232.


A MORMON IN LIMBO. -- Bill Smith, the Mormon Prophet, and brother of Joe Smith, the renowned founder of the Mormon Church, which is becoming so noted, we might say throughout the civilized world -- is now closely confined in the jail at this place. He, being indicted, gave bail for his appearance at the last Circuit Court, but, having got some presentiment -- and we think it would hardly require any supernatural power to give it to him -- that the case rather favored the side of the people, he vacated these parts. But owing to some disarrangement in the Mormon underground railroad, or the adroitness of the person in pursuit, he was brought to a halt at St. Louis, and marched back to Dixon. He had started, we are told, for Salt Lake City. "Jordan is a hard road to travel." -- Dixon Telegraph.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Illinois  Daily  Journal.

Vol. VII.                         Springfield, Illinois, March 5, 1855.                         No. 236.


Southhampton, Peoria C., Ill.    
February 19, 1855.    
Editors of the Journal:

Gentlemen: Enclosed is a slip which I cut from a New York paper. It is a publication by one of Brigham Young's wives "let loose." * It is probable that you have already noticed it. She proposes to expose the system of polygamy as practiced, and the conspiracies against the government. Possibly we shall learn something of the horrible murders and robberies committed on California emigrants, while crossing the plains, said to be the work of Indians, but more likely of white men in disguise. I will remark, however, that although these mormon sisters of the Salt Lake church, may have abundant reasons for their exposures; still I am inclined to the opinion that to charge the absurdities of Brigham Young's polygamy practices upon the Mormon faith and doctrine is unjust and has no foundation in truth. The public should know that Brigham-ism is an ism of doctrine of modern invention, and consequently only known or recognized by the true Mormon, as damnable heresy; its authors as false apostles, deceitful workers of iniquity, who shall perish in their own corruptions, as the gospel of Christ hath declared

The system of polygamy got up by Young, and other evils which grow out of it, are a libel and slander upon the character of the prophet, whose bones now lie mouldering in a martyr's grave; and were Joseph Smith to come forth from his lowly bed, and view the condition of things in the Salt Lake country, he would spurn from his presence Brigham Young and denounce his loathsome and damnable doctrines.

True believers in Mormonism should know, and the world should know, that this Brigham Young is a usurper, and an apostate from the church, -- having no justification for his nefarious schemes or acts in any Mormon rule found in the Mormon books of our primitive faith.
          WILLIAM SMITH, President.
* We have already published the piece referred to.

Note: The above letter was briefly paraphrased in the May 5, 1855 issue of the Decatur, Illinois State Chronicle. For more information on the published communications of Elder William Smith, see the links page devoted to that topic.


Illinois  Daily  Journal.

Vol. VII.                         Springfield, Illinois, April 27, 1855.                         No. 291.



Mormon Lectures, by the Rev. Wm. Smith.
Brother of Joseph Smith, the martyred mormon.

Editors of the Illinois Daily Journal:

Please announce to the friends and citizens of Springfield, through the columns of your paper, the contemplated Lectures proposed to be delivered in your city: Lecture on Sunday morning and right, 28th April, at Clinton Hall.

SUBJECT. -- The primary principles of true, genuine, Mormonism as opposed to the herisies [sic] and doctrine of the Utaj Polygamist; also will be set forth in order, to some little extent the fraudulent and deceptive measures resorted to by the Salt Lake Mormon Missionaries, in the promulgation of their system of proselyting to the spiritual wife doctrine; also the gross and speculative imposition practised upon the honest and unsuspecting Mormon sisters in the reception of that miserable soul-polluting doctrine of polygamy and spiritual wifery, so-called. There is nothing in these lectures that can or will offend the most delicate ear. Ladies and gentlemen of all denominations are respectfully invited to attend. Hours of meeting at 11 o'clock A. M. and 2 o'clock P. M. Sincerely and truly,
                  WILLIAM SMITH

Notes: (forthcoming)



Vol. IX.                         Springfield, Illinois, January 5, 1857.                         No. 166.


AMERICAN HOUSE - Isaac H. Gray, Proprietor.

January 2b and 3d. ... Wm. B. Smith, Beardstown ...

Note: If the above entry is for Elder William Smith, brother of Joseph Smith, Jr., it marks the first known appearance in print, of William using the "B." middle initial that he adopted about this time and used for the remainder of his life.



Vol. IX.                         Springfield, Illinois, June 3, 1857.                         No. 293.

(Correspondence of the New York Tribune.)

A Letter from William Smith, brother of Joseph, the Prophet.

Warren, Pa., May 19, 1857.     
In looking over the affairs relating to Utah and the development of corruption of the Mormon people, it may not be amiss to remind the public, once again of the petition that was drawn up by myself and signed by many citizens of the State of Illinois and sent to Washington at the time when Utah was recognized as a Territory, in which were set forth clearly and plainly the facts in regard to the treasonable designs of the Mormons against the United States Government; also the fact that these Mormons proposed establishing the doctrines of polygamy, all of which statements the leading Mormons positively and per-emptorily denied. The charges that are now preferred against Brigham Young and the Mormons generally, by ex-Judge Drummond, and others, from Utah, are so confirmatory of what was then published upon Mormon doings, that we presume the Government and public will not longer dispute our statement as set forth in said petition, which may now be found on the files of the Congressional Journal of 1851. Also the statement made by Mr. Drummond in his letter of resignation, of the manner in which the late Secretary of the Territory, A. W. Babbit, was murdered on the plains by a band of Mormons.

I verily believe, also, the statement that other officers and friends of the Government have been in a most cruel and murderous manner put out of the way by these Mormons, as each action is in strict keeping with their character. I will here remark also, that all the plans for this Mormon treason against the Government were laid in councils at Nauvoo previous to the expulsion of the saints from the State of Illinois -- an expulsion caused by the wicked doings of the corrupt Danite leaders, including robberies and murders. While the Mormons were yet at Nauvoo, Brigham Young took the incipient steps toward the organization of the Danite banditti, by administering to such Mormons as he could influence an oath that, from that time forward they would be the persistent enemies of the United States Government, and the Gentiles generally. Since their removal from Illinois, they have added the Danite and other treasonable oaths and covenants, binding still stronger and stronger the confederacy of traitors in their new and far off Land of Zion, in the Valley of the Mountains.

I have no doubt whatever of the truth of the charges against the Mormon people of having committed the most wanton and cruel murders in the disguise of Indians; and if the spirits of their victims now sleeping in their graves at Nauvoo could but speak to the world they would reveal tales of cruelty and horror which would make the people stand aghast and cause these murderous, guilty, Mormon rebels to quake with fear, and possibly to recoil at the contemplation of their own wickedness.

I have good reasons for believing that my brother Samuel H. Smith, died of poison at Nauvoo, administered by order of Brigham Young and Willard Richards, only a few weeks subsequent to the unlawful murder of my other brothers, Joseph and Hyrum Smith, while incarcerated in Carthage jail. Several other persons who were presumed to stand between Brigham Young and the accomplishment of his ambitions and wicked designs, mysteriously disappeared from Nauvoo about the same time, and have never been heard from since.

Arvine Hodge, a young woman [sic - Mormon?], was murdered in a most shocking manner within ten or fifteen yards of Brigham Young's house. This was done, as the Mormons themselves admitted, to prevent some developments coming out in exposure of Brigham's guilty connection with a banditti of murderers and counterfeiters, who, in those days of flourishing Mormonism, ranged along the Mississippi river from St. Louis to Galena. Also, Brigham Young, in connection with John Taylor, A. Lyman, P. P. Pratt, E. Snow, H. C. Kimball, Geo. A. Smith, W. Woodruff, Orson Hyde, Willard Richards, (now dead,) Hosea Stout, Orson Pratt, (killed [sic] a few days ago,) and others known as the principal leaders of the Mormons, were the founders of the secret Danite banditti, or "destroying angels," as they are called by the Mormons. In regard to the designs of these Mormons to rob and plunder the California emigrants, and to commit certain depredations upon the General Government -- to hoax, fool, and to gull money out of them under various pretences. I testify that I have heard Mormons boast and talk of these designs in Nauvoo, previous to their leaving for the Salt Lake Valley, and have, also often heard Mormons talk openly of their designs in robbing the Gentiles and of putting to death dissenting Mormons; and that also, when they got among Indians, they would lead them on to the slaughter of the men, women and children of the American people. Suffice it to say, that in presenting to Congress my remonstrance to these views of Mormons at the time I have mentioned, I greatly endangered my life.

I escaped the penalty of the Danite law, which is death; but the Mormons robbed me of all my property -- confiscated everything I possessed, including a library of valuable books; also, valuable manuscripts and records of Church history prepared for the press. One of these manuscripts, Orson Pratt, a leading Danite, published in England, which has since been extensively circulated in Europe and various parts of the United States.

The terrible measures resorted to by the Destroying Angels (Danites) in visiting their vengeance upon their foes, should open the eyes of the people of this country, and keep them [on guard] for their safety. These demon Danites are constantly on the alert for their prey.

In conclusion, permit me to say that I am not a Mormon. The treachery, corruption and murderous practices of the leaders of the Mormon Church long since disgusted me with a doctrine which produces such results, and as a matter of course I left the heaven-defying traitors, as every honest man should do, and leave the guilty wretches to suffer the fate which they so richly merit, and which is certain, sooner or later, to overtake them. The guilty and treasonable oath which the 40,000 or 50,000 Mormons now in the Salt Lake Valley, and many others scattered in all parts of the country, have taken upon themselves at the hands of Brigham Young and the Danite followers, read [sic] as follows:

We quote from Increase Van Dusen's Expose of the notorious spiritual wife endowment of the Mormons, as practiced by Brigham Young and his accomplices in crime and villainy. Pages 26 and 27.


"You do solemnly swear in the presence of Almighty God. His holy angels and these witnesses, that you will avenge the blood of Joseph Smith on this nation, and teach the same to your children, and that you will from this time henceforth and forever begin and carry out hostilities against the nation, to keep the same intent a profound secret, now and forever, so help you God."

Again. We quote from page 57: "Sixth degree of the Temple," of said Mormon endowment:

"Mormon, though you have eaten of the bread of life, you are still liable not only to the natural but to the eternal death. But such can only befall you through faithlessness to your oath of initiation, for otherwise you are superior to all mortal sin. Betray that oath and you hang for all time and burn for all eternity, for in such case no power can shield you from the vengeance of the brotherhood and the punishment of hell. But honor it to the end and no crime which you can commit can deprive you of an everlasting reward in heaven. Look to those skeletons -- they are the bones of faithless Mormons. Behold those captives in that burning lake -- they are their tortured souls, and assuredly such shall be your reward if such shall be your provocation. But be faithful and fear not! Be true to Mormonism and no species of falsehood can affect you. Against a Mormon you must never fight; against a Mormon you must never swear. Your words must comfort them -- your money must succor them. As judges you must deliver them -- as brothers and sisters, live and die for them. You must exalt them into all offices which they covet; you must abandon clan, kin and country for their sake; and in fine, you must make Mormonism and everything that effects its interests the great aim and object of your life. And now go forth upon your mission and be this your motto:

An oath I have given
  Let me honor it well;
For to keep it is heaven,
  And to break it is hell.

Such was Mormonism in Nauvoo, Illinois -- and such is Mormonism in Utah.

    Respectfully,                     WILLIAM SMITH,

Brother of Joseph Smith, the murdered Patriarch, and Prophet of the Mormon church.

Note: The above letter was originally addressed to the New York Tribune, and appeared in that newspaper on May 28, 1857.

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