(Newspapers of Washington, D. C.)

Niles National Register
1841-1850 Articles

-- Gen. Joseph Smith and his Ladies review the Nauvoo Legion --

1831-1840  |  1841-1850

Jan 09 '41  |  Feb 20 '41  |  Mar 27 '41  |  Jul 03 '41  |  Jul 10 '41
Aug 21 '41  |  Oct 02 '41  |  Sep 03 '42  |  Sep 10 '42  |  Sep 17 '42
Oct 01 '42  |  Oct 08 '42  |  Oct 15 '42  |  Nov 05 '42  |  Dec 10 '42
Jan 07 '43  |  Jan 21 '43  |  Feb 18 '43  |  Mar 25 '43  |  Apr 01 '43
Apr 08 '43  |  Apr 15 '43  |  May 27 '43  |  Jun 17 '43  |  Jul 15 '43
Jul 22 '43  |  Sep 02 '43  |  Sep 16 '43  |  Sep 30 '43  |  Nov 18 '43
Dec 09 '43  |  Feb 03 '44  |  Mar 23 '44  |  Apr 14 '44  |  May 25 '44
Jun 01 '44  |  Jun 08 '44  |  Jun 22 '44  |  Jun 29 '44  |  Jul 13 '44
Jul 20 '44  |  Jul 27 '44  |  May 30 '46  |  Jul 3 '47  |  Mar ? '48

Articles Index   |   Washington  Daily National Intelligencer   |   NJ, MD, DE papers


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   January 9, 1841.                     [Vol. LIX. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

... The anti-Mormon forces have received in payment for their services only a hundred thousand dollars or one-half the amount appropriated. This was owing to the fact that the money could not be borrowed.

The state has got a bad name, says the governor, by reason of the Mormon difficulty; and the governor wishes the evidence in this case published so as to retrieve her reputation. Four our part, we think gov. Boggs, by his indiscreet management of that affair, has contributed to the very evil of which he complains. But we dount not the world at large can discriminate between a gang of marauders and the good people of this state.

Note: The above excerpt was taken from a late December article published in the St. Louis Evening Gazette, offering an abstract of Gov. Boggs' message to the 1840 Missouri Legislature. Boggs got his wish of seeing Missouri trial evidence against the Mormons printed -- see U. S. Sernate Document 189, published early in 1841, upon the request of Senator Linn of Missouri (Niles Register, Feb. 20, 1841).


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   February 20, 1841.                     [Vol. LIX. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

(Proceedings of U. S. Senate, Feb. 15, 1841.)

... Mr. Linn presented the legal testimony taken before the honorable A. A. King, judge of the fifth judicial circuit of Missouri in the cases of Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, and sundry other individuals of the sect called Mormons, or Latter-day Saints, on charges preferred against them of treason against the state of Missouri.

Mr. Linn, in presenting this document, made some remarks in relation to the memorial presented at the last session by the Mormons, in which it seemed to appear that the state of Missouri had not acted towards those people with that justice and humanity that had ever characterized her. He stated at that time that the memorial was an ex parte matter, and that the legislature had since felt the necessity of placing a full record of all the facts before the country. He was aware that the sympathies of the people were always on the weaker side, and that in this contest with the state the latter had been improperly reflected upon. He had the pleasure to present a statement of all the matters in dispute, which he asked might be printed. The motion was agreed to.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   March 27, 1841.                     [Vol. LX. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMON WAR. An unprofitable business. The paymaster general of the Missouri militia has made a report, in which it appears, that what he calls the Mormon war cost the state of Missouri one hundred and fifty thousand dollars.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   July 3, 1841.                     [Vol. LX. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMONS. A letter from the vicinity of Nauvoo (Illinois), says: "The excitement on both sides of the river against the Mormons is increasing very fast. The conduct of Jo Smith and the other leaders is such as no community of white men can tolerate. It is the entire absence of all moral and religious principle that renders them so obnoxious to the Gentiles of all denominations, wherever they reside.

"Jo Smith was yesterday arrested, between Nauvoo and Quincy, by the authorities of Illinois, on a requisition from the governor from Missouri. May justice be meted out to him for his villainy.

"Martin Harris, who was one of the witnesses to the book of Mormon, and who has been for some time lecturing in Illinois against the Mormons, was found dead last week, having been shot through the head. He was, no doubt murdered.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   July 10, 1841.                     [Vol. LX. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMONITES. The ship Harmony arrived at Quebec from Bristol on the 26th ult. all the passengers by which vessel are Mormonites, on their way to Illinois. They are attended by two of their prophets, and a decent looking people.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   August 21, 1841.                     [Vol. LX. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMONS. The Trenton N. J. State Gazette states that the Mormons have two societies in Monmouth county, one at Horner's town and the other at Tom's river. About 100 belong to the former, and 70 or 80 to the latter. They have also meetings regularly, once a week, at New Egypt, besides occasional meetings at other places.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   October 2, 1841.                     [Vol. LXI. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

NEW CITY. The Mormons are about to build another city on the immediate borders of Illinois. They have squatted on land owned by a company of gentlemen in this city, and elsewhere at the east; and because Joe Smith says it is a good place, or rather that he has had a revelation that it is the spot where a great city will stand, they are going to work at it.       B. Times.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. 2 Vol. ?]                     Washington,   September 3, 1842.                     [Vol. LXIII. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

Ex-gov. L. W. Boggs has been elected to the senate, having nearly recovered from the bullet of the unknown assassin.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. 3 Vol. ?]                     Washington,   September 10, 1842.                     [Vol. LXIII. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMONS. The last Quincy Herald represents that Gov. Carlin had fairly failed in his attempts to arrest Jo Smith and Rockwell; and adds that the Mormons will not give them up, but fight to the last.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   September 17, 1842.                     [Vol. LXIII. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

JOE SMITH. This wonderful fellow is to be bodily absent from his people for ten years; so say the latest accounts. Phila. Sent.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   October 1, 1842.                     [Vol. LXIII. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMONITES. From Nauvoo! Our last accounts represent the Prophet Joe and the Mormons as going ahead quietly and rapidly. No arrest or delivery has been made. The storm is over -- says the "Rochester Republican:" we have no account of what has become of the authority of the governor of the state of Illinois. "The Times and Seasons." Joe Smith's Nauvoo paper, of the 2d inst. in an editorial article, says: --

"While Boggs (the late Governor of Missouri,) and his crew hold this mobocratic doctrine in defiance of law; "believing as we do, that the arm of the law does not afford us a guarantee, -- (we) deem it expedient and of the highest importance to form ourselves into a company &c. to rid our society, peaceable if we can and forcibly if we must," of the Mormons, -- and to this end have severally pledged to each other their lives, bodily powers, fortunes and 'sacred honors!' -- let no saint suppose that righteousness will reign, or peace be on earth...

"Never, while the spirit of liberty, or the virtue of a saint, hold communion in the flesh, let us hear of those who profess to be governed by the law of God, and make their garments clean in the blood of the Lamb, shrinking from the assistance of those who bear the ark of the Lord -- in the hour of danger!"

The St. Louis Republican of the 14th instant has the following article:

"JOE SMITH NOT ABSQUATULATED. The report that Joe Smith and his accomplice in the attempted assassination of Gov. Boggs had gone to England is erroneous. He has been at or about Nauvoo ever since his arrest; for he knew full well that he was safer there than any where else. During this time he has been concealed by day, and now and then seen at night, thinking that after the excitement subsided, he could come forth with impunity. He went up the river on the steamboat Galena, Saturday night 3d. Six officers had caught the scent and were in warm pursuit. Where his destination, none knew; or those who do, are Mormons, and they maintain profound silence. It is supposed that Canada will be his first resting place for the present. His influence is on the wane; his sun has already reached its meridian height, and is now on the decline."

Not in reply to the above, but as a verification of the prophecy that the Lord would perform a strange work in these latter days, Joe Smith quotes in his paper of the 2d inst. from the Boston Investigator, a deistical paper, the following reasoning:

"There is still a higher series as regards the superstitions of the world. This is an amalgamation of sects, denominations, and superstitions. Zoroaster, Mahomet, the Christ of India and of Palestine, have done this, and Joseph Smith will do it. We predicted this long ago, and affirm it still. We predicted it when it was under deep persecution. We rested our prediction not on preternatural foresight, but on the fact, that the plan covered all the ground, and combined principles and motives exactly calculated to do it. The Jewish account; the Christian religion; a revelation, latter day saints; all gifts and graces; ecclesiastical honors; an armed, peaceful neutrality, well disciplined and springing up in the midst of a free people; points taking in all our large cities, and from the world a grand concentration forming in America! Say or do what we please, Mormonism is destined to become one of the most splendid superstitions ever devised. It has originated in an age of science, resting on originations in an age of ignorance, and it is this very fact which will sustain it. Fifty years hence, and you will hear this argument: -- 'What! Do you believe that Joseph Smith, the Prophet of the Lord, could have been an impostor? Did he not spring up in an age of science and mechanical invention; did he not proclaim openly to the world his mission; sustain persecution and brave death for the sake of God? Did he not have visions and revelations? And who but a man divinely inspired, could, at a time when the whole world was deluged with vain and contradictory teachings, have conceived this one sublime faith and worship?' If it be urged that the thing was tested, to what does it amount? 'They were enemies and persecutors.'"

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   October 8, 1842.                     [Vol. LXIII. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

The "Times and Seasons" of the 15th Sept. says that on the 4th inst. a letter was read to the saints in Nauvoo from Joseph Smith, which it publishes and from which we extract the following:

                                                       NAUVOO, September 1, 1842.
To all the Saints in Nauvoo:--

Forasmuch as the Lord has revealed unto me that my enemies, both in Missouri and this State, were again on the pursuit of me; and inasmuch as they pursue me without a cause, and have not the least shadow or coloring of justice or right on their side in the getting up of their prosecutions against me; and inasmuch as their pretensions are all founded in falsehood of the blackest dye, I have thought it expedient and wisdom in me to leave the place for a short season, for my own safety and the safety of this people. I would say to all those with whom I have business, that I have left my affairs with agents and clerks, who will transact all business in a prompt and proper manner; and will see that all my debts are canceled in due time, by turning out property, or otherwise as the case may require, or as the circumstances may admit of. When I learn that the storm is fully blown over, then I will return to you again.

And as for the perils which I am called to pass through, they seem but a small thing to me, as the envy and wrath of man have been my common lot all the days of my life; and for what cause it seems mysterious, unless I was ordained from before the foundation of the world, for some good end, or bad, as you may choose to call it. Judge ye for yourselves. God knoweth all these things, whether it be good or bad. But nevertheless, deep water is what I am wont to swim in; it all has become a second nature to me. And I feel like Paul to glory in tribulation for to this day has the God of my fathers delivered me out of them all and will deliver me from henceforth; for, behold, and lo, I shall triumph over all my enemies, for the Lord God hath spoken it.

Let all the saints rejoice, therefore, and be exceeding glad, for Israel's God is their God; and he will mete out a just recompense of reward upon the heads of all your oppressors.

And again, verily thus saith the Lord, Let the work of my temple, and all the works which I have appointed unto you, be continued on and not cease; and let your diligence and your perseverance, and patience and your works be redoubled; and you shall in nowise lose your reward, saith the Lord of hosts. And if they persecute you, so persecuted they the prophets and righteous men that were before you. For all this there is a reward in heaven.

And again, I give unto you a word in relation to the baptism for your dead. Verily, thus saith the Lord unto you concerning your dead: When any of you are baptized for your dead, let there be a recorder; and let him be eyewitness of your baptisms; let him hear with his ears, that he may testify of a truth, saith the Lord; that in all your recordings, it may be recorded in heaven, that whatsoever you bind on earth, may be bound in heaven; whatsoever you loose on earth may be loosed in heaven; for I am about to restore many things to the earth pertaining to the priesthood, saith the Lord of hosts.

And again, let all the records be had in order, that they may be put in the archives of my Holy Temple, to be held in remembrance from generation to generation. saith the Lord of hosts.

The same paper publishes also the account of the resurrection of the daughter of Elder Rigdon from among the dead, and her revelations from the other world, among which was that "the Lord had taken away one of the eye teeth of Geo. W. Robinson, and unless he repented he would take away another," and concerning Dr. Bennett, "that he was a wicked man and that the Lord would tread him under his feet."

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   October 15, 1842.                     [Vol. LXIII. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor


Governor Reynolds has offered a reward of $600 for the apprehension of ORRIN PORTER ROCKWELL, charged with the crime of feloniously shooting LILBURN W. BOGGS, with the intent to kill him; and of JO. SMITH, charged with being accessory, before the fact, to the crime of the said Rockwell, or $300 for either of them.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   November 5, 1842.                     [Vol. LXIII. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMONISM, is stated in English papers to be rapidly increasing in that country. Five thousand are said to be preparing to embark for the city of Nauvoo, and nearly that number have recently arrived there. Meantime their prophet, Joe Smith, has found it adviseable to keep out of the way of the authorities of the state of Illinois, and disregards the requisition from the governor of Missouri. Ten of his disciples are stated to have left their faith.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   December 10, 1842.                     [Vol. LXIII. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMONS. Joseph Smith, the leader of this sect, has resigned the editorial chair of the "Times and Seasons" to John Taylor, who tells us, that the "Temple of God in Nauvoo," is progressing by the voluntary labor of the "Saints," who turn out with their teams, tools, &c. to aid in the construction. The timbers for the first floor of the temple were thus laid, and service performed within its walls for the first time, Sunday the 20th ult. The exhortations to complete it, as well as to construct the "Nauvoo house," (for entertainment), are uttered with all the solemnity of divine injunction!

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   January 7, 1843.                     [Vol. LXIII. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

NAUVOO, ILL. On the 9th ult. in the legislature of Illinois, a motion was made to repeal the extraordinary charter of Nauvoo, the Mormon city. The Louisville Journal says there was in the house one Mormon member, Jo Smith's brother, who made an earnest appeal to the loco focos as a party to sustain his people and their city charters, in asmuch as all the Mormons had voted, at the last election, for the loco foco ticket. No vote was taken.

A paragraph is going the rounds in the public papers, which states that the splendid temple of the Mormons at Nauvoo is completed, It must have been by miracle if so, for from appearances a few weeks ago, it would take at least seven years to finish it.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   January 21, 1843.                     [Vol. LXIII. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

JOE SMITH. This personage, who lately surrendered hmself at Springfield, Illinois, in obedience to the requisition of the governor of Midssouri on a charge of being accessary to the attempted assassination of ex-governor Boggs, having been brought before Judge Pope on a writ of habeas corpus, was discharged on the 5th from custody on the ground that he is not a fugitive from justice, and consequently not the subject of surrender to the authorities of another state.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   February 18, 1843.                     [Vol. LXIII. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

A FUGITIVE DECISION. The Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith who had been demanded by a requisition from the governor of Missouri, upon the governor of Illinois as a fugutive from justice, on a charge of abetting the attempt to murder ex-governor Boggs, of the former state, and for whose arrest warrants were issued sometime since by the authorities of Illinois, but then brought before the United States district court on a writ of habeas corpus, had a hearing, and was discharged, the judge deciding that he could not be held as a fugitive from justice, in the case, as it was proved that he had not been in, and consequently could not have fled from Missouri at the time, nor since the crime in question was committed.

There was a great jubilee at Nauvoo on the return of their prophet in triumph from the trial. A solemn fast and thanksgiving was by proclamation addressed "to the saints in Nauvoo," to be held the 17th January, then ensuing.

MORMONS. A late number of the Nauvoo Wasp, contains an account of four cargoes, amounting in all to 801 emigrants -- "Latter Day Saints" having sailed from Liverpool for that region. Elder Orson Hyde had returned from his pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and was now occupied in translating Mormon books, &c. into the German language.

It is stated that Smith has sent out a number of handsome females to preach his doctrines -- and convert men into Latter Day Saints.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   March 25, 1843.                     [Vol. LXIV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

ORIN PORTER ROCKWELL. the Mormon, who has been accused of being the person who attempted to assassinate ex-governor Boggs, of Missouri, last summer, was apprehended at St. Louis on the 6th instant and committed to jail. He will now have to stand his trial.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   April 1, 1843.                     [Vol. LXIV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

NAUVOO ABOLISHED. In the Illinois legislature on the 27th ult, the senate repealed the law creating the Nauvoo legion, military corps. They also repealed the charter of the Mormon City of Nauvoo. The vote in favor of the latter was 22 to 11. Members of the senate were very free in their expressions of disgust at Mormonism.

Note: This erroneous report was apparently an "April Fool" story concocted by the normally staid editor of the newspaper.


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   April 8, 1843.                     [Vol. LXIV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMONS. A steamer recently passed Natchez, with 500 English Mormons on board, bound for Nauvoo.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   April 15, 1843.                     [Vol. LXIV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMONISM vs. MILLERISM. In the Nauvoo paper called the "Times and Seasons," of March 1st, Joe Smith, the Mormon prophet, addresses a communication to the editor, which closes with the following announcement: "Therefore, hear ye this O Earth! the Lord will not come to reign over the righteous in the world in 1843, or until every thing for the bridegroom is ready."

The people of St. Louis have no notion to have the end of the world yet. A tremendous assemblage attended to hear a Millerite lecture, on the 29th ult. Which became a tremendous mob. The lecturers were hooted at, pelted, and dragged from the stage on which they stood. They finally, however made their escape.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   May 27, 1843.                     [Vol. LXIV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

CONFERENCE AT NAUVOO. The Mormons recently had the most interesting religious conference at Nauvoo city, since their settlement. The Times and Seasons says, that the foundation of the Temple was crowded to excess with thousands of "Saints," whose faces beamed with gladness, as they listened to the "prophet," Joe Smith; even the walls were covered, and the grounds outside for some distance around the Temple.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   June 17, 1843.                     [Vol. LXIV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

DISCORD, which has characterized our race from the days of Cain and Abel, seems likely to adhere to us to the end. Even the Millerites, firm believers that the world has not a year now to endure, cannot agree for that brief space, but have split into factions. A part of the body that erected the Tabernacle, in which to worship at Boston, have seceded, and are about to erect another Tabernacle.

Worse and worse! Even "latter-day saints," the Mormons are infected with this sin. A portion of them have dissented from the prophet Joe Miller's [sic] authority at Nauvoo, and are about to erect a temple of their own at a place called Blue Grass in Iowa. Hinkle, their leader, has already baptized over four hundred converts.

After he has baptized his new recruits he lays hia hand upon their heads, when he says they receive power to prophecy, cure the sick, heal the lame, and perform all other miracles.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   July 15, 1843.                     [Vol. LXIV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

THE MORMON PROPHET. Joe Smith was lately indicted in Missouri for treason and murder, attempting to assassinate ex-governor Boggs, &c. A writ was issued and a requisition made on the governor of Illinois for his delivery, which being granted, attempts were in vain made to arrest him. Non est, was returned by the officer, and for sometime the Prophet withdrew from the world. After the storm subsided he again appeared in public, and some judicial forms were gone through with. A few days' since he adventured on a visit out of his latitude, and was arrested by a sheriff from Missouri, on the Illinois river, was taken before Judge Caton, on a writ of habeas [corpus] -- despatches were sent to Nauvoo, and 115 armed men immediately started from thence in the Mormon boat -- What the result was is not yet ascertained except, that the Prophet is again at Nauvoo, at large.

The Nauvoo Neighbor, a Mormon paper, expresses surprise at the progress of [the] Miller humbug, and of fanaticism in this country.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   July 22, 1843.                     [Vol. LXIV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

SMITH, THE MORMON. Joe Smith, the Mormon Prophet, has reached Nauvoo in safety and has instituted suits against the persons from Missouri who arrested him. The St. Louis New Era, alluding to the capture and release of Joe Smith, says:

"At first we were under the impression that this new movement against Joe Smith grew out of disclosures made by Rockwell, in regard to the attempted assassination of Gov. Boggs, but this seems not to have been the case. The occurrences which led to the expulsion of the Mormons from Missouri, and which were signalized by a savage and brutal vindictiveness on a part of a portion of our citizens, are said to have formed the groundwork of this charge. If so there can be little doubt that Joe Smith will escape from this new attack upon him, and thereby obtain still greater popularity with his followers. In that affair, the Mormons were more sinned against than sinning, and regard for the character of the state should lead us to say as little about it as possible. -- The indictment is a recent one, procured it is said, sometime last month, and this circumstance induced us to believe that there are other motives than a desire to see justice administered upon Joe Smith, at the bottom of a proceeding which, if instituted at all, should have commenced years ago."

THE MORMON PROPHET. The arrest of Joe Smith it appears was in virtue of some new process from Missouri. James Reynolds proceeded to Nauvoo to arrest him, found him absent -- took a constable of Hancock, and proceeded to Lee county, met Smith near Dixon, arrested him, and took him to Dixon. Cyrus Walker, a candidate for congress was employed as counsel by Smith, who sued out a capias against Reynolds and the constable, for damages, and they were arrested by the sheriff of Lee; all hands now obtained writs of habeas corpus, and proceeded to have a trial before Judge Young, at Springfield -- Smith in the custody of Reynolds, and Reynolds and the constable in the custody of the sheriff of Lee county -- Walker attending as counsel for Smith, and Mr. Mason, of Dixon, as counsel for Reynolds. The whole party made some stop at Nauvoo, where the Missouri agent says he was forced to go against his will. Smith and Walker then sued out a writ of habeas corpus from the municipal court of Nauvoo, which, after hearing a very able speech from Walker, three hours long, and very loud in favor of Smith, discharged him from imprisonment. Thus the matter now stands. Meantime application has been made to governor Ford for a military force to re-take Smith.

The Nauvoo Times and Seasons of the 15th ult. has the following as its leading articles:

Special Message -- To the Church in Philadelphia: All the members of that branch of the church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, which is located in Philadelphia, Penn., who are desirous of doing the will of Heaven, and of working out their own salvation, by keeping the laws of the celestial kingdom, are hereby instructed and counselled to remove from thence without delay, and locate themselves in the city of Nauvoo, where God has a work for them to accomplish.

Done at Nauvoo, this 29th day of May, 1843; agreeable to the instructions of the First Presidency.

By order of the Quorum of the Twelve,

          President of the quorum.


Appointments by the quorum of the twelve. Elder Reuben Hadlock, to England, to preside over the English mission; Elder John Cairns, to Scotland; Elder James Sloan, to Ireland; Elder Benjamin Brown, accompanied by Elder [Jesse] W. Crosby, to the Province of Nova Scotia; Elder Edwin W. Webb, to the vicinity of Galena; Elder Isaac Chase, to the eastern states; Elder Stephen Abbot, and Charles E. Spencer, to Wisconsin Territory; Elder Isaac Thompson to accompany them.

W. RICHARDS, Clerk.          

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   September 2, 1843.                     [Vol. LXV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMONS. The St. Louis New Era, of the 16th ult. says: "We learn by a gentleman from Warsaw, that a meeting of the people of Hancock county, to be held at Carthage, was called for to-day, to take into consideration their relation with the Mormons. It is said that a good deal of excitement exists against them, and apprehensions of a serious riot and outbreak were entertained. The people of that section of the state are as heartily tired of the Mormons as ever the citizens of Missouri were, but they have suffered them to obtain so strong a foothold that no power can exist which can deprive them of their positions, or induce them to abandon their present residence."

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   September 16, 1843.                     [Vol. LXV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

JOE SMITH. The Illinoian, of the 18th inst., says: "A gentleman of this town, who has just arrived from a visit to Carthage, states that considerable excitement exists in Hancock county on account of a gross outrage committed by Joe Smith, upon the collector of that county. Joe had taken offence at the collector on account of the manner in which he had discharged his duty in reference to some of the prophet's lots in Nauvoo; and during a recent visit of the collector to that city, he was attacked and cruelly beaten by Joe in presence of several hundred of his faithful. -- The collector had been quite ill for some weeks, and was scarcely able to travel at the time the outrage was perpetrated. From the statement of our informant, we shall not be surprised to hear of Joe's sudden disappearance shortly."

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   September 30, 1843.                     [Vol. LXV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMONS. The Independent [sic] Expositor says, "Orin Porter Rockwell, the Mormon confined in our county jail some time since for the attempted assassination of ex-governor Boggs, was indicted by our last grand jury for escaping from the cointy jail some weeks since, and sent to Clay county for trial. Owing, however, to some informality in the proceedings, he was remanded to this county again for trial. There was not sufficient proof adduced against him to justify an indictment for shooting ex-Governor Boggs; and the grand jury, therefore, did not indict him for that offence."

THE MORMONS. At a meeting of the citizens of Hancock county, held at Carthage, on the 6th inst. it was resolved to call in the citizens of the surrounding counties and states, to assist them in delivering up Joe Smith, if the governor of Illinois refused to comply with the requisition of the Governor of Missouri. The meeting also determined to avenge with blood any assaults made upon the citizens by the Mormons. It was also resolved to refuse to obey the officers elected by the Mormons, who have a complete control of the county, being a numerical majority.   Missouri Reporter.

MORMONS. Delegates from several of the lower counties on the Military Tract, were to convene at Carthage on Tuesday, 5th instant, to take into consideration the propriety of adopting defensive measures in relation to the Mormons. The late refusal on the part of Governor Ford to issue a new writ in compliance with the demand of the governor of Missouri for Joseph Smith, has awakened a spirit which we fear may end in bloodshed.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   November 18, 1843.                     [Vol. LXV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

JOE SMITH. The following odd resolutions, among others, were passed at the opening of Joe Smith's tavern at Nauvoo, on the 3d ult.

Resolved, Gen. Joseph Smith, whether we view him as a Prophet at the head of the church, a general at the head of the Legion, a mayor at the head of the city council, or as a landlord at the head of his table, has few equals and no superior.

Resolved, Nauvoo, the great Emporium of the west, the centre of all centres, a city of three years' growth, a population of 18,000 souls, congregated from the four quarters of the globe, embracing all the intelligence, all of the nations, with industry, frugality, economy, virtue, and brotherly love, unsurpassed in any age of the world, a suitable home for the saints.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   December 9, 1843.                     [Vol. LXV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

THE NAUVOO LEGION. The St. Louis Reporter states that the Nauvoo Legion numbers some four or five thiusand men. They are thoroughly disciplined, and well acquainted with the use of artillery, &c. -- Apprehensions exist that the frequent drilling of the ligion forebodes no good purpose on the part of the Mormon Prophet.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   February 3, 1844.                     [Vol. LXV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

THE MORMONS. This singular community contrive to make themselves of importance. Numbering as they do, many thousand persons, all moving with perfect devotion at the nod of their prophet, and burning with ardor in a cause which most of them believe to be of divine authority, -- holding as they do, grants made to them from time to time by the legislature of Illinois, of very large, not to say unusual corporative powers, -- and wielding as they are well aware the balance of power between the two great political parties of the state, they feel their importance, and contrive to make others feel it also. Under the superintendence of a man of no small natural capacity, by the labor of those thousands, most of them industrious individuals, wonders have certainly been performed in the wilderness. Besides the building of the temple, the hotel, nay the city itself of Nauvoo where they a few years since took up their abode, great improvements have been effected. The editor of the Hawk Eye remarks:

"Although much complaint has been made about the Mormons, we saw on our late trip evidences of improvement on our prairies, which we consider highly creditable to the Mormons who made them, and without whom we doubt whether they would have been made for many years to come. All those who have travelled over the large prairie between fort Madison, Warsaw, and Carthage, remember how dreary it was a few years since. Now it is studded with houses and good farms. The English, who understand hedging and ditching far better than our people, have gone upon that prairie and have enclosed extensive fields in this manner. Along the old Rock Island Trace, which we travelled seven years ago, and which was then a dreary waste, we saw a field enclosed with a good sod fence, six miles long and one wide. We think such enterprise is worthy to be mentioned. As long as the Mormons are harmless and do not interfere with the rights of our people, we think they should be treated well. We shall never convince them that they are a deluded people, as far as their religious notions are concerned, in any other way."

But the object in view in noticing those people at present is to exhibit recent movements of very singular aspect both as to law and politics. The correspondence between Joseph Smith, the prophet of the sect, and J. C. Calhoon, one of the candidates for the presidency, which will be found in the political department of this number, is sufficiently characteristic of the man who commenced and concludes the said correspondence and furnishes something as unique in abstractions as our readers have lately met with.

But, it is the tenor of other proceedings which seem more immediately to affect the peace, if not the sovereignty of the laws of the state of Illinois, which now attracts our attention. The St. Louis New Era of the 29th says:

"A meeting was recently held at Nauvoo, to express the sentiments of the Mormons in relation to the repeated demands by the state of Missouri for the body of General Joseph Smith, ;as well as the common cruel practice of kidnapping citizens of Illinois and forcing them across the Mississippi river, and then incarcerating them in the dungeons or prisons in Missouri'

The following preamble and resolutions were adopted:

Whereas, the State of Missouri, with the Governor at the head, continues to make demands upon the executive of Illinois for the body of General, Joseph Smith, as we verily believe, to keep up a system of persecution against the Church of Latter-day Saints, for the purpose of justifying the said State of Missouri in her diabolical, unheard of, cruel and unconstitutional warfare against said Church of Latter-day Saints, and which she has practiced during the last twelve years, whereby many have been murdered, mobbed and ravished, and the whole community expelled from the State:

And also to heave dust in the eyes of the nation and the world, while she, as a State, with the Government to back her, continues to slip over the river to steal the property of the Latter-day Saints, and kidnap the members of said Church to glut her vengeance, malice, revenge, and avarice, and to make slaves of the said captives or murder them: Therefore,

Resolved unanimously: As we do know that Joseph Smith is not guilty of any charge made against him by the said State of Missouri, but is a good, industrious, well-meaning, and worthy citizen of Illinois, and an officer that does faithfully and impartially administer the laws of the State, that we as citizens of Illinois, crave the protection of the Constitution and laws of the country as an aegis to shield him, the said General Joseph Smith, from such cruel persecutions, beseeching the Governor of Illinois not to issue any more writs against the said General Joseph Smith, or other Latter-day Saints (unless they are guilty), but to let the Latter-day Saints "breathe awhile like other men," and enjoy the liberty guaranteed to every honest citizen by the Magna Charta of our common country.

The city authorities have also passed "an extra ordinance for the extra case of Joseph Smith and others;" the principal provision of which is that --

[After some pertinent remarks by Mr. Taylor, General Joseph Smith briefly addressed the meeting. He dissented entirely from the opinion of the Attorney-General, and observed that it was stated in the Charter that the Legion was a part of the Militia of Illinois, and that his commission declared that he (General Smith) was the Lieutenant-General of the Nauvoo Legion and of the Militia of the State of Illinois; and as such, it was not only his duty to enforce the city ordinance, but the laws of the State, when called on by the Governor. He also stated that he had been informed that the Chief Magistrate of Missouri had it in contemplation to make another requisition on the Governor of Illinois for him (Joseph Smith).] [this paragraph's text is uncertain -- wording may vary from the copy]

In the Nauvoo Neighbor, we find an ordinance amended by the city authorities on the 10th instant which we suppose to be a substitute for the foregoing.

It ordains that "to prevent kidnapping, illegal arrests of persons, or unlawful searches for property, that all writs or warrants issued out of the city shall before they are executed within the limits of said city, be examined by, and receive the approval and signature of the mayor of said city on the back of said process, and be served by the marshall of said city.

"And that every officer who shall execute or attempt to execute any process as aforesaid. without first obtaining the approval and signature of the mayor of said city as specified in the first section of this ordinance, shall be subject to a fine of not less than five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars or imprisonment not less than one month nor more than six months in the city prison, or both, as a breach of ordinance to be tried before the municipal court of said city.

"Nothing in the foregoing ordinance shall be so construed as to prevent, hinder, or thwart the designs of justice, or to retard the civil officers of the state, or county in the discharge of their official duties, but to aid and assist them within the limits of this city."

This ordinance is signed by "Joseph Smith, mayor."

But the most curious of this history, we derive from a previous number of the Neighbor, in which we find a correspondence between Joe Smith and the mayor of the city, and right hand man; but who it will be remembered by our readers subsequently denounced Joseph as the veryest impostor and scoundrel that ever deceived men and women, and threatened loudly to blow up his whole concern. This Bennett it is stated by some, is disposed to become a candidate for one of the highest offices in the state of Illinois, and in order to success proceeds to make overtures to the prophet. His letter and reply are as follows.

ARLINGTON HOUSE. Oct. 24, 1843.              

DEAR GENERAL: -- I am happy to know that you have taken possession of your new establishment, and presume you will be eminently successful and happy in it, together with your good lady and family.

You are no doubt already aware that I have had a most interesting visit from your most excellent and worthy friend, President B. Young with whom I have had a glorious frolic in the clear blue ocean; for most assuredly a frolic it was, without a moment's reflection or consideration.

Nothing of this kind would in the least attach me to your person or cause. I am capable of being a most undeviating friend, without being governed by the smallest religious influence.

As you have proved yourself to be a philosophical divine, you will excuse me when I say that we must leave their influence to the mass. The boldness of your plans and measures, together with their unparalleled success so far, are calculated to throw a charm over your whole being, and to point you out as the most extraordinary man of the present age.

But my mind is of so mathematical and philosophical a cast, that the divinity of Moses makes no impression on me, and you will not be offended when I say that I rate you higher as a legislator than I do Moses, because we have you present with us for examination, whereas Moses derives his chief authority from prescription and the lapse of time.

I cannot, however, say but you are both right, it being out of the power of man to prove you wrong. It is no mathematical problem, and can therefore get no mathematical solution. I say, therefore, Go ahead: you have my good wishes. You know Mahomet had his "right hand man."

The celebrated Thomas Brown, at New York, is now engaged in cutting your head on a beautiful carnelian stone, as your private seal, which will be set in gold to your order, and sent to you. It will be a gem and just what you want. His sister is a member of your Church. The expense of this seal, set in gold, will be about $40; and Mr. Brown assures me that if he were not so poor a man, he would present it to you free.

You can, however, accept it or not, as he can apply to it another use. I am myself short for cash; for although I had sometime since $2,000 paid me by the Harpers, publishers, as the first installment on the purchase of my copyright, yet I had got so much behind during the hard times, that it all went to clear up old scores. I expect $38,000 more however, in semi-annual payments, from those gentlemen, within the limits of ten years; a large portion of which I intend to use in the State of Illinois, in the purchase and conduct of a large tract of land; and therefore should I be compelled to announce in this quarter that I have no connection with the Nauvoo Legion, you will of course remain silent, as I shall do it in such a way as will make all things right.

I may yet run for a high office in your state, when you would be sure of my best services in your behalf; therefore, a known connection with you would be against our mutual interest. It can be shown that a commission in the Legion was a Herald hoax, coined for the fun of it by me, as it is not believed even now by the public. In short, I expect to be yet, through your influence, governor of the State of Illinois.

My respects to Brothers Young, Richards, Mrs. Emma, and all friends.

Yours most respectfully,
JAMES ARLINTON BENNETT. P. S. -- As the office of inspector-general confers no command on me. being a mere honorary title, -- if, therefore, there is any gentleman in Nauvoo who would like to fill it in a practical way, I shall with great pleasure and good-will resign it to him, by receiving advice from you to that effect. It is an office that should be filled by some scientific officer.

J. A. B.

NAUVOO, ILLINOIS, Nov. 13, 1843.              

DEAR SIR:-- Your letter of the 24th ult. has been regularly received, its contents duly appreciated, and its whole tenor candidly considered; and, according to my manner of judging all things in righteousness, I proceed to answer you, and shall leave you to meditate whether "mathematical problems," founded upon the truth of revelation, or religion as promulgated by me, or by Moses, can be solved by rules and principles existing in the systems of common knowledge.

How far you are capable of being "a most undeviating friend, without being governed by the smallest religious influence," will best be decided by your survivors, as all past experience most assuredly proves. Without controversy, that friendship which intelligent beings would accept as sincere must arise from love, and that love grow out of virtue, which is as much a part of religion as light is a part of Jehovah. Hence the saying of Jesus, "Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends."

You observed, "as I have proven myself to be a philosophical divine" I must excuse you when you say that we must leave these influences to the mass. The meaning of "philosophical divine" may be taken in various ways. If, as the learned world apply the term, you infer that I have achieved a victory, and been strengthened by a scientific religion, as practiced by the popular sects of the age, through the aid of colleges, seminaries, Bible societies, missionary boards, financial organizations, and gospel money schemes, then you are wrong. Such a combination of Men and means shows a form of godliness without the power; for is it not written, "I will destroy the wisdom of the wise." "Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the rudiments of the world, and not after the doctrines of Christ." But if the inference is that by more love, more light, more virtue, and more truth from the Lord, I have succeeded as a man of God, then you reason truly, though the weight of the sentiment is lost. when the "influence is left to the mass." "Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?"

Of course you follow out the figure, and say, the boldness of my plans and measures, together with their unparalleled success, so far, are calculated to throw a charm over my whole being, and to point me out as the most extraordinary man of the present age! The boldness of my plans and measures can readily be tested by the touchstone of all schemes, systems, projects, and adventures -- truth; for truth is a matter of fact; and the fact is, that by the power of God I translated the Book of Mormon from hieroglyphics, the knowledge of which was lost to the world, in which wonderful event I stood alone, an unlearned youth, to combat the worldly wisdom and multiplied ignorance of eighteen centuries, with a new revelation, which (if they would receive the everlasting Gospel,) would open the eyes of more than eight hundred millions of people, and make "plain the old paths," wherein if a man walk in all the ordinances of God blameless, he shall inherit eternal life; and Jesus Christ, who was, and is, and is to come, has borne me safely over every snare and plan laid in secret or openly, through priestly hypocrisy, sectarian prejudice, popular philosophy, executive power, or law-defying mobocracy, to destroy me.

If, then, the hand of God in all these things that I have accomplished towards the salvation of a priest-ridden generation, in the short space of twelve years, through the boldness of the plan of preaching the Gospel, and the boldness of the means of declaring repentance and baptism for the remission of sins, and a reception of the Holy Ghost by laying on of the hands, agreeably to the authority of the Priesthood, and the still more bold measures of receiving direct revelation from God, through the Comforter, as promised, and by which means all holy men from ancient times till now have spoken and revealed the will of God to men, with the consequent "success" of the gathering of the Saints, throws any "charm" around my being, and "points me out as the most extraordinary man of the age," it demonstrates the fact that truth is mighty and must prevail, and that one man empowered from Jehovah has more influence with the children of the kingdom than eight hundred millions led by the precepts of men. God exalts the humble, and debases the haughty.

But let me assure you in the name of Jesus, "who spake as never man spake," that the "boldness of the plans and measures," as you term them, but which should be denominated the righteousness of the cause, the truth of the system, and power of God, which"so far" has borne me and the Church, (in which I glory in having the privilege of being a member,) successfully through the storm of reproach, folly, ignorance, malice, persecution, falsehood, sacerdotal wrath, newspaper satire, pamphlet libels, and the combined influence of the powers of earth and hell, -- I say these powers of righteousness and truth are not the decrees or rules of an ambitious and aspiring Nimrod, Pharaoh, Nebuchadnezzar, Alexander, Mahomet, Bonaparte, or other great sounding heroes that dazzled forth with a trail of pomp and circumstances for a little season, like a comet, and then disappeared, leaving a wide waste where such an existence once was, with only a name; nor where the glorious results of what you term "boldness of plans and measures," with the attendant"success," matured by the self-aggrandizing wisdom of the priests of Baal, the scribes and Pharisees of the Jews, popes and bishops of Christendom, or pagans of Juggernaut,--nor were they extended by the divisions and subdivisions of a Luther or Calvin, a Wesley, or even a Campbell, supported by a galaxy of clergymen and churchmen, of whatever name or nature, bound apart by cast-iron creeds, and fastened to set stakes by chain-cable opinions, without revelation. Nor are they the lions of the land, or the leviathans of the sea, moving among the elements, as distant chimeras to fatten the fancy of the infidel; but they are as the stone cut out of the mountain without hands, and will become a great mountain, and fill the whole earth.

Were I an Egyptian, I would exclaim Jah-oh-eh, Enish-go-on-dosh, Flo-ees-Flos-is-is; [O earth! the power of attraction, and the moon passing between her and the sun.] A Hebrew; Haueloheem yerau; a Greek, O theos phos esi; a Roman, Dominus regit me; a German, Gott gebe uns das licht; a Portugee, Senhor Jesu Christo e libordade; a Frenchman, Dieu defend le droit: but as I am, I give God the glory, and say in the beautiful figure of the poet;

'Could we with ink the ocean fill;
Was the whole earth of parchment made;
And ev'ry single stick a quill;
And every man a scribe by trade
To write the love, of God above,
Would drain the ocean dry;
Nor could the whole upon a scroll,
Be spread from sky to sky.'

It seems that your mind is of such "a mathematical and philosophical cast," that the divinity of Moses makes no impression upon you, and that I will not be offended when you say that you rate me higher as a legislator than you do Moses, because you have me present with you for examination; that "Moses derives his chief authority from prescription and the lapse of time." You cannot, however, say but we are both right, it being out of the power of man to prove us wrong. "It is no mathematical problem, and can therefore get no mathematical solution."

Now, sir, to cut the matter short, and not dally with your learned ideas, for fashion's sake you have here given your opinion, without reserve, that revelation, the knowledge of God, prophetic vision, the truth of eternity, cannot be solved as a mathematical problem. The first question then is, What is a mathematical problem? and the natural answer is, A statement, proposition or question that can be solved, ascertained, unfolded or demonstrated by knowledge, facts or figures; for "mathematical" is an adjective derived from mathesis (Gr.), meaning, in English, learning or knowledge. "Problem" is derived from probleme (French), or problema (Italian, or Spanish), and in each langauge means a question or proposition, whether true or false. "Solve" is derived from the Latin verb "solvo," to explain or answer.

One thing more in order to prove the work as we proceed. It is necessary to have witnesses, two or three of whose testimonies, according to the laws or rules of God and man, are sufficient to establish any one point.

Now for the question. How much are one and one? Two. How much is one from two? One. Very well; one question or problem is solved by figures. Now, let me ask one for facts; Was there ever such a place on the earth as Egypt? Geography says yes; ancient history says yes; and the Bible says yes: so three witnesses have solved that question. Again: Lived there ever such a man as Moses in Egypt? The same witnesses reply, Certainly. And was he a Prophet? The same witnesses, or a part, have left on record that Moses predicted in Leviticus that if Israel broke the covenant they had made, the Lord would scatter them among the nations, till the land enjoyed her Sabbaths' and, subsequently, these witnesses have testified of their captivity in Babylon and other places, in fulfillment. But to make assurance doubly sure, Moses prays that the ground might open and swallow up Korah and his company for transgression, and it was so: and he endorses the prophecy of Balaam, which said, Out of Jacob shall come he that shall have dominion, and shall destroy him that remaineth of the city: and Jesus Christ, as Him that "had dominion," about fifteen hundred years after, in accordance with this and the prediction of Moses, David, Isaiah, and many others, came, saying, Moses wrote of me, declaring the dispersion of the Jews, and the utter destruction of the city; and the Apostles were his witnesses, unimpeached, especially Jude, who not only endorses the facts of Moses "divinity," but also the events of Balaam and Korah, with many others, as true.

Besides these tangible facts, so easily proven and demonstrated by simple rules and testimony unimpeached, the art (now lost,) of embalming human bodies, and preserving them in the catacombs of Egypt, whereby men, women and children, as mummies, after a lapse of near three thousand five hundred years, come forth among the living; and although dead, the papyrus which has lived in their bosoms, unharmed, speaks for them in language like the sound of an earthquake. Ecce veritas! Ecce cadaveros: Behold the truth! Behold the mummies!

Oh, my dear sir, the sunken Tyre and Sidon, the melancholy dust where the city of Jerusalem once was, and the mourning of the Jews among the nations, together with such a cloud of witnesses, if you had been as well acquainted with your God and Bible as with your purse and pence table, the divinity of Moses would have dispelled the fog of five thousand years and filled you with light; for facts, like diamonds, not only cut glass, but they are the most precious jewels on earth. The spirit of prophecy is the testimony of Jesus.

The world at large is ever ready to credit the writings of Homer, Hesiod, Plutarch, Socrates, Pythagoras, Virgil, Josephus, Mahomet, and an hundred others; but where, tell me, where, have they left a line--a simple method of solving the truth of the plan of eternal life? Says the Savior, "If any man will do his [the Father's] will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself." Here, then, is a method of solving the divinity of men by the divinity within yourself, that as far exceeds the calculations of numbers as the sun exceeds a candle. Would to God that all men understood it and were willing to be governed by it, that when one had filled the measure of his days, he could exclaim like Jesus, Veni mori, et reviviscere:

Your good wishes to go ahead, coupled with Mahomet and a right hand man, are rather more vain than virtuous. Why, sir, Caesar had his right hand Brutus, who was his left hand assassin, -- not, however, applying the allusion to you.

As to the private seal you mention, if sent to me, I shall receive it with the gratitude of a servant of God, and pray that the donor may receive a reward in the resurrection of the just.

The summit of your future fame seems to be hid in the political Policy of a "mathematical problem" for the chief magistracy of this state, which I suppose might be solved by "double position," where the errors of the supposition are used to produce a true answer.

But, sir, when I leave the dignity and honor I received from heaven, to boost a man into power, through the aid of my friends, where the evil and designing, after the object has been accomplished, can lock up the clemency intended as a reciprocation for such favors, and where the wicked and unprincipled, as a matter of course, would seize the opportunity to flintify the hearts of the nation against me for dabbling at a sly game in politics, -- verily I say, when I leave the dignity and honor of heaven, to gratify the ambition and vanity of man or men, may my power cease, like the strength of Samson, when he was shorn of his locks, while asleep in the lap of Delilah. Truly said the Savior, "Cast not your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you."

Shall I, who have witnessed the visions of eternity, and beheld the glorious mansions of bliss, and the regions and the misery of the damned,--shall I turn to be a Judas? Shall I, who have heard the voice of God, and communed with angels, and spake as moved by the Holy Ghost for the renewal of the everlasting covenant, and for the gathering of Israel in the last days, -- shall I worm myself into a political hypocrite? Shall I, who hold the keys of the last kingdom, in which is the dispensation of the fullness of all things spoken by the mouths of all the holy Prophets since the world began, under the sealing power of the Melchizedek Priesthood, -- shall I stoop from the sublime authority of Almighty God, to be handled as a monkey's cat-paw, and pettify myself into a clown to act the farce of political demagoguery? No -- verily no! The whole earth shall bear me witness that I, like the towering rock in the midst of the ocean, which has withstood the mighty surges of the warring waves for centuries, am impregnable, and am a faithful friend to virtue, and a fearless foe to vice,--no odds whether the former was sold as a pearl in Asia or hid as a gem in America, and the latter dazzles in palaces or glimmers among the tombs.

I combat the errors of ages; I meet the violence of mobs; I cope with illegal proceedings from executive authority; I cut the guardian knot of powers. and I solve mathematical problems of universities, with truth -- diamond truth; and God is my "right hand man."

And to close, let me say in the name of Jesus Christ to you, and to presidents, emperors, kings, queens, governors, rulers, nobles, and men in authority everywhere, Do the works of righteousness, execute justice and judgment in the earth, that God may bless you and her inhabitants; and

The laurel that grows on the top of the mountain shall green for your fame while the sun sheds a ray; And the lily that blows by the side of the fountain will bloom for your virtue till earth melt away.

With due consideration and respect, I have the honor to be

Your most obedient servant,
JOSEPH SMITH. P. S. The court-martial will attend to your case in the Nauvoo Legion. J. S.

NAUVOO, ILL., Nov. 4, 1843.

Dear Sir:-- As we understand you are a candidate for the Presidency at the next election; and as the Latter-day Saints (sometimes called "Mormons," who now constitute a numerous class in the school politic of this vast republic,) have been robbed of an immense amount of property, and endured nameless sufferings by the State of Missouri, and from her borders have been driven by force of arms, contrary to our national covenants; and as in vain we have sought redress by all constitutional, legal and honorable means, in her courts, her executive councils, and her legislative halls; and as we have petitioned Congress to take cognizance of our sufferings without effect, we have judged it wisdom to address you this communication, and solicit an immediate, specific, and candid reply to "What will by your rule of action relative to us as a people," should fortune favor your ascension to the chief magistracy?

Most respectfully, sir, your friend, and the friend of peace, good order, and constitutional rights,

                      In behalf of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Fort Hill, 2nd December, 1843.       

Sir:-- You ask me what would be my rule of action relative to the Mormons or Latter-day Saints, should I be elected President; to which I answer, that if I should be elected, I would strive to administer the government according to the Constitution and the laws of the Union, and that as they make no distinction between citizens of different religious creeds, I should make none. As far as it depends on the Executive department, all should have the full benefit of both, and none should be exempt from their operation.

But as you refer to the case of Missouri, candor compels me to repeat what I said to you at Washington, that, according to my views, the case does not come within the jurisdiction of the Federal Government, which is one of limited and specific powers.

With respect, I am, &c., &c.,
                J. C. CALHOUN.

      Mr. Joseph Smith.

Nauvoo, Illinois, January 2, 1844.        

Sir: -- Your reply to my letter of last November, concerning your rule of action towards the Latter-day Saints, if elected President, is at hand; and that you and your friends of the same opinion relative to the matter in question may not be disappointed as to me or my mind upon so grave a subject, permit me, as a law-abiding man, as a well-wisher to the perpetuity of constitutional rights and liberty, and as a friend to the free worship of Almighty God by all, according to the dictates of every person's own conscience, to say I am surprised that a man or men in the highest stations of public life should have made up such a fragile "view" of a case, than which there is not one on the face of the globe fraught with so much consequence to the happiness of men in this world or the world to come.

To be sure, the first paragraph of your letter appears very complacent and fair on a white sheet of paper. And who, that is ambitious for greatness and power, would not have said the same thing? Your oath would bind you to support the Constitution and laws; and as all creeds and religions are alike tolerated, they must, of course, all be justified or condemned according to merit or demerit. But why--tell me why are all the principal men held up for public stations so cautiously careful not to publish to the world that they will judge a righteous judgment, law or no law? for laws and opinions, like the vanes of steeples, change with the wind.

One Congress passes a law, another repeals it; and [26] one statesman says that the Constitution means this, and another that; and who does not know that all may be wrong? The opinion and pledge, therefore, in the first paragraph of your reply to my question, like the forced steam from the engine of a steam-boat, makes the show of a bright cloud at first; but when it comes in contact with a purer atmosphere, dissolves to common air again.

Your second paragraph leaves you naked before yourself, like a likeness in a mirror, when you say that, "according to your view, the Federal Government is one of limited and specific powers," and has no jurisdiction in the case of the "Mormons." So then a State can at any time expel any portion of her citizens with impunity, and, in the language of Mr. Van Buren, frosted over with your gracious "views of the case," though the cause is ever so just Government can do nothing for them, because it has no power.

Go on, then Missouri, after another set of inhabitants (as the Latter-day Saints did,) have entered some two or three hundred thousand dollars' worth of land, and made extensive improvements thereon. Go on, then, I say; banish the occupants or owners, or kill them, as the mobbers did many of the Latter-day Saints, and take their land and property as spoil; and let the Legislature, sa in the case of the "Mormons," appropriate a couple of hundred thousand dollars to pay the mob for doing that job; for the renowned Senator from South Carolina, Mr. J. C. Calhoun, says the powers of the Federal Government are so specific and limited that it has no jurisdiction of the case! O ye people who groan under the oppression of tyrants!--ye exiled Poles, who have felt the iron hand of Russian grasp!--ye poor and unfortunate among all nations! come to the asylum of the oppressed; buy ye lands of the General Government; pay in your money to the treasury to strengthen the army and navy; worship God according to the dictates of your own consciences; pay in your taxes to support the great heads of a glorious nation: but remember, a "sovereign State" is so much more powerful than the United States, the parent Government, that it can exile you at pleasure, mob you with impunity, confiscate your lands and property, have the Legislature sanction it,--yea, even murder you as an edict of an emperor, and it does no wrong; for the noble Senator of South Carolina says the power of the Federal Government is so limited and specific that it has no jurisdiction of the case! What think ye of imperium in imperio?

Ye spirits of the blessed of all ages, hark! Ye shades of departed statesmen, listen! Abraham, Moses, Homer, Socrates, Solon, Solomon, and all that ever thought of right and wrong, look down from your exaltations, if you have any, for it is said in the midst of counsellors there is safety; and when you have learned that fifteen thousand innocent citizens, after having purchased their lands of the United States, and paid for them, were expelled from a "sovereign State" by order of the Governor at the point of a bayonet, their arms taken from them by the same authority, and their rights of migration into said State denied under pain of imprisonment, whipping, robbing, mobbing, and even death, and no justice or recompense allowed; and from the legislature, with the Governor at the head, down to the justice of the peace, with a bottle of whisky in one hand and a bowie knife in the other, hear them all declare that there is no justice for a "Mormon" in that State, and judge ye a righteous judgment, and tell me when the virtue of the States was stolen, where the honor of the General Government lies hid, and what clothes a senator with wisdom? Oh, nullifying Carolina! Oh, little tempestuous Rhode Island! would it not be well for the great men of the nation to read the fable of the Partial Judge, and when part of the free citizens of a State had been expelled contrary to the Constitution, mobbed, robbed, plundered, and many murdered, instead of searching into the course taken with Joanna Southcott, Ann Lee, the French prophets, the Quakers of New England, and rebellious niggers in the slave States, to hear both sides and then judge, rather than have the mortification to say, "Oh, it is my bull that had killed your ox! That alters the case! I must inquire into it; and if, and if---

If the General Government has no power to reinstate expelled citizens to their rights, there is a monstrous hypocrite fed and fostered from the hard earnings of the people! A real "bull beggar" upheld by sycophants. And although you may wink to the priests to stigmatize wheedle the drunkards to swear, and raise the hue-and-cry of--"Impostor! false prophet! G-d d-n old Joe Smith!" yet remember, if the Latter-day Saints are not restored to all their rights and paid for all their losses, according to the known rules of justice and judgment, reciprocation and common honesty among men, that God will come out of his hiding-place, and vex this nation with a sore vexation: yea, the consuming wrath of an offended God shall smoke through the nation with as much distress and woe as independence has blazed through with pleasure and delight. Where is the strength of Government? Where is the patriotism of a Washington, a Warren, and Adams? And where is a spark from the watch-fire of '76, by which one candle might be lit that would glimmer upon the confines of Democracy? Well may it be said that one man is not a state, nor one state the nation.

In the days of General Jackson, when France refused the first installment for spoliations, there was power, force, and honor enough to resent injustice and insult, and the money came; and shall Missouri, filled with negro-drivers and white men stealers, go "unwhipped of justice" for ten-fold greater sins than France? No! verily, no! While I have powers of body and mind--while water runs and grass grows--while virtue is lovely and vice hateful, and while a stone points out a sacred spot where a fragment of American liberty once was, I or my posterity will plead the cause of injured innocence, until Missouri makes atonement for all her sins, and sinks disgraced, degraded, and damned to hell, "where the worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched."

Why, sir, the power not delegated to the United States and the States belong to the people, and Congress sent to do the people's business have all power; and shall fifteen thousand citizens groan in exile? O vain men! will ye not, if ye do not restore them to their rights and $2,000,000 worth of property, relinquish to them, (the Latter-day Saints,) as a body, their portion of power that belongs to them according to the Constitution? Power has its convenience as well as inconvenience. "The world was not made for Caesar alone, but for Titus too."

I will give you a parable. A certain lord had a vineyard in a goodly land, which men labored in at their pleasure. A few meek men also went and purchased with money from some of these chief men that labored at pleasure a portion of land in the vineyard, at a very remote part of it, and began to improve it and to eat and drink the fruit thereof,--when some vile persons, who regarded not man, neither feared the lord of the vineyard, rose up suddenly and robbed these meek men, and drove them from their possessions, killing many.

This barbarous act made no small stir among the men in the vineyard; and all that portion who were attached to that part of the vineyard where the men were robbed rose up in grand council, with their chief men, who had firstly ordered the deed to be done, and made a covenant not to pay for the cruel deed, but to keep the spoil, and never let those meek men set their feet on that soil again, neither recompense them for it.

Now these meek men, in their distress, wisely sought redress of those wicked men in every possible manner, and got none. They supplicated the chief men who held the vineyard at pleasure, and who had the power to sell and defend it, for redress and redemption, and those men, loving the fame and favor of the multitude more than the glory of the lord of the vineyard, answered, "Your cause is just; but we can do nothing for you, because we have no power."

Now, when the lord of the vineyard saw that virtue and innocence was not regarded, and his vineyard occupied by wicked men, he sent men and took the possession of it to himself, and destroyed these unfaithful servants, and appointed them their portion among hypocrites.

And let me say that all men who say the Congress has no power to restore and defend the rights of her citizens have not the love of the truth abiding in them. Congress has power to protect the nation against foreign invasion and internal broil; and whenever that body passes an act to maintain right with any power, or to restore right to any portion of her citizens, it is the SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND ; and should a State refuse submission, that State is guilty of insurrection or rebellion, and the President has as much power to repel it as Washington had to march against the "whisky boys at Pittsburg," or General Jackson had to send an armed force to suppress the rebellion of South Carolina.

To close, I would admonish you, before you let your "candor compel" you again to write upon a subject great as the salvation of man, consequential as the life of the Savior, broad as the principles of eternal truth, and valuable as the jewels of eternity, to read in the 8th section and 1st article of the Constitution of the United States, the first, fourteenth, and seventeenth "specific" and not very "limited powers" of the Federal Government, what can be done to protect the lives, property, and rights of a virtuous people, when the administrators of the law and law-makers are unbought by bribes, uncorrupted by patronage, untempted by gold, unawed by fear, and uncontaminated by tangling alliances--even like Caesar's wife, not only unspotted, but unsuspected! And God, who cooled the heat of a Nebuchadnezzar's furnace or shut the mouths of lions for the honor of a Daniel, will raise your mind above the narrow notion that the General Government has no power, to the sublime idea that Congress, with the President as Executor, is as almighty in its sphere as Jehovah is in His.

With great respect, I have the honor to be              
Your obedient servant,        

Hon. J. C. CALHOUN, Fort Hill, S. C.

Note: The Register's Feb. 3rd reprints of the correspondence exchanged between Joseph Smith, Jr. and John C. Calhoon, dated Nov. 4, 1843, Dec. 2, 1843 and Jan. 4, 1844, all came from the first issue of the Nauvoo Neighbor for 1844. This correspondence was reprinted in Joseph Smith's The Voice of Truth, and his General Smith's Views... both published at Nauvoo a few days later and commented upon in the National Register of Mar. 23, 1844.


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   March 23, 1844.                     [Vol. LXVI. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor



Whose announcement as a candidate for the next presidency, in the Nauvoo Neighbor, we noticed some weeks ago, has since been nominated in like manner in "The Times and Seasons;" -- of times and seasons we have certainly in this our day, a general assortment. Smith's flag is now at mast head of both these papers.

The general, with as due formality at least, as any of his predecessors in the political arena, has come out since, to "define his position," in a pamphlet of some size, entitled "General Smith's views of the powers and policy of the government of the United States." It is characteristic of the man. Professing to feel a "double" share of "anxiety for the happiness of all men, both in time and eternity," his "cogitations like Daniel's have for a long time troubled" him, -- things not going on in this world as he thinks they ought. Commencing by quoting the United States constitution -- he somehow strongly reaches the conclusion which some Frenchman he tells us, had arrived at before him, that "almost all men like wealth and power." The sagicity evinced in this discovery is equalled by its [relevance] to the case in hand.

The general proceeds to quote from each of the inaugural addresses of Washington, J. Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, J. Q. Adams, and General Jackson, commenting as he goes, upon the wisdom and patriotism of each of them, and appropriating all, he finally arrives at the conclusion that "General Jackson's administration may be denominated the acme of American glory, liberty and prosperity" -- in proof of which the words of "that august patriot" in his farewell address are quoted as demonstration.

The general at this stage of his reviews suddenly encounters one of his rival candidates for the presidency. Heretofore, all in the country's history had his commendation, and things were going on from better up to best. But he continues, "At the age, then, of sixty years our blooming republic began to decline under the withering touch of Martin Van Buren! Disappointed ambition; thirst for power, pride, corruption, party spirit, faction, patronage, perquisites, fame, tangling alliances; priest craft, and spiritual wickedness in high places. struck hands, and revealed in mightnight splendor. Trouble, vexation, perplexity and contention, mingled with hope, fear and murmuring, rumbled through the Union and [agitated] the whole nation as would an earthquake at the centre of the earth, the world heaving the sea beyond its bounds, and shaking the everlasting hills: -- So, in hopes of better times, while jealousy, hypocritical pretentions, and pompous ambition, were luxurating on the ill gotten spoils of the people, they rose in their majesty like a tornado, and swept through the land, till General Harrison appeared, as a star among the storm clouds, for better weather."

Then comes a quotation, highly commended, from Gen. Harrison's inaugural -- then, --

"This good man died before he had the opportunity of applying one balm to ease the pain of our groaning country, and I am willing the nation should be the judge, whether General Harrison, in his exalted station, upon the eve of his entrance into the world of spirits, told the truth or not; with acting President Tyler's three years of perplexity and pseudo whig democrat reign, to heal the breaches, or show the wounds, secundum artem, (according to art.) --

"Subsequent events, all things considered, Van Buren's downfall, Harrison's exit, and Tyler's self sufficient turn to the whole, go to show, as a Chaldean might exclaim: Beram etai elauth desmayauh gauhah rauzeen: (Certainly, there is a God in heaven to reveal secrets.)

"No honest man can doubt for a moment but the glory of American Liberty is on the wane, and, that calamity and confusion will sooner or later destroy the peace of the people. Speculators will urge a national bank as a savior of credit and comfort. A hireling pseudo priesthood will plausibly push abolition doctrines and doing, and 'human rights,' into Congress, and into every other place where conquest smells of fame, or opposition swells to popularity. -- Democracy, whiggery, and cliquery, will attract their elements and foment divisions among the people, to accomplish fancied schemes and accumulate power, while poverty, driven to despair, like hunger forcing its way through a wall, will break through the statutes of men to save life, and mend the breach of prison glooms.

"A still higher grade of what the 'nobility of nations' call 'great men' will dally with all rights in order to smuggle a fortune at 'one fell swoop,' mortgage Texas, possess Oregon, and claim all the unsettled regions of the world for hunting and trapping; and should a humble, honest man, red, black, or white, exhibit a better title, these gentry have only to clothe the judge with richer ermine, and spangle the lawyer's finger with finer rings, to have the judgment of his peers and the honor of his lords as a pattern of honesty, virtue, and humanity, while the motto hangs on his nation's escutcheon: 'Every man has his price!'"

Relative to Oregon and Texas, he says:

"As to the contiguous territories to the U. States, wisdom would direct no tangling alliance: Oregon belongs to this government honorably, and when we have the red man's consent, let the union spread from the east to the west sea; and if Texas petitions congress to be adopted among the sons of liberty, give her the right hand of fellowship, and refuse not the same friendly grip to Canada and Mexico; and when the right arm of freemen is stretched out in the character of a navy for the protection of rights, commerce, and honor, let the iron eyes of power watch from Maine to Mexico, and from California to Columbia; thus may union be strengthened, and foreign speculation prevented from opposing broadside to broadside.

"Then why? Oh! why! will a once flourishing people not arise, phoenix-like, over the cinders of Martin Van Buren's power, and over the sinking fragments and smoking ruins of other catamount politicians, and over the windfalls of Benton, Calhoun, Clay, Wright, and a caravan of other equally unfortunate law doctors, and cheerfully help to spread a plaster and bind up the burnt, bleeding wounds of a sore but blessed country? The southern people are hospitable and noble: they will help to rid so free a country of every vestige of slavery, whenever they are assured of an equivalent for their property. The country will be full of money and confidence when a national bank of twenty millions, and a state bank in every state, with a million or more, gives a tone to monetary matters, and makes a circulating medium as valuable in the purses of the whole community as in the coffers of a speculating banker or broker.

"We had democratic presidents; whig presidents, a pseudo democratic whig president; and now it is time to have a president of the United States."

The general, after reaching this climax, instead of here concluding, very inadvisedly turns once more to his, one would suppose, sufficiently prostrated, rival, and deals him the coarest sort of blows without mercy or stint. Our readers will be satisfied with what we have already extracted, without taxing them with this onslaught upon "Poor little Matty" as he styles him, of whom he concludes, by saying, "his mighty switch through the great national fire for the presidential chesnuts, burnt the locks of his glory with the blaze of his folly!"

The general. (he seems to have dropt the prophet for the occasion,) closes with a vivid, not to say profane parade of the blessings we all might promise ourselves under his administration of the government were he "the president of the United States." "When the people petitioned for a national bank, I would use my best endeavors to have their prayers answered, and establish one on national principles to save taxes, and make them the controllers of its ways and means; and when the people petitioned to possess the territory of Oregon or any other contigious territory, I would lend the influence of a chief magistrate to grant so reasonable a request, that they might extend the mighty efforts and enterprise of a free people from the east to the west sea, and make the wilderness blossom as the rose. And when a neighbouring realm petitions to join the union of liberty's sons, my voice would be, come, yea come Texas; come Mexico, come Canada; and come all the world -- let us be brethren, let us be one great family, and let there be universal peace. Abolish the cruel custom of prisons, penitentiaries, and court martials for desertions, &c., &c."

But, "A little too much of this," as Hamlet said.

MORMONS. Seventy-five proselytes have recently been made to the faith, about Pleasant Springs, Mississippi, -- twenty of which were from the Methodists, and twenty-six from the Baptists. They are now propagating their doctrines also at Brooklyn, near the Alabama line.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   April 14, 1844.                     [Vol. LXVI. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

(Proceedings of the U. S. Senate, April 5, 1844)

... Mr. Semple, presented a memorial from the mayor and aldermen of Nauvoo, that aseparate territorial government may be extended to that city; also from 3,419 citizens of Hancock county, Illinois, stating a long list of grievances, some of them of a most revolting character, and asking such relief as congress may deem proper.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   May 25, 1844.                     [Vol. LXVI. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor


Steamboat nomination. The Nauvoo Neighbor of the 8th, asserts, that the whole matter is already settled with Clay, Tyler, Van Buren, and all the rest; the perambulations of the former in the south, -- the "immediate annexation" project of Tyler, -- the "sober second thought" of Van, are all in vain. "General Joseph Smith, the acknowledged modern prophet, has got them all in the rear, and, from the common mode of testing the success of candidates for the presidency, to wit -- by steamboat elections -- he Smith, will beat all the other aspirants to that office, two to one. We learn from the polls of the steamboat Osprey, on her last trip to this city, that the votes stood for
Gen. J. Smith, 29 gentlemen and 5 ladies.
Henry Clay,    16            do         4     do.
M. V. Buren,    7            do         0     do.

MORMONS. "The Prophet," is the title of a paper just commenced at New York, by the "Society of Latter Day Saints," impelled, the prospectus says, by "a desire to promulgate the Gospel in its fullness," It probably is to have a squinting also towards temporal topics, such as General Joseph Smith['s] claims as a successor of Mr. Tyler in regulating certain jingdoms of this world.

A correspondent writes from Nauvoo, "There are about fifty masons and stone cutters engaged about the Temple. It will be the most extraordinary building on the American continent. We have a regular theatre, got up by the Mormons themselves. Last night the play of Pizarro went off in good style, to a large audience, of which about one hundred were ladies, I was astonished to see such an array of beauty in the New Jerusalem."

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   June 1, 1844.                     [Vol. LXVI. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

(Proceedings of the U. S. House, May 25, 1844)

... Mr. Wentworth asked leave to present a memorial from General Joseph Smith, commander in chief of the Latter Day Saints, Mormons, embodying the provisions of a bill to authorise him to raise an army of 100,000 volunteers to take Oregon, annex Texas, &c, and rendering it penal in anywise to resist or molest him in the execution thereof.

Mr. Wentworth moved that the house go into committee on the Oregon bill. Rejected by a vote of yeas 79, nays 86.

MORMON SCHISM. A number of the most intelligent Mormons, according to the last Warsaw Signal, headed by William Law, have seceded from Joseph Smith, and set up for themselves. They say Joseph was a true prophet, but has now fallen from grace, and is no longer worthy. Other accounts go to confirm the above.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   June 8, 1844.                     [Vol. LXVI. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor


The candidates for the next presidency and vice presidency are all, we presume, now fairly in the field, (except the candidates for vice presidency upon Mr. Tyler's and Gen. Joseph Smith's tickets, hereafter to be announced.)

From the Buffalo Advertiser.

JOSEPH SMITH -- CANDIDATE FOR THE PRESIDENCY. The venerable Joseph Smith, the prophet, the seer, and the legislator, is now before the people, as a candidate for the presidency, as we are informed by the times and seasons, published at the holy city. We noticed not a long time since, that his friends were stirring.

Our readers will find the following, selected from an article written by the prophet himself, rather racy, and inclined to the "Cambyses vein."

"The wise shall inherit glory, but shame shall be the promotion of fools," -- Solomon's Proverbs.

"In the Daily Globe, of March 14th, Mr. Blair, notices my 'Views on the power and policy of our government,' under the head of 'A new advocate for a national bank,' with remarks and extracts. As it does not bespeak a gentleman to tell all he knows, nor indicate wisdom to murmur at the oddities of men, I rarely reply to the many remarks, sayings and speculations upon me and my plans, which seem to agitate the world, for like the showers upon the verdure of the earth, they give me vigor, beauty and expansion: but when a man occupies a station in his country, which ought to be honored as an exaltation; which ought to be sustained with dignity; and which should be filled by a friend and a patriot of the nation, too wise to be cozened by counterfeit principles; too great to blur his frame with sophistry; too proud to stoop to the vanity that is [momentarily] wasting the virtue of the government; and too good to act the hypocrite to accumulate wealth -- or to frustrate the ends and aims of justice; I feel it my duty to bring forth the truth, that the man and his measures, if right may be sustained; and if wrong, may be rebuked. * * * *

The only suggestion worthy of commendation relative to a national bank, in Mr. Blair's remarks, is that the mother bank should be located in Nauvoo.

This is correct, for Nauvoo as a city, collectively or individually, cannot be reproached with dishonor, crime, corruption or bribery. Neither has a Swartwout or Price mingled his millions with the majesty of monarchs by walking out of the unwalled and ungated Nauvoo. The blood of commodores and congressmen, shed by the heaven-daring, ill-begotten, earth disgracing practice of dueling, has never stained the virtuous soil or city of Nauvoo. Nor does a slave raise his rusting fetters and chains, and exclaim, 'O liberty where are thy charms?' Wisdom, freedom, religion, and virtue, like light, love, water and air, 'spread undivided, and operate unspent,' in the beloved Nauvoo; while the gay world, and great politicians may sing, and even the 'great Globe' itself may chime the melodious sounds:

"Hail Colombia, 'free and equal,' --
  Lo, the saints, the Mormons, bless ye!
Felt [thy] glory most severely,
  When Missouri gave them jesse.

"Hail Columbia, "'free and equal!'--
  Negro slaves, like common cattle,
Bought and sold for cash auction;
  Prayers and chains together rattle!

"Hail Columbia, "'free and equal!'--
  'Liberty' as patriots won it;
Crowned the 'head; of freemen's money,
  Now the goddess sits upon it!

"Hail Columbia, "'free and equal!'--
  'Gold and silver' is thy 'tender.'
Treasury notes, (aside from Biddle,)
  Foreign loans, and fallen splendor!
"As the 'world is governed too much' and as there is not a nation or dynasty, now occupying the earth -- which acknowledges Almighty God as their law-giver, and as 'crowns won by blood, -- by blood must be maintained,' I go emphatically, virtuously, and humanely, for a THEODEMOCRACY, where God and the people hold the power to conduct the affairs of men in righteousness; and where liberty, free trade, and sailor's rights, and the protection of life and property shall be maintained inviolate, for the benefit of ALL. To exalt mankind is nobly acting the part of a God; to degrade them, is meanly doing the drudgery of the devil. Unitas, libertas, caritas -- esto perpetua.

"With the highest sentiments of regard for all men, I am an advocate of unadulterated freedom.

                                                            JOSEPH SMITH.
    "Nauvoo, Ill., April 15, 1844

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   June 22, 1844.                     [Vol. LXVI. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

THE POLITICAL CAMPAIGN, is now fairly opened. From every section of the Union we receive accounts of the busy bustle of partizans...

True, there is one of the candidates for the presidency that can hardly be said to be "fairly in the field." The Nauvoo general in chief, Joe Smith, we observe by the last papers, after showing some disposition to fight, ultimately gave in, and is now in the custody of the U. S. marshal for that district.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   June 29, 1844.                     [Vol. LXVI. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor

MORMON LAW AND JUSTICE. A party [is] opposed to the longer control of Joe Smith, the Prophet, it appears determined to establish a public press at Nauvoo, and The Nauvoo Expositor was issued accordingly

How the rival press, "The Nauvoo Neighbor" liked such a neighbor, and how the authorities of Nauvoo administer law and justice "AS THEY UNDERSTAND IT," is exemplified by the following extract.

From the "Nauvoo Neighbor" Extra, June 10.


A knot of base men, to further their wicked and malicious designs towards the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and to bolster up the intents of blacklegs and bogus-makers, and advocate the characters of murderers, established a press in this city last week, and issued a paper entitled the Nauvoo Expositor. The prospectus showed an intention to destroy the charter, and the paper was filled with libels and slanderous articles upon the citizens and City Council from one end to the other.

"A burnt child dreads the fire." The Church as a body and individually has suffered till "forbearance has ceased to be a virtue." The cries and pleadings of men, women and children, with the authorities were, "Will you suffer that servile, murderous paper to go on and vilify and slander the innocent inhabitants of this city, and raise another mob to drive and plunder us again as they did in Missouri?" Under these pressing cries and supplications of afflicted innocence, and in the character, dignity, and honor of the corporate powers of the charter, as granted to the city of Springfield, and made and provided as a part of our charter for legislative purposes -- viz.. "to declare what shall be a nuisance and to prevent and remove the same." The City Council of Nauvoo on Monday, the 10th instant, declared the establishment and Expositor a nuisance; and the city marshal, at the head of the police, in the evening, took the press, materials and paper into the street and burned them.

And in the name of freemen, and in the name of God, we beseech all men who have the spirit of honor in them to cease from persecuting us, collectively or individually. Let us enjoy our religion, rights and peace like the rest of mankind. Why start presses to destroy rights and privileges, and bring upon us mobs to plunder and murder? We ask no more than what belongs to us -- the rights of Americans.

MORMON WAR. -- The Louisville Journal says: -- "We have information a few hours later from the Mormon country in Illinois. Great excitement was produced at Warsaw by the news of the destruction of the office of the "Nauvoo Expositor," and a handbill was issued inviting an appeal to arms. At a late hour, writs were procured at Carthage, the county seat of Hancock county, and officers despatched to Nauvoo to arrest the persons concerned in the outrage. But this, remarks the St. Louis Republican, we venture to say, will not be done. The law is powerless for good in that region. A rumor prevailed at Warsaw that Joe Smith was arresting every man at Nauvoo, who was opposed to, or who would not justify his proceedings."

The St. Louis Era of the 15th instant contains the following:

Mormon War. We have received a slip from Warsaw, Illinois, containing the proceedings of the citizens of that place in a meeting on the twelfth. The preamble alludes to the violent destruction of the press of the Nauvoo Expositor, and the threats made by the Mormons to destroy the press of the Warsaw Signal, and to assassinate the editor. Among the resolutions adopted were the following:

"Resolved, that the public threat made in the Council of the city, not only to destroy our printing-press, but to take the life of its editor, is sufficient, in connection with the recent outrage, to command the efforts and the services of every good citizen to put an immediate stop to the career of the mad prophet and his demoniac coadjutors. We must not only defend ourselves from danger, but we must resolutely carry the war into the enemy's camp. We do therefore declare that we will sustain our press and the editor at all hazards; that we will take full vengeance, terrible vengeance, should the lives of any of our citizens be lost in the effort; that we hold ourselves at all times in readiness to co-operate with our fellow-citizens in this state, Missouri and Iowa, to exterminate. utterly exterminate the wicked and abominable Mormon leaders, the authors of our troubles.

Resolved, that a committee of five be appointed forthwith to notify all persons in our township suspected of being the tools of the prophet to leave immediately on pain of instant vengeance. And we do recommend the inhabitants of the adjacent townships to do the same, hereby pledging ourselves to render all the assistance they may require.

Resolved, that the time, in our opinion, has arrived, when the adherents of Smith, as a body, should be driven from the surrounding settlements into Nauvoo. That the prophet and his miscreant adherents should then he demanded at their hands; and, if not surrendered, a war of extermination should be waged to the entire destruction, if necessary for our protection, of his adherents. And we hereby recommend this resolution to the consideration of the several townships, to the Mass Convention to be held at Carthage, hereby pledging ourselves to aid to the utmost the complete consummation of the object in view, that we may thereby be utterly relieved of the alarm, anxiety and trouble to which we are now subjected.

Resolved, that every citizen arm himself to be prepared to sustain the resolutions herein contained.

LATER NEWS -- 7 o'clock, P. M. A gentleman directly from Nauvoo, informs us, that on Tuesday, the city council passed an ordinance that if any officer or officers should attempt to arrest any person in the destruction of the Expositor press, and take him out of Nauvoo for trial, he should be imprisoned. We may therefore expect that the officers from Carthage are in custody of the Mormons.

A mass meeting was called, to assemble in Carthage today.

The streets of Warsaw will be patroled to-night in pursuance of the order made by the public meeting yesterday.

A family of suspected persons were to-day, ordered to leave this place, before to-morrow at 10 A. M., by a party of our citizens; a part of whom were armed. The excitement in the county is said to be tremendous, and on the increase.

A meeting was to be held in St. Louis on the night of the 15th inst., to take into consideration the subject of these difficulties.

LATEST. Jo Smith anathematizes all Mormons who will desert Nauvoo at the present emergency. Some 300 had previously left. He has decreed the holy city to be under martial law. The citizens of the surrounding parts, of Carthage, &c., have six places of encampment, and were to assemble on the 19th, armed and equipped, to move in attack on that day. About 2000 thus were enrolled and under the sheriff's orders. It is to be hoped the executive of the state will have interfered in time to prevent the effusion of blood.

Notes: (forthcoming)


? Series, No. ? Vol. ?]                     Washington,   July 13, 1844.                     [Vol. LXV. - Whole No. ?

Printed and Published Every Saturday, By William Ogden Niles, Editor and Proprietor



Alas for human greatness! One of the nominated candidates for the next president is already a lifeless corpse. Even the sanctity of his high profession as a prophet and a leader, could not preserve him, though performing almost miracles, in deluding thousands to his mystical faith, and detaining them in unaccountable subservience to his will, notwithstanding the flagrant deviation of his course from that designated by the meek and lowly pattern whom he professed to be imitating and serving, who so often and emphatically declared to his disciples, "My kingdom is not of this world," whilst Joseph evidently aspired to a full share [of] the kingdoms of this [world], as far, and as fast he could grasp hold of them. His influence over the Mormon community, in such a country as ours, furnishes a humbling proof, of how much is yet to be done to redeem the people gtom ignorance and delusion. Joseph unquestionably indulged some faint hope of extending his rapidly accumulated power, from Nauvoo, to the extremities of the Union, and dreamed even of expanding those limits far beyond what they now are circumscribed to. His EXPOSE of what he would do if elected president of the United States, his letters to the several candidates, and his nominations by conventions at Boston and elsewhere, evince that he was determined to make a demonstration for the Capitol and dictatorship. Why should we wonder at his infatuation? Is it at this moment a singular instance?

.Joseph made an attempt, as we gave an account a few days since, like other sovereigns, to regulate the PUBLIC PRESS, in his dominions. Charles the X, a few years ago attempted the same thing in Paris, and was walked out of France in very summary style, a crownless fugitive. He only attempted to suppress publications or to hold a too-rigid rein upon what was issued. That we believe is the extent to which any of the despots of Europe have lately ventured. Joseph adopted his own method of regulating the press, a summary process, and conclusive. He declared it a nuisance, summoned his officers at ten o'clock at night, and tumbled the whole concern into the street, A pretty dish of pie was there.

It was a dangerous nerve to touch, as Joseph soon ascertained. The community kindled up, in an instant, demanded redress from the state government, which had heretofore been considered rather too [lenient] to some of Joseph's faults as well as too indulgent to his wishes. Popular excitement ran high. The Governor was sent for, and on his arrival in the neighborhood of Nauvoo, he found the whole community in arms. Joseph had ventured to resist the civil officer sent to arrest him for the offence with which he was now charged...

(lengthy article -- under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. 66.                     Washington,   July 20, 1844.                     No. ?


Letter from the editor of the St. Louis Republican...

(read original article from Missouri)

THE MORMON NATIONAL (PRESIDENTIAL) CONVENTION, which met at Baltimore on the 13th inst. assembled in a gloomy spirit, the delegates having just received intelligence of the murder of the man they all contemplated to have named as their candidate for the presidency. They met and resolved to adjourn sine die.

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. 66.                     Washington,   July 27, 1844.                     No. ?


THE MORMONS. The St. Louis Reveille extracts the following from the correspondence between Gov. Ford of Illinois, and the Warsaw committee...

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. 70.                     Washington,   May 30, 1846.                     No. ?


... The Mormon emigrants leave in companies of four to six and ten wagons... City lots, buildings, and farms are sacrificed at half their value... The trustees of the church have been authorized to sell the temple,... they offer to sell it for $200,000...

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)


Vol. 72.                     Washington,   July 3, 1847.                     No. ?


THE MORMON TEMPLE. -- This celebrated edifice has been sold to a committee of the Catholic church for $75,000. This community have also purchased other property at Nauvoo. The building is to be appropriated to educational purposes, connected with the church into whose hands it has passed. The contract requires only the sanction of the Bishop to complete it. The last of the Mormons in Nauvoo, consisting of thirty or forty families under charge of Daniel H. Wells, have left Nauvoo, to join the California expedition. Babbit & Co. still remain at Nauvoo, to close up the affairs of the Mormons. These facts are stated in the Warsaw (Ill.) Signal.

Note: The above report was first published in the St. Louis Missouri Republican near the end of June, 1847, compiled from extracts from the Warsaw Signal..


Vol. 73.                     Washington,   March ?, 1849.                     No. ?


By a letter received from our brother, P. W. Cook, who was one that left Council Bluff last spring for the Salt Lake, dated August 2d, written while encamped on the Sweet Water River, at the South Pass -- in sight of Fremont's Peak -- we gather some information which may not be uninteresting to our readers.

The new Mormon Temple at the Salt Lake is to be a splendid building. They enclose a lot 17 miles long and 12 wide, with a mud wall 8 feet high and four feet thick. There are to be cities inside. -- They have discovered mountain rock that resembles Cornelian stone, which the writer says is beautiful for temples and pillars. The size of the temple is not stated, but its highest point is to be 600 feet, and can be seen eighteen miles either way. The party that went out last season lost many of their oxen -- having died with what they called the "swell head." Many of the streams which they crossed were so strongly impregnated with alkali that they dare not let their cattle drink. On the shore of many of the lakes a crust is formed an inch and a half thick. They break up this crust, scrape off the dirt on the bottom and top, and find it pure saleratus. Strange as this may seem, it is nevertheless true, and the writer collected in a short time 75 pounds. A mountain of pure rock salt has been discovered near the Mormon settlement. The Mormons have discovered a rich gold mine 150 miles southwest from the Salt Lake. The last end of the journey to the Salt Lake, say 200 miles, is attended with little fatigue. Nearly all the way the roads are as good as on any prairie in Michigan. The writer was living on the meat of bears, and antelope and buffaloes -- animals very numerous on the route. He recommends mule trains instead of oxen, and that cows be driven along for their milk, and for beef if necessary.

Notes: (forthcoming)

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