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Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, January 18, 1845. No. 3.
Six weeks of the session have elapsed, and, to the shame of the majority of the Legislature, be it spoken, not a single act of any importance has been passed...
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, January 25, 1845. No. 4.
... For several afternoons past, and to-day, the House has been occupied in the discussion of the Senate bill, providing for the repeal of the Mormon charters. Great interest has been exhibited during the progress of this debate; and the galleries of the Hall have been crowded to suffocation, including among the mass a large number of ladies. Very able speeches have been made by Messrs. Benedict, Yates, Morrison, and Boyakin, in favor of repeal; while the most miserable Mormon slang has been indulged in, by Mr. Babbitt, the Mormon, and Messrs. Loft and Ross, in efforts to clothe the Mormons with just enough power in the nature of a charter, to allow them to continue their outrages upon the old citizens of Hancock, and the surrounding counties. During the able speech made by Mr. Benedict, he read, by permission of Mr. Babbitt, the Mormon representative, an official communication from the "Council of Twelve," to Babbitt, and which Babbitt had laid before the committee of Banks and Corporations, to influence, if not intimidate, their action upon the Senate bill repealing their charters. From this communication, a copy of which I have procured, I take the following extracts as evidence of their disposition to lord it over not only the people but the Legislature of the State. After detailing numerous blessings as a people they have showered upon Illinois, since their residence among us, and discussing to their satisfaction the unconstititionality of any act of the Legislature repealing their charters, the "Council of the Twelve" thus discourse:
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, February 15, 1845. No. 7.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, February 22, 1845. No. 8.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, March 1, 1845. No. 9.
LETTERS TO GOV. FORD -- No. III.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, March 8, 1845. No. 10.
LETTERS TO GOV. FORD -- No. IV.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, March 15, 1845. No. 11.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, April 5, 1845. No. 14.
LETTERS TO GOV. FORD -- No. V.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, April 12, 1845. No. 15.
J. B. BACKENSTOS.
The Jack-Mormon Representative from Hancock county, has been called upon, by the Carthage Greys in a body, and requested to leave the county within a week; so says a correspondent of the last State Register. The cause for this movement, on the part of the Carthage Greys, is not disclosed; but we presume -- if the information contained in the Register is correct -- that it has its foundations in a base, cowardly, and villainous attack made upon that body of citizens by Backenstos, in a speech made by him during the late session of the Legislature. He doubtless supposed he was protected from answering for his libels and calumnies upon the old citizens of Hancock, by the fact of his being a member of the Legislature; and hence, indulged in a strain of falsehood and abuse, that he would not dare to utter, as a private citizen. This is the same scamp that made the brutal attack in debate upon Dr. Singleton. he is, however, about receiving an appointment from the General Government, to which event the citizens of Hancock will get rid of him; and the Legislature of this State be relieved from the disgrace his presence inflicts upon it.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, May 3, 1845. No. 18.
THE MORMONS, AND THE FIRE AT PITTSBURGH.
During the last few weeks, the columns of the Nauvoo Neighbor --the official organ of Mormonism -- have teamed with articles openly recommending a resistance of the laws by the Mormons. We have not heretofore deemed it necessary to allude to this renewed outrage on the part of this Sodom of the West, from the fact that ever since the Mormons received their Acts of Incorporation from the Legislature, they have, time and time again, trampled with impunity on the laws of this state. The Neighbor of the 23rd ultimo., however, contains an article of so infamous a character that we feel it a duty we owe to the community at large to call their attention to the same. We give below the entire article, directing the attention of the reader to the last paragraph.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, May 10, 1845. No. 19.
==> The late high handed conduct of Gov. Ford's pets -- THE MORMONS -- in openly recommending a resistence to the laws of the land, has forced from the State Register, a half-way condemnation of their course. To the support this band of miscreants has received through the columns of that paper, for political purposes, more than any other cause, is to be attributed the scenes of violence, that have so frequently disgraced this State in the persons of the Mormons. They have, however, now gone so far, and excited to so great an extent the indignation of the public, that even the Register is compelled to withdraw the light of its countenance from them.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, May 24, 1845. No. 21.
(article on Miller & Leise murders by Mormons from Nauvoo
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, May 31, 1845. No. 22.
It appears, by the last accounts, that one of the Germans, whose supposed murder was announced in our last, although dangerously wounded by his assailants, was not killed; and hopes are now entertained for his recovery. The Lee County Democrat, in a notice of the outrage, says that the Mormon authorities at Nauvoo -- where two of the persons charged with the perpetration of the crime have been apprehended -- used every [execution] in their power "to further the ends of justice," and it is alleged that neither they, nor their accomplices, now are, or ever have been Mormons. Two of the supposed murderers are still at large.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, June 14, 1845. No. 24.
THE HANCOCK TRIALS.
From an Editorial in the last Warsaw Signal, we learn that the trial of the five persons indicted in Hancock County for the murder of Joseph Smith, nearly one year since, was brought to a close on the afternoon of the 30th ult., by a general verdict of 'Not Guilty" and the consequent discharge of the prisoners. Thirteen witnesses were examined for the prosecution; but the evidence of three only -- whose credibility was successfully impeached by the testimony for the defense -- sustained the charges set forth in the indictment. The arguments of counsel, on both sides, are said to have been very able, and occupied two full days. A second indictment is still pending against the persons acquitted as above [mentioned?] for the alleged murder of Hyrum Smith; which [was?] held for the [same purpose?] on the 20th of the present month.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, June 21, 1845. No. 25.
More Mormon Outrages.
One day last week, the iron on a portion of the railroad between Jacksonville and Meredasia was stripped from the rails and stolen. The Governor immediately issued handbills, offering a reward of two hundred and fifty dollars for the detection and conviction of the perpetrators. Mr. Hunt, the jailor at Jacksonville, had, however, previously started in pursuit of the thief. He succeeded in finding him beyond Carthage, in Hancock county, with his wagon standing before his door loaded with a portion of the iron that had been stripped from the railroad. The person implicated is Charles Chrisman, a Mormon Elder, and formerly a resident of Morgan county. He had taken altogether three loads, weighing in the aggregate about 4,500 pounds. Chrisman sold it to a blacksmith in his neighborhood, at four cents per pound. He was brought back to Morgan county, where the theft was committed, and safely lodged in jail for trial, which it was expected would take place sometime this week. Chrisman is of a respectable family, and is said to be a man of property. He deserves to be punished to the very extent of the law.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, June 28, 1845. No. 26.
William and Stephen Hodges, indicted for the murder of John Miller, were tried last week at Burlington and found guilty of murder. On the Monday night following, another, Hodges, the brother of the above, and who had testified against [sic] them, WAS MURDERED IN NAUVOO!! This is the city of peace and order, that politicians boast so much about.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, July 5, 1845. No. 27.
==> The Nauvoo Neighbor, the Mormon organ, says "that, at a recent council in Springfield," the Democrats have determined "not to run a Democratic candidate for the next Governor, unless a law-abiding man, and one --> WHO IS WORTHY OF THE MORMON VOTES." <-- The last Sangamo Journal very properly heads this announcement -- "RE-ANNEXATION OF THE MORMONS."
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, July 12, 1845. No. 28.
The last Warsaw Signal says that, owing to the failure of the prosecuting Attorneys to attend the special session of the Hancock county Circuit Court, called for the purpose of trying the persons indicted for the murder of Hyrum Smith, and which was held a few days since, the judge ordered the case to be dismissed; observing that, under the circumstanxes "he did not feel justified in appointing a prosecutor, pro tem." Whether the matter will be permitted to rest here, or not, we shall not undertake to say.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, July 19, 1845. No. 29.
Of Col. Davenport, is one of the most striking commentaries upon the depravity of the present age that has ever come under observation. For thirty years he was a resident of the West; during the greater part of which time, as Indian Agent he was surrounded by thousands of the untutored and uncivilized savages. While thus situated, he was frequently in possession of large sums of money belonging to the Government of the United States, which fact was well known to the Indians; yet no attempt was ever made by them to deprive him of the money or take his life. But no sooner are the savages driven from our soil, and the place that once knew them filled with civilized men, than a most brutal and shocking murder is committed upon the person of Mr. Davenport, at noon day, in a densely populated community, for the purpose of securing the paltry sum of six hundred dollars! Surely, this does not indicate much, in favor of civilization? On the contrary, it clearly demonstrates that there is far more safety, as well as honesty, among the red man of the forest, than in the midst of civilization, under the boasted protection of the laws.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, July 26, 1845. No. 30.
The persons concerned in the recent murder of Col. Davenport, at Rock Island, had not been apprehended at the last accounts; and his son, Mr. George L. Davenport offers a reward of $1500 for their arrest and conviction, or $500 for either of them. One of the ruffians is represented as a small, close-set man, dressed in a blue coat, white pantaloons, and cloth cap. The second is tall and spare; and the third short and thick. It is thought they were accompanied by two or three others; and that the Colonel was shot by the person first described.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, August 23, 1845. No. 34.
To the Editors:
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, Sept. 13, 1845. No. 37.
We observe that the "Warsaw Signal," has just been enlarged, and otherwise much improved in appearance, and now nearly equals in size and neatness any paper published in this State. It is still continued by Thos. C. Sharp. Esq., with his customary ability and spirit; and continues to lash the Mormons and the "Jacks," with unsparing severity. Price, One Dollar and Seventy-five cents per annum, in advance...
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, Sept. 20, 1845. No. 38.
==> Minor R. Deming, late Sheriff of Hancock county, died at Carthage, of congestive fever, on Wednesday of last week. At the time of his death he was under indictment for the murder of Dr. Marshall, two or three months since.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, Sept. 27, 1845. No. 39.
==> An extra of the Quincy Whig, dated the 20th inst., states that Mr. Babbitt, the Mormon Representative, has proclaimed that the war has now assumed a political aspect; and that both Judge Douglass and Judge Ralston had pledged themselves to him that the Mormons should be sustained! How far this statement is correct, we shall not undertake to say.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, October 4, 1845. No. 40.
==> A man by the name of Fox, has been arrested at Centreville, Ind., as one of the murderers of Col. Davenport, of Rock Island, in this State. It is said that he has given the names of two others concerned with him in the same diabolical deed, and has designed the place where they may be found.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, October 18, 1845. No. 42.
Young, and the two Longs, three of the seven prisoners charged with the murder of Col. Davenport, were tried last week at Rock Island, found guilty, and sentenced to be hung on the 29th of this month. Burch made a full confession of his guilt, as also that of his accomplices. Baxter and the two Redings had made application for a change of venue, which at our last advices had not been determined upon by the Court.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, October 25, 1845. No. 43.
Bill Smith, the only surviving brother of Joe Smith, the Mormon prophet, and who claims to be the only true leader of Mormonism, is out with a manifesto against the removal of the Mormons to California in the spring. From the Missouri Reporter of the 21st inst. We learn that prophet Bill is in the city of St. Louis, whither he had been compelled to fly, as he states, to avoid losing his life at the hands of Brigham Young and his associates. Thus has another witness come out from among this den of corrupt and vicious men, to testify against their evil deeds and total depravity of heart.
Vol. 10. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, November 8, 1845. No. 45.
John Long, Aaron Long, and Granville Young -- three of the persons recently convicted of the murder of Col. Davenport on the fourth of July last -- were executed at Rock Island, pursuant to their sentence, on Wednesday of last week. The Mississippian Extra states that John Long acknowledged his guilt, but asserted the innocence of his fellow sufferers. The wretched men severally addressed the spectators before the close of the fatal scene; "and the whole business was conducted with the utmost decorum." John Baxter -- whose conviction for the same crime was briefly announced in our last -- has been sentenced to be executed on Tuesday the 18th of this month. The trial of Birch and the two Reddings also implicated in the murder, either as principals or accessories -- has not yet taken place; and Fox, a supposed accomplice, is still at large.
Vol. XI. Alton, Illinois, Saturday, March 14, 1846. No. 11.
... If every child, under a claim founded upon the supposed rights of conscience, were allowed to carry into effect every decision of its immature judgment, where is this to end? Shall it be allowed under this pretense, to violate the law of God? to repudiate the Christian religion to become a Jew or a Mahomedan? -- Or, retaining the Christian name, shall it be allowed to mingle with the battle-axe community, who make it a matter of conscience to disregard the holy institution of marriage? -- Or, upon this pretense, shall the beloved daughter of a Christian parent, in a moment of delusion, and in the tender years of her minority, be allowed to become one of the secret wives of the Mormon Prophet...
Vol. XIV. Alton, Illinois, Friday, August 10, 1849. No. 32.
The Beaver Islands, ten in number, lie in the bosom of Lake Michigan, in about latitude 45 deg., 50 min, -- are beginning to attract considerable attention, both on account of the healthfulness of their climate, and the extent of their fisheries, and of the Zion or land of promise, of a considerable body of Mormons; the followers of Mr. Strang. Big Beaver Island, the principal one of the group, is thirteen miles in length, by seven in breadth, containing about 50,000 acres of timbered and fertile lands. -- Paradise Bay forms the principal harbor and is the seat of an extensive trade in fish, wood, &c. It is easily accessible, perfectly land locked, and sufficiently capacious for all craft on the Lakes.