Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, March ?, 1845. No. ?
THE MORMONS. -- We learn from Hancock county, Illinois, that considerable apprehension exists of further difficulties with the Mormons. It appears that the Sheriff of the county on last Friday evening arrested at a ball an individual named Elliott, who had been taken up and tried at Nauvoo a short time since, charged with being concerned in the murder of the Smiths, but had escaped from his custody before committing him to prison. Elliott had made an application for a writ of habeas corpus, and it is supposed he will be liberated.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, April ?, 1845. No. ?
A NEW PROPHET. -- It is rumored that Orson Hyde is to become the prophet and head of the Mormon church. It is not said by what process he is to derive his authority. J. B. Backenstos, the Mormon representative in the last Legislature, from Hanock county, Ill., has been waited upon by the citizens of Carthage, and notified to leave the county within a week. In the event of his refusal, they promise him a visit not of so pacific a character. The cause of this proceeding, on the part of the citizens, was an attack made by Backenstos upon the old citizens in a speech delivered in the Legislature.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, May 27, 1845. No. ?
[at the Carthage trial for the Smith murders, there is a] deep and intense anxiety [pervading all those in attendance at the trial]... Everybody almost attending court comes armed to the teeth, and frequently, muskets and rifles will be seen taken out of wagons with as much deliberation as if they were attending a militia muster instead of attending a court of justice. This is a bad state of things, but extraordinary cases demand extraordinary remedies....
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, May 31, 1845. No. ?
[at the Carthage trial for the Smith murders] The testimony on the part of the State has been very lame, and that of the witnesses so very contradictory, and the fact that improper influences have been brought to bear upon them, so very apparent, that it is not within the bounds of probability that the jury will hesitate for one moment in honorably acquitting the prisoners.... [Mr. Daniels]... most important on the part of the State, has been proven to have acknowledged that he was to get $500 from the Mormons and $300 from Gov. Ford, for testifying in the case.... (under construction)
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Sunday, June 2, 1845. No. ?
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Friday, June 7, 1845. No. ?
[Josiah Lamborn, Esq., at the Carthage trial] managed the prosecution with much ability, and must have convinced all parties -- especially the Mormons -- that everything was done that it was possible to accomplish by a faithful and indefatigable discharge of his duty to the state.... Mr. Warren also made a speech in a vein and a manner which is peculiarly his own....
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, June ?, 1845. No. ?
Conviction of the Hodges -- Murder in Nauvoo -- Murder in Carthage.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Wednesday, July 1, 1845. No. ?
FROM NAUVOO. -- All was quiet at Nauvoo on the 26th ult. The slaying of the Smiths appears to have been a wanton and unprovoked murder, and was so pronounced by Gov. Ford, who is now using his best efforts to dfetect the murderers, so that they may be dealt with according to law.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Friday, July 3, 1845. No. ?
... All our information tends to fix upon the people concerned in the death of the Smiths, the odium of perfidious, black-hearted, cowardly murder -- so warlike as to be without any justification -- so inhuman and treacherous, as to find no parallel in savage life, under any circumstances -- Gov. Ford declares his intention to seek out the murderers, and he owes it to his own honor and that of the State whose faith was most greatly violated, never to cease his exertions for this purpose. The Mormons, it will be seen, were quiet, and not disposed to commit any acts of aggression: their enemies, on the other hand, were evidently disposed to push them to extremities, and to force them to leave the State. This feeling may be be checked by the alacrity with which Gov. Ford's orders were being executed, but it will be some time before peace and order can be restored -- the degrace [sic] of past acts cannot be wiped out.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Tuesday, Sept. 16, 1845. No. ?
MORE TROUBLE WITH THE MORMONS. -- Our correspondent at Warsaw sent us by the La Clede, which arrived this morning, the following account of serious out-breaks between the Mormons and their opponents in Hancock county;
WARSAW, 11th September, 1845.
Messers. Editors: On Tuesday morning last (9th inst.,) an attack was made on a school house in Rocky Run Precinct, by some persons unknown, but supposed to be Mormons, in which there was at the time of the attack a convention of Anti-Mormons, or old settlers of the county. The door and windows of the house were completely riddled by the shot fired by the assailants. The attacking party approached under cover of the wood and bushes, and fired one round and fled. No persons were injured, but many were, I presume, much frightened at the sudden and unexpected [assault]. The old settlers in that section of the county armed themselves for defence, and if they are backed by their friends in other parts of the county, blood will flow. By a messenger just in, who came to purchase lead, powder, flints, &c., I learn that four buildings were burned down last night, and one man shot, and very badly wounded, but not mortally. Yesterday thirteen wagons loaded with furniture, were seen wending their way to the City of Refuge, (Nauvoo.)
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Wednesday, Sept. 17, 1845. No. ?
THE CIVIL WAR IN ILLINOIS. -- We have already given to our readers such information from the seat of civil war and commotion in Adams and Hancock counties, Illinois, as we have been able to obtain. A long letter in the Quincy Daily Courier of Monday last, confirms all that has been published in regard to the pretended origin of the difficulties -- the firing upon a meeting of anti-Mormons near Lima, assembled to consult upon measures to protect their property from the depredations of the Mormons. That such an attack was made, without injury to any one, is admitted to be true, but, while the anti-Mormon party charge it upon the Mormons, the latter allege that it was a trick of the former, to secure a pretext for the depredations they are now making.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Saturday, Sept. 20, 1845. No. ?
THE MORMON WAR.
Vol. ? St. Louis, Sunday, Sept. 21, 1845. No. ?
THE MORMON WAR.
Warsaw, Sept. 18, 1845.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Monday, Sept. 22?, 1845. No. ?
THE MORMONS IN WARSAW.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Wednesday, Sept. 24, 1845. No. ?
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Friday, Sept. 26, 1845. No. ?
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Saturday, Sept. 27, 1845. No. ?
CIVIL WAR IN ILLINOIS
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Monday, Sept. 29, 1845. No. ?
A WEEK IN NAUVOO -- VIEW FROM THE TEMPLE -- DESOLATE
WARSAW, ILLINOIS, Sept. 29th, 1846.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Friday October 2, 1845. No. ?
We have a letter from Churchville, opposite Warsaw, dated the 30th, giving the proceedings of a meeting held by the citizens of Clark county, which we have not room for this morning. We give the following extract:
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Friday, February 13, 1846. No. ?
We gather from several articles in the Warsaw Signal, and other quarters, that a portion, if not the whole, of the Mormons intend soon to commence their pilgrimage for California. That they should begin their journey so early in the season -- before the winter has terminated, and long before grass shall appear, upon which to subsist their cattle and horses -- is hazardous, and likely to be attended with severe trials and much suffering. But it is stated that from ten to twelve hundred have already crossed the river from Nauvoo, and are encamped on Sugar Creek, Iowa, seven miles distant. Among them were the Twelve, the High Council, all the principal men of the church, and about one hundred females. They were several days and nights in getting across the river. It is said to be the plan of the leaders to send this company forward as a pioneer corps. They are to proceed about five hundred miles westward, where they are to halt, build a village, and put in a spring crop. They are to remain there until those who follow in the spring reach them -- when another pioneer company will start for a point five hundred miles still further west, where they will stop, build a village, and put in a fall crop. The company remaining behind will, in the spring, move on to this second station; and in this manner they hope to accomplish the long journey which is in contemplation. Many of those who now go as pioneers, are to return, so soon as their crop is in, for their families. There is a spice of romance about this arrangement for their journey -- an apparent indifference to the sufferings which they must undergo -- a confidence in the plans and orders of their church leaders -- which must attract some portion of the public sympathy, even though it be undeserved. Their future journeyings will be observed with interest.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Thursday, February 19, 1846. No. ?
We have information, that from one thousand to fifteen hundred Mormons are encamped at Montrose, Iowa, preparatory to their march westward. -- Some dount is thrown over their destination and many believe that they will not go to Oregon or California, but stop after proceeding six or eight hundred miles into the Indian country. It was originally intended that none but young men should compose the advance company, but as soon as they commenced preparations for crossing, they were joined by a large number from the country, and by many who were not detained by their families, or the condition of their affairs. The Mormons in Nauvoo appear to manifest less disposition to move, and fears were beginning to be entertained by the anties, that they would not go at all, especially as they were making no preparations to do so.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Thursday, April 16, 1846. No. 4880.
THE TEMPLE AT NAUVOO. -- We are gratified to learn that there is a prospect of converting the Temple, recently erected at Nauvoo by the Mormons, to a useful and most charitable purpose. A wealthy gentleman from the south arrived here a few days since, en route to purchase the Temple, if it can be bought for a reasonable price. His object, we understand, is to convert the Temple into an asylum for destitute widows and females, and to purchase lands and town lots, and endow it out of the rents of them. The author of this liberal proposition, we understand, is a bachelor, far advanced in life.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Wednesday, April 22, 1846. No. 4880.
Mormon Difficulties in Hancock county, Ill. -- Major Warren, who has been in command during the past winter, of the State troops, to keep order in the county, has addressed the following letter to the Eagle, printed at Nauvoo:
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Tuesday, April 28, 1846. No. 4883.
The Mormons. -- An extra from the office of the Nauvoo Eagle, printed on Saturday morning, contains the proceedings of a meeting of citizens who have recently purchased property in Nauvoo and the surrounding country, held on the previous evening, and at which Servetus Tuffts presided, and James Clark and W. E. Clifford acted as Vice Presidents, and Wm. Picket as Secretary.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Tuesday, May 4, 1846. No. 4889.
LETTER FROM GOV. FORD TO A. W. BABBETT.
Springfield, April 22, 1846.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Thursday, May 6, 1846. No. 4892.
The Mormons. -- The Hancock Eagle, of Friday last, contains a number of articles in relation to the flight of the Mormons from that section of Illinois.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Thurs. May 13, 1846. No. 3898.
Nauvoo and the Mormons. -- A few days ago, to satisfy ourselves of the actual state of affairs at Nauvoo, and to ascertain whether the Mormons were really disposed to leave the country, in conformity with their agreement last fall, we spent last Friday, Saturday and a portion of Sunday, in the city and surrounding country.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Friday, May 14, 1846. No. ?
Mormon Difficulties. We intended to have continued our remarks upon the condition of the Mormons in Hancock county to-day, but other engagements have prevented it, for the present.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Monday, May 17, 1846. No. ?
[Colonel Kerarey says about 2000 Mormons crossed the Missouri at St. Joseph]... "with munitions of war, including a train of artillery, but thinks that they have no hostile intentions towards us, unless it be Gov. Boggs, whom he desires me to caution to be on the alert.... [remainder of article missing]
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, May ? 1846. No. ?
Weston, May 17, 1846.
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, May ? 1846. No. ?
MORMONS. -- The persons appointed for the purpose, by Maj. Warren, have reported that the number of Mormons who left Nauvoo during the week ending on the 4th inst., may be set at thirteen hundred and fifty souls. The ferry at Nauvoo was kept running day and night, crossing thirty-five times in twenty-four hours; at Fort Madison about thirty-five trips were made in a day; some were crossing at Nashville, and some going by the river. The number of "new settlers," is estimated at two hundred heads of families. Three-fourths of the improved property on the "flats," has changed hands, on the hill the proportion of sales is not so great. Very few farms remain to be sold. The Hancock Eagle makes the total number of teams now on the opposite side of the river about fourteen hundred. They are designed to accomodate from seven to eight thousand persons. Some of them have pushed forward to the Des Moines river, and some are encamped on Sugar creek, but the slopes of the hills and the prairie opposite Nauvoo, are still ditted with clusters of tents and wagons. The Eagle thinks that twelve thousand have left the State, and that, in a few weeks, it may be announced that "the Mormons have left the State."
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, June 15, 1846. No. ?
[a man in Fort Madison, Iowa], expressed no hesitation in saying that the Nauvoo Temple must be destroyed, and he had powder ready for that purpose....
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Tuesday, July 15, 1846. No. ?
Late from the Mormon Camp: -- The Hancock Eagle, of Friday last, notices the arrival there of Mr. S. Chamberlain, who left the most distant camp of the Mormons at Council Bluffs on the 26th ult, and on his route passed the whole line of Mormon emigrants. He says that the advance company of the Mormons, with whom were the Twelve, had a train of one thousand wagons, and were encamped on the east bank of the Missouri River, in the neighborhood of the Council Bluffs. They were employed in the construction of boats, for the purpose of crossing the river
Vol. XXIV. St. Louis, Monday, July 19, 1846. No. ?
FROM NAUVOO: -- On Wednesday night the entire crop raised this year by Mr. B. F. Marsh, consisting of stacked wheat principally, was consumed, also, the barn and its contents, belonging to a widow lady some two or three miles south of Warsaw. The prisoners taken by the New Citizens on account of the alleged riot of Saturday last -- seventeen in number -- are still in custody. Each party holds prisoners as hostages; the antis have only five -- each demand an exchange. I can hardly tell where the matter will end now. The coming election, if passed off quietly, it was thought would be the end of the Hancock troubles, but the present state of things indicate[s] different results. The New Citizens lack concert of action, and their identification with the Mormons, under the seeming pretence of protecting life and property, has created an ill feeling against them in the county that it will be difficult to allay. Common cause with the Mormons, made by the New Citizens, can produce no good feeling towards them here.
Vol. XXV. St. Louis, Saturday, August 8, 1846. No. 3962.
FROM WISCONSIN -- THE MORMONS
Fox Lake, Dodge Co., W. T., July 8, 1846.
Vol. XXV. St. Louis, Friday, August 21, 1846. No. ?
NEWS FROM THE SANTA FE EXPEDITION
An express from Gen. Kearney's camp, at Bent's Fort, arrived at Fort Leavenworth on the 14th instant... The five hundred Mormon Infantry, under the command of Lt. Col. Allen, were progressing rapidly. They made thirty-eight miles in two days. It is believed they would reach Bent's Fort nearly as soon as Col. Price's Regiment, and quite as soon as the purpose of their enlistment required.
Vol. XXV. St. Louis, Monday, September 14, 1846. No. 3993.
The Mormons. -- The last St. Joseph Gazette contains the following "notice." In publishing it, the Gazette says it has heard some complaint against a few of the Mormons in the town, yet it has every reason to believe that if they conduct themselves as good citizens they will not be molested:
Vol. XXV. St. Louis, Tuesday, September 15, 1846. No. 3994.
The Nauvoo Difficulties - War between the Mormons and Anti-Mormons. -- The following letter from our correspondent, at the scene of difficulties, between the Mormons and Anties, gives quite a different version of the affair from that brought on Sunday morning by the Ocean Wave.
Vol. XXV. St. Louis, Thursday, September 24, 1846. No. ?
... [a well has been discovered] under the portico of the Temple... and situated in a room to which there was no entrance except by an opening made in the floor [above].... [most of text missing]
By Charless & Pasehall.] St. Louis, November ?, 1846. [Vol. ? - No. ?.
NAUVOO, Oct. 31, 1846.
Vol. XXVI. St. Louis, Wednesday, February 24, 1847. No. 43.
COL. COOKE'S MORMON COMMAND. -- A letter has been received from Col. Cooke, who is in command of the battalion of Mormons on their route to California, dated the 20th of November last. They were then 300 miles from Santa Fe. They had encountered some difficulties, but were getting along well, and expected to reach the Pacific in a much shorter time than originally contemplated. Col. Cooke did not intend to take the route directed by Gen. Kearney, but would pass near Yonas and Fonteras, making the distance much shorter to the Pacific. He had more provisions than were necessary, having then 88 days' supply on hand, and regreted being encumbered with such a quantity.
Vol. XXVI. St. Louis, Tuesday, March 9, 1847. No. 54.
THE CALIFORNIA EXPEDITION. -- We were favored yesterday with the perusual of a letter written by an officer in the command of Col. Cooke, who is at the head of the Mormon battalion on its way to California. This letter is dated on the 24th of November, at Las Playas, Sonora... The health of the command is good... the latest intelligence from that quarter.
Vol. XXVI. St. Louis, Tuesday, March 23, 1847. No. 66.
The St. Joseph Gazette of the 15th inst., states that there was a prospect of a serious difficulty between the Indians and the Mormons, who are located in their territory. The old charge is made against the Mormons, of depredations on Indian property, and they are required to make reparation, and to leave immediately. The Mormons are not disposed to accede to these terms, and a collision is like to ensue.
Vol. XXVI. St. Louis, June ?, 1847. No. ?
THE MORMON TEMPLE. -- This celebrated ediface has been sold to a committee of the Catholic church for $75,000. This community have also purchased other property at Nauvoo. The building is to be appropriated to educational purposes, connected with the church into whose hands it has passed. The contract requires only the sanction of the Bishop to complete it. The last of the Mormons in Nauvoo, consisting of thirty or forty families under charge of Daniel H. Wells, have left Nauvoo, to join the California expedition. Babbit & Co. still remain at Nauvoo, to close up the affairs of the Mormons. -- These facts are stated in the Warsaw Signal.
Vol. XXVI. St. Louis, Tuesday, July 28, 1847. No. ?
Several attempts have been made to sell the Temple at Nauvoo, but the proprietors have never been able to prove up a good title. The Catholics would have bought it recently, had not this defect been in the way.
Vol. XXVI. St. Louis, September ?, 1847. No. ?
TTHE MORMONS. -- A passenger in the Lake of the Woods, from Upper Missouri, informs us that the Mormons are in a flourishing condition, in their new location on the fine lands of the Pottawotomie purchase, on both sides of the river, above Council Bluffs. They have planted immense fields of corn -- to the extent, it is estimated, of 30,000 acres -- and other grain, and produce. They have built, also, a town, called "Winter Quarters," which already contains a population of some seven thousand souls. This town is entirely picketed in. It is represented, that the Mormons are on friendly terms with the Indians, and rarely molest them, although they are accused of occasionally stealing cattle.
Vol. XXVI. St. Louis, Mo., October 28, 1847. No. ?
LATER FROM THE SALT LAKE. -- Mormon Location, &c. -- We yesterday saw a person direct from Council Bluffs, who states that on the day he left, a rumor [sic] came in, who was sent on in advance by the Mormon "Twelve," who were on the route back from the Salt Lake. They sent a small party to the Bluffs twenty days in advance of the main returning party, in order to have fresh teams, provisions, &c. sent them, as they did not intend to burthen themselves with a full outfit back.
Vol. XXVI. St. Louis, December 4, 1847. No. ?
Interesting from Salt Lake.
Mr. Thomas Forsyth, a well known mountain man, arrived in this city about the last of September, and Fort Bridger, one hundred and ten miles this side, about the 1st of October; crossed over the Plains to the head waters of the Arkansas, and came in by Bent's Fort and the Santa Fe trail....
Vol. XXVI. St. Louis, December ?, 1847. No. ?
THE MORMON COLONY
Whatever has reference to the movements of this strange and infatuated people seems to be sought for with curiosity, at least if from no better motive. Driven from the home which they had selected in Illinois, they have been wandering in several directions, but the heads of the church have turned their faces towards California, seeking there some immunity from the persecution which attended their career in the United States; but even there, we fear, there is no good will towards them. In California, certainly, they are already looked upon with suspicion, and this suspicion may soon take the shape of bitter persecution, if those who oppose them should obtain the mastery in that country. But our purpose now, is to give information of the progress of the colony which is to be located at the "Great Salt Lake City."
Vol. XXVII. St. Louis, March ?, 1848. No. ?
ENGLISH MORMON EMIGRANTS. -- We learn from a reliable source, that several thousand English families, members of the Mormon Church, will arrive at New Orleans during this Spring, on their way to join the settlement formed in the Great Salt Lake Valley. An agent of the Mormon Church has been sent to New Orleans to provide passages for the immigrants on boats to this city, to engage transportation for them up the Missouri to the present encampment of the Mormons on the Missouri river, called "Winter Quarters." This encampment is on lands owned by the Omaha Indians, and in the immediate vicinity of Council Bluffs. From that point, or the vicinity, they expect every spring to send all who are prepared to migrate to the Valley of the Salt Lake.
Vol. XXVII. St. Louis, May ?, 1848. No. ?
FROM THE CITY OF THE SALT LAKE.
Letters have been received in this city, by persons connected with the Mormon colony at the City of the Salt Lake, dated in the latter part of the December. -- They represent the situation of the [-------] as a comfortable one. They had not been molested by the Indians, many of them were in the habit of visiting the city. An inclosed square formed of continuous dwellings, facing inwards, intended for the defense of the [------] material, has been erected as well as other buildings for the saints, comprising some three thousand souls. Up to the time of writing, only two deaths had occurred in the colony. Last Fall, they sowed about three thousand acres of wheat, and they intended, besides, to put in a spring crop of about six thousand acres more. If their crops should prove good, they will have grain to spare to the emigrants to California, taking the Salt Lake route. They had erected two saw mills and a grist mill, and were industriously employed. Good potatoes were selling at ten dollars per bushel, peas fifty cents per pound, and other things at about the same rates.
Vol. XXVII. St. Louis, September ?, 1848. No. ?
THE TEMPLE AT NAUVOO. -- We are pleased to learn, that an arrangement has been made with the trustees, or those having charge of the Mormon temple at Nauvoo, by which that splendid edifice is to be devoted to useful purposes. It has been leased for a term of fifteen years, and is to be at once converted into a college building and to be occupied for that purpose. The institution is to be under the patronage of the Home Mission Society, and immediate steps will be taken to put it into operation. A better location cannot be found in the western country for such an institution, and it will, if properly conducted, receive the patronage of all the States bordering upon the Mississippi.
Vol. XXVII. St. Louis, September 21, 1848. No. ?
(proclamation by Orson Hyde -- under construction)
Vol. XXVII. St. Louis, Wednesday, October 4, 1848. No. ?
Elder Orson Hyde, one of the Twelve Apostles of the Mormon Church, left here yesterday for Council Bluffs, on board the steamer Martha. We learn that he carries up printing materials and that upon his arrival it is his intention to commence the publication of a newspaper on the frontier, devoted to the support and propagation of the Mormon faith and doctrines
Vol. ? St. Louis, Monday, October 1, 1849. No. ?
STATE OF DESERET.
It has been already announced that the people residing in the valley of the Great Salt Lake, had instituted for themselves a form of government, which is to be submitted to Congress at its next session. We have been permitted to look at certified copies of the Constitution thus established, and of the proceedings of the Legislature under it, and of the reasons which led to these movements. The new state is quaintly styled the THE STATE OF DESERET, which implies, according to the Mormon history and interpretation, the "Honey Bee," and is significant of Industry and the kindred virtues. It is scarcely necessary to say to our readers, that the population of this new State is composed altogether of persons professing the Mormon faith, of whom the number is rapidly increasing every year; that being the State to which all their emigration is tending. In these proceedings, as everything else, the peculiarities of this people are preserved, though we cannot see that this will offer any good bar to their application for admission into the Union.