THE TERRITORIAL ENTERPRISE.
Vol. I. Carson City, U. T., Saturday, April ?, 1859. No. ?
The Man for the Emergency.
Emergencies have recently arisen in Mormondom which called for the energies of one who could act boldly and fearlessly, with a conscientious sense of right; one who would not succumb to Gubernatorial dictation or cower under his command, and such an one has been found in his honor, Judge Cradlebaugh.
THE TERRITORIAL ENTERPRISE.
Vol. II. Carson City, U. T., Saturday, June 16, 1860. No. 19.
THE TERRORS OF THE LAW. -- It is noticeable that for the last week we have not had a murder or shooting scrape in our city; while within the same period several desperate and disreputable characters have quietly slipped off to California. On Monday last, Judge Cradlebaugh opened the Court, and there are those having casuality largely developed, who think they can detect in this series of events the relation of "cause and effect."
Vol. ? Virginia City, N. T., February 2, 1861. No. ?
CRADLEBAUGH vs. BUCHANAN
On Monday last Judge Cradlebaugh opened the U. S. District Court in Carson. There being no business to transact, he adjourned for three weeks. Before he adjourned, however, he remarked to the bar and audience, that there was another person here claiming to be District Judge for this District. He denied his authority, although Judge Flenniken had been appointed, confirmed and assigned to this District. He said the President had no right to remove a Judge; that he intended to resign on the 4th of March next, and until that time he would hold court. That it was due to his friends who had accommodated him with money do to do. That for the reason of the Government failing to honor his drafts for nine months since, his friend Wm. M. Lent, seeing his great necessity, had advanced him money upon his salary up to the 4th of March, and he intended to serve that time out. He said further, that any attorney who wished to withsraw his suit from his court in which answer had not been filed, he would permit him so to do; in other cases, papers could bot be transferred from his court elsewhere, unless by consent of counsel on both sides.
Vol. ? Virginia City, N. T., November 17, 1863. No. ?
ANOTHER BLOODY MASSACRE!
A massacre, in which no less than a thousand human beings were deprived of life without a moment's warning of the terrible fate that was in store for them. This ghastly tragedy was the work of a single individual -- a man whose character was gifted with many strong points, among which were great benevolence and generosity, and a kindness of heart which rendered him susceptible of being persuaded to do things which were really, at times, injurious to himself, and which noble trait in his nature made him a very slave to those whom he loved -- a man whose disposition was a model of mildness until a fancied wrong drove him mad and impelled him to the commission of this monstrous crime -- this wholesale offering of blood to the angry spirit of revenge which rankled in his bosom. It is said that some of his victims were so gashed, and torn, and mutilated, that they scarcely retained a semblance of human shape. As nearly as I can get at the facts in the case -- and I have taken unusual pains in collecting them -- the dire misfortune occurred about as follows: It seems that certain enemies ill-treated this man, and in revenge he burned a large amount of property belonging to them. They arrested him, and bound him hand and foot, and brought him down to Lehi, the county seat, for trial. And the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon him, and the cords that were upon his arms became as flax that was burnt with fire, and his bands loosed from off his hands. And he found a new jaw-bone of an ass, and put forth his hand and took it, and slew a thousand men there with. When he had finished his terrible tragedy, the desperado, criminal (whose name is Samson), deliberately wiped his bloody weapon upon the leg of his pantaloons, and then tried its edge upon his thumb, as a barber would a razor, simply remarking, "With the jaw-bone of an ass, heaps upon heaps, with the jaw of an ass have I slain a thousand men." He even seemed to reflect with satisfaction upon what he had done, and to derive great comfort from it -- as if he would say, "only a mere thousand - Oh, no I ain't on it, I reckon."
Vol. ? Carson City, Nevada, Feb. 12, 1871. No. ?
Lee and the Mountain Meadow Massacre.
"...John D. Lee is dead... at Grapevine Springs... by Brigham Young..."
Vol. II. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, Feb. 24, 1872. No. 14.
Death of Gen. John Cradlebaugh..
General John Cradlebaugh, a well known and prominent pioneer of this State, died at Eureka a few days since of congestion of the lungs. The Carson Register of a late date, in announcing the sad news, says: Mr. Cradlebaugh was a native of Pickaway county, Ohio. He was appointed United States District Judge of Utah Territory by President Buchanan. In Salt Lake he became obnoxious to the Mormon authorities in consequence of his attempt to sift out the leaders in the Mountain Meadow Massacre, and by a ruse, was transferred to this District. Desceased was sent as delegate to Congress, and whilst there, on the breaking out of the late war, went to his county in Ohio, where he raised a regiment, was elected Colonel and fought bravely, until at the battle of Vicksburg, in which he was severely wounded in the mouth, and was taken off the field for dead. On returning to this Territory he was appointed Adjutant General, in which capacity he served until the office became part of the Secretary of State. General Cradlebaugh owned a farm on Carson river, on which he resided for two or three years, when he disposed of his ranch and left for the eastern part of the State. Deceased was a fine scholar, a good lawyer, an incorruptible Judge and a truly noble gentleman -- one of the old school. His death will be sincerely lamented by his many warm friends and ardent admirers.
Vol. ? Pioche, Lincoln Co., Nevada, Sept. 20, 1872. No. ?
Mountain Meadows Massacre.
...The [Klingensmith] affidavit gives particulars, and carries conviction of its truth...
Vol. ? Pioche, Lincoln Co., Nevada, Sept. 22, 1872. No. ?
More about Smith's affidavit
Vol. ? Pioche, Lincoln Co., Nevada, Sept. 27, 1872. No. ?
Vol. ? Pioche, Lincoln Co., Nevada, Oct. 5, 1872. No. ?
The Gentile papers indorse ex-Bishop Smith, who made affidavits relative to the Mountain Meadow Massacre and deny the assertion that he is either a murderer or perjurer. The Mormon press do not contradict the truth of the affidavits.
Vol. ? Pioche, Lincoln Co., Nevada, Oct. 8, 1872. No. ?
A Warning to Philip Klingen Smith.
[to Mr. Pat Holland]
Vol. II. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, Nov. 13, 1874. No. 38.
Vol. VI. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, Nov. 21, 1874. No. 6.
Mormon Bishop Arrested -- Illegal Voters.
Vol. II. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, Nov. 25, 1874. No. 48.
Vol. VI. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, Jan. 9, 1875. No. 13.
PROBABILITY OF JUSTICE.
There is a strong probability of the speedy trial and conviction of some of those most prominent in what is generally known as the Mountain Massacre. This subject has an unusual degree of attention of late, and the principals have been interviewed again and again. The latest is an interview with the noted Rachael, wife of John D. Lee, by a reporter of the Salt Lake Herald, to whom she relates the story of the massacre and paints the scene in somewhat different colors to those heretofore used by word artists. Still the fact remains that the Mountain Meadow Massacre [was] one of the most inhuman butcheries that ever took place on this continent; and at last there is a prospect of bringing some of the parties, at least, to punishment. The massacre took place in 1857, and was perpetrated by a force of Mormons under the lend of the villain, John D. Lee, whose arrest we chronicled, a short time since. The victims were a company of one hundred and thirty immigrants from Arkansas, on their way to California. The place of the massacre has become historical, excending that of the "Massacre of Glencoe" in brutality. Mountain Moadow is a small valley about three hundred miles from Salt Lake; and here the party had camped to recuperate for a few days. The company was composed of men, women and children, with stock and valuables -- it is said the party had $130,000 in gold coin. While encamped, they were attacked by what purported to be a band of savages, against whom they successfully defended themselves for five days. At the end of that time a large party of armed Mormons appeared on the scene, the Indians having suddenly disappeared. These Mormons, as it now comes out from some of the children who were spared in the massacre, after treacherously inducing the emigrants to disarm and start back toword Salt Lake, murdered all the men and women, and spared none but the smaller children. The leader of the band of Mormons was the notorious Lee, who is now in custody to answer for the crime. Others are implicated, and will soon be brought to trial in the United States District Court at Salt Lake.
Vol. VI. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, Apr. 10, 1875. No. 25.
Many years have passed since an innocent party of men, women and children were cruelly and deliberately murdered at Mountain Meadow and this outrage on the rights of humanity and American citizenship has not yet been avenged. The guilt is traceable directly to the Mormons, and with the most conclusive certainty. This matter was allowed to rust without investigation until the press took it up and demanded that the murderers be brought to justice. And now only one, Lee, has been arrested, while it is well-known that every one, from that hoary-headed sinner, Brigham Young, down, were interested. Judge McKean no sooner evinced a detormimition to execute justice than he is removed: Governor Axtell is a pliant tool in the hands of Brigham, and there seems to be no hopes for justice. Had any community of American citizens been guilty of one half the outrages that the Mormons are, every one of them would have been hung. Why are their enormities thus winked at? It is well known that this sect is composed of the vilest people of Europe, who look upon this community as place where their licentious, lawless passions can have full scope. If strict justice is done in the Mountain Meadow massacre case, to say nothing of the rest, the fate of Mormondom is sealed.
Vol. VI. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, May 15, 1875. No. 30.
TELEGRAPHIC NEWS ITEMS.
John D. Lee, of Mountain Meadows massacre fame, had an epileptic stroke in prison, at Beaver, Utah, on Tuesday, the 20th ult. He is not expected to survive through the Summer.
Vol. VI. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, July 24, 1875. No. 40.
THE MOUNTAIN MEADOWS MASSACRE.
An epitome of Lee's confession is furnished by telegraph. He gives at great length a detailed, concise and alleged perfect statement of the acts and facts connected with the massacre, giving the names of persons, dates and places. He claims to fully expone all classes of men, and every man connected with the outrage. He starts with his first knowledge of the immigrant train, following through their unfortunate experiences and conflicts up to the termination of their sad career. He described all that was done by the murderers after the commission of the crime, and the action of all connected with it. Also, the action of Brigham Young and the priesthood. The disposition of the children saved, and all the particulars concerning their delivery to Doctor Forney, the agent, of the Government, who removed them to Missouri. In fact, the statement of Lee fully explains why, for what reason and how the the tragedy was accomplished, and states the justification relied upon by the participants for the commission of that fearful crime. The details fix the crime upon Isaac C. Haight and John M. Higbee, commauding officers, the former standing on an eminance and giving the signal agreed upon for the slaughter after [the] immigrants had been decoyed out of their stronghold by the flag of truce. The wounded had first been hauled out and were dispatched. There were engaged thirty white men and a large number of Indians. The details of killing men, women and children surpass in horror all that has ever been written concerning the massacre, and are more terrible, atrocious and bloody than the most vivid imagination can conjure. St. Bartholomew's day and the utmost barbarity of human beings absolutely pale before the sickening tale.
Vol. III. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, July 27, 1875. No. 112.
THE MOUNTAIN MEADOWS MASSACRE.
From the Salt Lake Herald of the 24th we clip the following account of the confession or statement of Jno. D. Lee, procured through the kindess of W. W. Bishop -- brother of Dr. Bishop of this place -- who is acting us attorney for the defense:
Vol. III. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, July 29, 1875. No. 114.
MOUNTAIN MEADOW ATROCITY.
Perhaps the strangest fact about the Mountain Meadows massacre is that eighteen years should have elapsed before a judicial inquiry was made into tho nature of the transaction, or a single individual was put upon his trial charged with complicity in that deed. During all these years the principal facts have been known. It was known that more than one hundred men, women and children were murdered; the time, place and manner were well known. A great number of revolting particulars were known -- facts which went to show one of the most brutal massacres in the history of this or any other country. The perpetrators, or a majority of them, were disguised white men, who it was reported and generally believed, acted under orders from the Mormon authorities.
Vol. VI. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, Aug. 14, 1875. No. 43.
Under this head the Pioche Record deals with the Mountain Meadow Massacre in no uncertain manner. We copy a portion of the very sensible article, and regret that we have not room for it all:
Vol. IV. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, Nov. 23, 1875. No. 50.
An attempt was made to take the life of Phillip Klingensmith at Mineral Park last week. He is one of the Mormons who confessed the secrets of the Mountain Meadow massacre, and it is supposed that the attempt upon his life was made by Brigham's Destroying Angels.
Vol. ? Pioche, Lincoln Co., Nevada, Dec. ?, 1875. No. ?
Vol. IV. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, Dec. 17, 1875. No. 70.
The Pioche Record publishes a rumor that Philip Klingensmith, one of the principal witnesses for the prosecution in the case of John D. Lee, was assassinated near the Colorado river on the 25th of last month. Assassination is one of the principal tenets of the Mormon Church.
Vol. VII. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, June 26, 1877. No. 74.
There is a neglected grave on the hillside west of Eureka. There is a spot where lies waiting for the solemn summons of that awful day when
Vol. III. Reno, Nevada, May 29, 1879. No. 9.
Removal of Judge Cradlebaugh's Remains.
The remains of Judge Cradlebaugh, who died in Eureka in 1872, were disinterred yesterday, by request of his brother, who arrived recently, and will be sent to his former home in Ohio. The Judge, it will be remembered, was territorial delegate to Congress, from Nevada, and was also United States District Judge of Utah, while Nevada was a portion of that territory. He was the first man who attempted an investigation of the Mountain Meadows massacre, and was first on the ground where it occurred. During the war he commanded an eastern regiment, and during an engagement he received a sabre wound that was ultimately the cause of his death. At the close of the war he removed to Oregon; he returned to Nevada, and arrived in Eureka early in 1871, and prospected the surrounding country. Although holding federal and other positions for years, he saved nothing from his salary, and was in reduced circumstances at the time of his death. His son still resides in Genoa, Douglas county, in this state.
Vol. ? Pioche, Lincoln Co., Nevada, July 22, 1881. No. ?
The Destroying Angels
News has reached Pioche that Bishop Philip Klingon Smith, at one time a man of high standing and great influence in the Mormon Church, and the exposer of the Mountain Meadows Massacre, and the names of the men who participated in the bloody deed, is dead. His body was found in a prospect hole in the State of Sonora, Mexico, and a letter from there, which was received in the vicinity of Pioche, states that the mystery surrounding the body indicates that Smith had been murdered. Smith died just as he expected, for on his return from Beaver in 1876, after testifying in the trial of John D. Lee, we met Smith in town, in a sort of secluded spot, and during the conversation Smith remarked: "I know that the Church will kill me, sooner or later, and I am as confident of that fact as that I am sitting on this rock. It is only a question of time; but I'm going to love as long as I can." Immediately after Smith's return from Lee's trial, as his wife at Panaca refused to have anything to do with him, being so ordered by the Church, he started southward, and loved in Arizona for some time, following prospecting. During his residence in the mountains of that Territory two attempts were made upon his life, and by whom he was never able to discover. Smith made the exposure of the butchery at Mountain Meadows more for self protection than anything else. In the early days, when Hiko was the county seat of Lincoln and the flourishing and only prominent mining camp in this southern country, the Mormons used to haul all the freight from Salt Lake to Hiko. Smith was engaged in freighting. Smith was engaged in freighting, and his son, Bud Smith, was assisting him. During one of these trips father and son had a quarrel, and Bud went to Hiko and obtained employment. It was during the winter of 1867-68, when Klingon Smith arrived in Hiko with a load of freight, his son pointed him out to the people, and told them that just after the massacre his father pointed out a young girl to him and ordered him to kill her, saying that if "he (Bud) did not kill her he (his father) would kill him." Bud told his father that he would not kill the girl and that he might kill him. Then Bishop Smith turned upon the poor girl himself, and knocked her brains out with a club. This was the first inkling to anything authentic in connection with the massacre, and caused considerable excitement among the settlers of Hiko. Wandell, one of the county officials at that time, informed Bishop Smith what his son exposed, and hurried him out of town. After that, while engaged in handling freight, upon his arrival at Panaca, Smith would always hire some one to drive his team over to Hiko. In 1871 Bishop Smith made affidavits before the Clerk of Lincoln county, making the exposure of the massacre and the names of those connected therewith, which was published in the Record and made public for the first time. Mrs. Smith is now living at Bullionville, and is married to a man named Dolf Laundrich. Mrs. Smith is an intelligent old lady, and is the mother of seventeen children by Smith, the last two being twin girls, who are now about sixteen years of age. Most of the Smith family reside in Lincoln county.
Vol. XIII. Reno, Washoe Co., Nevada, Dec. 6, 1884. No. 104.
Here's a bit of early Nevada history from the S. F. Post: "Judge Cradlebaugh, the first delegate in Congress from Nevada territory, was one of the Associate Justices of Utah when Nevada was a portion of that territory. Before the expiration of his term of office he was removed by President Buchanan, and Judge Flenniken, of Pennsylvania, appointed in his place. Ctadlebaugh refused to acknowledge the right of the President to remove him, and continued in the discharge of the duties of his office until the organization of the territory of Nevada, when, on his election to Congress, he forwarded his resignation. In a murder case, in Carson City, an appeal was taken to the Supreme Court of Utah, on the ground that Cradlebaugh, having been removed by the President, had no right to act as the judge in the trial of the case. The higher tribunal ruled against the point, and decided that Cradlebaugh was legally exercising the duties of his office. After this decision Flenniken never attempted to hold court or exercise any judicial functions in that district. He contented himself with drawing his pay, returning to his eastern home on the organization of the territory of Nevada, Cradlebaugh tried many important civil and criminal cases after his removal. Some of the mining cases involved large amounts, but no appeal was taken, but in the instance before mentioned, made on the ground of his incompetency by the President's action of removal."